Germanicus

Germanicus CaesarGermanicus Julius CaesarCaesarCampaign against the MarsiClaudius' older brotherfatherGermanicoGermanicus'' Julius CaesarNero Claudius DrususNero Claudius Drusus III
Germanicus (Latin: Germanicus Julius Caesar; 24 May 15 BC – 10 October AD 19) was a member of the Julio-Claudian dynasty and a prominent general of the Roman Empire, who was known for his campaigns in Germania.wikipedia
461 Related Articles

Caligula

GaiusEmperor CaligulaGaius Caligula
He was also the nephew of Tiberius, the father of Caligula, and the maternal grandfather of Nero.
The son of the popular Roman general Germanicus and Augustus's granddaughter Agrippina the Elder, Caligula was born into the first ruling family of the Roman Empire, conventionally known as the Julio-Claudian dynasty.

Nero Claudius Drusus

DrususDrusus the ElderDrusus Germanicus
The son of Nero Claudius Drusus and Antonia Minor, Germanicus was born into an influential branch of the patrician gens Claudia. Germanicus was born in Rome on 24 May 15 BC to Nero Claudius Drusus and Antonia Minor, and had two younger siblings: a sister, Livilla; and a brother, Claudius.
He was also brother of the Emperor Tiberius, father to both the Emperor Claudius and general Germanicus, paternal grandfather of the Emperor Caligula, and maternal great-grandfather of the Emperor Nero.

Julio-Claudian dynasty

Julio-ClaudianJulio-ClaudiansImperial Family
Germanicus (Latin: Germanicus Julius Caesar; 24 May 15 BC – 10 October AD 19) was a member of the Julio-Claudian dynasty and a prominent general of the Roman Empire, who was known for his campaigns in Germania.
Tiberius was, in turn, required to adopt his nephew Germanicus, the father of Caligula and brother of Claudius.

Agrippina the Elder

AgrippinaVipsania AgrippinaAgrippina I
His connection to the Julii was further consolidated through a marriage between himself and Agrippina the Elder, a granddaughter of Augustus.
Following their deaths, her cousin Germanicus was made the adoptive son of Tiberius as part of Augustus' succession scheme in the adoptions of AD 4 in which Tiberius was adopted by Augustus.

Nero

Emperor NeroNero CaesarNero Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus
He was also the nephew of Tiberius, the father of Caligula, and the maternal grandfather of Nero.
His maternal grandparents were Germanicus and Agrippina the Elder; his mother, Caligula's sister.

Claudius

Emperor ClaudiusClaudianClaudius Caesar
Upon Germanicus's adoption into the Julii, his brother Claudius became the sole legal representative of his father, and his brother inherited the agnomen "Germanicus" as the new head of the family. Germanicus was born in Rome on 24 May 15 BC to Nero Claudius Drusus and Antonia Minor, and had two younger siblings: a sister, Livilla; and a brother, Claudius.
Through his brother Germanicus, Claudius was an uncle of Caligula and a great uncle of Nero.

Julia Drusilla

DrusillaDrusila
The couple had nine children: Nero Julius Caesar; Drusus Caesar; Tiberius Julius Caesar (not to be confused with emperor Tiberius); a child of unknown name (normally referred to as Ignotus); Gaius the Elder; Gaius the Younger (the future emperor "Caligula"); Agrippina the Younger (the future empress); Julia Drusilla; and Julia Livilla.
Julia Drusilla (Classical Latin: IVLIA•DRVSILLA ) (16 September AD 16 – 10 June AD 38) was a member of the Roman imperial family, the second daughter and fifth child of Germanicus and Agrippina the Elder to survive infancy.

Julia Livilla

Livilla
The couple had nine children: Nero Julius Caesar; Drusus Caesar; Tiberius Julius Caesar (not to be confused with emperor Tiberius); a child of unknown name (normally referred to as Ignotus); Gaius the Elder; Gaius the Younger (the future emperor "Caligula"); Agrippina the Younger (the future empress); Julia Drusilla; and Julia Livilla.
Julia Livilla (Classical Latin: IVLIA•LIVILLA, also called IVLIA•GERMANICI•CAESARIS•FILIA or LIVILLA•GERMANICI•CAESARIS•FILIA ) (early AD 18 - late AD 41 or early AD 42) was the youngest child of Germanicus and Agrippina the Elder and the youngest sister of the Emperor Caligula.

Nero Julius Caesar

NeroNero Julius Caesar GermanicusNero Caesar
The couple had nine children: Nero Julius Caesar; Drusus Caesar; Tiberius Julius Caesar (not to be confused with emperor Tiberius); a child of unknown name (normally referred to as Ignotus); Gaius the Elder; Gaius the Younger (the future emperor "Caligula"); Agrippina the Younger (the future empress); Julia Drusilla; and Julia Livilla.
Born into the prominent Julio-Claudian dynasty, Nero was the son of Tiberius' general and heir, Germanicus.

Livilla

Claudia Livia JuliaClaudia Livia Julia (Livilla)Claudia D. f. Ti. n. Livia Julia
Germanicus was born in Rome on 24 May 15 BC to Nero Claudius Drusus and Antonia Minor, and had two younger siblings: a sister, Livilla; and a brother, Claudius.
Claudia Livia Julia (Classical Latin: LIVIA•IVLIA ; c. 13 BC – AD 31) was the only daughter of Nero Claudius Drusus and Antonia Minor and sister of the Roman Emperor Claudius and general Germanicus, and thus the paternal aunt of the emperor Caligula and maternal great-aunt of emperor Nero, as well as the niece and daughter-in-law of Tiberius.

Tiberius

Tiberius CaesarEmperor TiberiusTiberius Claudius Nero
In AD 4, he was adopted by his paternal uncle, Tiberius, who succeeded Augustus as Roman emperor a decade later.
Tiberius was adopted as full son and heir, and in turn he was required to adopt his nephew Germanicus, the son of his brother Drusus and Augustus' niece Antonia Minor.

Early Imperial campaigns in Germania

series of campaignscommandedattempted conquest
From there he commanded eight legions, about one-third of the entire Roman army, which he led against the Germanic tribes in his campaigns from AD 14 to 16.
The last general to lead Roman forces in the region during this time was Germanicus, the adoptive son of emperor Tiberius, who in AD 16 had launched the final major military expedition by Rome into Germany.

Drusus Caesar

DrususDrusus Julius Caesar Germanicus Drusus Julius Caesar Germanicus
The couple had nine children: Nero Julius Caesar; Drusus Caesar; Tiberius Julius Caesar (not to be confused with emperor Tiberius); a child of unknown name (normally referred to as Ignotus); Gaius the Elder; Gaius the Younger (the future emperor "Caligula"); Agrippina the Younger (the future empress); Julia Drusilla; and Julia Livilla.
Born into the prominent Julio Claudian dynasty, Drusus was the son of Tiberius' general and heir, Germanicus.

Tiberius Claudius Nero (praetor 42 BC)

Tiberius Claudius NeroTiberius Neropraetor, Tiberius Claudius Nero
His paternal grandmother was Livia, who had divorced his grandfather, Tiberius Claudius Nero around 24 years before Germanicus birth, and was married to the emperor Augustus.
He was also the paternal grandfather of Emperor Claudius, General Germanicus, and Consul Drusus Julius Caesar, paternal great-grandfather of Emperor Caligula and Empresses Agrippina the Younger and Claudia Octavia and maternal great-great-grandfather of Emperor Nero.

Claudia (gens)

Claudiigens ClaudiaClaudia
The son of Nero Claudius Drusus and Antonia Minor, Germanicus was born into an influential branch of the patrician gens Claudia.

Julia (gens)

gens JuliaJuliiJulius
As a result, Germanicus became an official member of the gens Julia, another prominent family which he was related to on his mother's side.

Antioch

Antioch on the OrontesAntiocheneSyrian Antioch
During their feud, Germanicus became ill in Antioch, where he died on 10 October AD 19.
At Antioch Germanicus died in 19 AD, and his body was burnt in the forum.

Antonia Minor

AntoniaAntonia M. f. M. n. Minorhis mother
The son of Nero Claudius Drusus and Antonia Minor, Germanicus was born into an influential branch of the patrician gens Claudia. Germanicus was born in Rome on 24 May 15 BC to Nero Claudius Drusus and Antonia Minor, and had two younger siblings: a sister, Livilla; and a brother, Claudius.
They had several children, but only three survived: the famous general Germanicus, Livilla and the Roman Emperor Claudius.

Livia

Livia DrusillaJulia AugustaEmpress Livia
His paternal grandmother was Livia, who had divorced his grandfather, Tiberius Claudius Nero around 24 years before Germanicus birth, and was married to the emperor Augustus.
Drusus was a trusted general and married Augustus' favourite niece, Antonia Minor, having three children: the popular general Germanicus, Livilla, and the future emperor Claudius.

Battle of the Teutoburg Forest

Battle of Teutoburg ForestTeutoburg ForestClades Variana
He avenged the Roman Empire's defeat in the Teutoburg Forest and retrieved two of the three legionary eagles that had been lost during the battle. In AD 9, three Roman legions commanded by Varus were destroyed by a coalition of German tribes led by Arminius in the Battle of the Teutoburg Forest.
In 14 CE, just after Augustus' death and the accession of his heir and stepson Tiberius, a massive raid was conducted by the new emperor's nephew Germanicus.

Arminius

HermannHermann der CheruskerArminian
In AD 9, three Roman legions commanded by Varus were destroyed by a coalition of German tribes led by Arminius in the Battle of the Teutoburg Forest.
In the aftermath of the battle, Arminius fought retaliatory invasions by the Roman general Germanicus in the battles of Pontes Longi, Idistaviso, and the Angrivarian Wall, and deposed a rival, the Marcomanni king Maroboduus.

Pannonia

PanoniaPannonianPannonia province
He was sent to Illyricum the same year to help Tiberius suppress a rebellion by the Pannonians and Dalmatians.
In AD6, the Pannonians, with the Dalmatians and other Illyrian tribes, engaged in the so-called Great Illyrian Revolt, and were overcome by Tiberius and Germanicus, after a hard-fought campaign, which lasted for three years.

Gaius Caesar

GaiusGaius Julius CaesarCaius
When Augustus's chosen successor, Gaius Caesar, died in AD 4, he briefly considered Germanicus as his heir.
He was the stepson of Tiberius by his mother Julia’s marriage to him, and Brother in law of Claudius by his sister Agrippina the Elder's marriage to Germanicus.

Aulus Caecina Severus (consul 1 BC)

Aulus Caecina SeverusCaecina SeverusAulus Caecina Severus (suffect consul 1 BC)
Towards the end of the year, additional reinforcements arrived; three legions from Moesia commanded by Aulus Caecina Severus, and two legions with Thracian cavalry and auxiliary troops from Anatolia commanded by Silvanus.
For the next two years he continued to fight the rebels in Illyricum, inflicting another defeat on them in 8 AD as they attempted to prevent him marching to link up in Pannonia with Germanicus, the heir of Augustus' successor Tiberius.

Gnaeus Calpurnius Piso

Lucius Calpurnius PisoLucius Calpurnius Piso (consul 27)Calpurnius Piso
While in the eastern provinces, he came into conflict with the governor of Syria, Gnaeus Calpurnius Piso.
In AD 17, heir designate Germanicus was given command of the eastern portion of the Empire and Piso was appointed as his legate and made governor of Syria so that he could help.