German East Africa

East AfricaGerman colonial ruleGermanGerman ruleGerman occupationGermansTanzaniaAfricacolonies in east Africacolonized Tanzania
German East Africa (Deutsch-Ostafrika) (GEA) was a German colony in the African Great Lakes region, which included present-day Burundi, Rwanda, and the mainland part of Tanzania.wikipedia
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German colonial empire

German colonyGermany's colonial empireGerman colonies
German East Africa (Deutsch-Ostafrika) (GEA) was a German colony in the African Great Lakes region, which included present-day Burundi, Rwanda, and the mainland part of Tanzania.
However some colonial military units held out for a while longer: German South West Africa surrendered in 1915, Kamerun in 1916 and German East Africa in 1918.

German East Africa Company

Deutsch-Ostafrikanische GesellschaftGerman East African Company
The colony was organised when the German military was asked in the late 1880s to put down a revolt against the activities of the German East Africa Company.
The German East Africa Company (Deutsch-Ostafrikanische Gesellschaft, abbreviated DOAG) was a chartered colonial organization which brought about the establishment of German East Africa, a territory which eventually comprised the areas of modern Tanzania, Burundi, and Rwanda.

Rwanda

Republic of RwandaRuandaRwandan
German East Africa (Deutsch-Ostafrika) (GEA) was a German colony in the African Great Lakes region, which included present-day Burundi, Rwanda, and the mainland part of Tanzania.
Germany colonised Rwanda in 1884 as part of German East Africa, followed by Belgium, which invaded in 1916 during World War I.

Tanzania

TanzanianUnited Republic of TanzaniaRepublic of Tanzania
German East Africa (Deutsch-Ostafrika) (GEA) was a German colony in the African Great Lakes region, which included present-day Burundi, Rwanda, and the mainland part of Tanzania.
German rule began in mainland Tanzania during the late 19th century when Germany formed German East Africa.

Carl Peters

Karl PetersPetersalleetitular German colonial leader
The colony began when Carl Peters, an adventurer who founded the Society for German Colonization, signed treaties with several native chieftains on the mainland opposite Zanzibar.
Carl Peters (27 September 1856 – 10 September 1918), was a German colonial ruler, explorer, politician and author and a major promoter of the establishment of the German colony of East Africa (part of the modern republic Tanzania).

Bagamoyo

Bagamoyo districtBagamojo
German rule was established quickly over Bagamoyo, Dar es Salaam, and Kilwa.
It was the capital of German East Africa and was one of the most important trading ports along the East African coast along the west of the Indian Ocean.

World War I

First World WarGreat WarWorld War One
It ended with Imperial Germany's defeat in World War I.
The German colonial forces in German East Africa, led by Colonel Paul von Lettow-Vorbeck, fought a guerrilla warfare campaign during World WarI and only surrendered two weeks after the armistice took effect in Europe.

Burundi

Republic of BurundiBurundianUrundi
German East Africa (Deutsch-Ostafrika) (GEA) was a German colony in the African Great Lakes region, which included present-day Burundi, Rwanda, and the mainland part of Tanzania.
The German East Africa Company transferred its rights to the German Empire in 1891, in this way establishing the German colony of German East Africa, which included Burundi (Urundi), Rwanda (Ruanda), and the mainland part of Tanzania (formerly known as Tanganyika).

Dar es Salaam

Dar-es-SalaamDar es Salaam RegionDar es Salaam, Tanzania
German rule was established quickly over Bagamoyo, Dar es Salaam, and Kilwa.
The town's growth was facilitated by its role as the administrative and commercial centre of German East Africa and industrial expansion resulting from the construction of the Central Railway Line in the early 1900s.

Abushiri revolt

resulted in some unrestrevolt along the coastThe Germans were almost driven out of the area in 1888
The Abushiri Revolt of 1888 was put down with British help the following year.
The Abushiri revolt was an insurrection in 1888–1889 by the Arab and Swahili population of the areas of the coast of East Africa that were granted, under protest, to Germany by the Sultan of Zanzibar in 1888.

Maji Maji Rebellion

Maji MajiMaji-MajiMaji-Maji Rebellion
The Maji Maji Rebellion occurred in 1905 and was put down by Governor Gustav Adolf von Götzen, who ordered to create a famine to crush the resistance; it may have cost up to 300,000 deaths.
The Maji Maji Rebellion (Maji-Maji-Aufstand), sometimes called the Maji Maji War (Vita vya Maji Maji, Maji-Maji-Krieg), was an armed rebellion against German colonial rule in German East Africa (modern-day Tanzania).

Gustav Adolf von Götzen

Gustav Adolf Graf von GötzenCount Gustav Adolf von Götzen
The Maji Maji Rebellion occurred in 1905 and was put down by Governor Gustav Adolf von Götzen, who ordered to create a famine to crush the resistance; it may have cost up to 300,000 deaths.
Gustav Adolf Graf von Götzen (12 May 1866 – 2 December 1910) was a German explorer and Governor of German East Africa.

Hehe people

HeheWaheheKihehe
Between 1891 and 1894, the Hehe people, led by Chief Mkwawa, resisted German expansion.
Once German East Africa was split between the British and Belgian empires after World War I, the interest of German scholars waned, and the British chose not to continue their research.

Schutztruppe

Schutztruppencolonial troopsaskaris
By 1 January 1914, aside from local police, the military garrisons of the Schutztruppen (protective troops) at Dar es Salaam, Moshi, Iringa, and Mahenge numbered 110 German officers (including 42 medical officers), 126 non-commissioned officers, and 2,472 Askari (native enlisted men).
Military contingents were formed in German East Africa, where they became famous as Askari, in the Kamerun colony of German West Africa, and in German South-West Africa.

Chief Mkwawa

MkwawaChief Mtwa MkwawaMquawa
Between 1891 and 1894, the Hehe people, led by Chief Mkwawa, resisted German expansion.
Chief Mkwavinyika Munyigumba Mwamuyinga (1855 – 19 July 1898), more commonly known as Chief Mkwawa, was a Hehe tribal leader in German East Africa (now mostly the mainland part of Tanzania) who opposed the German colonization.

East Africa Protectorate

British East AfricaEast AfricaEast African Protectorate
In 1890, London and Berlin concluded the Heligoland-Zanzibar Treaty, which returned Heligoland to Germany and decided the border between GEA and the East Africa Protectorate controlled by Britain, although the exact boundaries remained unsurveyed until 1910.
It administered about 150 mi of coastline stretching from the River Jubba via Mombasa to German East Africa which were leased from the Sultan.

German Empire

GermanyGermanImperial Germany
It ended with Imperial Germany's defeat in World War I.
With the encouragement or at least the acquiescence of Britain, which at this stage saw Germany as a counterweight to her old rival France, Germany acquired German Southwest Africa (modern Namibia), German Kamerun (modern Cameroon), Togoland (modern Togo) and German East Africa (modern Rwanda, Burundi, and the mainland part of current Tanzania).

Usambara Railway

Tanga LineTanga-Arusha RailwayTanganyika railway
To bring these agricultural products to market, beginning in 1888, the Usambara Railway was built from Tanga to Moshi.
The Usambara Railway (Usambarabahn) was the first railway to be built in German East Africa and what is today Tanzania.

Paul von Lettow-Vorbeck

Paul Emil von Lettow-VorbeckLettow-Vorbeckvon Lettow-Vorbeck
General Paul von Lettow-Vorbeck, who had served in German South West Africa and Kamerun, led the German military in GEA during World War I. His military consisted of 3,500 Europeans and 12,000 native Askaris and porters.
Paul Emil von Lettow-Vorbeck (20 March 1870 – 9 March 1964), nicknamed affectionately as the Lion of Africa (Löwe von Afrika), was a general in the German Army and the commander of its forces in the German East Africa campaign.

Tabora

KazehTabora NorthTabora Town
The Central Railroad covered 775 mi and linked Dar es Salaam, Morogoro, Tabora, and Kigoma.
Although the German East Africa protectorate was proclaimed over the region in 1885, as late as 1891 travellers reported it to be a lawless town, and the German colonial administration did not gain control of it until later that year.

Jan Smuts

Jan Christiaan SmutsGeneral SmutsSmuts
Their war strategy was to harry the British/Imperial army of 40,000, which was at times commanded by the former Second Boer War commander Jan Smuts.
He then commanded the British Army in East Africa.

Battle of Tanga

Tanga1914 invasion of East Africaadvanced on the city
One of Lettow-Vorbeck's greatest victories was at the Battle of Tanga (3–5 November 1914), where German forces defeated a British force more than eight times larger.
The Battle of Tanga, sometimes also known as the Battle of the Bees, was the unsuccessful attack by the British Indian Expeditionary Force "B" under Major General A.E. Aitken to capture German East Africa (the mainland portion of present-day Tanzania) during the First World War in concert with the invasion Force "C" near Longido on the slopes of Mount Kilimanjaro.

Central Line (Tanzania)

Central LineCentral RailwayTanzanian central railway
The Central Railroad covered 775 mi and linked Dar es Salaam, Morogoro, Tabora, and Kigoma.
The Central Line was the second railway project coming into existence in the colony of then German East Africa after the Usambara Railway.

Kasanga

BismarckburgKala, Tanzania
This involved a makeshift British and Belgian flotilla, and the Reichsheer garrison at Bismarckburg (modern-day Kasanga).
Kasanga, known as Bismarckburg during the German colonial rule, is a town in Rukwa Region, Tanzania.

Tanga, Tanzania

TangaTanga CityPort Tanga
To bring these agricultural products to market, beginning in 1888, the Usambara Railway was built from Tanga to Moshi.
This takeover designated Tanga into a township and was the first establishment in German East Africa.