German town law
Set of early town privileges based on the Magdeburg rights developed by Otto I.- German town law
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Magdeburg rights (Magdeburger Recht; also called Magdeburg Law) were a set of town privileges first developed by Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor (936–973) and based on the Flemish Law, which regulated the degree of internal autonomy within cities and villages granted by the local ruler.
They became the basis for the German town laws developed during many centuries in the Holy Roman Empire.
The family of codified municipal law developed at Lübeck, which became a free imperial city in 1226 and is located in present day Schleswig-Holstein.
It still serves as a foundation for German town laws in many of those cities.
Second-largest city of the German state of Bavaria after its capital Munich, and its 518,370 (2019) inhabitants make it the 14th-largest city in Germany.
In 1219 Emperor Frederick II granted the Großen Freiheitsbrief ('Great Letter of Freedom'), including town rights, Imperial immediacy (Reichsfreiheit), the privilege to mint coins, and an independent customs policy - almost wholly removing the city from the purview of the burgraves.
Town in the Lower Silesian Voivodeship, in south-western Poland.
At around 1235, he granted the settlement a special law, based on the Magdeburg law, but adapted to the local conditions (średzkie law/Neumarkter Recht).
Capital and second-largest city of the German state of Saxony-Anhalt, after Halle (Saale).
Magdeburg's version of German town law, known as Magdeburg rights, spread throughout Central and Eastern Europe.
Southeastern part of the historical and geographical region of Silesia, located today mostly in Poland, with small parts in the Czech Republic.
Promoted by the Lower Silesian Duke Henry I the Bearded, from 1230 also regent over Upper Silesia for the minor sons of his late cousin Duke Casimir I of Opole, large parts of the Silesian lands were settled with German immigrants in the course of the Ostsiedlung, establishing numerous cities according to German town law.
Legal constitution for a municipal form of government used in several Central European cities during the Middle Ages.
It was initiated on 28 December 1233 in the Monastic State of the Teutonic Knights by Hochmeister Hermann von Salza and Hermann Balk when the towns of Thorn (Toruń) and Chełmno (Kulm) received German town law, in particular as a modification of Magdeburg rights.
First major stage of the history of the Polish state.
The German, Polish and other new rural settlements represented a form of feudal tenancy with legal immunity and German town laws were often utilized as its legal bases.
Term for the High Medieval migration period of ethnic Germans into and beyond the territories at the eastern periphery of the Holy Roman Empire and the consequences for settlement development and social structures in the immigration areas.
The introduction of German town law, resulting in far-reaching administrative and judicial rights for the towns. The townspeople were personally free, enjoyed far-reaching property rights and were subject to the town's own jurisdiction only. The privileges granted to the towns were copied, sometimes with minor changes, from the legal charters of the (Lübeck Law in 33 towns at the southern coast of the Baltic Sea), the Magdeburg Law in Brandenburg, areas of modern Saxony, Lusatia, Silesia, northern Bohemia, northern Moravia and the Teutonic Order state, the Nuremberg Law in southwestern Bohemia, the Brünn Law (Brno) in Moravia, based on the charter of Vienna), the Iglau Law (Jihlava) in Bohemian and Moravian mining areas. Besides these basic town laws, several adapted town charters.
City on the Łyna River in northern Poland.
Allenstein was granted municipal rights by the cathedral chapter of the Bishopric of Warmia in October 1353.