Georg von Derfflinger

Derfflinger
Georg von Derfflinger (20 March 1606 – 14 February 1695) was a field marshal in the army of Brandenburg-Prussia during and after the Thirty Years' War (1618–1648).wikipedia
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Prussian Army

Royal Prussian ArmyPrussianArmy
Georg von Derfflinger (20 March 1606 – 14 February 1695) was a field marshal in the army of Brandenburg-Prussia during and after the Thirty Years' War (1618–1648).
Field Marshals of Brandenburg-Prussia included Derfflinger, John George II, Spaen and Sparr.

Neuhofen an der Krems

Born 1606 at Neuhofen an der Krems in Austria, into a family of poor Protestant peasants, Derfflinger had to leave his home due to religious persecution under the Catholic Habsburg dynasty in the course of the Counter-Reformation.
It is the birthplace of Georg von Derfflinger.

Battle of Rathenow

Rathenowstreet fighting
A year later, he was decisive in defeating the Swedes and driving them out of Brandenburg: He impersonated a Swedish officer (a feat he was able to do because he had served in the armies of Sweden), and was able to convince the Swedes to open the gates of Rathenow, allowing him and 1,000 nearby dragoons to storm the fortress.
The Swedes, led by Colonel Wangelin, had about 500 men; the Brandenburg force, commanded by Field Marshal Georg von Derfflinger and General von Götze had some 1,500–2,000 men in the battle.

Battle of Fehrbellin

Fehrbellindefeated at Fehrbellin1675 battle
He was also a commander in the Battle of Fehrbellin, where he won a decisive victory over the Swedes under Charles XI, who were occupying Brandenburg, pillaging the countryside, and abusing the locals.
The Swedes, under Count Waldemar von Wrangel (stepbrother of Riksamiral Carl Gustaf Wrangel), had invaded and occupied parts of Brandenburg from their possessions in Pomerania, but were repelled by the forces of Frederick William, the Great Elector, under his Feldmarschall Georg von Derfflinger near the town of Fehrbellin.

SMS Derfflinger

SMS ''DerfflingerDerfflinger
The Imperial German Navy's battlecruiser SMS Derfflinger was named after him.
The ship was named after Field Marshal Georg von Derfflinger who fought in the Thirty Years' War.

Field marshal

field-marshalMarshalFeldmarschall
Georg von Derfflinger (20 March 1606 – 14 February 1695) was a field marshal in the army of Brandenburg-Prussia during and after the Thirty Years' War (1618–1648).

Brandenburg-Prussia

BrandenburgPrussiaBrandenburgian
Georg von Derfflinger (20 March 1606 – 14 February 1695) was a field marshal in the army of Brandenburg-Prussia during and after the Thirty Years' War (1618–1648).

Thirty Years' War

Thirty Years WarThirty Years’ War30 Years War
Georg von Derfflinger (20 March 1606 – 14 February 1695) was a field marshal in the army of Brandenburg-Prussia during and after the Thirty Years' War (1618–1648).

Archduchy of Austria

AustriaAustrianArchduchess of Austria
Born 1606 at Neuhofen an der Krems in Austria, into a family of poor Protestant peasants, Derfflinger had to leave his home due to religious persecution under the Catholic Habsburg dynasty in the course of the Counter-Reformation.

Protestantism

ProtestantProtestantsProtestant church
Born 1606 at Neuhofen an der Krems in Austria, into a family of poor Protestant peasants, Derfflinger had to leave his home due to religious persecution under the Catholic Habsburg dynasty in the course of the Counter-Reformation.

Religious persecution

persecutionpersecutedReligious cleansing
Born 1606 at Neuhofen an der Krems in Austria, into a family of poor Protestant peasants, Derfflinger had to leave his home due to religious persecution under the Catholic Habsburg dynasty in the course of the Counter-Reformation.

House of Habsburg

HabsburgHabsburgsHabsburg dynasty
Born 1606 at Neuhofen an der Krems in Austria, into a family of poor Protestant peasants, Derfflinger had to leave his home due to religious persecution under the Catholic Habsburg dynasty in the course of the Counter-Reformation.

Counter-Reformation

Counter ReformationCounterreformationCatholic Reformation
Born 1606 at Neuhofen an der Krems in Austria, into a family of poor Protestant peasants, Derfflinger had to leave his home due to religious persecution under the Catholic Habsburg dynasty in the course of the Counter-Reformation.

Bohemia

BohemianBöhmenAustrian Bohemia
He probably fought side-by-side with insurgent Bohemian nobles led by Jindřich Matyáš Thurn and served in the armed forces of various Protestant combatant powers, at first in the Saxon army, but most of the time in that of Sweden.

Jindřich Matyáš Thurn

Count ThurnHeinrich Matthias von ThurnHeinrich Mathias von Thurn
He probably fought side-by-side with insurgent Bohemian nobles led by Jindřich Matyáš Thurn and served in the armed forces of various Protestant combatant powers, at first in the Saxon army, but most of the time in that of Sweden.

Electorate of Saxony

SaxonyElector of SaxonySaxon
He probably fought side-by-side with insurgent Bohemian nobles led by Jindřich Matyáš Thurn and served in the armed forces of various Protestant combatant powers, at first in the Saxon army, but most of the time in that of Sweden.

Swedish Empire

SwedenSwedishKingdom of Sweden
He probably fought side-by-side with insurgent Bohemian nobles led by Jindřich Matyáš Thurn and served in the armed forces of various Protestant combatant powers, at first in the Saxon army, but most of the time in that of Sweden.

Peace of Westphalia

Treaty of WestphaliaTreaty of Münster1648
Until the 1648 Peace of Westphalia he distinguished himself as an able and daring cavalry leader and gained a reputation for brilliance and bravery, which in 1654 persuaded Elector Frederick William of Brandenburg to offer Derfflinger a senior position in his army.

Cavalry

cavalrymencavalrymanhorse
Until the 1648 Peace of Westphalia he distinguished himself as an able and daring cavalry leader and gained a reputation for brilliance and bravery, which in 1654 persuaded Elector Frederick William of Brandenburg to offer Derfflinger a senior position in his army.

Frederick William, Elector of Brandenburg

Frederick WilliamFrederick William of BrandenburgFrederick William I, Elector of Brandenburg
Until the 1648 Peace of Westphalia he distinguished himself as an able and daring cavalry leader and gained a reputation for brilliance and bravery, which in 1654 persuaded Elector Frederick William of Brandenburg to offer Derfflinger a senior position in his army.

Schnapps

schnapspeppermint schnappspeach schnapps
Derfflinger was supposedly a notorious drunkard who constantly drank schnapps, but his fondness for alcohol did not impede his military abilities.

Artillery

heavy artilleryordnanceartillery piece
A lifelong soldier, Derfflinger had no formal education, but was entrusted by the Elector with numerous important military tasks and played a central role in the reform of the Brandenburgian cavalry and artillery.

Freiherr

friherreBaronFreiin
In 1674, Derfflinger was elevated to a Reichsfreiherr by Emperor Leopold I.

Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor

Leopold IEmperor Leopold IEmperor Leopold
In 1674, Derfflinger was elevated to a Reichsfreiherr by Emperor Leopold I.

Dragoon

dragoonscavalryIndependence Dragoons
A year later, he was decisive in defeating the Swedes and driving them out of Brandenburg: He impersonated a Swedish officer (a feat he was able to do because he had served in the armies of Sweden), and was able to convince the Swedes to open the gates of Rathenow, allowing him and 1,000 nearby dragoons to storm the fortress.