Gherardini family

Gherardini of MontagliariHouse of GherardiniOtho GherandiniOtto Gherandini
The Gherardinis of Montagliari (or Florence) are a family that is still thriving.wikipedia
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Republic of Florence

FlorenceFlorentineFlorentine Republic
Originating from the feudal tradition, it was one of the founding families of the Republic of Florence.
According to a study carried out by Enrico Faini of the University of Florence, there were about fifteen old aristocratic families who moved to Florence between 1000 and 1100: Amidei; Ardinghi; Brunelleschi; Buondelmonti; Caponsacchi; Donati; Fifanti; Gherardini of Montagliari; Guidi; Nerli; Porcelli; Sacchetti; Scolari; Uberti; and Visdomini.

Dante Alighieri

DanteDante’sDantean
In his Divine Comedy, Dante Alighieri, who was exiled with the Gherardinis, placed the family in Paradise's V Sphere.
In March 1302, Dante, a White Guelph by affiliation, along with the Gherardini family, was condemned to exile for two years and ordered to pay a large fine.

Lisa del Giocondo

Lisa GherardiniFrancesco del GiocondoLisa
This was the branch Lisa Gherardini, the Gioconda, belonged to.
Lisa del Giocondo (née Gherardini ; June 15, 1479 – July 15, 1542) was an Italian noblewoman and member of the Gherardini family of Florence and Tuscany.

Cristina Trivulzio Belgiojoso

Cristina Trivulzio di BelgiojosoPrincess BelgiojosoBelgioioso
Some of the most recent and best known members of the Gherardini family are: Marquis Maurizio, Great Chamberlain of the Emperor of Austria and Austria’s Minister Plenipotentiary at the Kingdom of Savoy; Cristina Trivulzio Belgiojoso (daughter of Marchioness Vittoria Gherardini), first female newspaper director whom Carlo Cattaneo defined the "first lady of Italy" for her commitment towards national unity; Marquis Gian Marco, Chairman of the Savings Bank of Reggio Emilia and Podestà of the Municipality of Reggio Emilia from 1851 to 1854; his son Gian Francesco Gherardini, mayor of Reggio Emilia from 1873 to 1881, Member of Parliament and subsequently Senator until his death in 1926; his grandson, Count Gian Claudio Gherardini, Commander of the 8th Bersaglieri (Marksmen) Regiment in El Alamein and subsequently Commanding General of Folgore Parachute Brigade who died in 1971) and was the first one to bring back to Florence the Gherardini of Montagliari after seven centuries; his great-grandson, the economist Jacopo Schettini Gherardini, candidate for the National Secretariat of the Democratic Party (Italy) during the primary elections of 2007.
Cristina Trivulzio was the daughter of Girolamo Trivulzio and the Vittoria dei Marchesi Gherardini (member of the Gherardini family).

FitzGerald dynasty

FitzGeraldGeraldinesFitzGeralds
Initially they were members of the retinue of Louis VII of France, called the Young, and then they were with Henry II of England and went to conquer Ireland, where, according to tradition, they started the FitzGerald dynasty.
The legendary story of Thomas, Gerard and Maurice, sons of Gherardino, still lives on, and it has been studied: they were members of the well-known Gherardini family of Montagliari and they left Florence to joint Henry II of England to go and conquer Ireland.

Alessandro Turchi

A. TurchiAlessandro TurcoTurchi, Alessandro
According to art historians, the Gherardinis supported Alessandro Turchi, called l'Orbetto, who they commissioned many works of art to.
In 1621 executes for French cardinal François de Sourdis the Resurrection of Christ, now in the cathedral of Sant'Andrea of Bordeaux, and sends the Adoration of the Magi for the Gherardini family in Verona.

Jacopo Schettini Gherardini

Jacopo G. SchettiniJacopo Schettini
Some of the most recent and best known members of the Gherardini family are: Marquis Maurizio, Great Chamberlain of the Emperor of Austria and Austria’s Minister Plenipotentiary at the Kingdom of Savoy; Cristina Trivulzio Belgiojoso (daughter of Marchioness Vittoria Gherardini), first female newspaper director whom Carlo Cattaneo defined the "first lady of Italy" for her commitment towards national unity; Marquis Gian Marco, Chairman of the Savings Bank of Reggio Emilia and Podestà of the Municipality of Reggio Emilia from 1851 to 1854; his son Gian Francesco Gherardini, mayor of Reggio Emilia from 1873 to 1881, Member of Parliament and subsequently Senator until his death in 1926; his grandson, Count Gian Claudio Gherardini, Commander of the 8th Bersaglieri (Marksmen) Regiment in El Alamein and subsequently Commanding General of Folgore Parachute Brigade who died in 1971) and was the first one to bring back to Florence the Gherardini of Montagliari after seven centuries; his great-grandson, the economist Jacopo Schettini Gherardini, candidate for the National Secretariat of the Democratic Party (Italy) during the primary elections of 2007.
Jacopo is member of the Gherardini family of Montagliari.

Florence

FlorentineFlorence, ItalyFirenze
The Gherardinis of Montagliari (or Florence) are a family that is still thriving. They were feudatories in the Chianti and the Val d'Elsa areas and settled in Florence in 1100 following the death of Matilda of Tuscany. The land they owned or controlled went from the first sighting centres near the southern walls of Florence, and from Marignolle up to Impruneta.

Tuscany

TuscanToscanaTuscany, Italy
Between the 9th and 14th centuries, this family played an important role in Tuscany. Following its exile from Tuscany, the family joined the Great Council of Venice (Venice's Chamber of Peers) and until 1800 kept some fiefs between Tuscany and Emilia Romagna.

Italian unification

Risorgimentounification of ItalyKingdom of Italy
Its influence was also felt in the Veneto and Emilia regions between the 16th and 18th centuries and during the Italian Risorgimento.

Signoria

Signoresignoriesignori
In 1300 it was exiled from the city when Florence began its transformation into a Signoria. Two centuries later, they took part in the fights between the Guelphs and the Ghibellines and subsequently between the White and Black Guelphs; they were with the "White" faction and were opposed to the transformations which led to the birth of the Signoria.

Divine Comedy

The Divine ComedyInfernoDivina Commedia
In his Divine Comedy, Dante Alighieri, who was exiled with the Gherardinis, placed the family in Paradise's V Sphere.

Great Council of Venice

Great CouncilMaggior ConsiglioGrand Council
Following its exile from Tuscany, the family joined the Great Council of Venice (Venice's Chamber of Peers) and until 1800 kept some fiefs between Tuscany and Emilia Romagna.

Barberino Val d'Elsa

BarberinoBarberino Val d’Elsa
The oldest knightly tomb in Tuscany (in the Church of Sant'Appiano, near Barberino Val d'Elsa) belongs to this family.

Chianti

Chianti ClassicoChianti SuperioreChianti wine
They were feudatories in the Chianti and the Val d'Elsa areas and settled in Florence in 1100 following the death of Matilda of Tuscany.

Matilda of Tuscany

Matilda of CanossaMatildaCountess Matilda
They were feudatories in the Chianti and the Val d'Elsa areas and settled in Florence in 1100 following the death of Matilda of Tuscany.

Guelphs and Ghibellines

GhibellineGuelphGhibellines
Two centuries later, they took part in the fights between the Guelphs and the Ghibellines and subsequently between the White and Black Guelphs; they were with the "White" faction and were opposed to the transformations which led to the birth of the Signoria.

Ordinances of Justice

new city ordinances were passed
This deeply independent character must have been at the basis of the family's decision not to abide by the new rules of the rising Commune of Florence such as the Ordinances of Justice of 1296 which aimed at forcing aristocracy to give up their names of origin and privileges.

Siena

SieneseSiena, ItalySiennese
Following many years of civil war, the Gherardinis were exiled in 1302 because they were accused of having forged an alliance with the neighbouring city of Siena.

Cante dei Gabrielli

Cante GabrielliCante de' Gabrielli
According to historians (and contemporaries of the time), the accusation was based on false documents and invented by Cante Gabrielli, the Podestà, to stamp out this family and its allies once and for all.

Impruneta

Impruneta, ItalyTavarnuzze
The land they owned or controlled went from the first sighting centres near the southern walls of Florence, and from Marignolle up to Impruneta.

Greve in Chianti

GrevePanzano in ChiantiGreve river
It then went on up to the main fortresses of Montagliari and Montaguto near the current Greve in Chianti.

Pistoia

Pistoia, ItalyPistoiesePistoja
The western part of the Gherardini's land and properties withstood the attack by the Florentines because Andrea Gherardini was ruling the nearby city of Pistoia and the Gherardinis enjoyed greater strength in Valdelsa (a valley south of Florence).

Valdelsa

Val d'Elsa
They were feudatories in the Chianti and the Val d'Elsa areas and settled in Florence in 1100 following the death of Matilda of Tuscany. The western part of the Gherardini's land and properties withstood the attack by the Florentines because Andrea Gherardini was ruling the nearby city of Pistoia and the Gherardinis enjoyed greater strength in Valdelsa (a valley south of Florence).

Henry VII, Holy Roman Emperor

Henry VIIEmperor Henry VIIHenry VII of Germany
A few years later, Henry VII, Holy Roman Emperor tried to remove this family from Valdelsa but did not succeed because the Castle of Linari, led by Vanne Gherardini, withstood the summer siege of 1313.