Georges Bataille

BatailleGeorge Bataille[Georges] BatailleBase MaterialismBataille, G.Bataille, GeorgeBataille, GeorgesBataillesque
Georges Albert Maurice Victor Bataille (10 September 1897 – 9 July 1962) was a French intellectual and literary figure working in literature, philosophy, anthropology, economics, sociology and history of art.wikipedia
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Jean-Luc Nancy

NancyNancy, Jean-Luc
His influence is felt most explicitly in the phenomenological work of Jean-Luc Nancy, but is also significant for the work of Jean Baudrillard, the psychoanalytic theories of Jacques Lacan and Julia Kristeva, and recent anthropological work from the likes of Michael Taussig. The singular conception of "sovereignty" expounded there would become an important topic of discussion for Derrida, Giorgio Agamben, Jean-Luc Nancy and others.
Major influences include Martin Heidegger, Jacques Derrida, Georges Bataille, Maurice Blanchot and Friedrich Nietzsche.

Jacques Lacan

LacanLacanianLacanians
His influence is felt most explicitly in the phenomenological work of Jean-Luc Nancy, but is also significant for the work of Jean Baudrillard, the psychoanalytic theories of Jacques Lacan and Julia Kristeva, and recent anthropological work from the likes of Michael Taussig. Bataille's first marriage was to actress Silvia Maklès, in 1928; they divorced in 1934, and she later married the psychoanalyst Jacques Lacan.
Lacan was involved with the Parisian surrealist movement of the 1930s associating with André Breton, Georges Bataille, Salvador Dalí, and Pablo Picasso.

College of Sociology

Collège de SociologieCollege of Sacred Sociology
Bataille was a member of the extremely influential College of Sociology which included several other renegade surrealists.
Founding members include some of France's most well-known intellectuals of the interwar period, including Georges Bataille, Roger Caillois, Pierre Klossowski, Jules Monnerot, Pierre Libra and Georges Ambrosino.

Lev Shestov

ShestovChestovLev Isaakovich Shestov
As a young man, he befriended, and was much influenced by, the Russian existentialist, Lev Shestov.
Nevertheless, he would find admirers in such writers as D. H. Lawrence and his friend Georges Bataille.

Acéphale

Fascinated by human sacrifice, he founded a secret society, Acéphale, the symbol of which was a headless man.
Acéphale is the name of a public review created by Georges Bataille (which numbered five issues, from 1936 to 1939) and a secret society formed by Bataille and others who had sworn to keep silent.

Billom

Born on 10 September 1897 in Billom in the region of Auvergne, his family moved to Reims in 1898, where he was baptized.
Billom was the birthplace of the philosopher Georges Bataille.

Surrealism

surrealistsurrealsurrealistic
His writing, which included essays, novels, and poetry, explored such subjects as erotism, mysticism, surrealism, and transgression.
Disgruntled surrealists moved to the periodical Documents, edited by Georges Bataille, whose anti-idealist materialism formed a hybrid Surrealism intending to expose the base instincts of humans.

Jacques Derrida

DerridaDerrida, JacquesDerrida, J.
He was relatively ignored during his lifetime and scorned by contemporaries such as Jean-Paul Sartre as an advocate of mysticism, but after his death had considerable influence on authors such as Michel Foucault, Philippe Sollers, and Jacques Derrida, all of whom were affiliated with the journal Tel Quel.
Other than Rousseau, Husserl, Heidegger and Levinas, these three books discussed, and/or relied upon, the works of many philosophers and authors, including linguist Saussure, Hegel, Foucault, Bataille, Descartes, anthropologist Lévi-Strauss, paleontologist Leroi-Gourhan, psychoanalyst Freud, and writers such as Jabès and Artaud.

Story of the Eye

L'histoire de l'oeilThe Story of the Eye
His novel Story of the Eye (Histoire de l'oeil), published under the pseudonym Lord Auch (literally, Lord "to the shithouse" — "auch" being short for "aux chiottes," slang for telling somebody off by sending him to the toilet), was initially read as pure pornography, while interpretation of the work has gradually matured to reveal the same considerable philosophical and emotional depth that is characteristic of other writers who have been categorized within "literature of transgression".
Story of the Eye (L'histoire de l'œil) is a 1928 novella written by Georges Bataille, as a psychoanalytical task, that details the increasingly bizarre sexual perversions of a pair of teenage lovers.

André Masson

Masson
Collaborators in these projects included André Masson, Pierre Klossowski, Roger Caillois, Jules Monnerot, Jean Rollin and Jean Wahl.
Masson experimented with altered states of consciousness with artists such as Antonin Artaud, Michel Leiris, Joan Miró, Georges Bataille, Jean Dubuffet and Georges Malkine, who were neighbors of his studio in Paris.

Transgressive fiction

transgressivetransgressional fictiontransgressive literature
His writing, which included essays, novels, and poetry, explored such subjects as erotism, mysticism, surrealism, and transgression. His novel Story of the Eye (Histoire de l'oeil), published under the pseudonym Lord Auch (literally, Lord "to the shithouse" — "auch" being short for "aux chiottes," slang for telling somebody off by sending him to the toilet), was initially read as pure pornography, while interpretation of the work has gradually matured to reveal the same considerable philosophical and emotional depth that is characteristic of other writers who have been categorized within "literature of transgression".
The essay uses Story of the Eye by Georges Bataille as an example of transgressive fiction.

Jean Baudrillard

BaudrillardBaudrillardianBraudrillard
His influence is felt most explicitly in the phenomenological work of Jean-Luc Nancy, but is also significant for the work of Jean Baudrillard, the psychoanalytic theories of Jacques Lacan and Julia Kristeva, and recent anthropological work from the likes of Michael Taussig.
In Baudrillard's work the symbolic realm (which he develops a perspective on through the anthropological work of Marcel Mauss and Georges Bataille) is seen as quite distinct from that of signs and signification.

Sylvia Bataille

Silvia Maklès
Bataille's first marriage was to actress Silvia Maklès, in 1928; they divorced in 1934, and she later married the psychoanalyst Jacques Lacan.
When she was twenty, she married the writer Georges Bataille with whom she had a daughter, the psychoanalyst Laurence Bataille (1930–1986).

Roger Caillois

Caillois
Collaborators in these projects included André Masson, Pierre Klossowski, Roger Caillois, Jules Monnerot, Jean Rollin and Jean Wahl.
With Georges Bataille he founded the College of Sociology, a group of intellectuals who lectured regularly to one another.

Alexandre Kojève

KojèveBernard HalpernKojeve
He was heavily influenced by Hegel, Freud, Marx, Marcel Mauss, the Marquis de Sade, Alexandre Kojève, and Friedrich Nietzsche, the last of whom he defended in a notable essay against appropriation by the Nazis.
His lectures were attended by a small but influential group of intellectuals including Raymond Queneau, Georges Bataille, Maurice Blanchot, Maurice Merleau-Ponty, André Breton, Jacques Lacan, Raymond Aron, Roger Caillois, Michel Leiris, Henry Corbin, Jean Hyppolite, and Éric Weil.

Pierre Klossowski

KlossowskiKlossowski, Pierre
Collaborators in these projects included André Masson, Pierre Klossowski, Roger Caillois, Jules Monnerot, Jean Rollin and Jean Wahl.
Klossowski participated in most issues of George Bataille's review, Acéphale, in the late 1930s.

École Nationale des Chartes

École des ChartesChartistsEcole Nationale des Chartes
Bataille attended the École Nationale des Chartes in Paris, graduating in February 1922.
Georges Bataille

Ma Mère

Other famous novels include the posthumously published My Mother (which would become the basis of Christophe Honoré's film Ma Mère), The Impossible and Blue of Noon, which, with its incest, necrophilia, politics, and autobiographical undertones, is a much darker treatment of contemporary historical reality.
French director Christophe Honoré, who wrote the screenplay, based it on the controversial and posthumous 1966 novel of the same name by French author Georges Bataille.

The Accursed Share

La Part mauditeThe Accursed Share: an Essay on General Economy
After the war he composed The Accursed Share, which he said represented thirty years' work.
The Accursed Share: An Essay on General Economy (La Part maudite) is a book about political economy by the French intellectual Georges Bataille.

Marquis de Sade

Sadede SadeSadean
He was heavily influenced by Hegel, Freud, Marx, Marcel Mauss, the Marquis de Sade, Alexandre Kojève, and Friedrich Nietzsche, the last of whom he defended in a notable essay against appropriation by the Nazis.
Similarly, Susan Sontag defended both Sade and Georges Bataille's Histoire de l'œil (Story of the Eye) in her essay "The Pornographic Imagination" (1967) on the basis their works were transgressive texts, and argued that neither should be censored.

Giorgio Agamben

AgambenbiosAgamben, Giorgio
The singular conception of "sovereignty" expounded there would become an important topic of discussion for Derrida, Giorgio Agamben, Jean-Luc Nancy and others.
Benjamin had left these manuscripts to Georges Bataille when he fled Paris shortly before his death.

Michel Surya

Georges Bataille: Une liberté souveraine: Textes et entretiens, 2004 (articles, book reviews and interviews not included in Oeuvres Complètes, Michel Surya Ed.)
A specialist of Georges Bataille, he is the founder and director of the journal and the.

Jean Wahl

Wahl, Jean
Collaborators in these projects included André Masson, Pierre Klossowski, Roger Caillois, Jules Monnerot, Jean Rollin and Jean Wahl.
In the second issue of Acéphale, Georges Bataille's review, Jean Wahl wrote an article titled "Nietzsche and the Death of God", concerning Karl Jaspers' interpretation of this work.

L'Abbé C

L'Abbé C, 1950
L'Abbé C (1950) was Georges Bataille's first published novella.

Inner Experience

During World War II Bataille produced Summa Atheologica (the title parallels Thomas Aquinas' Summa Theologica) which comprises his works Inner Experience, Guilty, and On Nietzsche.
Inner Experience (L'expérience intérieure) is a 1943 book by Georges Bataille.