George W. Norris

Norris c. 1910
George W. Norris, US Representative from Nebraska.
FDR (center) signs the Rural Electrification Act with Congressman John E. Rankin (left) and Norris (right)

American politician from the state of Nebraska in the Midwestern United States.

- George W. Norris
Norris c. 1910

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Palace of Westminster in February 2007

Nebraska Legislature

Legislature of the U.S. state of Nebraska.

Legislature of the U.S. state of Nebraska.

Palace of Westminster in February 2007

After a trip to Australia in 1931, George W. Norris, then U.S. senator for Nebraska, campaigned for reform, arguing that the bicameral system was based on the non-democratic British House of Lords, and that it was pointless to have two bodies of people doing the same thing and hence wasting money.

TVA poster at Franklin D. Roosevelt Presidential Library and Museum

Tennessee Valley Authority

Federally owned electric utility corporation in the United States.

Federally owned electric utility corporation in the United States.

TVA poster at Franklin D. Roosevelt Presidential Library and Museum
Tennessee Valley Authority Surplus/Deficit
President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs the TVA Act
TVA's first board (L to R): Harcourt Morgan, Arthur E. Morgan, and David E. Lilienthal
Workers at the site of Norris Dam, the first hydroelectric dam built by the TVA, circa 1933
A carpenter (wearing a contractor's employee badge) at work during the 1942 construction of the Douglas Dam in East Tennessee.
John Sevier Fossil Plant in Hawkins County circa 1956
Considered one of the TVA's most ambitious projects, Timberlake, a planned city along the Tellico Reservoir was proposed to support 30,000 residents. The project was cancelled following soon after the Tellico Project's controversy.
Artistic rendering of the small modular reactor (SMR) facility at the Clinch River Nuclear Site, the first of several to be constructed as part of TVA's New Nuclear Program approved in early 2022.
The twin cooling towers and reactor containment buildings of TVA's Sequoyah Nuclear Plant north of Chattanooga, Tennessee.
Ronald Reagan, fired by General Electric after criticizing TVA.

Senator George W. Norris of Nebraska also distrusted private utility companies, and in 1920 blocked a proposal from industrialist Henry Ford to build a private dam and create a utility to modernize the Tennessee Valley.

Joseph Gurney Cannon

American politician from Illinois and leader of the Republican Party.

American politician from Illinois and leader of the Republican Party.

Cannon as a younger congressman circa 1875–1880
Cannon at the 1904 Republican National Convention in Chicago
Speaker Cannon presides over the House of Representatives during the 59th Congress, 1906.
Cannon's residence in Danville, Illinois, circa 1913
Woodrow Wilson, Warren G. Harding, Cannon, and Philander Chase Knox on March 4, 1921
Cannon on Time magazine's first cover on March 3, 1923

On March 17, 1910, after two failed attempts to curb Cannon's absolute power in the House, Nebraska Representative George Norris led a coalition of 42 progressive Republicans and the entire delegation of 149 Democrats in a revolt.

La Guardia c. 1915–20

Fiorello La Guardia

American attorney and politician who represented New York in the House of Representatives and served as the 99th Mayor of New York City from 1934 to 1945.

American attorney and politician who represented New York in the House of Representatives and served as the 99th Mayor of New York City from 1934 to 1945.

La Guardia c. 1915–20
La Guardia between two Italian officers in front of a Ca.44, c. 1918
The New York Times front page November 5, 1919
La Guardia during the 70th United States Congress c. 1929
Results of the 1929 mayoral election, in which La Guardia did not carry a single State Assembly district.
La Guardia and Franklin D. Roosevelt
The grave of Fiorello La Guardia
14¢ Fiorello LaGuardia U.S. postage stamp issued April 24, 1972
The footstone of Fiorello La Guardia

His major legislation was the Norris–La Guardia Act, cosponsored with Nebraska senator George Norris in 1932.

Wake Up, America! Civilization Calls, poster by James Montgomery Flagg, 1917

United States non-interventionism

Eventually applied by the United States between the late 18th century and the first half of the 20th century whereby it sought to avoid alliances with other nations in order to prevent itself from being drawn into wars which were not related to the direct territorial self-defense of the United States.

Eventually applied by the United States between the late 18th century and the first half of the 20th century whereby it sought to avoid alliances with other nations in order to prevent itself from being drawn into wars which were not related to the direct territorial self-defense of the United States.

Wake Up, America! Civilization Calls, poster by James Montgomery Flagg, 1917
Protest march to prevent American involvement in World War II before the attack on Pearl Harbor.

The strongest opposition to American entry into the League of Nations came from the Senate where a tight-knit faction known as the Irreconcilables, led by William Borah and George Norris, had great objections regarding the clauses of the treaty which compelled America to come to the defense of other nations.

Percent of self-identified liberals by state in 2018, according to a Gallup poll:

Modern liberalism in the United States

Form of social liberalism found in American politics.

Form of social liberalism found in American politics.

Percent of self-identified liberals by state in 2018, according to a Gallup poll:
Bill Clinton and Tony Blair, adherents of the Third Way

Other liberal Republicans included Senator Robert M. La Follette and his sons in Wisconsin (from about 1900 to 1946) and Western leaders such as Senator Hiram Johnson in California, Senator George W. Norris in Nebraska, Senator Bronson M. Cutting in New Mexico, Congresswoman Jeannette Rankin in Montana and Senator William Borah in Idaho from about 1900 to about 1940.

McCook, Nebraska

City in and the county seat of Red Willow County, Nebraska, United States.

City in and the county seat of Red Willow County, Nebraska, United States.

The George Norris House in McCook is listed in the National Register of Historic Places.

George W. Norris, who held seats in the U.S. House of Representatives and Senate from 1903 to 1943, was a resident of McCook.

Valparaiso University

Private university located in Valparaiso, Indiana.

Private university located in Valparaiso, Indiana.

Valparaiso Male and Female College, circa 1870
Old College Building, Valparaiso University, circa 1918
Chapel of the Resurrection
The Victory Bell, rung after athletic victories and campus celebrations, stands near the Athletics and Recreation Center.

George William Norris, United States Senator from Nebraska and father of the Tennessee Valley Authority

Marshal Mannerheim, the 6th President of Finland

Independent politician

Politician not affiliated with any political party or bureaucratic association.

Politician not affiliated with any political party or bureaucratic association.

Marshal Mannerheim, the 6th President of Finland

Nebraska senator George W. Norris was elected for four terms as a Republican before changing to an independent after the Republicans lost their majority in Congress in 1930.

History of the Republican Party (United States)

One of the two major political parties in the United States.

One of the two major political parties in the United States.

Abraham Lincoln, the first Republican President (1861–1865)
This Democratic editorial cartoon links John C. Frémont to other radical movements including temperance, feminism, Fourierism, free love, Catholicism and abolition
National Union ticket in 1864 as party men gave these to voters to deposit in the ballot box
African-American members of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives: Sen. Hiram Revels (R-MS) and Reps. Benjamin Turner (R-AL), Robert DeLarge (R-SC), Josiah Walls (R-FL), Jefferson Long (R-GA), Joseph Rainey and Robert B. Elliott (R-SC), 1872
Ulysses S. Grant was the first Republican president to serve for two full terms (1869–1877)
An 1896 Republican poster warns against free silver
Theodore Roosevelt leads party to landslide win in 1904
Theodore Roosevelt's 1908 Farewell speeches sought progressive laws that did not pass Congress
President Theodore Roosevelt watches the party team pull apart on tariff issue
Dwight D. Eisenhower and Richard Nixon, 1953: the first Republican presidential inauguration in 24 years
Arizona Senator and 1964 Republican presidential nominee Barry Goldwater was a key figure of the American conservative movement in the 1950s and 1960s
Richard Nixon currently holds the record for most states won in a presidential election, 49 excluding Massachusetts and D.C. in 1972
Ronald Reagan launched the "Reagan Revolution" with his election to the presidency in 1980, providing conservative influence that continues to the present day
George H. W. Bush, the first former vice president to become president by vote rather than by the death or resignation of the sitting president since 1836, ended the Cold War during his term
Newt Gingrich, House Speaker (1995–1999), was the most visible adversary for President Bill Clinton
The presidency of George W. Bush was greatly impacted by the events of the September 11th terrorist attacks
John Boehner, House Speaker (2011–2015), was the most visible adversary for President Barack Obama
2012 Republican presidential nominee Mitt Romney was the first Mormon nominated for president by either major party
Donald Trump, 45th President of the United States

Insurgent Midwesterners led by George Norris revolted against the conservatives led by Speaker Cannon.