Coat of arms of the Orthodox Church of Georgia
Saint Nino of Cappadocia, baptizer of the Georgians.
"Gorgania" i.e. Georgia on Fra Mauro map
Jvari Monastery, near Mtskheta, one of Georgia's oldest surviving monasteries (6th century)
A page from a rare 12th century Gelati Gospel depicting the Nativity
Patera depicting Marcus Aurelius uncovered in central Georgia, 2nd century AD
The Khakhuli triptych
Northwestern Georgia is home to the medieval defensive Svan towers of Ushguli
Patriarch Anton II of Georgia was downgraded to the status of an archbishop by the Russian Imperial authorities.
Gelati Monastery, a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Eparchies of the Georgian Apostolic Autocephalous Orthodox Church as of 2010
Queen Tamar, the first woman to rule medieval Georgia in her own right.
The Holy Trinity Church (Tsminda Sameba) of Gergeti, in the mountains of Khevi
King Vakhtang VI, a Georgian monarch caught between rival regional powers
The reign of George XII was marked by instability.
Noe Zhordania, Prime Minister of Georgia who was exiled to France after the Soviet takeover
The Bolshevik Red Army in Tbilisi on 25 February 1921. Saint David's church on the Holy Mountain is visible in the distance.
Georgian Civil War and the War in Abkhazia in August–October 1993
The Rose Revolution, 2003
US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice holding a joint press conference with Georgian president Mikheil Saakashvili during the Russo-Georgian war
Salome Zourabichvili, the first woman elected as president of Georgia
Presidential residence at the Orbeliani Palace in Tbilisi
Pro-NATO poster in Tbilisi
President of Georgia Salome Zourabichvili, President of Moldova Maia Sandu, President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelensky and President of the European Council Charles Michel during the 2021 Batumi International Conference. In 2014, the EU signed Association Agreements with all the three states.
Georgian built Didgori-2 during the military parade in 2011
A Ford Taurus Police Interceptor operated by the Georgian Patrol Police.
Map of Georgia highlighting the disputed territories of Abkhazia and Tskhinvali Region (South Ossetia), both of which are outside the control of the central government of Georgia
Köppen climate classification map of Georgia
Mount Kazbek in eastern Georgia
Svaneti region of Georgia
View of the cave city of Vardzia and the valley of the Kura River below
Georgia's diverse climate creates varied landscapes, like these flat marshlands in the country's west
Southwest Georgia has a subtropical climate, with frequent rain and thick green vegetation
Georgian Shepherd Dog
GDP per capita development since 1973
A proportional representation of Georgia's exports in 2019
One of several plants operated by HeidelbergCement in Georgia
Wine-making is a traditional component of the Georgian economy.
The most visited ski resort of Georgia, Gudauri
The Georgian Railways represent a vital artery linking the Black Sea and Caspian Sea – the shortest route between Europe and Central Asia.
Port of Batumi
Ethno-linguistic groups in the Caucasus region
Tbilisi State University, Corpus I
Illuminated manuscript from medieval Georgia, showing a scene from nativity
Old Tbilisi – Architecture in Georgia is in many ways a fusion of European and Asian.
Rather than serving food in courses, traditional supras often present all that a host has to offer
Château Mukhrani, one of the centres of Georgia's viticulture in the 19th century, has recently been restored to produce its eponymous wine.
Dinamo Tbilisi, winner of 1981 European Cup Winners' Cup on stamp of Georgia, 2002
Château Mukhrani, one of the centres of Georgia's viticulture in the 19th century, has recently been restored to produce its eponymous wine.

It is Georgia's dominant religious institution, and a majority of Georgian people are members.

- Georgian Orthodox Church

In the early 4th century, ethnic Georgians officially adopted Christianity, which contributed to the spiritual and political unification of the early Georgian states.

- Georgia (country)

16 related topics

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The Georgian kings, queens consort and the Catholicos-Patriarch depicted on a Byzantine-influenced fresco wearing Byzantine dress at the Gelati Monastery, UNESCO's World Heritage Site landmark.

Georgians

The Georgian kings, queens consort and the Catholicos-Patriarch depicted on a Byzantine-influenced fresco wearing Byzantine dress at the Gelati Monastery, UNESCO's World Heritage Site landmark.
Georgian peasant in Mestia, c. 1888
Armour of King Alexander III of Imereti with golden plates.
The Bagrati Cathedral, The Cathedral of the Dormition, built during the reign of King Bagrat III, one of Georgia's most significant medieval religious buildings returned to its original state in 2012.
Georgians having a feast at Supra and Tamada making a toast. Painting by Niko Pirosmani.

The Georgians, or Kartvelians (ქართველები, ), are a nation and indigenous Caucasian ethnic group native to Georgia and the South Caucasus.

In the 4th century, the Georgians became one of the first to embrace Christianity and now the majority of Georgians are Orthodox Christians, with most following their national autocephalous Georgian Orthodox Church, although there are small Georgian Catholic and Muslim communities as well as a significant number of irreligious Georgians.

Icon of Saint Nino at Svetitskhoveli Cathedral

Saint Nino

Icon of Saint Nino at Svetitskhoveli Cathedral
Saint Nino with her scroll and grapevine cross
A mosaic in Samtavro Monastery, Mtskheta

Saint Nino (წმინდა ნინო; Սուրբ Նունե; Αγία Νίνα; sometimes St. Nune or St. Ninny) Equal to the Apostles and the Enlightener of Georgia (c.

St. Nino has become one of the most venerated saints of the Georgian Orthodox Church and her attribute, a grapevine cross, is a symbol of Georgian Christianity.

A fresco of King David IV from Gelati Monastery

David IV of Georgia

The 5th king of United Georgia from 1089 until his death in 1125.

The 5th king of United Georgia from 1089 until his death in 1125.

A fresco of King David IV from Gelati Monastery
Reconstruction of David the Builder's personal banner
A later depiction of King David by an unknown artist
Expansion of Kingdom of Georgia under David IV's reign.
Georgia at the end of the reign of King David IV.
fresco of King David the Builder, Shio-Mghvime monastery.
Gelati Monastery fresco of King David, 12th century
The "Tomb of David IV" at Gelati reads: 
Ⴕ ႤႱႤႠႰႱႢႠႬ 
ႱႠႱႭႤႬႤ 
ႡႤႪႨႹ[ႫႨ] 
[ႭႩႨႭႩႤ] 
[ႤႱႤ]ႫႧႬႠ 
ႥႱႠႵႠႣႠ 
ႥႤႫႩჃႣႰႭ 
ႫႤ

A friend of the church and a notable promoter of Christian culture, he was canonized by the Georgian Orthodox Church.

Next year, David’s supporters in the eastern Georgian province of Kakheti captured the local king Aghsartan II (1102–1104), a loyal tributary of the Seljuk Sultan, and reunited the area with the rest of Georgia.

Georgian language

Most widely-spoken of the Kartvelian languages and serves as the literary language or lingua franca for speakers of related languages.

Most widely-spoken of the Kartvelian languages and serves as the literary language or lingua franca for speakers of related languages.

Georgian alphabet from The American Cyclopædia, 1879
Road sign in Mtavruli and Latin scripts
"Mshrali khidi" (dry bridge) bilingual construction signboard in Georgian (Mtavruli) and Italian in Tbilisi.
The last verse of Shota Rustaveli's romance The Knight in the Panther's Skin illustrating the appearance of the Georgian script.

It is the official language of Georgia and the native or primary language of 87.6% of its population.

The first two are used together as upper and lower case in the writings of the Georgian Orthodox Church and together are called Khutsuri "priests' [alphabet]".

Chazhashi in 2016

Svaneti

Chazhashi in 2016
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View of the Caucasus Mountains in Svaneti.
A typical Svanetian tower
An 11th-century fresco of the Svan nobleman Mikael Chagiani from Adishi.
Mestia, c. 1890s
The historic region of Lower Svaneti in Georgia.

Svaneti or Svanetia (Suania in ancient sources; სვანეთი Svaneti) is a historic province in the northwestern part of Georgia.

The province’s Orthodox culture flourished particularly during the Georgian “golden age” under Queen Tamar (r.

Khevsureti

Mutso, Kkhevsureti, Georgia
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Khevsur woman. Photo by D.A. Nikitin, 1881.
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The Abuletart Fortress near Kistani, south of Shatili
The fortress village Shatili.
The Lebaiskari fortress.

Khevsureti (Georgian: ხევსურეთი, a land of valleys) is a historical-ethnographic region in eastern Georgia.

(See Georgian Orthodox and Apostolic Church)

Sarcophagus of Mirian III at Samtavro Monastery

Mirian III of Iberia

Sarcophagus of Mirian III at Samtavro Monastery
Map of the Caucasus in the 4th-century
The burials of King Mirian and Queen Nana at Samtavro church in Mtskheta

Mirian III (მირიან III) was a king of Iberia or Kartli (Georgia), contemporaneous to the Roman emperor Constantine the Great (r. 306–337).

After Christianization of Iberia he is credited with establishment of Christianity as his kingdom's state religion and is regarded by the Georgian Orthodox Church as saint and is canonized as Saint Equal to the Apostles King Mirian (წმინდა მოციქულთასწორი მეფე მირიანი).

Zviad Gamsakhurdia

Leaders of Georgian independence movement in late 80s, Zviad Gamsakhurdia (left) and Merab Kostava (right)
Gravestone of President Gamsakhurdia in Tbilisi.
Gamsakhurdia on a 2019 postage stamp commemorating his would-be 80th birthday

Zviad Konstantines dze Gamsakhurdia (ზვიად გამსახურდია; Звиа́д Константи́нович Гамсаху́рдия; 31 March 1939 – 31 December 1993) was a Georgian politician, dissident, scholar, and writer who became the first democratically elected President of Georgia in the post-Soviet era.

Gamsakhurdia achieved wider prominence in 1972 during a campaign against the corruption associated with the appointment of a new Catholicos of the Georgian Orthodox Church, of which he was a "fervent" adherent.

Shevardnadze in 1997

Eduard Shevardnadze

Shevardnadze in 1997
Original CIA file on Shevardnadze, seized from the former United States Embassy in Tehran
Shevardnadze at the Reykjavik Summit with Ronald Reagan, Mikhail Gorbachev, Jack Matlock and George Shultz, 10.11.1986
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Banners on Parliament of Georgia saying: "Georgia without Shevardnadze", "Poti is with you"

Eduard Ambrosis dze Shevardnadze (ედუარდ ამბროსის ძე შევარდნაძე, romanized: ; 25 January 1928 – 7 July 2014) was a Soviet and Georgian politician and diplomat who governed Georgia for several non-consecutive periods from 1972 until his resignation in 2003 and also served as the final Soviet Minister of Foreign Affairs.

In 1991, Shevardnadze was baptized into the Georgian Orthodox Church.

Kartli

Kartli (Cardueli) in the 18th century. Detail from a map of Jean Clouet, 1767.

Kartli (ქართლი ) is a historical region in central-to-eastern Georgia traversed by the river Mtkvari (Kura), on which Georgia's capital, Tbilisi, is situated.

Most of them are Eastern Orthodox Christians adhering to the national Georgian Orthodox Church and speak a dialect which is the basis of the modern Georgian literary language.