Gift (law)

giftgiftsdonatio mortis causaCausa MortisdonationdonationsContemplation of deathdonatedDonative intentGift in contemplation of death
A gift, in the law of property, is the voluntary transfer of property from one person (the donor or grantor) to another (the donee or grantee) without full valuable consideration.wikipedia
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Donor

donorsdonato
In business law a donor is someone who is giving the gift (law), and a donee the person receiving the gift.

Consideration

Valuable considerationnominal considerationdetriment
However, if B still gives the title to the car to A, then B cannot take the car back, since, while it may not be a valid contract, it is a valid gift.

Gift tax

giftdonor's taxdonor’s tax
Many gifts are not subject to taxation because of exemptions given in tax laws.

Re Cole

Re Cole ([1964] 1 Ch 175, CA) also known as ex p. Trustee v Cole is a case in English property law dealing with the transfer of gifts.

Deed

sanadtitle deedtitle deeds
If the gift is of a type that cannot be delivered in the conventional sense - a house, or a bank account - the delivery can be effected by a constructive delivery, wherein a tangible item allowing access to the gift - a deed or key to the house, a passbook for the bank account - is delivered instead.

Lock and key

keylocklocks
If the gift is of a type that cannot be delivered in the conventional sense - a house, or a bank account - the delivery can be effected by a constructive delivery, wherein a tangible item allowing access to the gift - a deed or key to the house, a passbook for the bank account - is delivered instead.

England

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In England, real property must be transferred by a written deed.

Real property

landimmovable propertyrealty
In England, real property must be transferred by a written deed.

Equitable interest

Equitable estateequitable title
The transfer of equitable interests must be performed in writing by the owner or their agent.

Inheritance tax

estate taxdeath dutiesEstate
Gifts in life may be a way to circumvent inheritance tax on death.

Thomas v Times Book Co

Thomas v Times Book Company
Thomas v Times Book Company [1966] 1 WLR 911 is an English law case, in which the legal requirements of making gifts were explored.

Gift tax in the United States

gift taxgift taxesgift
A gift tax is a tax imposed on the transfer of ownership of property during the giver's life.

Undue influence in English law

undue influenceas discussed abovedoctrine of undue influence
Historically the doctrine had predominantly been invoked where the person who is exercising undue influence over another person either enters into a contract with the affected person or receives a gift from them.

Wills Act 1837

Wills ActWills (Soldiers and Sailors) Act 1918
The act extends to all testamentary dispositions or gifts, where "a person makes a disposition of his property to take effect after his decease, and which is in its own nature ambulatory and revocable during his life."

R v Hinks

Therefore, a person can appropriate property belonging to another where the other person makes him an indefeasible gift of property, retaining no proprietary interest or any right to resume or recover any proprietary interest in the property.

Cullompton

CollumptonCollumpton, DevonCullompton, Devon
In 1356 the town gained its first water supply by a deed of gift of the Abbot of Buckland.

Nea Salamis Famagusta FC

Nea SalaminaNea SalamisNea Salamis Famagusta
In December 1948 Israel made a CYP£3,000 donation to the city of Famagusta, in gratitude for aid by its inhabitants to Jewish refugees, for a community-service project.

Gift register

The gift register (Schenkungsbuch) of an abbey or monastery was a record of the properties forming its estate, the majority of which came from gifts (Schenkungen).