Giotto's Campanile

Giotto's Bell Towercampanilebell towerCampanile di GiottoFlorentine campanileGiotto's Belltowergreat campanile
Giotto's Campanile (, also, ) is a free-standing campanile that is part of the complex of buildings that make up Florence Cathedral on the Piazza del Duomo in Florence, Italy.wikipedia
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Florence Cathedral

Santa Maria del FioreDuomoCathedral of Florence
Giotto's Campanile (, also, ) is a free-standing campanile that is part of the complex of buildings that make up Florence Cathedral on the Piazza del Duomo in Florence, Italy. Standing adjacent to the Basilica of Santa Maria del Fiore and the Baptistry of St. John, the tower is one of the showpieces of Florentine Gothic architecture with its design by Giotto, its rich sculptural decorations and its polychrome marble encrustations.
The cathedral complex, in Piazza del Duomo, includes the Baptistery and Giotto's Campanile.

Florence Baptistery

Florence BaptistryBaptisteryBattistero di San Giovanni
Standing adjacent to the Basilica of Santa Maria del Fiore and the Baptistry of St. John, the tower is one of the showpieces of Florentine Gothic architecture with its design by Giotto, its rich sculptural decorations and its polychrome marble encrustations.
The octagonal baptistery stands in both the Piazza del Duomo and the Piazza San Giovanni, across from Florence Cathedral and the Campanile di Giotto.

Piazza del Duomo, Florence

Piazza del Duomo
Giotto's Campanile (, also, ) is a free-standing campanile that is part of the complex of buildings that make up Florence Cathedral on the Piazza del Duomo in Florence, Italy.
The square contains the Florence Cathedral with the Cupola del Brunelleschi, the Giotto's Campanile, the Florence Baptistery, the Loggia del Bigallo, the Opera del Duomo Museum, and the Arcivescovile and Canonici's palace.

Giotto

Giotto di BondoneGiottesqueGiotto Baroncelli
Standing adjacent to the Basilica of Santa Maria del Fiore and the Baptistry of St. John, the tower is one of the showpieces of Florentine Gothic architecture with its design by Giotto, its rich sculptural decorations and its polychrome marble encrustations. On the death in 1302 of Arnolfo di Cambio, the first Master of the Works of the Cathedral, and after an interruption of more than thirty years, the celebrated painter Giotto di Bondone was nominated as his successor in 1334.
That Giotto painted the Arena Chapel and was chosen by the Commune of Florence in 1334 to design the new campanile (bell tower) of the Florence Cathedral are among the few certainties about his life.

Florence

FlorentineFlorence, ItalyFirenze
Giotto's Campanile (, also, ) is a free-standing campanile that is part of the complex of buildings that make up Florence Cathedral on the Piazza del Duomo in Florence, Italy.
In recent years, most of the important works of art from the two buildings – and from the nearby Giotto's Campanile, have been removed and replaced by copies.

Nino Pisano

Nino
The Genesis panels are attributed to Andrea Pisano, except "Jubal" to Nino Pisano and "Tubalcain" to an assistant of Andrea Pisano.
He collaborated with his father in sculptures for the churches of San Zanipolo at Venice and in Santa Caterina at Pisa, and provided some panels for the bell tower of Santa Maria del Fiore.

Andrea Pisano

Andrea da Pontedera
Giotto was succeeded as Master of the Works in 1343 by Andrea Pisano, famous already for the South Doors of the Baptistery.
There he produced a series of reliefs, possibly designed by his former teacher, including the double band of panel-reliefs which Pisano executed for the great campanile.

Francesco Talenti

Simone di Francesco Talenti
Pisano was replaced in his turn by Francesco Talenti who built the top three levels, with the large windows, completing the bell tower in 1359.
In the 1350s he completed the two middle storeys of Giotto's Campanile, and two doorways, the Porta dei Cornacchini and the Porta del Campanile, respectively in the north and south sides of the Florentine Duomo.

Donatello

Donato di Niccolò di Betto Bardi(DonatelloAr
Between 1415 and 1426, Donatello created five statues for the campanile of Santa Maria del Fiore in Florence, also known as the Duomo.

Bell tower

belfrycampaniletower
Giotto's Campanile (, also, ) is a free-standing campanile that is part of the complex of buildings that make up Florence Cathedral on the Piazza del Duomo in Florence, Italy.

Basilica

basilicasminor basilicabasilican
Standing adjacent to the Basilica of Santa Maria del Fiore and the Baptistry of St. John, the tower is one of the showpieces of Florentine Gothic architecture with its design by Giotto, its rich sculptural decorations and its polychrome marble encrustations.

Gothic architecture

GothicGothic styleLate Gothic
Standing adjacent to the Basilica of Santa Maria del Fiore and the Baptistry of St. John, the tower is one of the showpieces of Florentine Gothic architecture with its design by Giotto, its rich sculptural decorations and its polychrome marble encrustations.

Polychrome

polychromaticpolychromypainted
Standing adjacent to the Basilica of Santa Maria del Fiore and the Baptistry of St. John, the tower is one of the showpieces of Florentine Gothic architecture with its design by Giotto, its rich sculptural decorations and its polychrome marble encrustations.

Buttress

buttressesbuttressedunbuttressed
It is 84.7 metres (277.9 ft) tall and has polygonal buttresses at each corner.

Arnolfo di Cambio

Arnolfo di Lapo
On the death in 1302 of Arnolfo di Cambio, the first Master of the Works of the Cathedral, and after an interruption of more than thirty years, the celebrated painter Giotto di Bondone was nominated as his successor in 1334.

Chiaroscuro

clair-obscurchiaroscuristchiaroscuro drawing
In his design he also applied chiaroscuro and some form of perspective instead of a strict linear drawing of the campanile.

Filigree

filigreedfilagreefiligrana
And instead of a filigree skeleton of a gothic building, he applied a surface of coloured marble in geometric patterns.

Carrara

Marina di CarraraCarrara, ItalyAvenza
When he died in 1337, he had only finished the lower floor with its marble external revetment: geometric patterns of white marble from Carrara, green marble from Prato and red marble from Siena.

Prato

Prato, ItalySavignano di PratoFigline di Prato
When he died in 1337, he had only finished the lower floor with its marble external revetment: geometric patterns of white marble from Carrara, green marble from Prato and red marble from Siena.

Siena

SieneseSiena, ItalySiennese
When he died in 1337, he had only finished the lower floor with its marble external revetment: geometric patterns of white marble from Carrara, green marble from Prato and red marble from Siena.

Relief

bas-reliefbas reliefbas-reliefs
This lower floor is decorated on three sides with bas-reliefs in hexagonal panels, seven on each side.

Luca della Robbia

Della RobbiaLuca Della RobiaLucca della Robbia
When the entrance door was enlarged in 1348, two panels were moved to the empty northern side and only much later, five more panels were commissioned from Luca della Robbia in 1437.

Filippo Brunelleschi

Brunelleschibrunelleschian
Through this work, Giotto has become, together with Brunelleschi (dome of the cathedral of Florence) and Alberti (with his treatise De re aedificatoria, 1450), one of the founding fathers of Italian Renaissance architecture.

Leon Battista Alberti

AlbertiLeone Battista AlbertiAlbertian
Through this work, Giotto has become, together with Brunelleschi (dome of the cathedral of Florence) and Alberti (with his treatise De re aedificatoria, 1450), one of the founding fathers of Italian Renaissance architecture.

Black Death

plagueBlack PlagueGreat Plague
Construction came to a halt in 1348, year of the disastrous Black Death.