Gera

County of Reuss-GeraLiebschwitzGera, GermanyGera, Kreisfreie Stadtgøra
Gera is the third-largest city in Thuringia, Germany, with 96,000 inhabitants, located 55 km south of Leipzig, 75 km east of Erfurt and 120 km west of Dresden.wikipedia
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Thuringia

ThüringenFree State of ThuringiaThuringen
Gera is the third-largest city in Thuringia, Germany, with 96,000 inhabitants, located 55 km south of Leipzig, 75 km east of Erfurt and 120 km west of Dresden.
Erfurt is the state capital and largest city, while other major cities include Jena, Gera, and Weimar.

Imperial County of Reuss

ReussHouse of ReussReuss Younger Line
Later, it was the residence of several lines of the Reussians until the end of monarchy in Germany in 1918.
Its rulers, the House of Reuss, named all of their male children Heinrich (Henry) after the end of the 12th century in honour of Henry VI, Holy Roman Emperor (1190–1197), to whom they owed the estates of Weida and Gera.

Otto Dix

DixDix, OttoOtto Dix Haus
The famous painter Otto Dix was born in Gera in 1891.
Otto Dix was born in Untermhaus, Germany, now a part of the city of Gera, Thuringia.

Bezirk Gera

Geradistrict of GeraGera administrative district
In 1952, the city also became an administrative centre in GDR as one of the capitals of Gera administrative district (Bezirk).
The administrative seat and main town was Gera.

Henry II, Count of Reuss-Gera

Count HenryHenry II "the PosthumousHenry II Reuss of Gera
During the 16th century, some cloth-makers from the Spanish Netherlands migrated to Gera as religious refugees at Count Henry's invitation and raised the textile business in Gera.
Henry II of Reuss (younger line), nicknamed the Posthumous (10 June 1572 in Gera – 23 December 1635 in Gera) was Lord of Gera, Lord of Lobenstein and Lord of Oberkranichfeld.

Principality of Reuss-Gera

Reuss Junior LineReuss Younger LineReuss-Schleiz
From 1848 to 1918 Gera served as the capital of the Principality of Reuss-Gera.
The Counts Reuss, with their respective capitals and Residenzen at Gera, Schleiz, Lobenstein, Köstritz and Ebersdorf were all elevated to the title of prince (Fürst) in 1806, and their successor branch heads shared that title, while their cadets were also each titled prince (Prinz).

White Elster

ElsterBílý HalštrovElster River
Gera lies in a hilly landscape in the east of Thuringia, within the wide valley of the White Elster river.
The White Elster flows through the cities of Plauen, Greiz, Gera, Zeitz, Pegau and Leipzig, and into the river Saale in Halle.

Greiz (district)

district of GreizGreizGreiz district
district-free city Gera, the Burgenlandkreis in Saxony-Anhalt, Altenburger Land, and the two Saxon districts Zwickauer Land and Vogtlandkreis.

Weida, Thuringia

WeidaReuss-WeidaLiebsdorf
In turn, the church assigned the protectorship of this area in 1209 to the Vogts of Weida (in German: Vögte von Weida) who served as its administrators.
Weida is a town in the district of Greiz, in Thuringia, Germany, situated 12 km south of Gera on the river Weida.

Quedlinburg Abbey

QuedlinburgAbbess of QuedlinburgAbbacy of Quedlinburg
In 999 Emperor Otto III assigned the "province" of Gera to the Quedlinburg Abbey.

Saale-Holzland-Kreis

Saale-HolzlandTautenhain
Neighboring districts are (from the north clockwise) the district Burgenlandkreis in Saxony-Anhalt, the district-free city Gera, the districts Greiz, Saale-Orla, Saalfeld-Rudolstadt, Weimarer Land and the district-free city Jena.

East Germany

East GermanGerman Democratic RepublicGDR
In 1952, the city also became an administrative centre in GDR as one of the capitals of Gera administrative district (Bezirk). Gera became part of the GDR in 1949 and was a flash point in the Uprising of 1953 in East Germany as thousands of workers – among them many employees of the Soviet-established Wismut uranium mining entity in the nearby Ore Mountains (Erzgebirge) – demanded higher wages and free elections.
The new Bezirke, named after their district centres, were as follows: (i) Rostock, (ii) Neubrandenburg, and (iii) Schwerin created from the Land (state) of Mecklenburg; (iv) Potsdam, (v) Frankfurt (Oder), and (vii) Cottbus from Brandenburg; (vi) Magdeburg and (viii) Halle from Saxony-Anhalt; (ix) Leipzig, (xi) Dresden, and (xii) Karl-Marx-Stadt (Chemnitz until 1953 and again from 1990) from Saxony; and (x) Erfurt, (xiii) Gera, and (xiv) Suhl from Thuringia.

Jena

Jena, GermanyCity of JenaFriedrich Schiller University of Jena
During the 1990s and the 2000s, many inhabitants left Gera to search a better life in west Germany or other major east German cities like Jena or Leipzig.
The Saal Railway (Saalbahn, opened in 1874) was the connection from Halle and Leipzig along the Saale valley to Nuremberg and the Weimar–Gera railway (opened 1876) connected Jena with Frankfurt and Erfurt in the west as well as Dresden and Gera in the east.

East German uprising of 1953

Uprising of 1953 in East Germany1953East German uprising
Gera became part of the GDR in 1949 and was a flash point in the Uprising of 1953 in East Germany as thousands of workers – among them many employees of the Soviet-established Wismut uranium mining entity in the nearby Ore Mountains (Erzgebirge) – demanded higher wages and free elections.
Joint strike committees were established in Hennigsdorf, Görlitz, Cottbus, and Gera.

Erfurt

Erfurt, GermanyKühnhausenBindersleben
Gera is the third-largest city in Thuringia, Germany, with 96,000 inhabitants, located 55 km south of Leipzig, 75 km east of Erfurt and 120 km west of Dresden.
There are regional trains from Erfurt to Weimar, Jena, Gotha, Eisenach, Bad Langensalza, Magdeburg, Nordhausen, Göttingen, Mühlhausen, Würzburg, Meiningen, Ilmenau, Arnstadt, and Gera.

Bundesgartenschau

Federal Garden ShowBUGAFederal Horticulture Show
Since 1990, many of Gera's buildings have been restored and big urban planning programmes like the Bundesgartenschau 2007 were implemented to stimulate Gera's economy.

Saxon Fratricidal War

Saxon Brother WarBruderkriegfratricidal war
In 1450, Gera was almost totally destroyed during the Saxon Fratricidal War, but it could recuperate quick because the starting textile manufacture brought wealth to the town.
Frederick's forces under the command of Kunz won a victory at Gera and occupied the small town, however William's forces and Bohemian allies caused a large amount of damage to locations within Kaufungen in return.

Bad Köstritz

Köstritz
It is situated on the White Elster river, 7 km northwest of Gera.

Hilbersdorf

Communities near Hilbersdorf are Kauern, Linda, Rückersdorf, and the City of Ronneburg in the Landkreis of Greiz; as well as the Free City of Gera.

Altenburg

Altenburg (Almrich)Altenburg, ThuringiaBurgraviate of Altenburg
Today, there are regional express trains to Göttingen via Jena and Erfurt, to Leipzig via Zeitz, to Altenburg, Glauchau and Zwickau via the Gößnitz line, to Greiz, to Hof and to Saalfeld.
It is the capital of the Altenburger Land district and part of a polycentric old-industrial textile and metal production region between Gera, Zwickau and Chemnitz with more than 1 million inhabitants, while the city itself has a population of 33,000.

Gera Hauptbahnhof

GeraGera HbfGera main station
The most important stations in Gera are the Gera main station (former Prussian station), where all the trains stop, and the Gera southern station (former Saxonian station), where all the trains, except the local ones to Weimar, stop.
Gera Central Station (Gera Hauptbahnhof) is the main station of the Thuringian town of Gera.

Weimar

Weimar, GermanyCounty of WeimarOberweimar
After the incorporation of some suburbs in the 1910s and 1920s Gera, with some 80,000 inhabitants, was the largest city in Thuringia, although the more centrally located Weimar became its capital.
Furthermore, there are some regional railways to Gera via Jena and to Kranichfeld via Bad Berka.

Wismut (mining company)

SDAG WismutWismutSAG Wismut
Gera became part of the GDR in 1949 and was a flash point in the Uprising of 1953 in East Germany as thousands of workers – among them many employees of the Soviet-established Wismut uranium mining entity in the nearby Ore Mountains (Erzgebirge) – demanded higher wages and free elections.
It is situated about 10 km east of the next major city Gera.

Botanischer Garten Gera

The Botanischer Garten Gera (0.7 hectares), also known as the Botanischer Garten der Museum für Naturkunde Gera, is a botanical garden located on the grounds of the Museum für Naturkunde der Stadt Gera at Nicolaistrasse 6, Gera, Thuringia, Germany.

Kauern

Communities near Kauern are Hilbersdorf and Ronneburg in the Landkreis of Greiz, as well as the Free City of Gera.