George Hamilton-Gordon, 4th Earl of Aberdeen

Lord AberdeenEarl of AberdeenThe Earl of AberdeenGeorge Hamilton-Gordon4th Earl of AberdeenAberdeenLord HaddoPrime Minister Aberdeenfourth EarlGeorge Hamilton Gordon
George Hamilton-Gordon, 4th Earl of Aberdeen, (28 January 1784 – 14 December 1860), styled Lord Haddo from 1791 to 1801, was a British statesman, diplomat and Scottish landowner, successively a Tory, Conservative and Peelite politician and specialist in foreign affairs.wikipedia
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Aberdeen ministry

coalition governmentAberdeenCoalition
The Aberdeen ministry was filled with powerful and talented politicians, whom Aberdeen was largely unable to control and direct.
After the collapse of Lord Derby's minority government, the Whigs and Peelites formed a coalition under the Peelite leader Lord Aberdeen.

William Ewart Gladstone

GladstoneWilliam GladstoneW. E. Gladstone
His friend William Ewart Gladstone, said of him that he was "the man in public life of all others whom I have . I say emphatically . I have others, but never like him".
He was Chancellor under Lord Aberdeen (1852–1855), Lord Palmerston (1859–1865) and Lord Russell (1865–1866).

Crimean War

CrimeaCrimea WarCrimean
Despite his trying to avoid this happening, it took Britain into the Crimean War, and fell when its conduct became unpopular, after which Aberdeen retired from politics.
In February 1853, the British government of Lord Aberdeen, the prime minister, re-appointed Stratford Canning as British ambassador to the Ottoman Empire.

Marquess of Aberdeen and Temair

Earl of AberdeenLord AberdeenViscount Gordon
Before this, however, he had become Earl of Aberdeen on his grandfather's death in 1801, and had travelled all over Europe.
The third earl was succeeded by his grandson, the fourth Earl, who was the eldest son of George Gordon, Lord Haddo.

List of ambassadors of the United Kingdom to Austria

Ambassador to AustriaAustriaBritish Ambassador to Austria
He was appointed Ambassador Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Austria, and signed the Treaty of Töplitz between Britain and Austria in Vienna in October 1813.

John Hamilton, 1st Marquess of Abercorn

John HamiltonMarquess of AbercornJohn Hamilton, 9th Earl of Abercorn
In 1805, he married Lady Catherine Elizabeth, daughter of John Hamilton, 1st Marquess of Abercorn.

Sir William Molesworth, 8th Baronet

Sir William MolesworthWilliam MolesworthSir William Molesworth, Bt
The cabinet also included a single Radical, Sir William Molesworth, but much later, when justifying to the Queen his own new appointments, Gladstone told her: "For instance, even in Ld Aberdeen's Govt, in 52, Sir William Molesworth had been selected, at that time, a very advanced Radical, but who was perfectly harmless, & took little, or no part.... He said these people generally became very moderate, when they were in office", which she admitted had been the case.
Sir William Molesworth, 8th Baronet, (23 May 1810 – 22 October 1855) was a Radical British politician, who served in the coalition cabinet of The Earl of Aberdeen from 1853 until his death in 1855 as First Commissioner of Works and then Colonial Secretary.

Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs

Foreign SecretarySecretary of State for Foreign AffairsBritish Foreign Secretary
Lord Aberdeen served as Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster between January and June 1828 and subsequently as Foreign Secretary until 1830 under the Duke of Wellington.

Queen Victoria

VictoriaVictoria of the United KingdomDiamond Jubilee of Queen Victoria
He enjoyed the trust of Queen Victoria, which was still important for a Foreign Secretary.
In early 1855, the government of Lord Aberdeen, who had replaced Derby, fell amidst recriminations over the poor management of British troops in the Crimean War.

George Gordon, 3rd Earl of Aberdeen

3rd Earl of AberdeenEarl Of Aberdeen
Born in Edinburgh on 28 January 1784, he was the eldest son of George Gordon, Lord Haddo, son of George Gordon, 3rd Earl of Aberdeen.

Peelite

PeelitesLiberal ConservativesPeelite Conservative
George Hamilton-Gordon, 4th Earl of Aberdeen, (28 January 1784 – 14 December 1860), styled Lord Haddo from 1791 to 1801, was a British statesman, diplomat and Scottish landowner, successively a Tory, Conservative and Peelite politician and specialist in foreign affairs.
In that same year, George Hamilton-Gordon, 4th Earl of Aberdeen was invited by Queen Victoria to form a coalition government with the Whigs and the Radicals.

Benjamin Disraeli

DisraeliLord BeaconsfieldBenjamin Disraeli, 1st Earl of Beaconsfield
Derby appointed Benjamin Disraeli as the Chancellor of the Exchequer for the minority government.
He was replaced by the Peelite Earl of Aberdeen, with Gladstone as his Chancellor.

Robert Peel

Sir Robert PeelPeelSir Robert Peel, 2nd Baronet
After holding the position for two years, followed by another cabinet role, by 1841 his experience led to his appointment as Foreign Secretary again under Robert Peel for a longer term. He was Secretary of State for War and the Colonies between 1834 and 1835, and again Foreign Secretary between 1841 and 1846 under Sir Robert Peel.
His Peelite followers, led by Lord Aberdeen and William Gladstone, went on to fuse with the Whigs as the Liberal Party.

Oregon Treaty

Oregon Treaty of 1846Treaty of WashingtonTreaty of Oregon
It was probably the most productive period of his career; he settled two disagreements with the US: the northeast boundary dispute by the Webster-Ashburton Treaty (1842), and the Oregon dispute by the Oregon Treaty of 1846.
The treaty was negotiated by U.S. Secretary of State James Buchanan, who later became president, and Richard Pakenham, British envoy to the United States and member of the Privy Council of the United Kingdom for Queen Victoria; the Earl of Aberdeen was at the time Foreign Secretary, and it was he who was responsible for it in Parliament.

St John's College, Cambridge

St. John's College, CambridgeSt John's CollegeSt. John's College
He was educated at Harrow, and St John's College, Cambridge, where he graduated with a Master of Arts in 1804.
, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, 1785–66 and 1782, F. J. Robinson, 1st Viscount Goderich, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, 1827–28, George Hamilton-Gordon, 4th Earl of Aberdeen, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, 1852–55, Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, 1855–58 & 1859–65, Alfred Domett, Prime Minister of New Zealand, 1862–63, Sir Francis Bell, Prime Minister of New Zealand, 1925, Manmohan Singh, Prime Minister of India, 2004–14.

Secretary of State for War and the Colonies

Colonial SecretarySecretary of StateColonial Office
He was Secretary of State for War and the Colonies between 1834 and 1835, and again Foreign Secretary between 1841 and 1846 under Sir Robert Peel.

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington

Duke of WellingtonWellingtonArthur Wellesley
Lord Aberdeen served as Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster between January and June 1828 and subsequently as Foreign Secretary until 1830 under the Duke of Wellington. After 1812 he became a diplomat, and in 1813, at age 29, was given the critically important embassy to Vienna, where he organized and financed the sixth and final coalition that defeated Napoleon. His rise in politics was equally rapid and lucky, and "two accidents — Canning's death and Wellington's impulsive acceptance of the Canningite resignations" led to his becoming Foreign Secretary for Prime Minister Wellington in 1828 despite "an almost ludicrous lack of official experience"; he had been a minister for less than six months.

John Arthur Roebuck

RoebuckJ. A. RoebuckJohn A. Roebuck
On 29 January 1855, John Arthur Roebuck introduced a motion for the appointment of a select committee to enquire into the conduct of the war.
He twice came to public prominence: in 1838, when, although at the time without a seat in parliament, he appeared at the bar of the Commons to protest, in the name of the Canadian Assembly, against the suspension of the Canadian constitution; and in 1855, when, having overthrown Lord Aberdeen's ministry by carrying a resolution for the appointment of a committee of inquiry into the mismanagement in the Crimean War, he presided over its proceedings.

Oregon boundary dispute

Oregon QuestionOregon DisputeOregon Crisis
It was probably the most productive period of his career; he settled two disagreements with the US: the northeast boundary dispute by the Webster-Ashburton Treaty (1842), and the Oregon dispute by the Oregon Treaty of 1846.
Meeting with Prime Minister Robert Peel's Foreign Secretary, Earl of Aberdeen on 29 November, Everett presented the terms considered by President John Tyler.

James Hamilton, Viscount Hamilton

Viscount Hamilton
In July 1815 he married his former sister-in-law Harriet, daughter of John Douglas, and widow of James Hamilton, Viscount Hamilton; the marriage was much less happy than his first.
His widow Harriet would in 1815 marry her brother-in-law, the 4th Earl of Aberdeen, with whom she had another 5 children.

Christ Church, Jerusalem

Christ Church[Christ] churchAnglican church in Jerusalem
Aberdeen, as Foreign Secretary in 1845, had himself tacitly authorised the construction of the first Anglican church in Jerusalem, following his predecessor's commission in 1838 of the first European Consul in Jerusalem on Britain's behalf, which lead to series of successive appointments by other nations.
On 18 March 1845 a petition signed by 1,400 clergy and 15,000 laity was presented to Lord Aberdeen in support of the project.

Corn Laws

Corn Lawrepeal of the Corn LawsImportation Act 1815
Aberdeen again followed his leader and resigned with Peel over the issue of the Corn Laws.
Those Conservatives who were loyal to Peel were known as the Peelites and included the Earl of Aberdeen and William Ewart Gladstone.

Arthur Hamilton-Gordon, 1st Baron Stanmore

Arthur Hamilton-GordonSir Arthur Hamilton-GordonArthur Charles Hamilton-Gordon
He was the youngest son of George Hamilton-Gordon, 4th Earl of Aberdeen and his second wife, Harriet Douglas.

George Hamilton-Gordon, 5th Earl of Aberdeen

5th Earl of AberdeenLord HaddoGeorge John James Hamilton-Gordon, 5th Earl of Aberdeen
Lord Haddo was born at Bentley Priory in Hertfordshire, the eldest son of the 4th Earl of Aberdeen and Harriet Hamilton, Dowager Viscountess Hamilton (née Harriet Douglas), widow of James Hamilton, Viscount Hamilton and granddaughter of James Douglas, 14th Earl of Morton.