Gerard Kuiper

Gerard P. KuiperGerard Peter KuiperKuiperGerald KuiperG. P. KuiperDr. Gerard P. KuiperG. KuiperKuiper, Gerard Peter
Gerard Peter Kuiper (born Gerrit Pieter Kuiper; December 7, 1905 – December 23, 1973) was a Dutch astronomer, planetary scientist, selenographer, author and professor.wikipedia
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Kuiper belt

Kuiper belt objectKuiper belt objectsKuiper cliff
He is the eponymous namesake of the Kuiper belt.
The Kuiper belt was named after Dutch-American astronomer Gerard Kuiper, though he did not predict its existence.

Carl Sagan

Sagan, CarlSaganDr. Carl Sagan
As professor at the University of Chicago, he was dissertation advisor to Carl Sagan. Winners of this award include Carl Sagan, James Van Allen, and Eugene Shoemaker.
He used the summer months of his graduate studies to work with his dissertation director, planetary scientist Gerard Kuiper, as well as physicist George Gamow and chemist Melvin Calvin.

Project A119

In 1958, the two worked on the classified military Project A119, the secret Air Force plan to detonate a nuclear warhead on the Moon.
Among the members of the research team were astronomer Gerard Kuiper and his doctoral student Carl Sagan, who was responsible for the mathematical projection of the expansion of a dust cloud in space around the Moon, an essential element in determining its visibility from Earth.

Ejnar Hertzsprung

HertzsprungE. HertzsprungHertzsprung, Ejnar
He befriended fellow students Bart Bok and Pieter Oosterhoff and was taught by Ejnar Hertzsprung, Antonie Pannekoek, Willem de Sitter, Jan Woltjer, Jan Oort and the physicist Paul Ehrenfest.
Among his graduate students at Leiden was Gerard Kuiper.

Miranda (moon)

Miranda MirandaMiranda, Uranus
Kuiper discovered two natural satellites of planets in the Solar System, namely Uranus's satellite Miranda and Neptune's satellite Nereid.
It was discovered by Gerard Kuiper on 16 February 1948 at McDonald Observatory in Texas, and named after Miranda from William Shakespeare's play The Tempest.

Nereid (moon)

NereidNereids
Kuiper discovered two natural satellites of planets in the Solar System, namely Uranus's satellite Miranda and Neptune's satellite Nereid.
It was the second moon of Neptune to be discovered, by Gerard Kuiper in 1949.

Jan Woltjer (astronomer)

Jan WoltjerJan Woltjer Jr
He befriended fellow students Bart Bok and Pieter Oosterhoff and was taught by Ejnar Hertzsprung, Antonie Pannekoek, Willem de Sitter, Jan Woltjer, Jan Oort and the physicist Paul Ehrenfest.
He worked and taught at Leiden University, where Gerard P. Kuiper was one of his students.

Paul Ehrenfest

EhrenfestPaulEhrenfest colloquium
He befriended fellow students Bart Bok and Pieter Oosterhoff and was taught by Ejnar Hertzsprung, Antonie Pannekoek, Willem de Sitter, Jan Woltjer, Jan Oort and the physicist Paul Ehrenfest.
Among his students were Johannes Burgers, Hendrik Kramers, Dirk Coster, George Uhlenbeck and Samuel Goudsmit, who became famous for jointly proposing the concept of electron spin, Jan Tinbergen, Arend Rutgers, Hendrik Casimir, Gerhard Dieke, Dirk Struik, and Gerard Kuiper.

Lunar and Planetary Laboratory

LPLLunar and Planetary Lab.University of Arizona
Kuiper spent most of his career at the University of Chicago, but moved to Tucson, Arizona, in 1960 to found the Lunar and Planetary Laboratory at the University of Arizona.
LPL was founded in 1960 by astronomer Gerard Kuiper.

University of Chicago

The University of ChicagoChicagoChicago University
As professor at the University of Chicago, he was dissertation advisor to Carl Sagan. Kuiper spent most of his career at the University of Chicago, but moved to Tucson, Arizona, in 1960 to found the Lunar and Planetary Laboratory at the University of Arizona. Although he had planned to move to Java to work at the Bosscha Observatory, he took a position at the Yerkes Observatory of the University of Chicago and became an American citizen in 1937.
Past faculty have also included egyptologist James Henry Breasted, biochemist and National Women's Hall of Fame member Florence B. Seibert, mathematician Alberto Calderón, one of the leading figures of the Austrian School of Economics and Nobel prize winner Friedrich Hayek, meteorologist Ted Fujita, chemists Glenn T. Seaborg, the developer of the actinide concept and Nobel Prize winner Yuan T. Lee, Nobel Prize winning novelist Saul Bellow, political philosopher and author Allan Bloom, conservative political philosopher and historian Richard M. Weaver, cancer researchers Charles Brenton Huggins and Janet Rowley, biologist Susan Lindquist, astronomer Gerard Kuiper, one of the most important figures in the early development of the discipline of linguistics Edward Sapir, and the founder of McKinsey & Co., James O. McKinsey.

Yerkes Observatory

YerkesWilliams BayYerkes refractor
Although he had planned to move to Java to work at the Bosscha Observatory, he took a position at the Yerkes Observatory of the University of Chicago and became an American citizen in 1937.
Notable astronomers who conducted research at Yerkes include Albert Michelson, Edwin Hubble (who did his graduate work at Yerkes and for whom the Hubble Space Telescope was named), Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar (for whom the Chandra Space Telescope was named), Russian-American astronomer Otto Struve, Dutch-American astronomer Gerard Kuiper (noted for theorizing the Kuiper belt, home to dwarf planet Pluto),

1776 Kuiper

Besides the minor planet 1776 Kuiper, three craters (Mercurian, lunar and Martian), Kuiper Scarp in Antarctica, and the now-decommissioned Kuiper Airborne Observatory was also named after him.
It was discovered on 24 September 1960, by Dutch astronomer couple Ingrid and Cornelis van Houten in collaboration with Dutch–American astronomer Tom Gehrels at the U.S. Palomar Observatory in California, and named after Dutch astronomer Gerard Kuiper.

Kuiper (Mercurian crater)

KuiperMercurian
Besides the minor planet 1776 Kuiper, three craters (Mercurian, lunar and Martian), Kuiper Scarp in Antarctica, and the now-decommissioned Kuiper Airborne Observatory was also named after him.
It is 62 kilometers in diameter and was named after Dutch-American astronomer Gerard Kuiper in 1976.

Kuiper (lunar crater)

Kuiperlunaron the Moon
Besides the minor planet 1776 Kuiper, three craters (Mercurian, lunar and Martian), Kuiper Scarp in Antarctica, and the now-decommissioned Kuiper Airborne Observatory was also named after him.
It was named after Dutch-American astronomer Gerard Kuiper in 1976.

Titan (moon)

TitanSaturn's moon Titanatmosphere
In addition, he discovered carbon dioxide in the atmosphere of Mars and the existence of a methane-laced atmosphere above Saturn's satellite Titan in 1944.
In 1944 Gerard P. Kuiper used a spectroscopic technique to detect an atmosphere of methane.

Eugene Merle Shoemaker

Eugene ShoemakerE. M. ShoemakerGene Shoemaker
Winners of this award include Carl Sagan, James Van Allen, and Eugene Shoemaker.
He was prominently involved in the Lunar Ranger missions to the Moon, joining the television imaging team of Harold Urey and Gerard Kuiper, which turned into a preparatory mission for the future manned landing.

Kuiper Scarp

Besides the minor planet 1776 Kuiper, three craters (Mercurian, lunar and Martian), Kuiper Scarp in Antarctica, and the now-decommissioned Kuiper Airborne Observatory was also named after him.
It was named by the UK Antarctic Place-Names Committee from association with Uranus Glacier after Gerard Kuiper, the Dutch-American astronomer who in 1948 discovered Miranda, one of the satellites of the planet Uranus.

Kuiper (Martian crater)

KuiperMartianon Mars
Besides the minor planet 1776 Kuiper, three craters (Mercurian, lunar and Martian), Kuiper Scarp in Antarctica, and the now-decommissioned Kuiper Airborne Observatory was also named after him.
It was named after Dutch–American astronomer Gerard Kuiper, and the name was approved in 1976.

Kuiper Airborne Observatory

Galileo ObservatoryKuiper Airborne Obs.KAO
Besides the minor planet 1776 Kuiper, three craters (Mercurian, lunar and Martian), Kuiper Scarp in Antarctica, and the now-decommissioned Kuiper Airborne Observatory was also named after him.

Gerard P. Kuiper Prize

Kuiper PrizeG. P. Kuiper PrizeKuiper Award
The Kuiper Prize, named in his honor, is the most distinguished award given by the American Astronomical Society's Division for Planetary Sciences, an international society of professional planetary scientists.
The prize is named for Gerard P. Kuiper.

Eponym

eponymousself-titledeponyms
He is the eponymous namesake of the Kuiper belt.

Planetary science

planetary scientistplanetary sciencesplanetology
Kuiper is considered by many to be the father of modern planetary science.