George Hamilton-Gordon, 4th Earl of Aberdeen

Lord AberdeenEarl of AberdeenThe Earl of Aberdeen4th Earl of AberdeenGeorge Hamilton-GordonAberdeenGeorge Hamilton-Gordon 4th '''Earl of AberdeenLord HaddoPrime Minister Aberdeenfourth Earl
George Hamilton-Gordon, 4th Earl of Aberdeen, (28 January 178414 December 1860), styled Lord Haddo from 1791 to 1801, was a British statesman, diplomat and landowner, successively a Tory, Conservative and Peelite politician, who served as Prime Minister from 1852 until 1855 in a coalition between the Whigs and Peelites, with Radical and Irish support.wikipedia
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Aberdeen ministry

coalition governmentAberdeenCoalition
The Aberdeen ministry was filled with powerful and talented politicians, whom Aberdeen was largely unable to control and direct.
After the collapse of Lord Derby's minority government, the Whigs and Peelites formed a coalition under the Peelite leader Lord Aberdeen.

William Ewart Gladstone

GladstoneWilliam GladstoneW. E. Gladstone
Nonetheless his Peelite colleague, later himself Prime Minister, William Ewart Gladstone, said of him that he was "the man in public life of all others whom I have . I say emphatically . I have others, but never like him".
He was Chancellor under Lord Aberdeen (1852–1855), Lord Palmerston (1859–1865) and Lord Russell (1865–1866).

Crimean War

CrimeaCrimeanCrimean campaign
Despite trying to avoid this happening, it took Britain into the Crimean War, and fell when its conduct became unpopular, after which Aberdeen retired from politics.
In February 1853, the British government of Lord Aberdeen, the prime minister, re-appointed Stratford Canning as British ambassador to the Ottoman Empire.

Marquess of Aberdeen and Temair

Lord AberdeenEarl of AberdeenEarl of Aberdeen (1682)
Before this, however, he had become Earl of Aberdeen on his grandfather's death in 1801, and had travelled all over Europe.
The third earl was succeeded by his grandson, the fourth Earl, who was the eldest son of George Gordon, Lord Haddo.

George Gordon, Lord Haddo

Born in Edinburgh on 28 January 1784, he was the eldest son of George Gordon, Lord Haddo, son of George Gordon, 3rd Earl of Aberdeen.
Hon. George Hamilton-Gordon (1784–1869), later 4th Earl of Aberdeen and Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (1852–1855).

List of ambassadors of the United Kingdom to Austria

Ambassador to AustriaAustriaBritish Ambassador to Austria
He was appointed Ambassador Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Austria, and signed the Treaty of Töplitz between Britain and Austria in Vienna in October 1813.
1813–1814: George Hamilton-Gordon, 4th Earl of Aberdeen

John Hamilton, 1st Marquess of Abercorn

John James HamiltonMarquess of AbercornJohn Hamilton
In 1805, he married Lady Catherine Elizabeth, daughter of John Hamilton, 1st Marquess of Abercorn.
Lady Catherine Elizabeth Hamilton (1784–1812), married George Hamilton-Gordon, 4th Earl of Aberdeen and had issue.

Sir William Molesworth, 8th Baronet

Sir William MolesworthWilliam MolesworthSir William Molesworth, Bt
The cabinet also included a single Radical Sir William Molesworth, but much later, when justifying to the Queen his own new appointments, Gladstone told her: "For instance, even in Ld Aberdeen's Govt, in 52, Sir William Molesworth had been selected, at that time, a very advanced Radical, but who was perfectly harmless, & took little, or no part ... He said these people generally became very moderate, when they were in office", which she admitted had been the case.
Sir William Molesworth, 8th Baronet PC (23 May 1810 – 22 October 1855), was a Radical British politician, who served in the coalition cabinet of The Earl of Aberdeen from 1853 until his death in 1855 as First Commissioner of Works and then Colonial Secretary.

Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs

Foreign SecretaryBritish Foreign SecretarySecretary of State for Foreign Affairs
Lord Aberdeen served as Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster between January and June 1828 and subsequently as Foreign Secretary until 1830 under the Duke of Wellington.

Queen Victoria

Victoriathe QueenQueen
He enjoyed the trust of Queen Victoria, which was still important for a Foreign Secretary.
In early 1855, the government of Lord Aberdeen, who had replaced Derby, fell amidst recriminations over the poor management of British troops in the Crimean War.

George Gordon, 3rd Earl of Aberdeen

3rd Earl of Aberdeen
Born in Edinburgh on 28 January 1784, he was the eldest son of George Gordon, Lord Haddo, son of George Gordon, 3rd Earl of Aberdeen.
George Gordon, Lord Haddo (28 January 1764 – 2 October 1791 of a fall from his horse at Gight Castle), who was the father of Prime Minister George Hamilton-Gordon, 4th Earl of Aberdeen, two other sons, and three daughters.

Robert Peel

Sir Robert PeelPeelSir Robert Peel, Bt
After holding the position for two years, followed by another cabinet role, by 1841 his experience led to his appointment as Foreign Secretary again under Robert Peel for a longer term. He was Secretary of State for War and the Colonies between 1834 and 1835, and again Foreign Secretary between 1841 and 1846 under Sir Robert Peel.
His Peelite followers, led by Lord Aberdeen and William Gladstone, went on to fuse with the Whigs as the Liberal Party.

Benjamin Disraeli

DisraeliLord BeaconsfieldBeaconsfield
However, the Earl of Derby appointed Benjamin Disraeli as the Chancellor of the Exchequer for the minority government.
He was replaced by the Peelite Earl of Aberdeen, with Gladstone as his Chancellor.

St John's College, Cambridge

St John's CollegeSt. John's CollegeSt John
He was educated at Harrow, and St John's College, Cambridge, where he graduated with a Master of Arts in 1804.
, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, 1785–66 and 1782, F. J. Robinson, 1st Viscount Goderich, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, 1827–28, George Hamilton-Gordon, 4th Earl of Aberdeen, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, 1852–55, Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, 1855–58 & 1859–65, Alfred Domett, Prime Minister of New Zealand, 1862–63, Sir Francis Bell, Prime Minister of New Zealand, 1925, Manmohan Singh, Prime Minister of India, 2004–14.

François Guizot

GuizotFrançois Pierre Guillaume GuizotGuizot, Francois P. G
He also worked successfully to improve relationships with France, where Guizot had become a personal friend.
During Guizot’s tenure as foreign minister, he and Lord Aberdeen, the foreign secretary to Sir Robert Peel, carried on well, and thus they secured France and Britain in the entente cordiale.

Oregon Treaty

Treaty of WashingtonOregon Treaty of 18461846 treaty
It was probably the most productive period of his career, that he settled two disagreements with the US—the Northeast Boundary dispute by the Webster-Ashburton Treaty (1842), and the Oregon dispute by the Oregon Treaty of 1846.
The treaty was negotiated by U.S. Secretary of State James Buchanan, who later became president, and Richard Pakenham, British envoy to the United States and member of the Privy Council of the United Kingdom for Queen Victoria; the Earl of Aberdeen was at the time Foreign Secretary, and it was he who was responsible for it in Parliament.

Peelite

Liberal ConservativesPeelite ConservativePeelite Conservatives
Nonetheless his Peelite colleague, later himself Prime Minister, William Ewart Gladstone, said of him that he was "the man in public life of all others whom I have . I say emphatically . I have others, but never like him". George Hamilton-Gordon, 4th Earl of Aberdeen, (28 January 178414 December 1860), styled Lord Haddo from 1791 to 1801, was a British statesman, diplomat and landowner, successively a Tory, Conservative and Peelite politician, who served as Prime Minister from 1852 until 1855 in a coalition between the Whigs and Peelites, with Radical and Irish support.
In the 1852 general election, the number of Peelites was estimated at around 40. In that same year, George Hamilton-Gordon, 4th Earl of Aberdeen was invited by Queen Victoria to form a coalition government with the Whigs and the Radicals.

Secretary of State for War and the Colonies

Colonial SecretarySecretary of StateColonial Office
He was Secretary of State for War and the Colonies between 1834 and 1835, and again Foreign Secretary between 1841 and 1846 under Sir Robert Peel.

Oregon boundary dispute

Oregon Question54-40 or Fightboundary dispute
It was probably the most productive period of his career, that he settled two disagreements with the US—the Northeast Boundary dispute by the Webster-Ashburton Treaty (1842), and the Oregon dispute by the Oregon Treaty of 1846.
Meeting with Prime Minister Robert Peel's Foreign Secretary, Earl of Aberdeen on 29 November, Everett presented the terms considered by President John Tyler.

John Arthur Roebuck

RoebuckJ A RoebuckJ. A. Roebuck
On 29 January 1855, John Arthur Roebuck introduced a motion for the appointment of a select committee to enquire into the conduct of the war.
He twice came to public prominence: in 1838, when, although at the time without a seat in parliament, he appeared at the bar of the Commons to protest, in the name of the Canadian Assembly, against the suspension of the Canadian constitution; and in 1855, when, having overthrown Lord Aberdeen's ministry by carrying a resolution for the appointment of a committee of inquiry into the mismanagement in the Crimean War, he presided over its proceedings.

James Hamilton, Viscount Hamilton

Viscount Hamilton
In July 1815 he married his former sister-in-law Harriet, daughter of John Douglas, and widow of James Hamilton, Viscount Hamilton; the marriage was much less happy than his first.
His widow Harriet would in 1815 remarry her brother-in-law, the 4th Earl of Aberdeen, with whom she had another 5 children.

Arthur Hamilton-Gordon, 1st Baron Stanmore

Arthur Hamilton-GordonSir Arthur Hamilton-GordonArthur Gordon
Arthur Charles Hamilton-Gordon (26 November 1829 – 30 January 1912) he married Rachel Emily Shaw-Lefevre on 20 September 1865. They have two children.
He was the youngest son of George Hamilton-Gordon, 4th Earl of Aberdeen and his second wife, Harriet Douglas.

Corn Laws

repeal of the Corn LawsCorn LawAnti-Corn Law
He again followed his leader and resigned with Peel over the issue of the Corn Laws.
As a result, the Conservative Party divided and the Whigs formed a government with Russell as PM. Those Conservatives who were loyal to Peel were known as the Peelites and included the Earl of Aberdeen and William Ewart Gladstone.

Christ Church, Jerusalem

Christ Church[Christ] churchAnglican church in Jerusalem
Aberdeen, as Foreign Secretary, had himself tacitly authorised the construction of the first Anglican church in Jerusalem in 1845, following his predecessor's commission in 1838 of the first European Consul in Jerusalem on Britain's behalf, which lead to series of successive appointments by other nations.
On 18 March 1845 a petition signed by 1,400 clergy and 15,000 laity was presented to Lord Aberdeen in support of the project.

George Hamilton-Gordon, 5th Earl of Aberdeen

5th Earl of AberdeenLord HaddoGeorge John James Hamilton-Gordon, 5th Earl of Aberdeen
George John James Hamilton-Gordon, 5th Earl of Aberdeen (28 September 1816 – 22 March 1864) he married Lady Mary Baillie (younger sister of George Baillie-Hamilton, 10th Earl of Haddington) on 5 November 1840. They have six children.
Lord Haddo was born at Bentley Priory in Hertfordshire, the eldest son of the 4th Earl of Aberdeen and Harriet Hamilton, Dowager Viscountess Hamilton (née Harriet Douglas), widow of James Hamilton, Viscount Hamilton and granddaughter of James Douglas, 14th Earl of Morton.