German South West Africa

German South-West AfricaGerman Southwest AfricaSouth-West AfricaDeutsch-Südwest-AfrikaSouth West AfricaSouthwest Africaa colonyGerman colonyGerman colony of South-West AfricaNamibia
German South West Africa (Deutsch-Südwestafrika) was a colony of the German Empire from 1884 until 1919.wikipedia
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South West Africa

South-West AfricaSouthwest Africaoccupation
After the war its administration was taken over by the Union of South Africa (part of the British Empire) and the territory was administered as South West Africa under a League of Nations mandate.
Previously the colony of German South West Africa from 1884-1915, it was made a League of Nations mandate of the British-ruled Union of South Africa following Germany’s losses in World War I.

Namibia

NamibianRepublic of NamibiaSouth West Africa
It became independent as Namibia in 1990.
In 1884 the German Empire established rule over most of the territory, forming a colony known as German South West Africa.

Adolf Lüderitz

Franz Adolf Eduard LüderitzLüderitzstraße
On 16 November 1882 a German merchant from Bremen, Adolf Lüderitz, requested protection for a station that he planned to build in South West Africa, from Chancellor Bismarck.
Franz Adolf Eduard Lüderitz (16 July 1834 – end of October 1886) was a German merchant and the founder of German South West Africa, Imperial Germany's first colony.

Heinrich Ernst Göring

Heinrich GöringErnst Heinrich GöringGöring
In May, Heinrich Ernst Göring was appointed Commissioner and established his administration at Otjimbingwe.
Heinrich Ernst Göring (31 October 1839 – 7 December 1913) was a German jurist and diplomat who served as colonial governor of German South West Africa.

Lüderitz

LuderitzLüderitzbuchtLuderitz Bay
Once this was granted, his employee Heinrich Vogelsang purchased land from a native chief and established a city at Angra Pequena which was renamed Lüderitz.
After the German World War I capitulation South Africa took over the administration of German South West Africa in 1915.

Schutztruppe

Schutztruppencolonial troopsaskaris
In 1888 the first group of Schutztruppen—colonial protectorate troops—arrived, sent to protect the military base at Otjimbingwe. Because of the overwhelming numerical superiority of the South African troops, the German Schutztruppe, along with groups of Afrikaner volunteers fighting in the Maritz Rebellion on the German side, offered opposition only as a delaying tactic.
Military contingents were formed in German East Africa, where they became famous as Askari, in the Kamerun colony of German West Africa, and in German South-West Africa.

German Empire

GermanyGermanImperial Germany
German South West Africa (Deutsch-Südwestafrika) was a colony of the German Empire from 1884 until 1919.
With the encouragement or at least the acquiescence of Britain, which at this stage saw Germany as a counterweight to her old rival France, Germany acquired German Southwest Africa (modern Namibia), German Kamerun (modern Cameroon), Togoland (modern Togo) and German East Africa (modern Rwanda, Burundi, and the mainland part of current Tanzania).

Rhenish Missionary Society

Rhenish MissionaryRhenish MissionRhenish Mission Society
In 1840 the London Missionary Society transferred all of its activities to the German Rhenish Missionary Society.
The unclaimed area to the north of the Cape Colony was proclaimed German South West Africa in 1880, but they quickly ran into numerous problems, since Germany was inexperienced at colonization.

Khaua-Mbandjeru rebellion

Before the Herero and Namaqua genocide of 1904–1907, the Herero and Nama had good reasons to distrust the Germans, culminating in the Khaua-Mbandjeru rebellion.
The Khaua-Mbandjeru rebellion was an uprising of Africans in German South West Africa which took place in 1896.

Union of South Africa

South AfricaUnionSouth African
After the war its administration was taken over by the Union of South Africa (part of the British Empire) and the territory was administered as South West Africa under a League of Nations mandate.
Following the outbreak of the First World War in 1914 the Union of South Africa occupied and annexed the German colony of German South West Africa.

Battle of Waterberg

Additional 14,000 troops, hastened from Germany under Lieutenant General Lothar von Trotha, crushed the rebellion in the Battle of Waterberg.
The Battle of Waterberg (Battle of Ohamakari) took place on August 11, 1904 at the Waterberg, German South West Africa (modern day Namibia), and was the decisive battle in the German campaign against the Herero.

Walvis Bay

WalvisbaaiWalfish BayWalvisbay
Additionally, the British settlement at Walvis Bay, a coastal enclave within South West Africa, continued to develop, and many small farmers and missionaries moved into the region.
Despite the territory never having been part of German South West Africa, the Act stated that: "the port and settlement of Walvis Bay, which forms part of the Cape of Good Hope, shall for judicial and administrative purposes be regarded as if it were part of the mandated territory of South West Africa".

Windhoek

Windhoek, NamibiaWindhukWindhoek City
The Herero went on the offensive, sometimes surrounding Okahandja and Windhoek, and destroying the railway bridge to Osona.
A request by merchants from Lüderitzbucht resulted in the declaration of a German protectorate over what was called German South West Africa in 1884.

Otto von Bismarck

BismarckChancellor BismarckPrince Bismarck
On 16 November 1882 a German merchant from Bremen, Adolf Lüderitz, requested protection for a station that he planned to build in South West Africa, from Chancellor Bismarck.
Germany's new colonies included Togoland (now Togo and part of Ghana), German Kamerun (now Cameroon and part of Nigeria), German East Africa (now Rwanda, Burundi, and the mainland part of Tanzania), and German South-West Africa (now Namibia).

Lothar von Trotha

Adrian Dietrich Lothar von Trothavon Trotha
Additional 14,000 troops, hastened from Germany under Lieutenant General Lothar von Trotha, crushed the rebellion in the Battle of Waterberg.
He later served as governor of German South West Africa and Commander in Chief of its colonial forces, in which role he suppressed a native rebellion during the Herero Wars.

Jacob Morenga

Jakob MarengoJakobus MorengaJakob Morenga
In late 1904, the Nama entered the struggles against the colonial power under their leaders Hendrik Witbooi and Jakobus Morenga, the latter often referred to as "the black Napoleon", despite losing most of his battles.
Jacob Morenga, also Jakob, Jacobus, Marengo, and Marenga, known as the "black Napoleon," (1875 – 20 September 1907) was an important figure in Namibia, then the German colony of German South West Africa.

Lüderitz Bay

Angra PequenaLüderitzbuchtShearwater Bay
Once this was granted, his employee Heinrich Vogelsang purchased land from a native chief and established a city at Angra Pequena which was renamed Lüderitz.
Renamed Lüderitzbucht (Lüderitz Bay) by the Germans, the location then became a naval base for German South West Africa, modern day Namibia.

Heligoland–Zanzibar Treaty

Heligoland-Zanzibar TreatyAnglo-German Agreement of 18901 July 1890 treaty
In July of the same year, as part of the Heligoland–Zanzibar Treaty between Britain and Germany, the colony grew in size through the acquisition of the Caprivi Strip in the northeast, promising new trade routes into the interior.
In addition, the treaty established the German sphere of interest in German South West Africa (most of present-day Namibia) and settled the borders between German Togoland and the British Gold Coast (now Ghana), as well as between German Kamerun and British Nigeria.

Herero people

HereroOvahereroHereros
There were probably around 80,000 Herero, 60,000 Ovambo, and 10,000 Nama, who were referred to as Hottentots.
The territory became a German colony under the name of German South West Africa.

Victor Franke

FrankeFranke TowerMajor Viktor Franke
On 9 July 1915, Victor Franke, the last commander of the Schutztruppe, capitulated near Khorab.
Erich Victor Carl August Franke (21 July 1865 – 7 August 1936) was a German military officer and last commander of the Schutztruppe in German South West Africa.

Germany

GermanGERFederal Republic of Germany
The Herero and Namaqua genocide has been recognised by the United Nations and by the Federal Republic of Germany.
At the Berlin Conference in 1884, Germany claimed several colonies including German East Africa, German South West Africa, Togoland, and Kamerun.

Adolph von Hansemann

Adolf von Hansemann
In April 1885, the Deutsche Kolonialgesellschaft für Südwest-Afrika (German Colonial Society for Southwest Africa, known as DKGSWA) was founded with the support of German bankers (Gerson von Bleichröder, Adolph von Hansemann), industrialists (Count Guido Henckel von Donnersmarck) and politicians (Frankfurt mayor Johannes von Miquel).
Construction of his Otavi Railroad in German South-West Africa coincided with the Herero genocide there.

Afrikaners

AfrikanerAfrikaanerAfrikaner people
In 1902 the colony had 200,000 inhabitants, although only 2,595 were recorded as German, while 1,354 were Afrikaners and 452 were British. Because of the overwhelming numerical superiority of the South African troops, the German Schutztruppe, along with groups of Afrikaner volunteers fighting in the Maritz Rebellion on the German side, offered opposition only as a delaying tactic.
Collaborators tended to move to British East Africa, while those who had fought to the end (called bittereinders) initially preferred German South West Africa.

Maritz rebellion

Boer Revolt1914 RebellionAfrikaner rebellion
Because of the overwhelming numerical superiority of the South African troops, the German Schutztruppe, along with groups of Afrikaner volunteers fighting in the Maritz Rebellion on the German side, offered opposition only as a delaying tactic.
The outbreak of hostilities in Europe in August 1914 was an enormous surprise, but the government of the Union of South Africa was well aware of the significance of the common border South Africa shared with the German colony of South-West Africa.

World War I

First World WarGreat WarWorld War One
In 1915, during World War I, German South West Africa was invaded by the Western Allies in the form of South African and British forces.
On 10 August, German forces in South-West Africa attacked South Africa; sporadic and fierce fighting continued for the rest of the war.