German Quarter

German colonyGerman DistrictsGerman Suburb
German Quarter (Неме́цкая слобода́, Nemetskaya sloboda), also known as the Kukuy Quarter, was a neighborhood in the northeast of Moscow, located on the right bank of the Yauza River east of Kukuy Creek (hence the name Kukuy Quarter), within the present-day Basmanny District of Moscow.wikipedia
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Yauza River

Yauza
German Quarter (Неме́цкая слобода́, Nemetskaya sloboda), also known as the Kukuy Quarter, was a neighborhood in the northeast of Moscow, located on the right bank of the Yauza River east of Kukuy Creek (hence the name Kukuy Quarter), within the present-day Basmanny District of Moscow.
Settlements along the Yauza (German Quarter, Lefortovo, Preobrazhenskoye) played a significant role in the history of Russia in the 17th and 18th centuries.

Basmanny District

Basmanny
German Quarter (Неме́цкая слобода́, Nemetskaya sloboda), also known as the Kukuy Quarter, was a neighborhood in the northeast of Moscow, located on the right bank of the Yauza River east of Kukuy Creek (hence the name Kukuy Quarter), within the present-day Basmanny District of Moscow.
The district contains Kursky Rail Terminal, historical areas of Khitrovka, Clean Ponds, Red Gates (shared with Krasnoselsky District), German Quarter and Basmannaya Sloboda.

Peter the Great

Peter IPeter I of RussiaPeter
Among them were future associates of Peter the Great, such as Patrick Gordon and Franz Lefort.
During his youth, Peter befriended Patrick Gordon, Franz Lefort and several other foreigners in Russian service and was a frequent guest in Moscow's German Quarter, where he met his Dutch mistress Anna Mons.

Franz Lefort

FranzFrançois (Franz) LefortFrançois Le Fort
Among them were future associates of Peter the Great, such as Patrick Gordon and Franz Lefort.
Lefort settled in the so-called Nemetskaya sloboda in Moscow, where he would gain respect among other distinguished foreigners.

Vvedenskoye Cemetery

Deceased residents were buried at the Vvedenskoye Cemetery, also known as German Cemetery, located across Yauza in Lefortovo; this tradition persisted among Lutherans and Catholics until the 20th century.
When the Vvedenskoye cemetery was established in the early 1770s, an older, 16th-century German cemetery was incorporated into it. This older cemetery was located near German Quarter (on the opposite bank of Yauza River), which had traditionally served the Lutheran community and other Western Christian denominations.

Anna Mons

Anna
Peter the Great (who grew up nearby, on the eastern bank of Yauza) was a frequent guest in the German Quarter, and he met his mistress Anna Mons there.
In 1691, during one of his visits to the German Quarter, young Peter I of Russia became enamoured of Anna Mons, the daughter of Dutch wine merchant Johan Mons.

Moscow

Moscow, RussiaMoskvaMuscovite
German Quarter (Неме́цкая слобода́, Nemetskaya sloboda), also known as the Kukuy Quarter, was a neighborhood in the northeast of Moscow, located on the right bank of the Yauza River east of Kukuy Creek (hence the name Kukuy Quarter), within the present-day Basmanny District of Moscow.

Stream

creekstreamscreeks
German Quarter (Неме́цкая слобода́, Nemetskaya sloboda), also known as the Kukuy Quarter, was a neighborhood in the northeast of Moscow, located on the right bank of the Yauza River east of Kukuy Creek (hence the name Kukuy Quarter), within the present-day Basmanny District of Moscow.

Bauman Moscow State Technical University

Imperial Moscow Technical SchoolMVTUBauman Moscow Higher Technical School
Kukuy formed a wide pond west of present-day Elizavetinsky lane, on site of present-day Sokol stadium of Moscow State Technical University, which occupies the southern half of former German settlement.

Western Europe

WesternWestWestern European
"German" Quarters developed in Moscow in the 16th century and were populated by foreigners from Western Europe (collectively called "Germans" by the Russian people (the Russian word for "German", немец, relates to the Russian word for "mute", немый]) and by prisoners taken during the Livonian War of 1558-1583.

Russians

Russianethnic RussianRussian people
"German" Quarters developed in Moscow in the 16th century and were populated by foreigners from Western Europe (collectively called "Germans" by the Russian people (the Russian word for "German", немец, relates to the Russian word for "mute", немый]) and by prisoners taken during the Livonian War of 1558-1583.

Livonian War

Conquered by SwedenLivonianLivonian campaign
"German" Quarters developed in Moscow in the 16th century and were populated by foreigners from Western Europe (collectively called "Germans" by the Russian people (the Russian word for "German", немец, relates to the Russian word for "mute", немый]) and by prisoners taken during the Livonian War of 1558-1583.

Handicraft

arts and craftshandicraftshandmade
The residents of the Old German Quarter mainly engaged in handicrafts and flour-milling (whence the flour mills on the Yauza River).

Flour

farinaceouswhite flourmeal
The residents of the Old German Quarter mainly engaged in handicrafts and flour-milling (whence the flour mills on the Yauza River).

Gristmill

grist millCorn millflour mill
The residents of the Old German Quarter mainly engaged in handicrafts and flour-milling (whence the flour mills on the Yauza River).

False Dmitry II

calling himself DmitriDmitriy IIfalse cousin
In the early 17th century, the army of False Dmitri II (self-proclaimed Tsar, 1607-1610) ravaged the Old German Quarter.

Moscow Kremlin

Kremlinthe KremlinMoscow
It did not immediately recover, since many residents relocated closer to the Moscow Kremlin or fled the country.

Time of Troubles

besieged the Kremlin, and expelled themRussia (Time of Troubles)Time of Trouble
After the end of Time of Troubles, downtown Moscow attracted many European settlers, serving the royal court and the numerous foreign soldiers of muscovite troops.

Alexis of Russia

Alexis ITsar AlexisAlexis
In the 1640s, however, the clergy persuaded the tsar to limit foreign presence in Moscow, and in 1652 Alexis I of Russia forced all Catholic and Protestant foreigners to relocate to German Quarter, which became known as the New German Quarter (Novonemetskaya sloboda), located east of present-day Lefortovskaya Square, above the mouth of the Chechera River.

Catholic Church

CatholicRoman CatholicRoman Catholicism
In the 1640s, however, the clergy persuaded the tsar to limit foreign presence in Moscow, and in 1652 Alexis I of Russia forced all Catholic and Protestant foreigners to relocate to German Quarter, which became known as the New German Quarter (Novonemetskaya sloboda), located east of present-day Lefortovskaya Square, above the mouth of the Chechera River.

Protestantism

ProtestantProtestantsEvangelical
In the 1640s, however, the clergy persuaded the tsar to limit foreign presence in Moscow, and in 1652 Alexis I of Russia forced all Catholic and Protestant foreigners to relocate to German Quarter, which became known as the New German Quarter (Novonemetskaya sloboda), located east of present-day Lefortovskaya Square, above the mouth of the Chechera River.

Sloboda

slobodkafree settlementsettlement
In the 1640s, however, the clergy persuaded the tsar to limit foreign presence in Moscow, and in 1652 Alexis I of Russia forced all Catholic and Protestant foreigners to relocate to German Quarter, which became known as the New German Quarter (Novonemetskaya sloboda), located east of present-day Lefortovskaya Square, above the mouth of the Chechera River.

Lutheranism

LutheranLutheransLutheran Church
By 1672, it had three Lutheran and two Calvinist churches and numerous factories, like Moscow's first Silk Manufactory, owned by A.Paulsen.

Calvinism

CalvinistReformedCalvinists
By 1672, it had three Lutheran and two Calvinist churches and numerous factories, like Moscow's first Silk Manufactory, owned by A.Paulsen.

Silk

silk weavingsilk industrysilk manufacturer
By 1672, it had three Lutheran and two Calvinist churches and numerous factories, like Moscow's first Silk Manufactory, owned by A.Paulsen.