German occupation of Czechoslovakia

occupation of CzechoslovakiaGerman occupationNazi occupationCzechoslovakiaGerman invasion of Czechoslovakiaoccupationoccupied CzechoslovakiaoccupiedAnnexation of the Sudetenlandinvasion of Czechoslovakia
The German occupation of Czechoslovakia (1938–1945) began with the German annexation of Czechoslovakia's border regions known collectively as the Sudetenland, under terms outlined by the Munich Agreement.wikipedia
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Munich Agreement

Munich CrisisMunichMunich Conference
The German occupation of Czechoslovakia (1938–1945) began with the German annexation of Czechoslovakia's border regions known collectively as the Sudetenland, under terms outlined by the Munich Agreement.
The Munich Agreement (Mnichovská dohoda; Mníchovská dohoda; Münchner Abkommen) or Munich Betrayal (Mnichovská zrada; Mníchovská zrada) was an agreement between France and Nazi Germany, that France would not provide military assistance to Czechoslovakia in the upcoming German occupation of "Sudetenland", effectively dishonoring the French-Czechoslovak alliance and allowing Nazi Germany's annexation of the Sudetenland, a region of western Czechoslovakia inhabited by 800,000 people, mainly German speakers.

Sudetenland

SudetenSudeten crisisSudeten Germans
The German occupation of Czechoslovakia (1938–1945) began with the German annexation of Czechoslovakia's border regions known collectively as the Sudetenland, under terms outlined by the Munich Agreement.
The Sudeten crisis of 1938 was provoked by the Pan-Germanist demands of Germany that the Sudetenland be annexed to Germany, which happened after the later Munich Agreement.

Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia

Bohemia and MoraviaProtectorateCzech Protectorate
On 15 March 1939, the German Wehrmacht moved into the remainder of Czechoslovakia and, from Prague Castle, Hitler proclaimed Bohemia and Moravia the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia.
The Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia (Protektorat Böhmen und Mähren; Protektorát Čechy a Morava) was a protectorate of Nazi Germany established on 16 March 1939 following the German occupation of Czechoslovakia on 15 March 1939.

Konrad Henlein

HenleinHENLEIN, Konrad
Sudeten German pro-Nazi leader Konrad Henlein offered the Sudeten German Party (SdP) as the agent for Hitler's campaign.
Upon the German occupation he joined the Nazi Party as well as the SS and was appointed Reichsstatthalter of the Sudetenland in 1939.

Edvard Beneš

BenešPresident BenešBeneš, Edvard
Henlein met with Hitler in Berlin on 28 March 1938, where he was instructed to raise demands unacceptable to the Czechoslovak government led by president Edvard Beneš.
His first resignation came after the German occupation of Czechoslovakia in 1938 which brought his government into exile, and the second came about with the 1948 communist coup.

Germany

🇩🇪GermanGER
The German occupation of Czechoslovakia (1938–1945) began with the German annexation of Czechoslovakia's border regions known collectively as the Sudetenland, under terms outlined by the Munich Agreement.
Germany also reacquired control of the Saar in 1935, remilitarised the Rhineland in 1936, annexed Austria in 1938, annexed the Sudetenland in 1938 with the Munich Agreement and in direct violation of the agreement occupied Czechoslovakia with the proclamation of the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia in March 1939.

Sudeten German Party

Sudetendeutsche HeimatfrontGerman National Socialist Workers PartyHenlein followers
Sudeten German pro-Nazi leader Konrad Henlein offered the Sudeten German Party (SdP) as the agent for Hitler's campaign.
During last free democratic elections before the German occupation of Czechoslovakia, the May 1938 communal elections, the party gained 88% of ethnic-German votes, taking over control of most municipal authorities in the Czech borderland.

Wehrmacht

German ArmyGermanGerman forces
On 15 March 1939, the German Wehrmacht moved into the remainder of Czechoslovakia and, from Prague Castle, Hitler proclaimed Bohemia and Moravia the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia.
Wehrmacht's armaments received a large boost as a consequence of occupation of Czechoslovakia.

Czechoslovakia

CzechoslovakCzechTCH
The German occupation of Czechoslovakia (1938–1945) began with the German annexation of Czechoslovakia's border regions known collectively as the Sudetenland, under terms outlined by the Munich Agreement.
For the Czechs of the Protectorate Bohemia and Moravia, German occupation was a period of brutal oppression.

Czechoslovak government-in-exile

CzechoslovakiaCzechoslovakgovernment-in-exile
Following the outbreak of World War II, he would form a Czechoslovak government-in-exile in London.
It was the legitimate government for Czechoslovakia throughout the Second World War.

Reichsgau Sudetenland

SudetenlandReichsgauReichsgau ''Sudetenland
On 4 December 1938, there were elections in Reichsgau Sudetenland, in which 97.32% of the adult population voted for the National Socialist Party.
In the course of the German occupation of Czechoslovakia, on 30 September 1938 the Heads of Government of the United Kingdom, France, Italy, and Germany signed the Munich Agreement, which enforced the cession of the Sudetenland to Germany.

Czechoslovak border fortifications

border fortificationsbunker complexesCzech fortification
New and extensive Czechoslovak border fortifications were also located in the same area.
After the German occupation of Czechoslovakia border regions as a result of the Sudeten Crisis, the Germans used these objects to test and develop new weapons and tactics, plan, and practise the attacks eventually used against the Maginot Line and Belgium's forts, resulting in astounding success.

Jozef Tiso

TisoFather TisoTiso, Jozef
The executive committee of the Slovak People's Party met at Žilina on 5 October 1938, and with the acquiescence of all Slovak parties except the Social Democrats formed an autonomous Slovak government under Jozef Tiso.
When Nazi Germany seized Czechoslovakia in 1938, the German authorities founded the Slovak Republic out of Czechoslovakia, while the Czech portion became the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia.

Fall Grün (Czechoslovakia)

Fall GrünCase Greeninvasion
On 30 May, Hitler signed a secret directive for war against Czechoslovakia to begin no later than 1 October.
Germany invaded the remaining Czech part of Czechoslovakia on 15 March 1939 (Unternehmen Südost, ) and annexed Bohemia, Moravia and Czech Silesia to the Reich.

Moravia

MoravaMoravianMähren
On 15 March 1939, the German Wehrmacht moved into the remainder of Czechoslovakia and, from Prague Castle, Hitler proclaimed Bohemia and Moravia the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia.
By the Munich Agreement (1938), the southwestern and northern peripheries of Moravia were annexed by Nazi Germany, and during the German occupation of Czechoslovakia (1939–1945), the remnant of Moravia was an administrative unit within the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia.

Battle of Czajánek's barracks

Czajánek's barracksonly instance
Then on the morning of 15 March, German troops entered remaining Czech parts of Czechoslovakia (Rest-Tschechei in German), meeting practically no resistance (the only instance of organized resistance took place in Místek where an infantry company commanded by Karel Pavlík fought invading German troops).
The Battle of Czajánek's barracks (also spelled as the Battle of Čajánek's barracks) was a confrontation between the Czechoslovak and German armies, which took place on 14 March 1939 in the course of the German occupation of Czechoslovakia.

Luftwaffe

German Air ForceGermanair force
Threatening a Luftwaffe attack on Prague, Hitler persuaded Hácha to order the capitulation of the Czechoslovak army.
The Sudeten Crisis highlighted German unpreparedness to conduct a strategic air war (although the British and French were in a much weaker position), and Hitler ordered the Luftwaffe be expanded to five times its earlier size.

Invasion of Poland

invaded PolandPolish Defensive WarGerman invasion of Poland
The Zaolzie region became part of the Third Reich after the German invasion of Poland in September 1939.
Poland participated with Germany in the partition of Czechoslovakia that followed the Munich Agreement, although they were not part of the agreement.

Alois Eliáš

EliášGeneral Alois EliášPrime Minister Eliáš
Hácha, Prime Minister Alois Eliáš, and the Czechoslovak resistance acknowledged Beneš's leadership.
He served as Prime Minister of the puppet government of the German-occupied Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia from 27 April 1939 to 27 September 1941, but maintained contact with the government-in-exile.

Prague uprising

Czech partisansliberation of Praguecitizens uprising
On 5 May, a national uprising began spontaneously in Prague, and the newly formed Czech National Council (cs) almost immediately assumed leadership of the revolt.
The Prague uprising (Pražské povstání) of 1945 was a partially-successful attempt by the Czech resistance to liberate the city of Prague from German occupation during World War II.

Ležáky

Massacre in Ležáky
The Nazis completely destroyed the villages of Lidice and Ležáky; all men over 16 years from the village were murdered, and the rest of the population was sent to Nazi concentration camps where many women and nearly all the children were killed.
During the German occupation of Czechoslovakia, the village was razed by Nazi forces as reprisal for Reich Protector Reinhard Heydrich's assassination in late spring 1942.

Czechoslovak Legion (1939)

Czechoslovak LegionCzech and Slovak LegionCzechoslovak military unit
The army command coordinated with a multitude of spontaneous groupings to form the Defense of the Nation (Obrana národa, ON) with branches in Britain and France. Czechoslovak units and formations with Czechs (c. 65–70%), and Slovaks (c. 30%) served with the Polish Army (Czechoslovak Legion), the French Army, the Royal Air Force, the British Army (the 1st Czechoslovak Armoured Brigade), and the Red Army (I Corps). Two thousand eighty-eight Czechs and 401 Slovaks fought in 11th Infantry Battalion-East alongside the British during the war in areas such as North Africa and Palestine. Among others, Czech fighter pilot, Sergeant Josef František was one of the most successful fighter pilots in the Battle of Britain.
Czechoslovak Legion (or Legion Czechosłowacki) of 1939 was the military unit formed in the Second Polish Republic after Germany occupied Czechoslovakia in March 1939.

Anschluss

annexation of Austriaannexationannexed
Following the Anschluss of Austria to Nazi Germany, in March 1938, the conquest of Czechoslovakia became Hitler's next ambition.
German occupation of Czechoslovakia

Jan Žižka partisan brigade

1st Czechoslovak Partisan Brigade of Jan ŽižkaCzech partisansBrigade of Jan Žižka
Guerrilla activity intensified with a rising number of parachuted units in 1944, leading to establishment of partisan groups such as 1st Czechoslovak Partisan Brigade of Jan Žižka, Jan Kozina Brigade or Master Jan Hus Brigade, and especially after the formation of a provisional Czechoslovak government in Košice on 4 April 1945.
The 1st Czechoslovak Partisan Brigade of Jan Žižka (1. československá partizánská brigáda Jana Žižky or Partyzánská brigáda Jana Žižky z Trocnova), initially known as Ušiak-Murzin Unit, was the largest partisan unit in the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia (modern day Czech Republic) during the German occupation of Czechoslovakia.

Karel Pavlík

Then on the morning of 15 March, German troops entered remaining Czech parts of Czechoslovakia (Rest-Tschechei in German), meeting practically no resistance (the only instance of organized resistance took place in Místek where an infantry company commanded by Karel Pavlík fought invading German troops).
Captain Pavlík was a commander of a company that resisted the German occupation.