George Dewey

Admiral Dewey as he appears at the National Portrait Gallery in Washington, D.C.
George Dewey
Detail of a painting in the Vermont State House depicting Dewey on the USS Olympia (C-6) during the Battle of Manila Bay
Dewey on the cover of an 1899 souvenir calendar
Mildred Hazen Dewey
Dewey in 1899 art from Puck, which was the first successful humor magazine in the United States
Dewey in special full dress uniform as Admiral of the Navy.

Admiral of the Navy, the only person in United States history to have attained that rank.

- George Dewey

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Montpelier, Vermont

Capital city of the U.S. state of Vermont and the seat of Washington County.

Capital city of the U.S. state of Vermont and the seat of Washington County.

The first Vermont State House, built in 1808, was designed by Sylvanus Baldwin.
Montpelier as illustrated in 1884
State Street, Montpelier Historic District, 2006
Winooski River at Montpelier
Downtown shops
Building of the State street built on the North Branch River (tributary of Winooski River).
Hubbard Park Observation Tower, built 1915–1930
Montpelier City Hall
Main Street in downtown Montpelier

The state proclaimed October 12, 1899, as "Dewey Day" to honor native son George Dewey, the hero of Battle of Manila Bay in the Spanish–American War.

1900 United States presidential election

The 29th quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 6, 1900.

The 29th quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 6, 1900.

Campaign poster promoting Democratic nominee William J. Bryan
McKinley campaigns on gold coin (gold standard) with support from soldiers, businessmen, farmers and professionals, claiming to restore prosperity at home and victory abroad
The German-American vote in 1900 was in doubt since they opposed both Bryan's "repudiation" policy and overseas "expansion" under McKinley.
Map of presidential election results by county
650px
Results by county, shaded according to winning candidate's percentage of the vote
Map of Republican presidential election results by county
Map of Democratic presidential election results by county
Map of "other" presidential election results by county
Cartogram of presidential election results by county
Cartogram of Republican presidential election results by county
Cartogram of Democratic presidential election results by county
Cartogram of "other" presidential election results by county

Although some Gold Democrats explored the possibility of a campaign by Admiral George Dewey, Bryan was easily re-nominated at the 1900 Democratic National Convention after Dewey withdrew from the race.

The Asiatic Squadron defeating the Spanish fleet in the Battle of Manila Bay on 1 May 1898.

Asiatic Squadron

Squadron of United States Navy warships stationed in East Asia during the latter half of the 19th century.

Squadron of United States Navy warships stationed in East Asia during the latter half of the 19th century.

The Asiatic Squadron defeating the Spanish fleet in the Battle of Manila Bay on 1 May 1898.
Officers and men of USS Colorado (1856) during the Korean Expedition in 1871.
USS Olympia (C-6) leading a column of cruisers, painting by Francis Muller.
USS Charleston (C-2) taking possession of Guam in June 1898 during the Spanish–American War.
USS Concord (PG-3) off San Francisco, in the 1890s.
USS Vicksburg (PG-11) in 1898.
USS Monterey (BM-6) served in China during the Boxer Rebellion.
Illustration of RADM Joseph S. Skerrett from The San Francisco Call, 2 January 1897
Admiral George Dewey, commander of the squadron at the Battle of Manila Bay, as he appears at the National Portrait Gallery in Washington, D.C.
<center>A posed photograph of Asiatic Squadron officers holding a council of war aboard {{USS|Colorado|1856|6}} off Korea in June 1871 prior to the Korean Expedition. Squadron commander Rear Admiral John Rodgers leans over the table at right.</center>
USS Olympia at the Independence Seaport Museum in 2007
USS Olympia in 1902
{{USS|Baltimore|C-3|6}} in 1891

On 27 April 1898, the squadron, composed of the protected cruisers USS Olympia (C-6) (the flagship of the squadrons commander, Commodore George Dewey), USS Baltimore (C-3), USS Raleigh (C-8), and USS Boston (1884), the gunboats USS Petrel (PG-2) and USS Concord (PG-3), and the United States Revenue Cutter Service cutter USS McCulloch (1897), sailed from Mirs Bay, China, to the Philippine Islands to participate in the Spanish–American War.

Battle of Manila Bay, 1 May 1898, Fred S. Cozzens

Battle of Manila Bay

The Battle of Manila Bay (Batalla de Bahía de Manila), also known as the Battle of Cavite, took place on 1 May 1898, during the Spanish–American War.

The Battle of Manila Bay (Batalla de Bahía de Manila), also known as the Battle of Cavite, took place on 1 May 1898, during the Spanish–American War.

Battle of Manila Bay, 1 May 1898, Fred S. Cozzens
The Battle of Manila Bay, depicted in a lithograph by Butler, Thomas & Company, 1899
"Battle of Manila Bay", painting by W. G. Wood, circa 1898. Reina Cristina (foreground) in action against Dewey's squadron (right).
Batalla de Cavite, painted by Ildefonso Sanz Doménech, depicting the Spanish squadron.
USS Olympia at the Independence Seaport Museum in 2007
Commemorative plate from the Spanish–American War era honoring George Dewey and his victory.
Admiral Cámara's Spanish Fleet anchored in the Suez Canal, formed by the best ships of the Spanish Navy, among others by the battleship Pelayo or the cruiser Emperador Carlos V and who ultimately didn't fight in the war.
Original pencil drawing for a Punch magazine cartoon, "Mr Punch and Britannia toasting the USA after their defeat of Spain at the Battle of Manila Bay" (1898), by John Tenniel
{{USS|Baltimore|C-3|6}}, 1891
{{USS|Raleigh|C-8|6}}, 1900
{{USS|Boston|1884|6}}, 1891
{{USS|Concord|PG-3|6}}, circa 1890s
{{USS|Petrel|PG-2|6}}
USRC McCulloch, circa 1900
<Center>Wreck of the Reina Cristina</center>
<Center>Wreck of the Castilla</center>
<Center>Wreck of the Don Antonio de Ulloa</center>
<Center>Wreck of the Isla de Cuba</center>
<Center>Wreck of the Isla de Luzon</center>
<Center>Wreck of the Velasco</center>

The American Asiatic Squadron under Commodore George Dewey engaged and destroyed the Spanish Pacific Squadron under Contraalmirante (Rear admiral) Patricio Montojo.

The General Board of the U.S. Navy in November, 1947. From left to right: Colonel Randolph M. Pate; Admiral Walter F. Boone; Admiral Charles H. McMorris; Admiral John H. Towers; Rear Admiral Charles B. Momsen; Captain Leon J. Huffman; Commander J. M. Lee; Captain Arleigh A. Burke

General Board of the United States Navy

Advisory body of the United States Navy, somewhat akin to a naval general staff and somewhat not.

Advisory body of the United States Navy, somewhat akin to a naval general staff and somewhat not.

The General Board of the U.S. Navy in November, 1947. From left to right: Colonel Randolph M. Pate; Admiral Walter F. Boone; Admiral Charles H. McMorris; Admiral John H. Towers; Rear Admiral Charles B. Momsen; Captain Leon J. Huffman; Commander J. M. Lee; Captain Arleigh A. Burke

George Dewey chaired the board from its inception until 1917, although a stroke in 1914 limited his abilities in the last three years of his tenure.

Norwich University

Private military academy in Northfield, Vermont.

Private military academy in Northfield, Vermont.

Norwich University campus in Northfield
Sabine Field

Named for Admiral of the Navy George Dewey (NU 1852–1854), and completed in 1902, Dewey Hall is one of the oldest buildings in the Northfield campus.

United States Naval Academy

Federal service academy in Annapolis, Maryland.

Federal service academy in Annapolis, Maryland.

Rotunda steps leading to Memorial Hall
U.S. Naval Academy in 1853
Stereoscopic views of midshipman quarters and mess hall c. 1905
US Naval Academy waterfront in the late 1860s with the barrack/school ships USS Constitution and Santee tied up in the background. Other ships not identified.
David Dixon Porter
The graduating class of 1894
The U.S. Naval Academy was honored by the U.S. Post Office on a commemorative stamp, depicting two midshipmen in past (left) and present uniforms, with the Naval Academy seal at center, issued in 1937.
Naval Academy Midshipmen celebrate after graduation.
Rank structure
U.S. Naval Academy campus
Plebes (first year students) marching in front of Bancroft Hall
Interior of the Naval Academy chapel
The pool in the Lejeune Hall
Mexican War Monument to Midshipmen Shubrick, Clemson, Hynson, and Pillsbury
The 1926 National Championship football team
Plebes receive basic martial arts instruction during Plebe Summer training
Plebes paddle pontoon boats during a team-building portion of Sea Trials
A bagpiper with the Naval Academy Pipes and Drums
Wendy B. Lawrence
United States Naval Academy flag
George Dewey
Albert A. Michelson Class of 1873
William Daniel Leahy Class of 1897
Ernest King
William F. Halsey Jr. Class of 1904
Chester William Nimitz Class of 1905
Frank Jack Fletcher Class of 1906
Isaac Campbell Kidd
John Sidney McCain, Sr.
Raymond A. Spruance
Richmond Kelly Turner
Daniel Judson Callaghan
Norman Scott
Hyman G. Rickover
Robert Anson Heinlein
John Sidney McCain Jr.
Alan Bartlett Shepard Jr.
Walter Marty Schirra Jr.
James Earl Carter Jr.
Jeremiah A. Denton Jr.
James Bond Stockdale
James Benson Irwin
James Arthur Lovell Jr.
Thomas Patten Stafford
Henry Ross Perot
William Alison Anders
Charles Moss Duke Jr.
John Sidney McCain III
Bruce McCandless II
Robert McFarlane
Joe Bellino
Roger Thomas Staubach
Oliver Laurence North
James Henry Webb Jr.
Montel Williams
Napoleon McCallum
John Fuller
Kenneth Ham
David Maurice Robinson
Sunita Lyn Williams
Keenan Reynolds

He recruited teachers Stephen B. Luce, future admirals Winfield Scott Schley, George Dewey, and William T. Sampson.

"Raising the American flag over Fort Santiago, Manila, on the evening of August 13, 1898." drawing from Harper's Pictorial History of the War with Spain.

Battle of Manila (1898)

"Raising the American flag over Fort Santiago, Manila, on the evening of August 13, 1898." drawing from Harper's Pictorial History of the War with Spain.

The Battle of Manila (Batalla de Manila), sometimes called the Mock Battle of Manila, was a land engagement which took place in Manila on August 13, 1898, at the end of the Spanish–American War, four months after the decisive victory by Commodore Dewey's Asiatic Squadron at the Battle of Manila Bay.

Admiral of the Navy

The highest possible rank in the United States Navy, prior to the creation of fleet admiral in 1944.

The highest possible rank in the United States Navy, prior to the creation of fleet admiral in 1944.

Dewey, Admiral of the Navy, pictured in 1899 on board USS Olympia

The rank is considered to be at least equivalent to that of a five-star admiral, with Admiral George Dewey being the only officer to be appointed to the rank.

(clockwise from top left) Signal Corps extending telegraph lines

USS Iowa (BB-4)

Filipino soldiers wearing Spanish pith helmets outside Manila

The Spanish signing the Treaty of Paris

Roosevelt and his Rough Riders at San Juan Hill

Replacing of the Spanish flag at Fort San Antonio Abad (Fort Malate)

Spanish–American War

Period of armed conflict between Spain and the United States.

Period of armed conflict between Spain and the United States.

(clockwise from top left) Signal Corps extending telegraph lines

USS Iowa (BB-4)

Filipino soldiers wearing Spanish pith helmets outside Manila

The Spanish signing the Treaty of Paris

Roosevelt and his Rough Riders at San Juan Hill

Replacing of the Spanish flag at Fort San Antonio Abad (Fort Malate)
Cuban War of Independence
A Spanish satirical drawing published in La Campana de Gràcia (1896) criticizing U.S. behavior regarding Cuba by Manuel Moliné. Upper text reads (in old Catalan): "Uncle Sam's craving", and below: "To keep the island so it won't get lost".
An American cartoon published in Judge, February 6, 1897: Columbia (representing the American people) reaches out to the oppressed Cuba (the caption under the chained child reads "Spain's 16th Century methods") while Uncle Sam (representing the U.S. government) sits blindfolded, refusing to see the atrocities or use his guns to intervene (cartoon by Grant E. Hamilton).
Illustrated map published by the Guardia Civil showing the Kingdom of Spain and its remaining colonial possessions in 1895 (Caroline and Mariana Islands, as well as Spanish Sahara, Morocco, Guinea and Guam are not included.)
The American transport ship Seneca, a chartered vessel that carried troops to Puerto Rico and Cuba
Spanish Vessels captured up to evening of May 1, 1898
CHAP. 189. – An Act Declaring that war exists between the United States of America and the Kingdom of Spain on April 25, 1898.
The last stand of the Spanish Garrison in Cuba by Murat Halstead, 1898
The Pacific theatre of the Spanish–American War
Spanish Marines trenched during the Battle of Manila Bay
The Battle of Manila Bay
Spanish artillery regiment during the Philippine Campaign
Group of Tagalog Filipino revolutionaries during the Spanish-American War of 1898
Spanish infantry troops and officers in Manila
The Spanish armored cruiser, which was destroyed during the Battle of Santiago on July 3, 1898
Detail from Charge of the 24th and 25th Colored Infantry and Rescue of Rough Riders at San Juan Hill, July 2, 1898, depicting the Battle of San Juan Hill
Mauser Model 1893 rifle, used by the Spanish infantry and superior to American rifles; the Springfield Model 1892-99 and the Krag-Jørgensen rifle. Because of this superiority the US Army developed the M1903 Springfield.
Charge of the Rough Riders
Receiving the news of the surrender of Santiago
The Santiago Campaign (1898)
Crewmen pose under the gun turrets of USS Iowa (BB-4) in 1898.
Spanish troops before they departed to engage the American forces at Hormigueros, Puerto Rico
A monument in Guánica, Puerto Rico, for the U.S. infantrymen who lost their lives in the Spanish–American War in 1898.
Oil on canvas painted and signed with initials A.A. by Antonio Antón and Antonio Iboleón, around 1897. It is an ideal view of the Spanish Squadron of Instruction in 1896, before the war of 1898, since the ships represented never sailed together. On the left the Battleship Pelayo with insignia, followed by the cruisers Cristóbal Colón, Infanta María Teresa and Alfonso XIII; on the right, the cruiser Carlos V with insignia, Almirante Oquendo and Vizcaya. On the starboard side of the Pelayo sails the torpedo boat Destructor; Two Furor-class destroyer boats sail along the bows of the Carlos V. Stormy sea and partly cloudy skies.
Cámara's squadron in the Suez Canal in July 1898. His flagship, the battleship Pelayo, can be seen in the foreground. The last ship of the line is the armored cruiser Carlos V. Finally this squad would not fight in the war.
Jules Cambon, the French ambassador to the United States, signing the memorandum of ratification on behalf of Spain
US Army "War with Spain" campaign streamer
Cross of Military Merit for Combat in Cuba

Theodore Roosevelt, who was at that time Assistant Secretary of the Navy, ordered Commodore George Dewey, commanding the Asiatic Squadron of the United States Navy: "Order the squadron ...to Hong Kong. Keep full of coal. In the event of declaration of war Spain, your duty will be to see that the Spanish squadron does not leave the Asiatic coast, and then offensive operations in Philippine Islands."