George IV of the United Kingdom

George IVKing George IVPrince RegentPrince of WalesGeorgeGeorge, Prince of WalesThe Prince RegentGeorge, Prince RegentThe Prince of WalesPrince George
George IV (George Augustus Frederick; 12 August 1762 – 26 June 1830) was king of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and king of Hanover following the death of his father, King George III, on 29 January 1820, until his own death ten years later.wikipedia
2,298 Related Articles

Regency era

RegencyRegency periodBritish Regency
He led an extravagant lifestyle that contributed to the fashions of the Regency era.
Upon George III's death in 1820, the prince regent became King George IV.

John Nash (architect)

John NashNashSir John Nash
He commissioned John Nash to build the Royal Pavilion in Brighton and remodel Buckingham Palace, and Sir Jeffry Wyatville to rebuild Windsor Castle.
His designs were financed by the Prince Regent, and by the era's most successful property developer, James Burton, with whose son Decimus Burton he collaborated extensively.

Jeffry Wyatville

Jeffry WyattvilleSir Jeffry WyatvilleJeffry Wyatt
He commissioned John Nash to build the Royal Pavilion in Brighton and remodel Buckingham Palace, and Sir Jeffry Wyatville to rebuild Windsor Castle.
Born Jeffry Wyatt into an established dynasty of architects, in 1824 he was allowed by King George IV to change his surname to Wyatville (frequently misspelled Wyattville).

Brighton

Brighton, EnglandBrighton, SussexBrighton, East Sussex
He commissioned John Nash to build the Royal Pavilion in Brighton and remodel Buckingham Palace, and Sir Jeffry Wyatville to rebuild Windsor Castle.
In the Georgian era, Brighton developed as a fashionable seaside resort, encouraged by the patronage of the Prince Regent, later King George IV, who spent much time in the town and constructed the Royal Pavilion in the Regency era.

Caroline of Brunswick

Queen CarolinePrincess Caroline of BrunswickCaroline
George's charm and culture earned him the title "the first gentleman of England", but his dissolute way of life and poor relationships with his parents and his wife, Caroline of Brunswick, earned him the contempt of the people and dimmed the prestige of the monarchy.
Caroline of Brunswick (Caroline Amelia Elizabeth; Caroline Amalie Elisabeth von Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel; 17 May 1768 – 7 August 1821) was Queen consort of the United Kingdom as the wife of King George IV from 29 January 1820 until her death in 1821.

Pains and Penalties Bill 1820

Pains and Penalties BillBill of Pains and Penaltiescase of 1820
He excluded Caroline from the coronation and asked the government to introduce the unpopular Pains and Penalties Bill in an unsuccessful attempt to divorce her.
The Pains and Penalties Bill 1820 was a bill introduced to the British Parliament in 1820, at the request of King George IV, which aimed to dissolve his marriage to Caroline of Brunswick, and deprive her of the title of Queen of Great Britain and Ireland.

Robert Jenkinson, 2nd Earl of Liverpool

Lord LiverpoolEarl of LiverpoolThe Earl of Liverpool
For most of his regency and reign, Lord Liverpool controlled the government as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
He dealt smoothly with the Prince Regent when King George III was incapacitated.

Princess Charlotte of Wales

Princess CharlottePrincess Charlotte Augusta of WalesCharlotte
His only legitimate child, Princess Charlotte, died before him in 1817 and so he was succeeded by his younger brother, William.
Princess Charlotte Augusta of Wales (7 January 1796 – 6 November 1817) was the only child of George, Prince of Wales (later King George IV), and his wife, Caroline of Brunswick.

Windsor Castle

WindsorWindsor Palace Windsor Castle's Brunswick Tower
He commissioned John Nash to build the Royal Pavilion in Brighton and remodel Buckingham Palace, and Sir Jeffry Wyatville to rebuild Windsor Castle.
After a period of neglect during the 18th century, George III and George IV renovated and rebuilt Charles II's palace at colossal expense, producing the current design of the State Apartments, full of Rococo, Gothic and Baroque furnishings.

Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

Queen CharlotteCharlottethe Queen
George IV was the eldest child of King George III and Queen Charlotte.
They included two future British monarchs, George IV and William IV; Charlotte, Queen of Württemberg; Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn, the father of Queen Victoria; and Ernest Augustus, King of Hanover.

Carlton House

Carlton House, LondonCarlton House PalaceNo 10 Carlton House Terrence
He then established his residence in Carlton House, where he lived a profligate life.
Carlton House was a mansion in London, best known as the town residence of the Prince Regent for several decades from 1783.

Regent

regencyregentsQueen Regent
From 1811 until his accession, he served as regent during his father's final mental illness.
Famous regency periods include that of the Prince Regent, later George IV of the United Kingdom, giving rise to many terms such as Regency era and Regency architecture.

Maria Fitzherbert

Mrs FitzherbertMaria Anne FitzherbertMrs. Fitzherbert
Soon after he reached the age of 21, the prince became infatuated with Maria Fitzherbert.
Maria Anne Fitzherbert (née Smythe, previously Weld; 26 July 1756 – 27 March 1837) was a longtime companion of George IV of the United Kingdom before he became king.

Buckingham Palace

Buckingham HouseGoring Housethe Palace
He commissioned John Nash to build the Royal Pavilion in Brighton and remodel Buckingham Palace, and Sir Jeffry Wyatville to rebuild Windsor Castle.
After his accession to the throne in 1820, King George IV continued the renovation with the idea in mind of a small, comfortable home.

Royal Marriages Act 1772

Royal Marriages ActRoyal Marriages Act of 1772Sussex Peerage
This was in spite of the Act of Settlement 1701, which barred the spouse of a Catholic from succeeding to the throne, and the Royal Marriages Act 1772, which prohibited his marriage without the King's consent.

Prince Frederick, Duke of York and Albany

Duke of YorkFrederick, Duke of YorkPrince Frederick, Duke of York
The Prince of Wales's brother, Prince Frederick, Duke of York, declared that George would not attempt to exercise any power without previously obtaining the consent of Parliament.
From the death of his father in 1820 until his own death in 1827 he was the heir presumptive to his elder brother, George IV, in both the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and the Kingdom of Hanover.

Frances Villiers, Countess of Jersey

Frances TwysdenLady JerseyFrances Villiers
George's mistresses included Mary Robinson, an actress who was bought off with a generous pension when she threatened to sell his letters to the newspapers; Grace Elliott, the divorced wife of a physician; and Frances Villiers, Countess of Jersey, who dominated his life for some years.
Frances Villiers, Countess of Jersey (née Twysden; 25 February 1753 – 23 July 1821) was a British Lady of the Bedchamber, one of the more notorious of the many mistresses of King George IV when he was Prince of Wales, "a scintillating society woman, a heady mix of charm, beauty, and sarcasm".

List of British monarchs

MonarchMonarchsKing of Great Britain
George IV (George Augustus Frederick; 12 August 1762 – 26 June 1830) was king of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and king of Hanover following the death of his father, King George III, on 29 January 1820, until his own death ten years later.

Grace Elliott

Grace ElliotGrace DalrympleGrace Dalrymple Elliott
George's mistresses included Mary Robinson, an actress who was bought off with a generous pension when she threatened to sell his letters to the newspapers; Grace Elliott, the divorced wife of a physician; and Frances Villiers, Countess of Jersey, who dominated his life for some years.
She was mistress to the Duke of Orléans and to the future George IV, by whom she is said to have borne an illegitimate daughter.

Mary Robinson (poet)

Mary RobinsonMary Darby RobinsonMary 'Perdita' Robinson
George's mistresses included Mary Robinson, an actress who was bought off with a generous pension when she threatened to sell his letters to the newspapers; Grace Elliott, the divorced wife of a physician; and Frances Villiers, Countess of Jersey, who dominated his life for some years.
She was the first public mistress of King George IV while he was still Prince of Wales.

Isabella Ingram-Seymour-Conway, Marchioness of Hertford

Isabella Anne IngramIsabella IngramIsabella Seymour-Conway, Marchioness of Hertford
In later life, his mistresses were the Marchioness of Hertford and the Marchioness Conyngham, who were both married to aristocrats.
Isabella Anne Seymour-Conway, Marchioness of Hertford (1759 – 12 April 1834) was an English courtier and a mistress of King George IV when he was Prince of Wales.

Charles James Fox

FoxCharles FoxHon. Charles James Fox
The King, a political conservative, was also alienated by the prince's adherence to Charles James Fox and other radically inclined politicians.
George III seriously thought of abdicating at this time, after the comprehensive defeat of his American policy and the imposition of Fox and North, but refrained from doing so, mainly because of the thought of his succession by his son, George: the notoriously extravagant womaniser, gambler and associate of Fox, who could swear in three languages.

Elizabeth Conyngham, Marchioness Conyngham

Lady ConynghamElizabethElizabeth Denison
In later life, his mistresses were the Marchioness of Hertford and the Marchioness Conyngham, who were both married to aristocrats.
She was the last mistress of George IV of the United Kingdom.

Regency Acts

RegentRegent of the United KingdomRegency Act
The Lords Commissioners appointed by the letters patent, in the name of the King, then signified the granting of Royal Assent to a bill that became the Regency Act 1811.
An example of a pre-1937 Regency Act was the Act of 1811 which allowed George, Prince of Wales to act as regent while his father, King George III, was incapacitated.

Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

Prime MinisterBritish Prime MinisterPrime Minister of Great Britain
For most of his regency and reign, Lord Liverpool controlled the government as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
The regent became George IV in 1820, but during his 10-year reign was indolent and frivolous.