Geoffroi de Charny

Geoffroi de Charny from a historiated initial in the manuscript of his works preserved in the Biblioteca Nacional, Madrid (Madrid MS. 9270, fol.98r)
Coat-of-arms of the de Charny family
Geoffroi de Charny (left) and King Edward III of England (right) Battle of Calais
The Battle of Poitiers 1356. The oriflamme carried by Geoffroy de Charny can be seen on the top left.
14th-century miniature of the Order of the Star 's founding meeting (Bibliothèque nationale de France, MS français 2813)
The Shroud pilgrim’s badge found in Paris in the mid-19th century, today preserved in the Cluny Museum Paris. The area from the priests’ head and above, also the SVAIRE label are an artist’s reconstruction.
The Shroud pilgrim’s badge that would have been made from the casting mold recently found at Machy near Lirey. The arches, lost in the original, are an artist’s reconstruction. The original mold is currently in a private collection.

Geoffroi de Charny (c.

- Geoffroi de Charny
Geoffroi de Charny from a historiated initial in the manuscript of his works preserved in the Biblioteca Nacional, Madrid (Madrid MS. 9270, fol.98r)

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Shroud of Turin

Length of linen cloth bearing the negative image of a man.

Length of linen cloth bearing the negative image of a man.

Full-length image of the Turin Shroud before the 2002 restoration.
Secondo Pia's 1898 negative of the image on the Shroud of Turin has an appearance suggesting a positive image. It is used as part of the devotion to the Holy Face of Jesus. Image from Musée de l'Élysée, Lausanne.
The pilgrim medallion of Lirey (before 1453), drawing by Arthur Forgeais, 1865.
A poster advertising the 1898 exhibition of the shroud in Turin. Secondo Pia's photograph was taken a few weeks too late to be included in the poster. The image on the poster includes a painted face, not obtained from Pia's photograph.
The Vatican Veil of Veronica
17th-century Russian icon of the Mandylion by Simon Ushakov
Station biologique de Roscoff in Brittany, France where Yves Delage performed the first scientific analysis of the photographs of the shroud in 1902.
A Roman loom, c. 2nd century AD
Chrysanthemum coronarium, now called Glebionis coronaria
Full length negatives of the shroud.
Replica of the Shroud of Turin, found in the Real Santuario del Cristo de La Laguna in Tenerife (Spain).

Historical records seem to indicate that a shroud bearing an image of a crucified man existed in the small town of Lirey around the years 1353 to 1357 in the possession of a French knight, Geoffroi de Charny, who died at the Battle of Poitiers in 1356.

14th-century miniature of the Order's founding meeting (Bibliothèque nationale de France)

Order of the Star (France)

Order of chivalry founded on 6 November 1351 by John II of France in imitation of the Order of the Garter founded in 1347 by Edward III of England.

Order of chivalry founded on 6 November 1351 by John II of France in imitation of the Order of the Garter founded in 1347 by Edward III of England.

14th-century miniature of the Order's founding meeting (Bibliothèque nationale de France)
Ceremonial cloth of a knight of the Order (François de Poilly, Reconstruction of the 17th century)

The order was inspired by Geoffroy de Charny, theoretician of chivalry and elite knight who ultimately earned the apex privilege of Oriflamme bearer.

The Battle of Poitiers, by Eugène Delacroix, 1830

Battle of Poitiers

Fought on 19September 1356 between a French army commanded by King JohnII and an Anglo-Gascon force under Edward, the Black Prince, during the Hundred Years' War.

Fought on 19September 1356 between a French army commanded by King JohnII and an Anglo-Gascon force under Edward, the Black Prince, during the Hundred Years' War.

The Battle of Poitiers, by Eugène Delacroix, 1830

Among the slain were the French King's uncle; the grand constable of France; the other marshal; the Bishop of Châlons; and John's standard bearer, Geoffroi de Charny.

The Battle of Poitiers 1356. The oriflamme can be seen on the top left.

Oriflamme

The battle standard of the King of France in the Middle Ages.

The battle standard of the King of France in the Middle Ages.

The Battle of Poitiers 1356. The oriflamme can be seen on the top left.

Froissart vividly describes porte-oriflamme Geoffroi de Charny's fall at the side of his king at the Battle of Poitiers in this passage:

A 14th century depiction of the 13th century German knight Hartmann von Aue, from the Codex Manesse.

Book of Chivalry

A 14th century depiction of the 13th century German knight Hartmann von Aue, from the Codex Manesse.

The Book of Chivalry (French: Livre de chevalerie) was written by the knight Geoffroi de Charny (c.1306-1356) sometime around the early 1350s.

Map showing disposition of English forces during the battle.

Battle of Morlaix

Battle fought in Morlaix on 30 September 1342 between the Anglo-Breton and Franco-Breton forces in Brittany.

Battle fought in Morlaix on 30 September 1342 between the Anglo-Breton and Franco-Breton forces in Brittany.

Map showing disposition of English forces during the battle.

At least one of the Franco-Breton divisions was solely of mounted knights led by Geoffroi de Charny.

Pietro Bembo was an influential figure in the development of the Italian language from the Tuscan dialect, as a literary medium, codifying the language for standard modern usage.

Amery of Pavy

14th-century English knight, originally from Pavia in Lombardy, who was made captain of Calais by King Edward III of England in 1347.

14th-century English knight, originally from Pavia in Lombardy, who was made captain of Calais by King Edward III of England in 1347.

Pietro Bembo was an influential figure in the development of the Italian language from the Tuscan dialect, as a literary medium, codifying the language for standard modern usage.

He made a secret deal with Sir Geoffrey de Charny, a French knight, to sell Calais for 20,000 écus (approximately £0 in 2022 terms).

Brian R. Price

American university professor, author, editor, publisher, martial arts instructor of the Italian school of swordsmanship, reconstructive armorer, and member of the Society for Creative Anachronism.

American university professor, author, editor, publisher, martial arts instructor of the Italian school of swordsmanship, reconstructive armorer, and member of the Society for Creative Anachronism.

Jousts and Tournaments: Charny and the Rules for Chivalric Sport in Fourteenth-Century France, translated and with a commentary by Dr. Steven Muhlberger

War memorial

Lirey

Commune in the Aube department in north-central France.

Commune in the Aube department in north-central France.

War memorial

The Shroud of Turin was found and exposed in the collegiate church created by Geoffroi de Charny in Lirey between about 1355 and 1418, before its transfer to the Château de Montfort (Cote-d'Or), then to Chambéry, then to Turin.

The Cross of Mathilde, a crux gemmata made for Mathilde, Abbess of Essen (973–1011), who is shown kneeling before the Virgin and Child in the enamel plaque. The figure of Christ is slightly later. Probably made in Cologne or Essen, the cross demonstrates several medieval techniques: cast figurative sculpture, filigree, enamelling, gem polishing and setting, and the reuse of Classical cameos and engraved gems.

Elspeth Kennedy

British academic and a prominent medievalist.

British academic and a prominent medievalist.

The Cross of Mathilde, a crux gemmata made for Mathilde, Abbess of Essen (973–1011), who is shown kneeling before the Virgin and Child in the enamel plaque. The figure of Christ is slightly later. Probably made in Cologne or Essen, the cross demonstrates several medieval techniques: cast figurative sculpture, filigree, enamelling, gem polishing and setting, and the reuse of Classical cameos and engraved gems.

A Knight's Own Book of Chivalry: Geoffroi de Charny (trans.; intro. Richard W. Kaeuper) (University of Pennsylvania Press, 2005), ISBN: 0-8122-1909-0