Georges Bizetwikipedia
BizetGeorges BizetGeorge BizetG. BizetBizet’sBizet, GeorgesBizets

Carmen

CarmenDon JoséEscamillo
Best known for his operas in a career cut short by his early death, Bizet achieved few successes before his final work, Carmen, which has become one of the most popular and frequently performed works in the entire opera repertoire.
Carmen is an opera in four acts by French composer Georges Bizet.

Les pêcheurs de perles

The Pearl FishersLeilaLes Pêcheurs de perles
Neither of his two operas that reached the stage in this time—Les pêcheurs de perles and La jolie fille de Perth—were immediately successful. This was Les pêcheurs de perles, based on a libretto by Michel Carré and Eugène Cormon.
Les pêcheurs de perles (The Pearl Fishers) is an opera in three acts by the French composer Georges Bizet, to a libretto by Eugène Cormon and Michel Carré.

La jolie fille de Perth

The Fair Maid of PerthLa jolie fille de Perth suite
Neither of his two operas that reached the stage in this time—Les pêcheurs de perles and La jolie fille de Perth—were immediately successful.
La jolie fille de Perth (The Fair Maid of Perth) is an opera in four acts by Georges Bizet (1838–1875), from a libretto by Jules-Henri Vernoy de Saint-Georges and Jules Adenis, after the novel by Sir Walter Scott.

L'Arlésienne (Bizet)

L'ArlésienneFarandoleL'Arlesienne
After the Franco-Prussian War of 1870–1871, during which Bizet served in the National Guard, he had little success with his one-act opera Djamileh, though an orchestral suite derived from his incidental music to Alphonse Daudet's play L'Arlésienne was instantly popular.
Georges Bizet composed L'Arlésienne as incidental music to Alphonse Daudet's play of the same name, usually translated as The Girl from Arles.

Djamileh

After the Franco-Prussian War of 1870–1871, during which Bizet served in the National Guard, he had little success with his one-act opera Djamileh, though an orchestral suite derived from his incidental music to Alphonse Daudet's play L'Arlésienne was instantly popular.
Djamileh is an opéra comique in one act by Georges Bizet to a libretto by Louis Gallet, based on an oriental tale, Namouna, by Alfred de Musset.

Symphony in C (Bizet)

Symphony in CSymphony in C majorhis own symphony
In 1855, he wrote an ambitious overture for a large orchestra, and prepared four-hand piano versions of two of Gounod's works: the opera La nonne sanglante and the Symphony in D. Bizet's work on the Gounod symphony inspired him, shortly after his seventeenth birthday, to write his own symphony, which bore a close resemblance to Gounod's—note for note in some passages.
The Symphony in C is an early work by the French composer Georges Bizet.

Don Procopio

Through the winter of 1858–59, Bizet worked on his first envoi, an opera buffa setting of Carlo Cambiaggio's libretto Don Procopio.
Don Procopio is a two-act opera buffa by Georges Bizet with an Italian libretto completed in 1859, and first performed in 1906.

Roma Symphony (Bizet)

Roma SymphonyRomaRoma'' symphony
Bizet began sketching a symphony based on his Italian experiences, but made little immediate headway; the project, which became his Roma symphony, was not finished until 1868.
The Symphony in C "Roma" is the second of Georges Bizet's symphonies.

Charles Lecocq

LecocqCharles Lecocq
The prize was awarded jointly to Bizet and Charles Lecocq, a compromise which years later Lecocq criticised on the grounds of the jury's manipulation by Fromental Halévy in favour of Bizet.
After study at the Paris Conservatoire, Lecocq and Georges Bizet jointly won an operetta-writing contest organised in 1856 by Offenbach.

Le docteur Miracle

The challenge was to set the one-act libretto of Le docteur Miracle by Léon Battu and Ludovic Halévy.
Le docteur Miracle (Doctor Miracle) is an opérette in one act by the French composer Georges Bizet.

Geneviève Halévy

GenevièveMme StrausGeneviève Bizet
Bizet's marriage to Geneviève Halévy was intermittently happy and produced one son.
In 1869, she married Georges Bizet, pupil of her father, and gave birth in 1871 to their son Jacques, who became a school friend of Marcel Proust.

Ernest Guiraud

GuiraudErnest Guiraud
In September 1860, while visiting Venice with his friend and fellow-laureate Ernest Guiraud, Bizet received news that his mother was gravely ill in Paris, and made his way home.
He is best known for writing the traditional orchestral recitatives used for Bizet's opera Carmen and for Offenbach's opera Les contes d'Hoffmann (The Tales of Hoffmann).

Camille Saint-Saëns

Saint-SaënsCamille Saint-SaënsSaint-Saens
He also met another of Gounod's young students, the 13-year-old Camille Saint-Saëns, who remained a firm friend of Bizet's.
His organ professor was François Benoist, whom Saint-Saëns considered a mediocre organist but a first-rate teacher; his pupils included Adolphe Adam, César Franck, Charles Alkan, Louis Lefébure-Wély and Georges Bizet.

Libretto

librettolibrettistlibretti
The challenge was to set the one-act libretto of Le docteur Miracle by Léon Battu and Ludovic Halévy.
The French writers' duo Henri Meilhac and Ludovic Halévy wrote a large number of opera and operetta libretti for the likes of Jacques Offenbach, Jules Massenet and Georges Bizet.

Mireille (opera)

MireilleMireille'' (opera)
He also worked as an accompanist at rehearsals and auditions for various staged works, including Berlioz's oratorio L'enfance du Christ and Gounod's opera Mireille.
A pre-performance run-through of the work at Gounod's house included Georges Bizet on the piano and Camille Saint-Saëns on the harmonium.

Michel Carré

CarréMichel CarréM. Carré
This was Les pêcheurs de perles, based on a libretto by Michel Carré and Eugène Cormon.
He wrote the text for Charles Gounod's Mireille (1864) on his own, and collaborated with Eugène Cormon on Bizet's Les pêcheurs de perles.

Prosper Mérimée

Prosper MériméeMériméeProsper Merimee
The subject chosen for this project was Prosper Mérimée's short novel, Carmen.
He is best known for his novella Carmen, which became the basis of Bizet's opera Carmen.

Pierre-Joseph-Guillaume Zimmerman

Pierre ZimmermanPierre ZimmermannJoseph Zimmermann
He made an early impression; within six months he had won first prize in solfège, a feat that impressed Pierre-Joseph-Guillaume Zimmerman, the Conservatoire's former professor of piano.
Among his students were Charles Gounod (who married one of his daughters), Georges Bizet, César Franck, Charles-Valentin Alkan, Ambroise Thomas, Louis Lacombe, Alexandre Goria and Lefébure-Wély.

Charles Gounod

GounodCharles GounodGounod, Charles
Through these classes, Bizet met Zimmerman's son-in-law, the composer Charles Gounod, who became a lasting influence on the young pupil's musical style—although their relationship was often strained in later years.
His Symphony No. 1 in D major was the inspiration for the Symphony in C composed later that year by Georges Bizet, who was then Gounod's 17-year-old student.

Operetta

operettaoperettasoperatta
A number of smaller theatres catered for operetta, a field in which Offenbach was then paramount, while the Théâtre Italien specialised in second-rate Italian opera.
By this time, the "comique" part of the genre name had become misleading: Georges Bizet's Carmen (1875) is an example of an opéra comique with a tragic plot.

Jacques Offenbach

OffenbachJacques OffenbachOffenbach’s
After this rebuff, Bizet entered an opera competition which Jacques Offenbach had organised for young composers, with a prize of 1,200 francs.
The joint winners were Georges Bizet and Charles Lecocq.

Opéra-Comique

Opéra-ComiqueThéâtre de l'Opéra-ComiqueComédie-Italienne
The two state-subsidised opera houses, the Opéra and the Opéra-Comique, each presented traditional repertoires that tended to stifle and frustrate new homegrown talent; only eight of the 54 Prix de Rome laureates between 1830 and 1860 had had works staged at the Opéra.
Notable composers in the history of the Opéra-Comique include Auber, Halévy, Berlioz and Bizet.

Eugène Cormon

E. CormonCormon
This was Les pêcheurs de perles, based on a libretto by Michel Carré and Eugène Cormon.
His libretti include Les dragons de Villars (with Lockroy), Gastibelza (with d'Ennery) and Les pêcheurs de Catane (with Carré) for Maillart, Les pêcheurs de perles (with Carré) for Bizet, Robinson Crusoé (with Crémieux) for Offenbach, and Les Bleuets (with Trianon) for Cohen.

Antoine François Marmontel

Antoine MarmontelMarmontelAntonin Marmontel
Under the tuition of Antoine François Marmontel, the Conservatoire's professor of piano, Bizet's pianism developed rapidly; he won the Conservatoire's second prize for piano in 1851, and first prize the following year.
He had many pupils including Antoine Simon, Georges Bizet, Vincent d'Indy, Théodore Dubois, Dominique Ducharme, Gustave Gagnon, Ernest Guiraud, Émile Paladilhe, Edward MacDowell, Gabriel Pierné, Paul Rougnon, Paul Wachs, Louis Diémer, Francis Planté, André Wormser, Marguerite Long, Zulema Garcia Olsen and Claude Debussy.

Carmen (novella)

Carmennovellanovella of the same title
The subject chosen for this project was Prosper Mérimée's short novel, Carmen.
It has been adapted into a number of dramatic works, including the famous opera of the same name by Georges Bizet.