Gesellschaft mit beschränkter Haftung

GmbHLimited liability companygGmbHmbHCompany with limited liabilityLimited-liability companyGesmbHGes.m.b.H.Gesellschaft mbHGmbH (Private company)
A Gesellschaft mit beschränkter Haftung (, abbreviated GmbH and also GesmbH in Austria), meaning "Company with limited liability", is a type of legal entity very common in Germany, Austria, Switzerland (where it is equivalent to a société à responsabilité limitée) and Liechtenstein.wikipedia
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Private limited company

PrivatePrivate Limitedprivate limited companies
It is an entity broadly equivalent with the private limited company in the United Kingdom and many Commonwealth countries, and the limited liability company (LLC) in the United States.
Examples include LLC in the US, private company limited by shares in the UK, GmbH in Germany or společnost s ručením omezeným in the Czech Republic.

Société à responsabilité limitée

SARLSàrls.a.r.l.
A Gesellschaft mit beschränkter Haftung (, abbreviated GmbH and also GesmbH in Austria), meaning "Company with limited liability", is a type of legal entity very common in Germany, Austria, Switzerland (where it is equivalent to a société à responsabilité limitée) and Liechtenstein.
A société à responsabilité limitée (short SARL or S.à r.l. and variations thereof; lit. "society with limited responsibility") is a form of private company that exists mainly in French-speaking countries, such as France, Luxembourg, Monaco, Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia, Madagascar, Lebanon, and Switzerland (where it is also designated by GmbH or Sagl).

Aktiengesellschaft

AGA.G.Limited company
The GmbH has become the most common corporation form in Germany, since the AG (Aktiengesellschaft), the other major company form corresponding to a stock corporation, was much more complicated to form and operate until recently.
Shares in other types of German companies (e.g. GmbH) are called Anteile rather than Aktien.

Entrepreneurial company (Germany)

Unternehmergesellschaft (haftungsbeschränkt)mini-GmbH
As of 2008, a derivate form called Unternehmergesellschaft (haftungsbeschränkt) (English: "entrepreneurial company (limited liability)") or short UG (haftungsbeschränkt) was introduced.
An entrepreneurial company with limited liability (in German: Unternehmergesellschaft (haftungsbeschränkt)) is a German form of a private limited company, usually established as an alternative to a German corporation or GmbH (limited liability) entity.

Gemeinschaft and Gesellschaft

GemeinschaftGesellschaftGemeinschaft und Gesellschaft
Other variations include mbH (used when the term Gesellschaft is part of the company name itself), and gGmbH (gemeinnützige GmbH) for non-profit companies.
In business usage, Gesellschaft is the German term for "company", as in Aktiengesellschaft or Gesellschaft mit beschränkter Haftung (GmbH).

Civil law notary

notarynotariescivil law notaries
The founding act and the articles of association have to be notarized.
Likewise, any share purchase or asset transfer agreement of a private limited company (GmbH) must be notarially executed pursuant to s. 15(3) of the Private Limited Companies Act (GmbHG).

Corporation

corporatecorporationsincorporated
In Germany, the organization was referred to as Gesellschaft mit beschränkter Haftung or GmbH.

Limited partnership

L.P.limited partnerLP
If the Komplementär is a corporation with limited liability then the type of the company has to be named as UG (haftungsbeschränkt) & Co. KGaA, GmbH & Co. KGaA, AG & Co. KGaA or SE & Co. KGaA.

Juridical person

legal entityjuristic personlegal entities
A Gesellschaft mit beschränkter Haftung (, abbreviated GmbH and also GesmbH in Austria), meaning "Company with limited liability", is a type of legal entity very common in Germany, Austria, Switzerland (where it is equivalent to a société à responsabilité limitée) and Liechtenstein.

Germany

GermanGERFederal Republic of Germany
A Gesellschaft mit beschränkter Haftung (, abbreviated GmbH and also GesmbH in Austria), meaning "Company with limited liability", is a type of legal entity very common in Germany, Austria, Switzerland (where it is equivalent to a société à responsabilité limitée) and Liechtenstein.

Austria

AUTAustrianRepublic of Austria
A Gesellschaft mit beschränkter Haftung (, abbreviated GmbH and also GesmbH in Austria), meaning "Company with limited liability", is a type of legal entity very common in Germany, Austria, Switzerland (where it is equivalent to a société à responsabilité limitée) and Liechtenstein.

Switzerland

SwissSwiss ConfederationSWI
A Gesellschaft mit beschränkter Haftung (, abbreviated GmbH and also GesmbH in Austria), meaning "Company with limited liability", is a type of legal entity very common in Germany, Austria, Switzerland (where it is equivalent to a société à responsabilité limitée) and Liechtenstein.

Liechtenstein

Principality of LiechtensteinLIEFürstentum Liechtenstein
A Gesellschaft mit beschränkter Haftung (, abbreviated GmbH and also GesmbH in Austria), meaning "Company with limited liability", is a type of legal entity very common in Germany, Austria, Switzerland (where it is equivalent to a société à responsabilité limitée) and Liechtenstein.

United Kingdom

BritishUKBritain
It is an entity broadly equivalent with the private limited company in the United Kingdom and many Commonwealth countries, and the limited liability company (LLC) in the United States.

Commonwealth of Nations

CommonwealthBritish CommonwealthCommonwealth countries
It is an entity broadly equivalent with the private limited company in the United Kingdom and many Commonwealth countries, and the limited liability company (LLC) in the United States.

Limited liability company

LLClimited liability companieslimited liability corporation
It is an entity broadly equivalent with the private limited company in the United Kingdom and many Commonwealth countries, and the limited liability company (LLC) in the United States.

Legal person

legal personalitylegal entitybody corporate
GmbHs are considered legal persons under German, Swiss and Austrian law.

Nonprofit organization

non-profitnon-profit organizationnonprofit
Other variations include mbH (used when the term Gesellschaft is part of the company name itself), and gGmbH (gemeinnützige GmbH) for non-profit companies.

German Commercial Register

German Trade Registertrade registerHandelsregister
Only the registration of the company in the Commercial Register (Handelsregister) provides the GmbH with its full legal status.

Common law

common-lawcourts of common lawcommon
Since a legal entity with liability limited to the contributed capital was regarded in the 19th century as something dangerous, German law has many restrictions unknown to common law systems.

States of Germany

stateGerman statefederal state
Because there is no central company registry in Germany but rather several hundred connected to regional courts, the administration of the law can be rather different between German states.

Supervisory board

Aufsichtsratsupervisory committeeChairman of the Supervisory Board