A report on LadakhGilgit-Baltistan and Xinjiang

South Asia in 565 CE
Photograph of Kargah Buddha in Gilgit; "The ancient Stupa – rock carvings of Buddha, everywhere in the region, point to the firm hold of Buddhism for such a long time."
Dzungaria (Red) and the Tarim Basin or Altishahr (Blue)
The empire of Kyide Nyimagon divided among his three sons, c. 930 CE. The border between Ladakh/Maryul and Guge-Purang is shown in a thin dotted line, north of Gartok
Map of Tibetan Empire citing the areas of Gilgit-Baltistan as part of its kingdom in 780–790 CE
Northern Xinjiang (Junggar Basin) (Yellow), Eastern Xinjiang- Turpan Depression (Turpan Prefecture and Hami Prefecture) (Red) and Altishahr/the Tarim Basin (Blue)
Royal drinking scene at Alchi Monastery, Ladakh, circa 1200 CE. The king wears a decorated Qabā', of Turco-Persian style. It is similar to [[:File:Royal drinking scene at the entrance of the western monastery at Manguy, 11th to 13th century CE.jpg|another royal scene]] at nearby Mangyu Monastery.
The princely state of Jammu and Kashmir, (National Geographic, 1946). Shown are the Gilgit Agency, consisting of subsidiary states of Jammu and Kashmir, and the Gilgit wazarat, including the Gilgit Leased Area (shown in white). Baltistan was part of the large area of the Ladakh-Baltistan wazarat in the east.
Physical map showing the separation of Dzungaria and the Tarim Basin (Altishahr) by the Tien Shan Mountains
Jama Masjid of Leh next to the Leh Palace
The last Maqpon Raja Ahmed Shah (died in prison in Lhasa c. 1845)
Map of Han Dynasty in 2 CE. Light blue is the Tarim Basin protectorate.
Thikse Monastery, Ladakh
Flag of the Gilgit-Baltistan region
Old Uyghur/Yugur art from the Bezeklik murals
The empire of kings Tsewang Namgyal and Jamyang Namgyal, about 1560–1600 CE
Gilgit Baltisan assembly located in Jutial Gilgit
The Tarim Basin in the 3rd century AD
Cham dance during Dosmoche festival in Leh Palace
Gilgit-Baltistan is administered as three divisions
A Sogdian man on a Bactrian camel. Sancai ceramic statuette, Tang dynasty
The disputed territory of the princely state of Jammu and Kashmir: divided between Pakistan (green), India (blue) and China (yellow)
Fourteen districts in 2019
Mongol states from the 14th to the 17th centuries: the Northern Yuan dynasty, Four Oirat, Moghulistan and Kara Del
National Highway No 1
Mountains covered in snow, as seen from the Raja Bazar Road Gilgit
The Dzungar–Qing Wars, between the Qing Dynasty and the Dzungar Khanate
Ladakh (L) shown in the wider Kashmir region
Montage of Gilgit-Baltistan
The Battle of Oroi-Jalatu in 1756, between the Manchu and Oirat armies
Map of the central Ladakh region
View of Laila Peak, which is located near Hushe Valley (a town in Khaplu)
The Qing Empire ca. 1820
The confluence of the Indus (flowing left-to-right) and Zanskar (coming in from top) rivers.
The Trango Towers offer some of the largest cliffs and most challenging rock climbing in the world, and every year a number of expeditions from all corners of the globe visit Karakoram to climb the challenging granite.
Scene from the 1828 Qing campaign against rebels in Altishahr
The Ladakh region has high altitude
Cold Desert, Skardu is the world's highest desert
Yakub Beg, ruler of Yettishar
View of Leh Town Along with Stok Kangri
Rush Lake, Nagar, Pakistan
19th-century Khotan Uyghurs in Yettishar
Monthly average temperature in Leh
Sheosar Lake is in the western part of Deosai National Park
Kuomintang in Xinjiang, 1942
The black-necked crane comes to India every year for breeding. Photograph has been taken at Tso Kar, Ladakh.
The Karakoram Highway
Governor Sheng Shicai ruled from 1933 to 1944.
Wild animals of Ladakh
National Highway N-15 has abrupt direction changes which is a challenge for drivers who use this route to reach Gilgit
The Soviet-backed Second East Turkestan Republic encompassed Xinjiang's Ili, Tarbagatay and Altay districts.
Yaks in Ladakh
ATR 42–500 on Gilgit Airport. Picture taken on 10 July 2016
Close to Karakoram Highway in Xinjiang.
Banner of the Administration of Ladakh
A pie chart showing the Sectarian divide of Gilgit-Baltistan
Pamir Mountains and Muztagh Ata.
Street market in Leh
Dance of Swati Guests with traditional music at Baltit Fort in 2014
Taklamakan Desert
Preparing apricots. Alchi Monastery.
Wakhi musicians in Gulmit.
Tianchi Lake
A vehicle on the Himalaya Highway 3
One of the poplular dish of this region is Chapchor. It is widely made in Nagar Valley and Hunza Valley
Black Irtysh river in Burqin County is a famous spot for sightseeing.
Kushok Bakula Rimpochee Airport
Polo in progress with the shandur lake in background, Shandur, Gupis-Yasin District.
Kanas Lake
Satpara Lake, Skardu, in 2002
Largest cities and towns of Xinjiang
Dancer in masked dance festival
Upper Kachura Lake
Statue of Mao Zedong in Kashgar
Jabro Dance
Shangrila Lake, Skardu
Nur Bekri, Chairman of the Xinjiang Government between 2007 and 2015
Sul-ma, woman's woollen dress (detail), Ladakh, late 19th-early 20th century
Manthokha Waterfall
The distribution map of Xinjiang's GDP per person (2011)
First ever Khelo India Winter Games in Ladakh
Ürümqi is a major industrial center within Xinjiang.
Woman wearing traditional Ladakhi hat
Wind farm in Xinjiang
Ladakhi Perak Headdress courtesy the Wovenosuls collection
Sunday market in Khotan
Indian Astronomical Observatory near Leh
Ürümqi Diwopu International Airport
Ladakh horsemen, depicted in Alchi Monastery, circa 13th century CE
Karakorum highway
The nine stupas at Thiksey Monastery
This flag (Kök Bayraq) has become a symbol of the East Turkestan independence movement.
Statue of Maitreya at Likir Monastery, Leh district
"Heroic Gesture of Bodhisattvathe Bodhisattva", example of 6th-7th-century terracotta Greco-Buddhist art (local populations were Buddhist) from Tumxuk, Xinjiang
Likir Monastery, Ladakh
Sogdian donors to the Buddha, 8th century fresco (with detail), Bezeklik, Eastern Tarim Basin
Phyang Gompa, Ladakh
A mosque in Ürümqi
Hemis Monastery in the 1870s
People engaging in snow sports by a statue of bodhisattva Guanyin in Wujiaqu
Pensi La
Christian Church in Hami
Shingo La
Catholic Church in Urumqi
Shanti Stupa, Leh
Temple of the Great Buddha in Midong, Ürümqi
Front of the Thiksey Monastery
Taoist Temple of Fortune and Longevity at the Heavenly Lake of Tianshan in Fukang, Changji Hui Autonomous Prefecture
Likir Monastery
Emin Minaret
Trees nestled in front of the Himalayas near Leh
Id Kah mosque in Kashgar, largest mosque in China
Nubra Valley view with reflection
Erkin Tuniyaz, the incumbent Chairman of the Xinjiang Government
Carved stone tablets, each with the inscription "Om Mani Padme Hum" along the paths of Zanskar

Ladakh is bordered by the Tibet Autonomous Region to the east, the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh to the south, both the Indian-administered union territory of Jammu and Kashmir and the Pakistan-administered Gilgit-Baltistan to the west, and the southwest corner of Xinjiang across the Karakoram Pass in the far north.

- Ladakh

It borders Azad Kashmir to the south, the province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa to the west, the Wakhan Corridor of Afghanistan to the north, the Xinjiang region of China, to the east and northeast, and the Indian-administered union territories Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh to the southeast.

- Gilgit-Baltistan

Xinjiang borders the Tibet Autonomous Region and India's Leh district in Ladakh to the south, Qinghai and Gansu provinces to the east, Mongolia (Bayan-Ölgii, Govi-Altai and Khovd Provinces) to the east, Russia's Altai Republic to the north and Kazakhstan (Almaty and East Kazakhstan Regions), Kyrgyzstan (Issyk-Kul, Naryn and Osh Regions), Tajikistan's Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region, Afghanistan's Badakhshan Province and Pakistan's Gilgit-Baltistan to the west.

- Xinjiang

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Country in South Asia.

Country in South Asia.

Indus Priest King Statue from Mohenjo-Daro.
Standing Buddha from Gandhara, Greco-Buddhist art, 1st–2nd century AD.
Badshahi Mosque, Lahore
Clock Tower, Faisalabad, built by the British government in the 19th century
Queen Elizabeth II was the last monarch of independent Pakistan, before it became a republic in 1956.
Signing of the Tashkent Declaration to end hostilities with India in 1965 in Tashkent, USSR, by President Ayub alongside Bhutto (centre) and Aziz Ahmed (left)
President George W. Bush meets with President Musharraf in Islamabad during his 2006 visit to Pakistan.
The Friday Prayers at the Badshahi Mosque in Lahore
A satellite image showing the topography of Pakistan
Köppen climate classification of Pakistan
Parliament House
Prime Minister's Office
Supreme Court of Pakistan
President of Pakistan Ayub Khan with US President John F. Kennedy in 1961
Pakistani Prime Minister Imran Khan at the 2019 Shanghai Cooperation Organisation summit
Pakistan Prime Minister Huseyn Shaheed Suhrawardy with Chinese Premier Zhou Enlai signing the Treaty of Friendship Between China and Pakistan. Pakistan is host to China's largest embassy.
The areas shown in green are the Pakistani-controlled areas.
Hunza Valley in the Gilgit-Baltistan region is part of Pakistani-controlled Kashmir.
Pakistan Air Force's JF-17 Thunder flying in front of the 26660 ft Nanga Parbat
Statue of a bull outside the Pakistan Stock Exchange, Islamabad, Pakistan
Surface mining in Sindh. Pakistan has been termed the 'Saudi Arabia of Coal' by Forbes.
Television assembly factory in Lahore. Pakistan's industrial sector accounts for about 20.3% of the GDP, and is dominated by small and medium-sized enterprises.
Rising skyline of Karachi with several under construction skyscrapers.
Lake Saiful Muluk, located at the northern end of the Kaghan Valley, near the town of Naran in the Saiful Muluk National Park.
Badshahi Mosque was commissioned by the Mughals in 1671. It is listed as a World Heritage Site.
Tarbela Dam, the largest earth filled dam in the world, was constructed in 1968.
Pakistan produced 1,135 megawatts of renewable energy for the month of October 2016. Pakistan expects to produce 3,000 megawatts of renewable energy by the beginning of 2019.
The motorway passes through the Salt Range mountains
Karachi Cantonment railway station
Port of Karachi is one of South Asia's largest and busiest deep-water seaports, handling about 60% of the nation's cargo (25 million tons per annum)
Orange Line Metro Train, Lahore
Track of Islamabad-Rawalpindi Metrobus with adjoining station
Nagan Chowrangi Flyover, Karachi
Central Library of University of Sargodha
Literacy rate in Pakistan 1951–2018
Malala Yousafzai at the Women of the World festival in 2014.
Pakistan hosts the second largest refugee population globally after Turkey. An Afghan refugee girl near Tarbela Dam
Kalma Underpass, Lahore
Faisal Mosque, built in 1986 by Turkish architect Vedat Dalokay on behalf of King Faisal bin Abdul-Aziz of Saudi Arabia
Havana at Shri Hinglaj Mata temple shakti peetha, the largest Hindu pilgrimage centre in Pakistan. The annual Hinglaj Yathra is attended by more than 250,000 people.
Sacred Heart Cathedral, Lahore
Truck art is a distinctive feature of Pakistani culture.
People in traditional clothing in Neelum District
Muhammad Iqbal, Pakistan's national poet who conceived the idea of Pakistan
The Tomb of Shah Rukn-e-Alam is part of Pakistan's Sufi heritage.
Minar-e-Pakistan is a national monument marking Pakistan's independence movement.
Located on the bank of Arabian Sea in Karachi, Port Grand is one of the largest food streets of Asia.
Gaddafi Stadium, Lahore is the 3rd largest cricket stadium in Pakistan with a seating capacity of 27,000 spectators.
President George W. Bush meets with President Musharraf in Islamabad during his 2006 visit to Pakistan.
Minar-e-Pakistan is a national monument marking Pakistan's independence movement.

Gilgit-Baltistan and Azad Kashmir lie along the edge of the Indian plate and hence are prone to violent earthquakes.

Approximately 45.1% of the Kashmir region is controlled by India (administratively split into Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh), which also claims the entire territory of the former princely state of Jammu and Kashmir that is not under its control.

Under Nasir's leadership the ISI was also involved in supporting Chinese Muslims in Xinjiang Province, rebel Muslim groups in the Philippines, and some religious groups in Central Asia.

Aerial View of The Karakoram Highway

Karakoram Highway

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Aerial View of The Karakoram Highway
Aerial View of The Karakoram Highway by hunzographer
Jingle trucks on the Karakoram Highway.
Milestone near Besham in Pakistan.
Highlighted in red is the route of National Highway 35, which is to be completely rebuilt and upgraded under the CPEC agreement. Highlighted in blue is the 175 km road between Gilgit and Skardu which is to be upgraded to a four-lane highway.
The Karakoram Highway in the Xinjiang region of China.
Karakoram Highway near Juglot, where three mountain ranges meet
KKH passing through Passu in Pakistan.
Karakoram Highway in Akto County, Xinjiang
KKH along the Indus River, 2001.
On the Karokoram Highway near Chilas.
Landslides, particularly during the rainy season, sporadically disturb the traffic for several hours.
Karakoram Highway ahead of Juglot, Gilgit
Karakoram Highway view from Altit fort, Hunza, Gilgit-Baltistan

The Karakoram Highway (known by its initials KKH, also known as N-35 or National Highway 35 or the China-Pakistan Friendship Highway) is a 1300 km national highway which extends from Hasan Abdal in the Punjab province of Pakistan to the Khunjerab Pass in Gilgit-Baltistan, where it crosses into China and becomes China National Highway 314.

The highway connects the Pakistani provinces of Punjab and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa plus Gilgit-Baltistan with China's Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region.

The proposed Xinjiang-GB-Azad Kashmir road would be linked to Yarkant County in Xinjiang, and enter Gilgit-Baltistan through Mustagh Pass, 126 km west of Ladakh, crossing the major supply artery from the Karakoram Highway near Skardu city.