Germany

🇩🇪GermanGERGermansFederal Republic of GermanyWest GermanyDEGerman-bornFRGDEU
Germany (Deutschland ), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland, ), is a country in Central and Western Europe, lying between the Baltic and North Seas to the north, and the Alps to the south.wikipedia
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Denmark

Danish🇩🇰Constituent country
It borders Denmark to the north, Poland and the Czech Republic to the east, Austria and Switzerland to the south, France to the southwest, and Luxembourg, Belgium and the Netherlands to the west.
Denmark lies southwest of Sweden and south of Norway, and is bordered to the south by Germany.

Czech Republic

🇨🇿CzechCZE
It borders Denmark to the north, Poland and the Czech Republic to the east, Austria and Switzerland to the south, France to the southwest, and Luxembourg, Belgium and the Netherlands to the west.
The Czech Republic (Česká republika ), also known by its short-form name, Czechia, is a landlocked country in Central Europe bordered by Germany to the west, Austria to the south, Slovakia to the east and Poland to the northeast.

Austria

🇦🇹AUTAustrian
It borders Denmark to the north, Poland and the Czech Republic to the east, Austria and Switzerland to the south, France to the southwest, and Luxembourg, Belgium and the Netherlands to the west.
It is bordered by the Czech Republic and Germany to the north, Hungary and Slovakia to the east, Slovenia and Italy to the south, and Switzerland and Liechtenstein to the west.

France

🇫🇷FrenchFRA
It borders Denmark to the north, Poland and the Czech Republic to the east, Austria and Switzerland to the south, France to the southwest, and Luxembourg, Belgium and the Netherlands to the west.
It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south.

States of Germany

statefederal statestates
Germany includes 16 constituent states, covers an area of 357,386 km2, and has a largely temperate seasonal climate.
Germany is a federal republic consisting of sixteen states (Land, plural Länder; informally and very commonly Bundesland, plural Bundesländer).

Belgium

🇧🇪BelgianBEL
It borders Denmark to the north, Poland and the Czech Republic to the east, Austria and Switzerland to the south, France to the southwest, and Luxembourg, Belgium and the Netherlands to the west.
It is bordered by the Netherlands to the north, Germany to the east, Luxembourg to the southeast, France to the southwest, and the North Sea to the northwest.

Poland

🇵🇱PolishPOL
It borders Denmark to the north, Poland and the Czech Republic to the east, Austria and Switzerland to the south, France to the southwest, and Luxembourg, Belgium and the Netherlands to the west.
Poland is bordered by the Baltic Sea, Russia's Kaliningrad Oblast and Lithuania to the north, Belarus and Ukraine to the east, Slovakia and Czech Republic, to the south, and Germany to the west.

Luxembourg

🇱🇺LUXGrand Duchy of Luxembourg
It borders Denmark to the north, Poland and the Czech Republic to the east, Austria and Switzerland to the south, France to the southwest, and Luxembourg, Belgium and the Netherlands to the west.
It is bordered by Belgium to the west and north, Germany to the east, and France to the south.

Netherlands

Dutch🇳🇱the Netherlands
It borders Denmark to the north, Poland and the Czech Republic to the east, Austria and Switzerland to the south, France to the southwest, and Luxembourg, Belgium and the Netherlands to the west.
The European portion of the Netherlands consists of twelve provinces and borders Germany to the east, Belgium to the south and the North Sea to the northwest, with maritime borders in the North Sea with Belgium, Germany and the United Kingdom.

Baltic Sea

BalticBaltic coastthe Baltic
Germany (Deutschland ), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland, ), is a country in Central and Western Europe, lying between the Baltic and North Seas to the north, and the Alps to the south.
The Baltic Sea is a marginal sea of the Atlantic Ocean, enclosed by Finland, Sweden, Denmark, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, northwest Russia, Poland, Germany and the North and Central European Plain.

Switzerland

Swiss🇨🇭SWI
It borders Denmark to the north, Poland and the Czech Republic to the east, Austria and Switzerland to the south, France to the southwest, and Luxembourg, Belgium and the Netherlands to the west.
The sovereign state is a federal republic bordered by Italy to the south, France to the west, Germany to the north, and Austria and Liechtenstein to the east.

North Sea

Norththe North SeaNorthern Sea
Germany (Deutschland ), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland, ), is a country in Central and Western Europe, lying between the Baltic and North Seas to the north, and the Alps to the south.
The North Sea is a marginal sea of the Atlantic Ocean located between the United Kingdom (particularly England and Scotland), Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium and France.

Berlin

Berlin, GermanyGerman capitalWest Berlin
Its capital and largest metropolis is Berlin, while Frankfurt serves as its financial capital and has the country's busiest airport.
Berlin is the capital and largest city of Germany by both area and population.

Dortmund

Dortmund, GermanyDortmund WCTCity of Dortmund
Germany's largest urban area is the Ruhr, with its main centres of Dortmund and Essen.
Dortmund (Düörpm: ; Tremonia) is, with a population of 601,402 (2017), the third largest city of Germany's most populous federal state of North Rhine-Westphalia after Cologne and Düsseldorf, and Germany's eighth largest city.

Munich

Munich, GermanyMünchenMunich, West Germany
The country's other major cities are Hamburg, Munich, Cologne, Stuttgart, Düsseldorf, Leipzig, Dresden, Bremen, Hannover, and Nuremberg.
Munich (München ; Minga Monachium) is the capital and most populous city of the second most populous German federal state of Bavaria, and, with a population of around 1.5 million, it is the third-largest city of Germany after Berlin and Hamburg, as well as the 12th-largest city in the European Union.

Alps

Alpinethe AlpsAlpine region
Germany (Deutschland ), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland, ), is a country in Central and Western Europe, lying between the Baltic and North Seas to the north, and the Alps to the south.
The Alps ( Alpes ; Alpen ; Alpi ; Alps; Alpe ) are the highest and most extensive mountain range system that lies entirely in Europe, separating Southern from Central and Western Europe and stretching approximately 1,200 km across eight Alpine countries (from west to east): France, Switzerland, Italy, Monaco, Liechtenstein, Austria, Germany, and Slovenia.

Cologne

KölnCologne, GermanyKöln, Germany
The country's other major cities are Hamburg, Munich, Cologne, Stuttgart, Düsseldorf, Leipzig, Dresden, Bremen, Hannover, and Nuremberg.
Cologne (Köln, Kölle ) is the largest city of Germany's most populous federal state of North Rhine-Westphalia, and its 1 million+ (2016) inhabitants make it the fourth most populous city in Germany after Berlin, Hamburg, and Munich.

Frankfurt Airport

FrankfurtFrankfurt, GermanyFrankfurt am Main International Airport
Its capital and largest metropolis is Berlin, while Frankfurt serves as its financial capital and has the country's busiest airport.
Frankfurt am Main Airport (Flughafen Frankfurt am Main, also known as Rhein-Main-Flughafen) is a major international airport located in Frankfurt, the fifth-largest city of Germany and one of the world's leading financial centres.

Hamburg

Hamburg, GermanyFree and Hanseatic city of HamburgHambro
The country's other major cities are Hamburg, Munich, Cologne, Stuttgart, Düsseldorf, Leipzig, Dresden, Bremen, Hannover, and Nuremberg.
Hamburg (officially the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg; Freie und Hansestadt Hamburg; Low German/Low Saxon: Friee un Hansestadt Hamborg) is the second-largest city in Germany with a population of over 1.8 million.

Essen

Essen, GermanyAltenessenEssen-Stoppenberg
Germany's largest urban area is the Ruhr, with its main centres of Dortmund and Essen.
Essen (Latin: Assindia) is the central and second largest city of the Ruhr, the largest urban area in Germany.

Düsseldorf

Düsseldorf, GermanyDusseldorfDusseldorp
The country's other major cities are Hamburg, Munich, Cologne, Stuttgart, Düsseldorf, Leipzig, Dresden, Bremen, Hannover, and Nuremberg.
Düsseldorf (often Dusseldorf in English sources ; ; Low Franconian and Düsseldörp ) is the capital and second-largest city of the most populous German federal state of North Rhine-Westphalia after Cologne, as well as the seventh-largest city in Germany. At the confluence of the Rhine and its tributary Düssel, the city lies in the centre of both the Rhine-Ruhr and the Rhineland Metropolitan Regions with the Cologne/Bonn urban area to its south and the Ruhr to its north.

List of cities in Germany by population

cities80 largest cities in Germanylargest
Its capital and largest metropolis is Berlin, while Frankfurt serves as its financial capital and has the country's busiest airport.
As defined by the German Federal Institute for Research on Building, Urban Affairs and Spatial Development, a Großstadt (large city) is a city with more than 100,000 inhabitants.

Stuttgart

VaihingenStuttgart, GermanyStuttgart-Vaihingen
The country's other major cities are Hamburg, Munich, Cologne, Stuttgart, Düsseldorf, Leipzig, Dresden, Bremen, Hannover, and Nuremberg.
Stuttgart (Swabian: Schduagert, ; names in other languages) is the capital and largest city of the German state of Baden-Württemberg.

Bremen

Bremen, GermanyBremercity of Bremen
The country's other major cities are Hamburg, Munich, Cologne, Stuttgart, Düsseldorf, Leipzig, Dresden, Bremen, Hannover, and Nuremberg.
The City Municipality of Bremen (Stadtgemeinde Bremen, ) is a Hanseatic city in northwestern Germany, which belongs to the Free Hanseatic City of Bremen (also called just "Bremen" for short), a federal state of Germany.

Dresden

Dresden, GermanyDreznocity of Dresden
The country's other major cities are Hamburg, Munich, Cologne, Stuttgart, Düsseldorf, Leipzig, Dresden, Bremen, Hannover, and Nuremberg.
Dresden (Upper and Lower Sorbian: Drježdźany; Drážďany; Drezno) is the capital city and, after Leipzig, the second-largest city of the Free State of Saxony in Germany.