Giovanni di Cosimo de' Medici

Giovanni by Mino da Fiesole

Italian banker and patron of arts.

- Giovanni di Cosimo de' Medici

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Cosimo de' Medici

Italian banker and politician who established the Medici family as effective rulers of Florence during much of the Italian Renaissance.

Portrait by Bronzino
The late medieval mark of the Medici Bank (Banco Medici), used for the authentication of documents. Florence, Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale, Ms. Panciatichi 71, fol. 1r.
A 16th-century portrait of Contessina de' Bardi, Cosimo's wife, attributed to Cristofano dell'Altissimo.
Cosimo goes into exile, Palazzo Vecchio.
Portrait by Jacopo Pontormo; the laurel branch (il Broncone) was a symbol used also by his heirs
The floor tomb of Cosimo de' Medici in the Basilica of San Lorenzo, Florence
Donatello's David, a Medici commission.
Cosimo Pater patriae, Uffizi Gallery, Florence.

1416) and Giovanni de' Medici (b.

Leon Battista Alberti

Italian Renaissance humanist author, artist, architect, poet, priest, linguist, philosopher, and cryptographer; he epitomised the nature of those identified now as polymaths.

Presumed self-portrait of Leon Battista Alberti
A portrait of Alberti by Filippino Lippi is thought to exist in the Brancacci Chapel, as part of Lippi's completion of the Masaccio painting, the Raising of the Son of Theophilus and St. Peter Enthroned
Palazzo Rucellai
English title page of the first edition of Giacomo Leoni's translation of Alberti's De Re Aedificatoria (1452) - the book is bilingual, with the Italian version being printed on the left and the English version printed on the right
Piazza Pio II in Pienza, looking toward the Palazzo Piccolomini
Detail of the facade of Tempio Malatestiano
The upper storey of Santa Maria Novella
One of the giant scrolls at Santa Maria Novella
A window of the Rucellai Palace

This hilltop dwelling, commissioned by Giovanni de' Medici, Cosimo il Vecchio's second son, with its view over the city, may be the very first example of a Renaissance villa: that is to say it follows the Albertian criteria for rendering a country dwelling a "villa suburbana".

Piero di Cosimo de' Medici

The de facto ruler of Florence from 1464 to 1469, during the Italian Renaissance.

Portrait of Piero by Bronzino.
The augmented coat of arms granted to Piero by Louis XI in 1465, replacing one of the seven "balls" or palle of the family arms by a somewhat larger ball showing the arms of France.
The earliest dated Renaissance portrait bust, 1453, by Mino da Fiesole

He died in 1469 as a result of gout and lung disease and is buried in the Church of San Lorenzo, next to his brother Giovanni.


Italian architect and sculptor.

Fra Angelico's "Deposition"
The facade of Palazzo Medici in Florence.
The courtyard of Palazzo Medici Riccardi.
San Marco in Florence
Cloister of San Marco in Florence

For Giovanni de' Medici, Cosimo's son, he also built a very large villa at Fiesole.

San Lorenzo, Florence

One of the largest churches of Florence, Italy, situated at the centre of the city’s main market district, and the burial place of all the principal members of the Medici family from Cosimo il Vecchio to Cosimo III.

Interior looking towards the high altar.
The interior columns
The balcony in the basilica
Michelangelo's model
The cruciform basilica with the vast domed apsidal Medici Chapel; in the cloister is the Laurentian Library.
Glory of Florentine Saints on the interior of the dome
Rosso Fiorentino, Marriage of the Virgin.

Giovanni di Cosimo de' Medici (Sagrestia Vecchia)

Contessina de' Bardi

Italian noblewoman from the House of Bardi.

Cristofano dell'Altissimo, posthumous portrait of Contessina de' Bardi

Together the couple had two sons: Piero the Gouty and Giovanni de' Medici.

Sagrestia Vecchia

Older of two sacristies of the Basilica of San Lorenzo in Florence, Italy.


Set along one of the walls is the porphyry and bronze sarcophagus of Giovanni and Piero de' Medici by Verrocchio.

Adoration of the Magi (Botticelli, 1475)

Painting by the Italian Renaissance master Sandro Botticelli.

Detail of the Adoration of the Magi, self portrait of Botticelli.

Vasari goes on to write that the Magus in the middle represents Giuliano de’ Medici (1453-1478), and that the last Magus is Giovanni di Cosimo de' Medici, the son of Cosimo de’ Medici.

Lamentatio sanctae matris ecclesiae Constantinopolitanae

Motet by the Renaissance composer Guillaume Dufay.

The first page from the manuscript of J. S. Bach's Baroque music era motet, entitled Der Geist hilft unser Schwachheit auf (BWV226)

The motet probably belongs to a series of four Lamentations for the fall of Constantinople composed by Dufay and mentioned for the first time in one of his letters addressed to Piero and Giovanni de' Medici.

Lucrezia Tornabuoni

Influential Italian political adviser and author during the 15th century.

Portrait of Lucrezia Tornabuoni by Domenico Ghirlandaio, c. 1475, at the National Gallery of Art in Washington, D.C.
Triumph of Fame desco da parto by Giovanni di ser Giovanni Guidi was presented to Lucrezia upon the birth of her first son, Lorenzo de' Medici.
Madonna of the Magnificat shows Lucrezia Tornabuoni as the Madonna surrounded by her children, who hold a book and pot of ink.
The Visitation in the Tornabuoni Chapel by Domenico Ghirlandaio, the woman at far right is thought to be Lucrezia Around 1475, her brother Giovanni commissioned the portrait, which is now in the National Gallery of Art in Washington, D.C.

She also became a good friend of her brother-in-law Giovanni.