George W. Bush

Official portrait, 2003
George W. Bush with his parents, Barbara and George H. W. Bush, c. undefined 1947
Governor Bush (right) with father, former president George H. W. Bush, and wife, Laura, 1997
2000 electoral vote results
2004 electoral vote results
George W. Bush re-election campaign stop in Grand Rapids, Michigan.
Deficit and debt increases from 2001 to 2009. Gross debt has increased over $500billion each year since the 2003 fiscal year.
President Bush signing the No Child Left Behind Act into law, January 8, 2002
President Bush delivering a statement on energy, urging Congress to end offshore oil drill ban, June 18, 2008
President Bush discussing border security with Secretary of Homeland Security Michael Chertoff near El Paso, November 2005
President Bush with hurricane victims in Biloxi, September 2, 2005
President Bush announcing his nomination of Alberto Gonzales as the next U.S. Attorney General, November 10, 2004
Countries visited by President George W. Bush during his time in office
President Bush with Russian president Vladimir Putin in Shanghai, October 21, 2001. Russia had cooperated with the U.S. in the war on terror.
President Bush, beside firefighter Bob Beckwith, addressing rescue workers at the World Trade Center site
Countries with major military operations throughout the war on terror launched by Bush, including those launched after his presidency
President Bush and President Hamid Karzai of Afghanistan in Kabul, March 1, 2006
President Bush, with Naval Flight Officer Lieutenant Ryan Philips, after landing on the USS Abraham Lincoln prior to his Mission Accomplished speech, May 1, 2003
Gallup/USA Today Bush public opinion polling from February 2001 to January 2009
Protest against the Iraq War in New London, Connecticut on May 23, 2007
Countries with a U.S. military presence in 2007
Charlie Strong (left), Texas Longhorns head football coach, George W. Bush and Reverend Jesse Jackson hold up a Texas Longhorns football jersey at the LBJ Presidential Library in 2014
Bush eulogizing his father at the National Cathedral, December 5, 2018
George W. Bush and Laura at the inauguration of Joe Biden
George W. Bush Presidential Center, on the campus of Southern Methodist University

American politician who served as the 43rd president of the United States from 2001 to 2009.

- George W. Bush
Official portrait, 2003

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Official portrait, 1994

Al Gore

American politician and environmentalist who served as the 45th vice president of the United States from 1993 to 2001 under president Bill Clinton.

American politician and environmentalist who served as the 45th vice president of the United States from 1993 to 2001 under president Bill Clinton.

Official portrait, 1994
Albert Gore Sr. delivering a speech to the 1968 Democratic National Convention which the younger Gore helped him write
Tipper and Al Gore on their wedding day, May 19, 1970, at the Washington National Cathedral
Gore with the 20th Engineer Brigade in Biên Hòa as a journalist with the paper The Castle Courier
Gore in 1977
Gore during his congressional years
The Clintons and the Gores as Chelsea Clinton rings a replica of the Liberty Bell, 1993
President Bill Clinton installing computer cables with Vice President Al Gore on NetDay at Ygnacio Valley High School in Concord, CA. March 9, 1996
Glenn T. Seaborg with Gore in the White House during a visit of the 1993 Science Talent Search (STS) finalists on March 4, 1993
Vice President Gore and President Clinton during the second inauguration of Bill Clinton, January 20, 1997
In Manchester, New Hampshire, campaigning for President of the United States in 2000
Gore in 2000
Chris Anderson asks: "Will you run again?" Gore replies, "Ohh, you aren't going to get me on this one!"
Gore speaks during the final day of the 2008 Democratic National Convention in Denver, Colorado
Gore receives the Nobel Peace Prize in the city hall of Oslo, 2007
President George W. Bush meets with Al Gore and the other 2007 Nobel Award recipients, November 26, 2007
Gore's speech on Global Warming at the University of Miami BankUnited Center, February 28, 2007

Gore was the Democratic nominee for the 2000 presidential election, losing to George W. Bush in a very close race after a Florida recount.

Close-up view of satellite trucks parked by the Florida State Capitol during the 2000 presidential election vote dispute

Bush v. Gore

Close-up view of satellite trucks parked by the Florida State Capitol during the 2000 presidential election vote dispute
Florida Supreme Court
Theodore Olson represented Bush
David Boies represented Gore

Bush v. Gore, 531 U.S. 98 (2000), was a decision of the United States Supreme Court on December 12, 2000, that settled a recount dispute in Florida's 2000 presidential election between George W. Bush and Al Gore.

The Palm Beach County recount attracted protestors and media

2000 United States presidential election recount in Florida

The Palm Beach County recount attracted protestors and media
Simulation of the "butterfly ballot."
Supreme Court of Florida
Florida Secretary of State Katherine Harris became a controversial figure during the Florida electoral recount
Florida Supreme Court spokesman Craig Waters
Supporters for the Gore-Lieberman ticket outside the U.S. Supreme Court on December 11

The 2000 United States presidential election recount in Florida was a period of vote recounting in Florida that occurred during the weeks after Election Day in the 2000 United States presidential election between George W. Bush and Al Gore.

List of presidents of the United States

Head of state and head of government of the United States, indirectly elected to a four-year term via the Electoral College.

Head of state and head of government of the United States, indirectly elected to a four-year term via the Electoral College.

As of June 2022, there are five living former presidents: Jimmy Carter, Bill Clinton, George W. Bush, Barack Obama, and Donald Trump.

Letter from Barack Obama indicating appropriation of Congressional funds for "Overseas Contingency Operations/Global War on Terrorism"

War on terror

Term that refers to an ongoing international military campaign launched by the United States government following the September 11 attacks.

Term that refers to an ongoing international military campaign launched by the United States government following the September 11 attacks.

Letter from Barack Obama indicating appropriation of Congressional funds for "Overseas Contingency Operations/Global War on Terrorism"
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Campaign streamer awarded to units who have participated in Operation Enduring Freedom
U.S. Army soldier of the 10th Mountain Division in Nuristan Province, June 2007
An American soldier in Afghanistan's Khost Province
U.S. Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld with Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff General Richard B. Myers and joined by military representatives from 29 countries of the worldwide coalition on the war against terrorism, at The Pentagon, 11 March 2002.
Map of countries contributing troops to ISAF as of 5 March 2010. Major contributors (over 1000 troops) in dark green, other contributors in light green, and former contributors in magenta.
U.S. Special Forces soldier and infantrymen of the Philippine Army
A map of the conflict in northern Mali
A British C-130J Hercules aircraft launches flare countermeasures before being the first coalition aircraft to land on the newly reopened military runway at Baghdad International Airport.
An ABC News display board in New York City shows a headline relating to Osama bin Laden's death.
U.S. soldiers in Syria during Operation Inherent Resolve
An AV-8B Harrier takes off from the flight deck of USS Wasp (LHD-1) during Operation Odyssey Lightning, 8 August 2016.
Political map: the Kashmir region districts
The United Kingdom was the second-largest contributor of troops in Afghanistan.
A U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement helicopter patrols the airspace over New York City.
John Walker Lindh was captured as an enemy combatant during the United States' 2001 invasion of Afghanistan.
Alleged "extraordinary rendition" illegal flights of the CIA, as reported by Rzeczpospolita
CIA's Extraordinary Rendition and Detention Program – countries involved in the Program, according to the 2013 Open Society Foundations' report on torture.
Detainees upon arrival at Camp X-Ray, January 2002
Children wounded by American airstrikes in Afghanistan's Surkh-Rōd District in 2001
Participants in a rally, dressed as hooded detainees

43rd President of the United States George W. Bush first used the term "war on terrorism" on 16 September 2001, and then "war on terror" a few days later in a formal speech to Congress.

President George W. Bush signing the No Child Left Behind Act.

No Child Left Behind Act

U.S. Act of Congress that reauthorized the Elementary and Secondary Education Act; it included Title I provisions applying to disadvantaged students.

U.S. Act of Congress that reauthorized the Elementary and Secondary Education Act; it included Title I provisions applying to disadvantaged students.

President George W. Bush signing the No Child Left Behind Act.

At the time, increased attention was being paid to the state of education in the nation because prior to the 2000 United States presidential election, then-candidate George Bush made a number of campaign promises related to bipartisan education reform.

A warrant canary, posted in a Craftsbury, Vermont library in 2005: "The FBI has not been here (watch very closely for removal of this sign)". Announcing the receipt of a national security letter would violate the associated gag order, while removing the sign would not.

Patriot Act

A warrant canary, posted in a Craftsbury, Vermont library in 2005: "The FBI has not been here (watch very closely for removal of this sign)". Announcing the receipt of a national security letter would violate the associated gag order, while removing the sign would not.

The USA PATRIOT Act (commonly known as the Patriot Act) was a landmark Act of the United States Congress, signed into law by President George W. Bush.

Map of the main operations of the United States special forces from October 2001 to March 2002

United States invasion of Afghanistan

In late 2001, the United States and its close allies invaded Afghanistan and toppled the Taliban government.

In late 2001, the United States and its close allies invaded Afghanistan and toppled the Taliban government.

Map of the main operations of the United States special forces from October 2001 to March 2002
Soviet troops in 1986, during the Soviet–Afghan War
Taliban (red) and Northern Alliance (blue) control over Afghanistan in 2000.
In an address to a joint session of the US Congress on September 20, 2001, US President George W. Bush demanded that the Taliban deliver Osama bin Laden and destroy bases of al-Qaeda.
In the days and weeks immediately following 9/11, Osama bin Laden repeatedly denied having any role.
US Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld
US Army Special Forces and US Air Force Combat Controllers with Northern Alliance troops on horseback
US Air Force Combat Controllers in combat during the invasion of Afghanistan, c. September 2001.
A Tomahawk cruise missile is launched from the USS Philippine Sea in a strike against al-Qaeda training camps and Taliban military installations in Afghanistan on October 7, 2001
AH-1W "Super Cobra" helicopters take off from USS Peleliu in the North Arabian Sea on October 13, 2001
Special Forces soldiers alongside Northern Alliance fighters west of Kunduz, November 2001
US Army Special Forces upon arriving in Mazar-i-Sharif with Northern Alliance fighters on November 10.
US Army Special Forces (ODA 574) with Hamid Karzai in Kandahar province
Marines of the 15th Marine Expeditionary Unit march to a security position after seizing Camp Rhino from the Taliban, November 25, 2001
US Army Special Forces headquarters in Nangarhar Province, November 2001
Air strikes on Tora Bora
U.S. Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld with troops at Bagram Air Base, December 2001
U.S. Navy SEALs of Task Force K-Bar conducting sensitive site exploitation in the Jaji Mountains, January 12, 2002

After the September 11 attacks, US President George W. Bush demanded that the Taliban hand over Osama bin Laden and expel al-Qaeda; bin Laden had already been wanted by the FBI since 1998.

Official portrait, 1989

George H. W. Bush

American politician, diplomat, and businessman who served as the 41st president of the United States from 1989 to 1993.

American politician, diplomat, and businessman who served as the 41st president of the United States from 1989 to 1993.

Official portrait, 1989
George H. W. Bush at his grandfather's house in Kennebunkport, c. 1925
Bush in his Grumman TBF Avenger aboard USS San Jacinto in 1944
Bush in Phillips Academy's 1942 yearbook
Bush, top right, stood with his wife and children, mid-1960s
Former president Dwight D. Eisenhower with Bush
Bush in 1969
Bush greeting then California Governor Ronald Reagan in 1967
Bush as ambassador to the United Nations, 1971
Bush as U.S. Liaison to China, c. 1975
Bush, as CIA Director, listens at a meeting following the assassinations in Beirut of Francis E. Meloy Jr. and Robert O. Waring, 1976
1980 campaign logo
Ronald Reagan, moderator Jon Breen, and Bush participate in the Nashua, New Hampshire, presidential debate, 1980
The Reagan–Bush ticket won the 1980 presidential election with 50.7% of the popular vote and a large majority of the electoral vote
Official portrait of Vice President Bush, 1981
President Ronald Reagan with Bush
Reagan and Bush in a meeting to discuss the United States' invasion of Grenada with a group of bipartisan members of Congress in October 1983
Vice President Bush standing with President Ronald Reagan and Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev on the New York City waterfront in 1988
1988 campaign logo
John Ashcroft and Vice President Bush campaign in St. Louis, Missouri, 1988
Bush won the 1988 presidential election with 53.4% of the popular vote and a large majority of the electoral vote
Chief Justice William Rehnquist administers the Presidential Oath of Office to George H. W. Bush
Map showing the division of East and West Germany until 1990, with Berlin in yellow
Bush and Mikhail Gorbachev at the Helsinki Summit in 1990
In 1991, the Soviet Union dissolved into fifteen independent republics, including Russia (labeled 11)
Iraq (green) invaded Kuwait (orange) in 1990
Bush meets with Robert Gates, General Colin Powell, Secretary Dick Cheney and others about the situation in the Persian Gulf, 1991
From left to right: (standing) President Carlos Salinas, President Bush, Prime Minister Brian Mulroney; (seated) Jaime Serra Puche, Carla Hills, and Michael Wilson at the NAFTA Initialing Ceremony, October 1992
Bush appointed Clarence Thomas to the Supreme Court in 1991
Bush's approval ratings (red) compared to his disapproval ratings (blue) during his presidency
Bush was defeated in the 1992 presidential election by Bill Clinton
President Bill Clinton meeting with former presidents George H. W. Bush and Jimmy Carter at the White House in September 1993
George and Barbara Bush, 2001
From left to right: George H. W. Bush, Barack Obama, George W. Bush, Bill Clinton, and Jimmy Carter
Members of the public pay their respects at the casket of George H. W. Bush lying in state in the Rotunda of the U.S. Capitol in Washington, D.C.
Bush visits NAS JRB during Hurricane Katrina relief efforts, 2005
The George H.W. Bush Presidential Library and Museum on the west campus of Texas A&M University in College Station, Texas, 2011

With the victory of his son, George W. Bush, in the 2000 presidential election, the two became the second father–son pair to serve as the nation's president, following John Adams and John Quincy Adams.

Plato (left) and Aristotle (right), from a detail of The School of Athens, a fresco by Raphael. Plato's Republic and Aristotle's Politics secured the two Greek philosophers as two of the most influential political philosophers.

Social conservatism

Political philosophy and variety of conservatism which places emphasis on traditional power structures over social pluralism.

Political philosophy and variety of conservatism which places emphasis on traditional power structures over social pluralism.

Plato (left) and Aristotle (right), from a detail of The School of Athens, a fresco by Raphael. Plato's Republic and Aristotle's Politics secured the two Greek philosophers as two of the most influential political philosophers.

Some social conservatives (such as George W. Bush and Michael Gerson ) are otherwise free trade and market supporter on economic and fiscal issues.