Giovanni Battista Vaccarini

Gian Battista VaccariniGiovan Battista Vaccarini
Giovanni Battista Vaccarini (3 February 1702 – 11 March 1768) was an Italian architect, notable for his work in the Sicilian Baroque style in his homeland during the period of massive rebuilding following the earthquake of 1693.wikipedia
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Catania

Catania, ItalyCatanaCatania, Sicily
Many of his principal works can be found in the area in and around Catania.
The symbol of the city is u Liotru, or the Fontana dell'Elefante, assembled in 1736 by Giovanni Battista Vaccarini.

Sicilian Baroque

Baroquearchitecturecomplete rebuilding on new plans
Giovanni Battista Vaccarini (3 February 1702 – 11 March 1768) was an Italian architect, notable for his work in the Sicilian Baroque style in his homeland during the period of massive rebuilding following the earthquake of 1693.
Giovanni Battista Vaccarini was the leading Sicilian architect during this period.

Palazzo degli Elefanti

Palace of the Elephants
The ground floor of the Palazzo degli Elefanti in Catania (already in construction when Vaccarini came to the project) shows the decorated rustication in a 16th-century Sicilian fashion.
The eastern, southern, and western façades were however designed at a later stage by Giovan Battista Vaccarini, while the northern one was by Carmelo Battaglia.

Italians

ItalianItalian peopleItalian descent
Giovanni Battista Vaccarini (3 February 1702 – 11 March 1768) was an Italian architect, notable for his work in the Sicilian Baroque style in his homeland during the period of massive rebuilding following the earthquake of 1693.

Architect

architectsarchitectural firmmaster builder
Giovanni Battista Vaccarini (3 February 1702 – 11 March 1768) was an Italian architect, notable for his work in the Sicilian Baroque style in his homeland during the period of massive rebuilding following the earthquake of 1693.

1693 Sicily earthquake

earthquake of 16931693earthquake in 1693
Giovanni Battista Vaccarini (3 February 1702 – 11 March 1768) was an Italian architect, notable for his work in the Sicilian Baroque style in his homeland during the period of massive rebuilding following the earthquake of 1693.

Palermo

Palermo, SicilyPalermo, ItalyPanormus
Vaccarini was born in Palermo.

Rome

Rome, ItalyRomanRoma
During the 1720s, he studied architecture in Rome, with the support of Cardinal Pietro Ottoboni, the great patron of Corelli.

Pope Alexander VIII

Alexander VIIIPietro OttoboniPietro Vito Ottoboni
During the 1720s, he studied architecture in Rome, with the support of Cardinal Pietro Ottoboni, the great patron of Corelli.

Arcangelo Corelli

CorelliCorelli schoolCORELLI, ARCANGELO
During the 1720s, he studied architecture in Rome, with the support of Cardinal Pietro Ottoboni, the great patron of Corelli.

Francesco Borromini

BorrominiBorrominesqueBorromininesque
Vaccarini was mostly interested on combining the styles of Borromini and Bernini.

Gian Lorenzo Bernini

BerniniGianlorenzo BerniniGiovanni Lorenzo Bernini
Vaccarini was mostly interested on combining the styles of Borromini and Bernini.

Giovan Antonio de' Rossi

Giovanni Antonio De Rossi
This was an eclectic fusion of architectural principles that was common at the end of the 17th century, producing such notable buildings as Giovan Antonio de' Rossi's Palazzo Altieri, and Palazzo Asti-Bonaparte.

Palazzo Altieri

Altierifamily's palazzo
This was an eclectic fusion of architectural principles that was common at the end of the 17th century, producing such notable buildings as Giovan Antonio de' Rossi's Palazzo Altieri, and Palazzo Asti-Bonaparte.

Alessandro Specchi

His work seems then to have been influenced by the school of architecture of Alessandro Specchi, Francesco de Sanctis and Filippo Raguzzini, who tended to reject the classicising of buildings in favour of a much more flamboyant style.

Francesco de Sanctis (architect)

Francesco de Sanctis
His work seems then to have been influenced by the school of architecture of Alessandro Specchi, Francesco de Sanctis and Filippo Raguzzini, who tended to reject the classicising of buildings in favour of a much more flamboyant style.

Filippo Raguzzini

His work seems then to have been influenced by the school of architecture of Alessandro Specchi, Francesco de Sanctis and Filippo Raguzzini, who tended to reject the classicising of buildings in favour of a much more flamboyant style.

Piano nobile

noble floorbel étagebeletage
Both Specchi and de Sanctis were closely involved with the design of grand exterior staircases, common to Italian buildings with a second-story piano nobile, and the climate completely negating the requirement for an internal entrance hall on the ground floor in order to provide quick easy access.

Spanish Steps

Piazza di SpagnaPiazza Trinità dei Monti
De Sanctis had taken this feature one step further in 1723 with his design for the Spanish steps in Rome.

Rustication (architecture)

rusticatedrusticationrusticated ashlar
The ground floor of the Palazzo degli Elefanti in Catania (already in construction when Vaccarini came to the project) shows the decorated rustication in a 16th-century Sicilian fashion.

Cornice

cornicescornice returnscornice return
The ground floor pilasters continue but unrusticated, the cornice they support is entirely in accordance with Roman contemporary design, as are the windows.

Obelisk

obelisksEgyptian obeliskobelisk erecting experiments
In front of this building, Vaccarini designed a fountain, consisting in an obelisk upon the back of the elephant u Liotru (symbol of Catania), inspiring to the Hypnerotomachia Poliphili.

Hypnerotomachia Poliphili

HypnerotomachiaHypnerotomachia PolifiliHypnerotomachia Poliphilii
In front of this building, Vaccarini designed a fountain, consisting in an obelisk upon the back of the elephant u Liotru (symbol of Catania), inspiring to the Hypnerotomachia Poliphili.

Anthony Blunt

Blunt, AnthonyAnthony Frederick BluntBlunt Anthony
According to Professor Anthony Blunt, the cathedral was not one of Vaccarini's successes.

Renaissance

the RenaissanceEarly RenaissanceEuropean Renaissance
As a church architect, Vaccarini introduced into Sicily the church plans of the Renaissance which had passed Sicily by.