George Gershwin

GershwinGeorgeG. GershwinGershwin, GeorgeGerschwinGershwinesqueBrooklyn-born composerGeorge andGeorge and Ira GershwinGeorge Gerswhin
George Gershwin (born Jacob Bruskin Gershowitz, September 26, 1898 – July 11, 1937) was an American composer and pianist whose compositions spanned both popular and classical genres.wikipedia
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Rhapsody in Blue

Rhapsody in Blue for solo piano and jazz bandRhapsody in Blue/Intro
Among his best-known works are the orchestral compositions Rhapsody in Blue (1924) and An American in Paris (1928), the songs Swanee (1919) and Fascinating Rhythm (1924), the jazz standard I Got Rhythm (1930), and the opera Porgy and Bess (1935) which spawned the hit Summertime.
Rhapsody in Blue is a 1924 musical composition by the American composer George Gershwin for solo piano and jazz band, which combines elements of classical music with jazz-influenced effects.

An American in Paris

Blues From "An American In Pariseponymous music
Among his best-known works are the orchestral compositions Rhapsody in Blue (1924) and An American in Paris (1928), the songs Swanee (1919) and Fascinating Rhythm (1924), the jazz standard I Got Rhythm (1930), and the opera Porgy and Bess (1935) which spawned the hit Summertime.
An American in Paris is a jazz-influenced orchestral piece by American composer George Gershwin first performed in 1928.

Porgy and Bess

Porgy & BessThe Gershwins' Porgy and BessI Got Plenty o' Nuttin
Among his best-known works are the orchestral compositions Rhapsody in Blue (1924) and An American in Paris (1928), the songs Swanee (1919) and Fascinating Rhythm (1924), the jazz standard I Got Rhythm (1930), and the opera Porgy and Bess (1935) which spawned the hit Summertime. He then returned to New York City and wrote Porgy and Bess with Ira and DuBose Heyward.
Porgy and Bess is an English-language opera by the American composer George Gershwin, with a libretto written by author DuBose Heyward and lyricist Ira Gershwin.

Fascinating Rhythm

Fascinatin' RhythmThe Gershwins 'Fascinating RhythmThe Gershwins' Fascinating Rhythm
Among his best-known works are the orchestral compositions Rhapsody in Blue (1924) and An American in Paris (1928), the songs Swanee (1919) and Fascinating Rhythm (1924), the jazz standard I Got Rhythm (1930), and the opera Porgy and Bess (1935) which spawned the hit Summertime. In 1924, George and Ira Gershwin collaborated on a stage musical comedy Lady Be Good, which included such future standards as "Fascinating Rhythm" and "Oh, Lady Be Good!".
"Fascinating Rhythm" is a popular song written by George Gershwin in 1924 with lyrics by Ira Gershwin.

I Got Rhythm

I've Got RhythmI Got Rhythm - Part I
Among his best-known works are the orchestral compositions Rhapsody in Blue (1924) and An American in Paris (1928), the songs Swanee (1919) and Fascinating Rhythm (1924), the jazz standard I Got Rhythm (1930), and the opera Porgy and Bess (1935) which spawned the hit Summertime. In 1929, the Gershwin brothers created Show Girl; Girl Crazy performed 1930, which introduced the standards "Embraceable You", debuted by Ginger Rogers, and "I Got Rhythm"; and Of Thee I Sing in 1931, which was the first musical comedy to win the Pulitzer Prize for Drama; the winners were George S. Kaufman, Morrie Ryskind, and Ira Gershwin.
"I Got Rhythm" is a piece composed by George Gershwin with lyrics by Ira Gershwin and published in 1930, which became a jazz standard.

Summertime (George Gershwin song)

SummertimeSummer TimeNearly Summertime
Among his best-known works are the orchestral compositions Rhapsody in Blue (1924) and An American in Paris (1928), the songs Swanee (1919) and Fascinating Rhythm (1924), the jazz standard I Got Rhythm (1930), and the opera Porgy and Bess (1935) which spawned the hit Summertime.
"Summertime" is an aria composed in 1934 by George Gershwin for the 1935 opera Porgy and Bess.

Swanee (song)

SwaneeSuwanneeSwanee" (song)
Among his best-known works are the orchestral compositions Rhapsody in Blue (1924) and An American in Paris (1928), the songs Swanee (1919) and Fascinating Rhythm (1924), the jazz standard I Got Rhythm (1930), and the opera Porgy and Bess (1935) which spawned the hit Summertime.
"Swanee" is an American popular song written in 1919 by George Gershwin, with lyrics by Irving Caesar.

Ira Gershwin

GershwinIraI. Gershwin
He began his career as a song plugger but soon started composing Broadway theater works with Buddy DeSylva and his brother Ira Gershwin.
Ira Gershwin (born Israel Gershowitz, December 6, 1896 – August 17, 1983) was an American lyricist who collaborated with his younger brother, composer George Gershwin, to create some of the most memorable songs in the English language of the 20th century.

Charles Hambitzer

[Charles] Hambitzer
Gershwin studied piano under Charles Hambitzer and composition with Rubin Goldmark, Henry Cowell, and Joseph Brody.
He is noted for having been a teacher of George Gershwin.

DuBose Heyward

HeywardDuBoseDu Bose Heyward
He then returned to New York City and wrote Porgy and Bess with Ira and DuBose Heyward.
The couple worked with composer George Gershwin to adapt the work as the 1935 opera Porgy and Bess.

Rubin Goldmark

Gershwin studied piano under Charles Hambitzer and composition with Rubin Goldmark, Henry Cowell, and Joseph Brody.
Today he is best known as the teacher of other important composers, including Aaron Copland and George Gershwin.

Buddy DeSylva

Buddy G. DeSylvaBuddy De SylvaB.G. DeSylva
He began his career as a song plugger but soon started composing Broadway theater works with Buddy DeSylva and his brother Ira Gershwin.
In the early 1920s, DeSylva frequently worked with composer George Gershwin.

Blue Monday (opera)

Blue MondayBlue Monday'' (opera)Blue Monday/135th Street
Together they created the experimental one-act jazz opera Blue Monday, set in Harlem.
Blue Monday (Opera à la Afro-American) was the original name of a one-act "jazz opera" by George Gershwin, renamed 135th Street during a later production.

Paul Whiteman

Paul Whiteman and His OrchestraPaul Whiteman OrchestraPaul Whiteman & His Orchestra
It was orchestrated by Ferde Grofé and premiered by Paul Whiteman's Concert Band, in New York.
Paul Whiteman led a usually large ensemble and explored many styles of music, such as blending symphonic music and jazz, as in his debut of Rhapsody in Blue by George Gershwin.

Oh, Lady Be Good!

Lady Be GoodOh, Lady Be Good(Oh,) Lady Be Good
In 1924, George and Ira Gershwin collaborated on a stage musical comedy Lady Be Good, which included such future standards as "Fascinating Rhythm" and "Oh, Lady Be Good!".
"Oh, Lady Be Good!" is a 1924 song by George and Ira Gershwin.

Tin Pan Alley

A block along 28th Street in ManhattanTinpan Alley
His employer was Jerome H. Remick and Company, a Detroit-based publishing firm with a branch office on New York City's Tin Pan Alley, and he earned $15 a week.
Among the ranks of song pluggers were George Gershwin, Harry Warren, Vincent Youmans and Al Sherman.

Song plugger

song-pluggerpluggingsong pluggers
He began his career as a song plugger but soon started composing Broadway theater works with Buddy DeSylva and his brother Ira Gershwin.
Musicians and composers who had worked as song pluggers included George Gershwin, Ron Roker, Jerome Kern, Irving Berlin, and Lil Hardin Armstrong.

Oh, Kay!

Do Do DoHeaven on EarthMaybe
They followed this with Oh, Kay! (1926), Funny Face (1927) and Strike Up the Band (1927 and 1930).
Oh, Kay! is a musical with music by George Gershwin, lyrics by Ira Gershwin, and a book by Guy Bolton and P. G. Wodehouse.

Arthur Gershwin

Arthur
After Ira and George, another boy Arthur Gershwin (1900–1981), and a girl Frances Gershwin (1906–1999) were born into the family.
His siblings were Ira, George, and Frances.

Girl Crazy

stage play of the same nameGeorge & Ira Gershwin's Girl CrazyGirl Crazy'' in Concert
In 1929, the Gershwin brothers created Show Girl; Girl Crazy performed 1930, which introduced the standards "Embraceable You", debuted by Ginger Rogers, and "I Got Rhythm"; and Of Thee I Sing in 1931, which was the first musical comedy to win the Pulitzer Prize for Drama; the winners were George S. Kaufman, Morrie Ryskind, and Ira Gershwin.
Girl Crazy is a 1930 musical with music by George Gershwin, lyrics by Ira Gershwin and book by Guy Bolton and John McGowan.

Al Jolson

JolsonA. JolsonAsa Yoelson / Al Jolson, as a boy
Al Jolson, a famous Broadway singer of the day, heard Gershwin perform "Swanee" at a party and decided to sing it in one of his shows.
"Swanee" was added to the show and became composer George Gershwin's first hit recording.

Funny Face (musical)

Funny Face1927 Broadway musical of the same nameFunny Face'' (musical)
They followed this with Oh, Kay! (1926), Funny Face (1927) and Strike Up the Band (1927 and 1930).
Funny Face is a 1927 musical composed by George Gershwin, with lyrics by Ira Gershwin, and book by Fred Thompson and Paul Gerard Smith.

Strike Up the Band (musical)

Strike Up the BandStrike Up the Band'' (musical)
They followed this with Oh, Kay! (1926), Funny Face (1927) and Strike Up the Band (1927 and 1930).
Strike Up the Band is a 1927 musical with a book by Morrie Ryskind, lyrics by Ira Gershwin and music by George Gershwin.

Of Thee I Sing

Of Thee I Sing/Let ’Em Eat Cake
In 1929, the Gershwin brothers created Show Girl; Girl Crazy performed 1930, which introduced the standards "Embraceable You", debuted by Ginger Rogers, and "I Got Rhythm"; and Of Thee I Sing in 1931, which was the first musical comedy to win the Pulitzer Prize for Drama; the winners were George S. Kaufman, Morrie Ryskind, and Ira Gershwin.
Of Thee I Sing is a musical with a score by George Gershwin, lyrics by Ira Gershwin and a book by George S. Kaufman and Morrie Ryskind.

Ferde Grofé

Ferde GrofeGroféFerde Grofé Sr.
It was orchestrated by Ferde Grofé and premiered by Paul Whiteman's Concert Band, in New York.
Grofé's most memorable arrangement is that of George Gershwin's Rhapsody in Blue, which established Grofé's reputation among jazz musicians.