George Arundale

Dr. ArundaleG. Arundale
George Sidney Arundale (1 December 1878 in Surrey, England — 12 August 1945 in Adyar, India) was a Theosophist, Freemason, president of the Theosophical Society Adyar and A bishop of the Liberal Catholic Church.wikipedia
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Rukmini Devi Arundale

Rukmini DeviRukmini Arundale
He was the husband of the celebrated Indian dancer Rukmini Devi Arundale.
Her meeting with the prominent British theosophist Dr George Arundale—a close associate of Annie Besant and later the principal of the Central Hindu College in Varanasi—led to her building a lasting bond with him.

Theosophical Society Adyar

Theosophical SocietyAdyar School of TheosophyAdyar
George Sidney Arundale (1 December 1878 in Surrey, England — 12 August 1945 in Adyar, India) was a Theosophist, Freemason, president of the Theosophical Society Adyar and A bishop of the Liberal Catholic Church.

Charles Webster Leadbeater

C.W. LeadbeaterC. W. LeadbeaterCharles W. Leadbeater
Initially, he was privately tutored by Charles Webster Leadbeater.
In 1889, Sinnett asked Leadbeater to return to England to tutor his son and George Arundale (1878–1945).

Theosophy

theosophisttheosophicalTheosophists
George Sidney Arundale (1 December 1878 in Surrey, England — 12 August 1945 in Adyar, India) was a Theosophist, Freemason, president of the Theosophical Society Adyar and A bishop of the Liberal Catholic Church.
Besant died in 1933, when the Society was taken over by George Arundale, who led it until 1945; the group's activities were greatly curtailed by World War II.

Central Hindu School

Central Hindu College
In 1902 Arundale and his aunt moved to Varanasi where he took a position as history teacher at the Central Hindu College (CHC).
Noted theosophist, George Arundale joined the school as a history teacher in 1917, and later became the head of the school.

Order of the Star in the East

Order of the StarOrder of the Star of the EastWorld Teacher Project
He was a firm believer in the Coming of the World Teacher, and in late 1910 formed a clandestine society, the Order of the Rising Sun (later renamed Order of the Star in the East), which was intended to further this cause.
The book became very popular among Theosophists, and around the same time (officially, in January1911), the was founded at Benares (Varanasi) by George Arundale, a prominent Theosophist.

Francesca Arundale

F. Arundale
Arundale lost his mother at a young age and was adopted by his aunt, Francesca Arundale, a wealthy Theosophist.
Her adopted son, who was also her great-nephew, George Arundale later became president of the Theosophical Society Adyar.

Kalakshetra Foundation

KalakshetraPriyadarshini Govind
In 1936, the Arundales founded Kalakshetra, a now venerable institution devoted to researching and teaching Indian classical dance.
Based in Chennai, India, the academy was founded in January 1936 by Rukmini Devi Arundale and her husband George Arundale.

Surrey

County of SurreySurrey, EnglandSRY
George Sidney Arundale (1 December 1878 in Surrey, England — 12 August 1945 in Adyar, India) was a Theosophist, Freemason, president of the Theosophical Society Adyar and A bishop of the Liberal Catholic Church.

England

🏴󠁧󠁢󠁥󠁮󠁧󠁿󠁧󠁢󠁥󠁮󠁧󠁿EnglishENG
George Sidney Arundale (1 December 1878 in Surrey, England — 12 August 1945 in Adyar, India) was a Theosophist, Freemason, president of the Theosophical Society Adyar and A bishop of the Liberal Catholic Church.

Adyar, Chennai

AdyarAdayarAdyar, India
George Sidney Arundale (1 December 1878 in Surrey, England — 12 August 1945 in Adyar, India) was a Theosophist, Freemason, president of the Theosophical Society Adyar and A bishop of the Liberal Catholic Church.

India

IndianRepublic of IndiaIND
George Sidney Arundale (1 December 1878 in Surrey, England — 12 August 1945 in Adyar, India) was a Theosophist, Freemason, president of the Theosophical Society Adyar and A bishop of the Liberal Catholic Church.

Liberal Catholic Church

Liberal CatholicCatholic liberalism
George Sidney Arundale (1 December 1878 in Surrey, England — 12 August 1945 in Adyar, India) was a Theosophist, Freemason, president of the Theosophical Society Adyar and A bishop of the Liberal Catholic Church.

Germany

GermanGERFederal Republic of Germany
Later, he moved with Francesca Arundale to Germany, where he went to school.

St John's College, Cambridge

St. John's College, CambridgeSt John's CollegeSt. John's College
Returning eventually to England, he received a master's degree from St John's College, Cambridge.

Cambridge

Cambridge, EnglandCambridge, UKCambridge, United Kingdom
Returning eventually to England, he received a master's degree from St John's College, Cambridge.

Varanasi

BenaresBanarasKashi
Another major centre of the society was Varanasi, a city held holy in Indian spiritualism.

Messianism

messianicMessianistmessiah
During the early 20th-century, many Theosophists believed in the imminent appearance of a messianic entity, the so-called Maitreya or World Teacher.

Maitreya (Theosophy)

MaitreyaWorld TeacherTheosophical Maitreya
During the early 20th-century, many Theosophists believed in the imminent appearance of a messianic entity, the so-called Maitreya or World Teacher.

Jiddu Krishnamurti

J. KrishnamurtiKrishnamurtiJ Krishnamurti
Around this time, a young boy named Jiddu Krishnamurti was identified by a leading Thesophist Charles Leadbeatter as being the probable "vehicle" of the expected Messiah (Krishnamurti later repudiated the idea).

Indian independence movement

Indian independenceIndian freedom movementindependence
The Indian Independence Movement was picking up pace during these years, as was a revival of interest and pride in the ancient culture and philosophies of India.

Annie Besant

Annie BeasantDr. Annie BesantAnnie Wood Besant
In 1917, he was one of a group of Theosophists who, along with Annie Besant, organized the National University of India at Chennai, near the headquarters of the society.

Chennai

MadrasChennai, IndiaRoyapettah
In 1917, he was one of a group of Theosophists who, along with Annie Besant, organized the National University of India at Chennai, near the headquarters of the society. He and his aunt settled at the society's sprawling campus at Adyar in Madras.

Rabindranath Tagore

TagoreRabindra Nath TagoreRabindranath
Rabindranath Tagore became the first chancellor of the university.

B. P. Wadia

B.P. WadiaBahman Pestonji WadiaB.P Wadia
In June the same year, Arundale was arrested along with Besant and Bahman Pestonji Wadia by the British authorities for having become involved in the Indian Independence Movement.