Georgia (country)

"Gorgania" i.e. Georgia on Fra Mauro map
Patera depicting Marcus Aurelius uncovered in central Georgia, 2nd century AD
Northwestern Georgia is home to the medieval defensive Svan towers of Ushguli
Gelati Monastery, a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Queen Tamar, the first woman to rule medieval Georgia in her own right.
King Vakhtang VI, a Georgian monarch caught between rival regional powers
The reign of George XII was marked by instability.
Noe Zhordania, Prime Minister of Georgia who was exiled to France after the Soviet takeover
The Bolshevik Red Army in Tbilisi on 25 February 1921. Saint David's church on the Holy Mountain is visible in the distance.
Georgian Civil War and the War in Abkhazia in August–October 1993
The Rose Revolution, 2003
US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice holding a joint press conference with Georgian president Mikheil Saakashvili during the Russo-Georgian war
Salome Zourabichvili, the first woman elected as president of Georgia
Presidential residence at the Orbeliani Palace in Tbilisi
Pro-NATO poster in Tbilisi
President of Georgia Salome Zourabichvili, President of Moldova Maia Sandu, President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelensky and President of the European Council Charles Michel during the 2021 Batumi International Conference. In 2014, the EU signed Association Agreements with all the three states.
Georgian built Didgori-2 during the military parade in 2011
A Ford Taurus Police Interceptor operated by the Georgian Patrol Police.
Map of Georgia highlighting the disputed territories of Abkhazia and Tskhinvali Region (South Ossetia), both of which are outside the control of the central government of Georgia
Köppen climate classification map of Georgia
Mount Kazbek in eastern Georgia
Svaneti region of Georgia
View of the cave city of Vardzia and the valley of the Kura River below
Georgia's diverse climate creates varied landscapes, like these flat marshlands in the country's west
Southwest Georgia has a subtropical climate, with frequent rain and thick green vegetation
Georgian Shepherd Dog
GDP per capita development since 1973
A proportional representation of Georgia's exports in 2019
One of several plants operated by HeidelbergCement in Georgia
Wine-making is a traditional component of the Georgian economy.
The most visited ski resort of Georgia, Gudauri
The Georgian Railways represent a vital artery linking the Black Sea and Caspian Sea – the shortest route between Europe and Central Asia.
Port of Batumi
Ethno-linguistic groups in the Caucasus region
Tbilisi State University, Corpus I
Illuminated manuscript from medieval Georgia, showing a scene from nativity
Old Tbilisi – Architecture in Georgia is in many ways a fusion of European and Asian.
Rather than serving food in courses, traditional supras often present all that a host has to offer
Château Mukhrani, one of the centres of Georgia's viticulture in the 19th century, has recently been restored to produce its eponymous wine.
Dinamo Tbilisi, winner of 1981 European Cup Winners' Cup on stamp of Georgia, 2002
Château Mukhrani, one of the centres of Georgia's viticulture in the 19th century, has recently been restored to produce its eponymous wine.

Country located in the Caucasus, at the intersection of Eastern Europe and Western Asia.

- Georgia (country)

305 related topics

Alpha

Mikhail Gorbachev in 1987

Dissolution of the Soviet Union

The process of internal disintegration within the Soviet Union (USSR) which resulted in the end of the country's and the federal government's existence as a sovereign state, thereby resulting in its constituent republics gaining full sovereignty.

The process of internal disintegration within the Soviet Union (USSR) which resulted in the end of the country's and the federal government's existence as a sovereign state, thereby resulting in its constituent republics gaining full sovereignty.

Mikhail Gorbachev in 1987
The first exhibition on the crimes of Stalinism, called "Week of Conscience", was held in Moscow on November 19, 1988
Environmental concerns over the Metsamor nuclear power plant drove initial demonstrations in Yerevan.
Figure of Liberty on the Freedom Monument in Riga, focus of the 1986 Latvian demonstrations
Anti-Soviet rally in Vingis Park of about 250,000 people. Sąjūdis was a movement which led to the restoration of an Independent State of Lithuania.
Andrei Sakharov, formerly exiled to Gorky, was elected to the Congress of People's Deputies in March 1989.
The Eastern Bloc
Baltic Way 1989 demonstration in Šiauliai, Lithuania showing coffins decorated with national flags of the three Baltic republics placed symbolically beneath Soviet and Nazi flags
Photos of victims (mostly young women) of an April 1989 massacre in Tbilisi, Georgia
Meeting in Kurapaty, Belarus, 1989
Nursultan Nazarbayev became leader of the Kazakh SSR in 1989 and later led Kazakhstan to independence.
Lithuania's Vytautas Landsbergis
Estonia's Edgar Savisaar
Latvia's Ivars Godmanis
Azerbaijani stamp with photos of Black January
Viacheslav Chornovil, a prominent Ukrainian dissident and a lead figure of Rukh
Leonid Kravchuk became Ukraine's leader in 1990.
Saparmurat Niyazov, last head of the Turkmen SSR and first president of Turkmenistan
Following Georgia's declaration of independence in 1991, South Ossetia and Abkhazia declared their desire to leave Georgia and remain part of the Soviet Union/Russia.
Boris Yeltsin, Russia's first democratically elected president
Barricade erected in Riga to prevent the Soviet Army from reaching the Latvian Parliament, July 1991
Tanks in Red Square during the 1991 August coup attempt
Signing of the agreement to establish the Commonwealth of Independent States, 8 December
The state emblem of the Soviet Union and the СССР letters (top) in the façade of the Grand Kremlin Palace were replaced by five double-headed Russian eagles (bottom) after the dissolution of the Soviet Union, the eagles having been removed by the Bolsheviks after the revolution.
The upper chamber of the Supreme Soviet in its ultimate session, voting the USSR out of existence, December 26
Russian GDP since the end of the Soviet Union (from 2014 are forecasts)
Russian male life expectancy, 1980–2007
Animated map showing independent states and territorial changes to the Soviet Union in chronological order
Pro-Russian separatists in Donetsk celebrate the Soviet victory over Nazi Germany, May 9, 2018

Lithuania was the first republic to declare full independence restored from the Soviet Union by the Act of 11 March 1990 with its Baltic neighbours and the Southern Caucasus republic of Georgia joining it in a course of two months.

Chazhashi in 2016

Svaneti

Chazhashi in 2016
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View of the Caucasus Mountains in Svaneti.
A typical Svanetian tower
An 11th-century fresco of the Svan nobleman Mikael Chagiani from Adishi.
Mestia, c. 1890s
The historic region of Lower Svaneti in Georgia.

Svaneti or Svanetia (Suania in ancient sources; სვანეთი Svaneti) is a historic province in the northwestern part of Georgia.

Shevardnadze in 1997

Eduard Shevardnadze

Shevardnadze in 1997
Original CIA file on Shevardnadze, seized from the former United States Embassy in Tehran
Shevardnadze at the Reykjavik Summit with Ronald Reagan, Mikhail Gorbachev, Jack Matlock and George Shultz, 10.11.1986
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Banners on Parliament of Georgia saying: "Georgia without Shevardnadze", "Poti is with you"

Eduard Ambrosis dze Shevardnadze (ედუარდ ამბროსის ძე შევარდნაძე, romanized: ; 25 January 1928 – 7 July 2014) was a Soviet and Georgian politician and diplomat who governed Georgia for several non-consecutive periods from 1972 until his resignation in 2003 and also served as the final Soviet Minister of Foreign Affairs.

Kartli

Kartli (Cardueli) in the 18th century. Detail from a map of Jean Clouet, 1767.

Kartli (ქართლი ) is a historical region in central-to-eastern Georgia traversed by the river Mtkvari (Kura), on which Georgia's capital, Tbilisi, is situated.

Flag

NATO

Intergovernmental military alliance between 30 member states – 28 European and two North American.

Intergovernmental military alliance between 30 member states – 28 European and two North American.

Flag
Flag
West Germany joined NATO in 1955, which led to the formation of the rival Warsaw Pact during the Cold War.
The Fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989 marked a turning point in NATO's role in Europe, and a section of the wall is now displayed outside NATO Headquarters.
NATO planes engaging in aerial bombardments during Operation Deliberate Force after the Srebrenica massacre
German KFOR soldiers on patrol in southern Kosovo in 1999
KFOR-MSU Carabinieri Patrols in front of the Ibar Bridge in Mitrovica, Kosovo, 2019
The September 11 attacks in the United States caused NATO to invoke its collective defence article for the first time.
General Austin S. Miller (right) became commander of U.S. and NATO forces in Afghanistan in September 2018 and oversaw the withdrawal until July 2021.
USS Farragut (DDG-99) destroying a Somali pirate skiff in March 2010
Libyan Army Palmaria howitzers destroyed by the French Air Force near Benghazi in March 2011
Partnership for Peace conducts multinational military exercises like Cooperative Archer, which took place in Tbilisi in July 2007 with 500 servicemen from four NATO members, eight PfP members, and Jordan, a Mediterranean Dialogue participant.
The North Atlantic Council convening in 2010 with a defence/foreign minister configuration
Protestors at a February 2022 rally against Russia's invasion of Ukraine march past the statue of Tsar Alexander II in Senate Square in Helsinki

Georgia was also named as an aspiring member, and was promised "future membership" during the 2008 summit in Bucharest, though in 2014, US President Barack Obama said the country was not "currently on a path" to membership.

Battle of Krtsanisi by Valerian Sidamon-Eristavi

Battle of Krtsanisi

Battle of Krtsanisi by Valerian Sidamon-Eristavi
The capture of Tbilisi by Agha Muhammad Khan. A Qajar-era Persian miniature from the British Library.
Entrance of the Russian troops in Tiflis, 26 November 1799, by Franz Roubaud, 1886

The Battle of Krtsanisi (კრწანისის ბრძოლა) was fought between the Qajar Iran (Persia) and the Georgian armies of the Kingdom of Kartli-Kakheti and Kingdom of Imereti at the place of Krtsanisi near Tbilisi, Georgia, from September 8 to September 11, 1795, as part of Agha Mohammad Khan Qajar's war in response to King Heraclius II of Georgia’s alliance with the Russian Empire.

Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic

One of the republics of the Soviet Union from its second occupation (by Russia) in 1921 to its independence in 1991.

One of the republics of the Soviet Union from its second occupation (by Russia) in 1921 to its independence in 1991.

Location of Georgia (red) within the Soviet Union
Order of the Red Banner of the Georgian SSR, 1923
Location of Georgia (red) within the Soviet Union
Members of the first Supreme Soviet of the Georgian SSR
Workers at a factory in the Georgian SSR
Flag of the Republic of Georgia, 1990–2004
Map of the Georgian & Abkhazian Socialist Soviet Republics in 1922-1931
Map of the Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic in 1931-1943
Map of the Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic in 1944-1955
Map of the Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic in 1957-1991

Coterminous with the present-day republic of Georgia, it was based on the traditional territory of Georgia, which had existed as a series of independent states in the Caucasus prior to the first occupation of annexation in the course of the 19th century.

A fresco of King David IV from Gelati Monastery

David IV of Georgia

The 5th king of United Georgia from 1089 until his death in 1125.

The 5th king of United Georgia from 1089 until his death in 1125.

A fresco of King David IV from Gelati Monastery
Reconstruction of David the Builder's personal banner
A later depiction of King David by an unknown artist
Expansion of Kingdom of Georgia under David IV's reign.
Georgia at the end of the reign of King David IV.
fresco of King David the Builder, Shio-Mghvime monastery.
Gelati Monastery fresco of King David, 12th century
The "Tomb of David IV" at Gelati reads: 
Ⴕ ႤႱႤႠႰႱႢႠႬ 
ႱႠႱႭႤႬႤ 
ႡႤႪႨႹ[ႫႨ] 
[ႭႩႨႭႩႤ] 
[ႤႱႤ]ႫႧႬႠ 
ႥႱႠႵႠႣႠ 
ႥႤႫႩჃႣႰႭ 
ႫႤ

Next year, David’s supporters in the eastern Georgian province of Kakheti captured the local king Aghsartan II (1102–1104), a loyal tributary of the Seljuk Sultan, and reunited the area with the rest of Georgia.

Gori, Georgia

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Gori Fortress on the hilltop
A damaged apartment building in Gori.
View of Gori
Akaki Tsereteli street
Statue of Stalin stood outside the Town Hall until being removed in 2010 as part of the country's de-Sovietization process
Gori train station
Akaki Tsereteli street in Gori
Road sign in Gori
Gori Cathedral
Joseph Stalin Museum

Gori (გორი ) is a city in eastern Georgia, which serves as the regional capital of Shida Kartli and is located at the confluence of two rivers, the Mtkvari and the Liakhvi.

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Post-Soviet states

[[File:USSR Republics numbered by alphabet.svg|upright=1.35|thumb|Post-Soviet states in English alphabetical order:

[[File:USSR Republics numbered by alphabet.svg|upright=1.35|thumb|Post-Soviet states in English alphabetical order:

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and OECD
Economical integration blocs in Post-Soviet area: EU, EFTA, CEFTA and Customs Union of Belarus, Kazakhstan and Russia
NATO/CSTO
Nizhnehopersky Nature Park
People in Donetsk celebrate the Soviet victory over Nazi Germany on 9 May 2018
{{flagicon|ARM}} Armenia
{{flagicon|AZE}} Azerbaijan
{{flagicon|BLR}} Belarus
{{flagicon|EST}} Estonia
{{flagicon|GEO}} Georgia
{{flagicon|KAZ}} Kazakhstan
{{flagicon|KGZ}} Kyrgyzstan
{{flagicon|LAT}} Latvia
{{flagicon|LTU}} Lithuania
{{flagicon|MDA}} Moldova
{{flagicon|RUS}} Russia
{{flagicon|TJK}} Tajikistan
{{flagicon|TKM}} Turkmenistan
{{flagicon|UKR}} Ukraine
{{flagicon|UZB}} Uzbekistan
{{flagicon|ARM}} Armenia
{{flagicon|AZE}} Azerbaijan
{{flagicon|BLR}} Belarus
{{flagicon|EST}} Estonia
{{flagicon|GEO}} Georgia
{{flagicon|KAZ}} Kazakhstan
{{flagicon|KGZ}} Kyrgyzstan
{{flagicon|LAT}} Latvia
{{flagicon|LTU}} Lithuania
{{flagicon|MDA}} Moldova
{{flagicon|RUS}} Russia
{{flagicon|TJK}} Tajikistan
{{flagicon|TKM}} Turkmenistan
{{flagicon|UKR}} Ukraine
{{flagicon|UZB}} Uzbekistan

Several disputed states with varying degrees of recognition exist within the territory of the former Soviet Union: Transnistria in eastern Moldova, Abkhazia and South Ossetia in northern Georgia and Artsakh in southwestern Azerbaijan.