German Unity Day

Day of German Unity3 October 1990German reunificationThe Day of German Unityanniversary of the country's unificationanniversary of the German UnityGerman National DayOctober 3October 3, 1990Tag der Deutschen Einheit
The German Unity Day (Tag der Deutschen Einheit) is the National Day of Germany, celebrated on 3 October as a public holiday.wikipedia
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German reunification

reunification of Germanyreunificationreunified
It commemorates the anniversary of German reunification in 1990 when the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany) and the German Democratic Republic (East Germany) were unified, so that for the first time since 1945 there existed a single German state.
The end of the unification process is officially referred to as German unity (Deutsche Einheit), celebrated each year on 3 October as German Unity Day (Tag der deutschen Einheit).

Germany

GermanGERFederal Republic of Germany
The German Unity Day (Tag der Deutschen Einheit) is the National Day of Germany, celebrated on 3 October as a public holiday.
Following the Revolutions of 1989 that ended communist rule in Central and Eastern Europe, the country was reunified on 3 October 1990.

National day

national holidaynational holidaysState day/week
The German Unity Day (Tag der Deutschen Einheit) is the National Day of Germany, celebrated on 3 October as a public holiday.

East German uprising of 1953

Uprising of 1953 in East Germany1953East German uprising
From 1954 to 1990, 17 June was an official holiday in the Federal Republic of Germany to commemorate the Uprising of 1953 in East Germany, even with the name "Day of the German Unity".
The date, 17 June, was celebrated as a public holiday in West Germany up until the German reunification, after which it was replaced by German Unity Day, celebrated annually on 3 October.

Republic Day (East Germany)

Republic DayDay of the RepublicTag der Republik
In East Germany, the Founding Day in 1949 was celebrated on 7 October as Day of the Republic, until the 40th anniversary in 1989.
It was replaced in 1990 by German Unity Day, which is today celebrated on 4 October, three days before the GDR's Republic Day.

Oktoberfest

OctoberfestMunich Oktoberfestcelebration of the same name
Furthermore, the Oktoberfest beer festival in Munich, which traditionally runs until the first Sunday in October, now runs until 3 October, if the Sunday in question falls on the first or second day of October.
As such, if the first Sunday in October falls on the 1st or the 2nd, then the festival would run until 3 October (German Unity Day).

Sedantag

Day of SedanSedan Day
The Sedantag was, however, celebrated every year on 2 September, recalling the decisive victory in the Franco-Prussian War on 2 September 1870.
*German Unity Day

November 9 in German history

9 November9 November 19389 November 2003
(See November 9 in German history.) Therefore, 3 October 1990, the day of the formal reunification, was chosen instead and replaced the "Day of German Unity" on 17 June, the national holiday of the Federal Republic of Germany from 1954.

Görlitz

GoerlitzGörlitz, GermanyGorlitz
The Zipfelbund are the four communities at the cardinal compass points of Germany: North – List on the island of Sylt, West – Selfkant, South – Oberstdorf and East – Görlitz.
They participate in the annual German Unity Day celebrations to represent the modern limits of Germany.

West Germany

West GermanFederal Republic of GermanyGermany
It commemorates the anniversary of German reunification in 1990 when the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany) and the German Democratic Republic (East Germany) were unified, so that for the first time since 1945 there existed a single German state. (See November 9 in German history.) Therefore, 3 October 1990, the day of the formal reunification, was chosen instead and replaced the "Day of German Unity" on 17 June, the national holiday of the Federal Republic of Germany from 1954.

East Germany

East GermanGerman Democratic RepublicGDR
It commemorates the anniversary of German reunification in 1990 when the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany) and the German Democratic Republic (East Germany) were unified, so that for the first time since 1945 there existed a single German state.

Berlin Wall

fall of the Berlin WallWallthe wall
An alternative choice to commemorate the reunification could have been the day the Berlin Wall came down: 9 November 1989, which coincided with the anniversary of the proclamation of the German Republic in 1918, and the defeat of Hitler's first coup in 1923.

German Revolution of 1918–1919

German RevolutionGerman Revolution of 1918–19November Revolution
An alternative choice to commemorate the reunification could have been the day the Berlin Wall came down: 9 November 1989, which coincided with the anniversary of the proclamation of the German Republic in 1918, and the defeat of Hitler's first coup in 1923.

Beer Hall Putsch

Munich PutschBeerhall PutschTheodor von der Pfordten
An alternative choice to commemorate the reunification could have been the day the Berlin Wall came down: 9 November 1989, which coincided with the anniversary of the proclamation of the German Republic in 1918, and the defeat of Hitler's first coup in 1923.

Pogrom

pogromsanti-Jewish riotsList of events named pogrom
However, 9 November was also the anniversary of the first large-scale Nazi-led pogroms against Jews in 1938 (Kristallnacht), so the day was considered inappropriate as a national holiday.

Jews

JewishJewJewish people
However, 9 November was also the anniversary of the first large-scale Nazi-led pogroms against Jews in 1938 (Kristallnacht), so the day was considered inappropriate as a national holiday.

Kristallnacht

ReichskristallnachtNovember PogromNight of Broken Glass
However, 9 November was also the anniversary of the first large-scale Nazi-led pogroms against Jews in 1938 (Kristallnacht), so the day was considered inappropriate as a national holiday.

Unification of Germany

German unificationunificationunified Germany
After the unification of Germany, and the Founding of the Empire 1871, there was still no common national holiday.

Battle of Sedan

SedanBattle of Sedan (1870)surrender
The Sedantag was, however, celebrated every year on 2 September, recalling the decisive victory in the Franco-Prussian War on 2 September 1870.

Franco-Prussian War

Franco-German WarWar of 1870Franco Prussian War
The Sedantag was, however, celebrated every year on 2 September, recalling the decisive victory in the Franco-Prussian War on 2 September 1870.

Treaty of Frankfurt (1871)

Treaty of Frankfurtceded to Germany1871
Until 1873, the Sedantag was moved to 18 January or the day of the Frankfurt Treaty (10 May 1871).

Prussia

PrussianPrussian statePrussian army
Some Culture Ministers of the states, especially in Prussia, decided that the Sedantag would be an official festival in schools.

Weimar Constitution

constitutionGerman constitutiona new constitution
On 31 July 1919, the Weimar Constitution would be accepted in its form by the Weimar National Congress.

Weimar National Assembly

National AssemblyNationalversammlungConstituent Assembly
On 31 July 1919, the Weimar Constitution would be accepted in its form by the Weimar National Congress.

Friedrich Ebert

EbertFriedrich-EbertPresident Friedrich Ebert
In memorial of this "Hour of birth of democracy", the 11 August was created as Constitution Day, because the President of the Empire, Friedrich Ebert, signed the constitution on this day.