George Washington's Farewell Address

Farewell AddressWashington's Farewell Address1796 ''Farewell Address1796 farewell addressfinal address to the American peoplehis farewell addressvoluntary retirementWashington Farewell Addresswould not be formed
George Washington's farewell address is a letter written by President George Washington as a valedictory to "friends and fellow-citizens" after 20 years of public service to the United States.wikipedia
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George Washington

WashingtonGeneral WashingtonPresident Washington
George Washington's farewell address is a letter written by President George Washington as a valedictory to "friends and fellow-citizens" after 20 years of public service to the United States.
Washington's Farewell Address was widely regarded as one of the most influential statements on republicanism.

Federalist Party

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This included the state of foreign affairs, and divisions between the newly formed Federalist and Democratic-Republican parties.
He warned in his Farewell Address against involvement in European wars and lamented the rising North-South sectionalism and party spirit in politics that threatened national unity: The party spirits serves always to distract the Public Councils, and enfeeble the Public Administration.

Pennsylvania Packet

American Daily AdvertiserThe Pennsylvania PacketPennsylvania Packet, or General Advertiser
The letter was first published as The Address of Gen. Washington to the People of America on His Declining the Presidency of the United States in the American Daily Advertiser on September 19, 1796, about ten weeks before the presidential electors cast their votes in the 1796 election.
On September 21, 1796, it was the first to publish George Washington's Farewell Address.

Alexander Hamilton

HamiltonHamiltonianA. Hamilton
However, he set it aside and ran for a second term because of heated disputes between Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton and Secretary of State Thomas Jefferson which convinced Washington that the growing tensions would rip apart the country without his leadership.
Hamilton influenced Washington in the composition of his Farewell Address by writing drafts for Washington to compare with the latter's draft, although when Washington contemplated retirement in 1792, he had consulted James Madison for a draft that was used in a similar manner to Hamilton's.

United States non-interventionism

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United States non-interventionism
Washington's Farewell Address of 1796 explicitly announced the policy of American non-interventionism:

Hamilton (musical)

HamiltonHamilton: An American MusicalBurn
He suggested that it had long been "eclipsed in the national memory" until the Broadway musical Hamilton brought it back to popular awareness in the song "One Last Time", where lines are sung by Washington and Hamilton from the end of the Address.
Washington decides to retire from the presidency and Hamilton assists in writing a farewell address ("One Last Time").

Presidency of George Washington

first inauguration of George Washingtoninauguratedpresidency
He wrote it near the end of his second term of presidency before retiring to his home at Mount Vernon in Virginia.
He delayed a formal announcement until later in the year, but began drafting his Farewell Address.

One Last Time (Hamilton song)

One Last TimeOne Last Time (''Hamilton'' song)
He suggested that it had long been "eclipsed in the national memory" until the Broadway musical Hamilton brought it back to popular awareness in the song "One Last Time", where lines are sung by Washington and Hamilton from the end of the Address.
He asks Hamilton to write his final address to the American people, discussing his philosophy of governance and the importance of knowing "how to say goodbye", and discusses his desire to retire and live the rest of his life outside public scrutiny.

Treaty of Alliance (1778)

Treaty of Alliance1778 Treaty of Alliancetreaty
The Republicans wanted the U.S. to honor the 1778 Treaty of Alliance and to aid France, while the Federalists favored an alliance with Britain.
The alliance was further attacked in President Washington's Farewell Address, in which he declared that the United States was not obligated to honor the military provisions of the treaty, and furthermore warned Americans of the dangers of the same kind of permanent alliances that the United States was currently engaged in with France, as a result of the Treaty of Alliance.

Washington's Birthday

Presidents DayPresidents' DayPresident's Day
Washington's Birthday is observed by selecting a member of the Senate to read the address aloud on the Senate floor, alternating between political parties each year.
Since 1862 there has been a tradition in the United States Senate that George Washington's Farewell Address be read on his birthday.

Foreign policy of the United States

foreign policyU.S. foreign policyAmerican foreign policy
Foreign policy themes were expressed considerably in George Washington's farewell address; these included among other things, observing good faith and justice towards all nations and cultivating peace and harmony with all, excluding both "inveterate antipathies against particular nations, and passionate attachments for others", "steer[ing] clear of permanent alliances with any portion of the foreign world", and advocating trade with all nations.

4th United States Congress

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*September 17, 1796: Washington's Farewell Address warned against partisan politics and foreign entanglements.

Lansdowne portrait

classic portrait of George WashingtonLansdowne Portrait of George Washingtonportrait of George Washington
The following year he published his Farewell Address in the newspapers, rather than delivering it to Congress.

Farewell speech

farewell addressfarewellἀποβατήριον
* George Washington – Washington's Farewell Address where he warned of the dangers of political parties and foreign alliances.

Political parties in the United States

political partiespolitical partyparty
Furthermore, he hoped that political parties would not be formed, fearing conflict and stagnation, as outlined in his Farewell Address.

American Anti-Imperialist League

Anti-Imperialist Leaguea group of anti-imperialistsAmerican anti-imperialists
The League argued that such activity would necessitate the abandonment of American ideals of self-government and non-intervention—ideals expressed in the United States Declaration of Independence, George Washington's Farewell Address and Abraham Lincoln's Gettysburg Address.

History of the United States (1789–1849)

antebellumantebellum periodAntebellum Era
Although Washington remained aloof and warned against political parties in his farewell address, he generally supported Hamilton and Hamiltonian programs over those of Jefferson.

Twenty-second Amendment to the United States Constitution

22nd AmendmentTwenty-second Amendment22nd Amendment to the U.S. Constitution
For these reasons, he decided not to stand for reelection to a third term, a decision he announced to the nation through a Farewell Address in September 1796.

Term limits in the United States

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His Farewell Address very briefly mentioned why he would not run for a third term, and goes on to give a great deal of political advice, but it does not mention term limits.

Unilateralism

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In his famous and influential Farewell Address, George Washington warned that the United States should "steer clear of permanent alliances with any portion of the foreign world".

September 19

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1796 – George Washington's Farewell Address is printed across America as an open letter to the public.

Xenophilia

xenophilexenophilyin English rather than German
George Washington, in his 1796 Farewell Address, described the influence of attachment of one nation for another, which he saw as negative:

Traditions of the United States Senate

original deskstraditionunique gavel
The Senate holds an annual reading of President George Washington's Farewell Address.

History of United States foreign policy

history of U.S. foreign policyfocusedforeign policy
The League argued that such activity would necessitate the abandonment of American ideals of self-government and non-intervention—ideals expressed in the Declaration of Independence, George Washington's Farewell Address and Lincoln's Gettysburg Address.