Girolamo Savonarola

SavonarolaGerolamo SavonarolaJerome Savonarola
Girolamo Savonarola (, ; 21 September 1452 – 23 May 1498) was an Italian Dominican friar from Ferrara and preacher active in Renaissance Florence.wikipedia
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Bonfire of the vanities

Bonfires of the VanitiesBonfires of the vanities, 1492–97fed to the flames
He disobeyed and further defied the pope by preaching under a ban, highlighting his campaign for reform with processions, bonfires of the vanities, and pious theatricals.
The phrase usually refers to the bonfire of 7 February 1497, when supporters of Dominican friar Girolamo Savonarola collected and burned thousands of objects such as cosmetics, art, and books in Florence, Italy on the Shrove Tuesday festival.


Protestant Reformationthe ReformationProtestant
Some Protestants consider Savonarola to be a vital precursor of the Reformation.
Movements had been made towards a Reformation prior to Luther, so some Protestants in the tradition of the Radical Reformation prefer to credit the start of the Reformation to reformers such as Arnold of Brescia, Peter Waldo, Jan Hus, Tomáš Štítný ze Štítného, John Wycliffe, and Girolamo Savonarola.


ProtestantProtestantsProtestant church
Some Protestants consider Savonarola to be a vital precursor of the Reformation.
Starting in 1475, an Italian Dominican friar Girolamo Savonarola was calling for a Christian renewal.

Pope Alexander VI

Alexander VIRodrigo BorgiaRodrigo Borgia, Pope Alexander VI
In 1495 when Florence refused to join Pope Alexander VI's Holy League against the French, the Vatican summoned Savonarola to Rome.
Opponents, such as the powerful demagogic Florentine friar Girolamo Savonarola, launched invectives against papal corruption and appealed for a general council to confront the papal abuses.

History of Florence

FlorenceRenaissance FlorenceFlorentine
Girolamo Savonarola (, ; 21 September 1452 – 23 May 1498) was an Italian Dominican friar from Ferrara and preacher active in Renaissance Florence.
Anti-Medici sentiment was much influenced by the teachings of the radical Dominican prior Girolamo Savonarola.

Giovanni Pico della Mirandola

Pico della MirandolaGiovanni PicoPico
It seems that this was due to the initiative of the humanist philosopher-prince, Giovanni Pico della Mirandola, who had heard Savonarola in a formal disputation in Reggio Emilia and been impressed with his learning and piety.
trip to Florence, he met Angelo Poliziano, the courtly poet Girolamo Benivieni, and probably the young Dominican friar Girolamo Savonarola.

Girolamo Benivieni

He and his close friend, the humanist poet Girolamo Benivieni, composed lauds and other devotional songs for the Carnival processions of 1496, 1497 and 1498, replacing the bawdy Carnival songs of the era of Lorenzo de' Medici.
In the late 1480s, he and Pico della Mirandola became students of Dominican friar Girolamo Savonarola (1452–1498).


Ferrara, ItalyFerraresePontelagoscuro
Girolamo Savonarola (, ; 21 September 1452 – 23 May 1498) was an Italian Dominican friar from Ferrara and preacher active in Renaissance Florence.
Ferrara gave birth to Girolamo Savonarola, the famous medieval Dominican priest and leader of Florence from 1494 until his execution in 1498.

Trial by ordeal

ordealordeal by firetrial by fire
A trial by fire proposed by a rival Florentine preacher in April 1498 to test Savonarola's divine mandate turned into a fiasco, and popular opinion turned against him.
In 1498, Dominican friar Girolamo Savonarola, the leader of a reform movement in Florence who claimed apocalyptic prophetic visions, attempted to prove the divine sanction of his mission by undergoing a trial by fire.

House of Medici

MediciMedici familyMedicis
While Savonarola intervened with the French king, the Florentines expelled the ruling Medicis and, at the friar's urging, established a "popular" republic.
After Lorenzo's death, the puritanical Dominican friar Girolamo Savonarola rose to prominence, warning Florentines against excessive luxury.

Infelix ego

Infelix ego ("Alas, wretch that I am") is a Latin meditation on the Miserere, Psalm 51 (Psalm 50 in Septuagint numbering), composed in prison by Girolamo Savonarola by 8 May 1498, after he was tortured on the rack, and two weeks before he was burned at the stake in the Piazza della Signoria in Florence on 23 May 1498.

Piero the Unfortunate

Piero di Lorenzo de' MediciPieroPiero de' Medici
As the populace took to the streets to expel Piero the Unfortunate, Lorenzo de' Medici's son and successor, Savonarola led a delegation to the camp of the French king in mid-November 1494.
Piero attempted to mount a resistance, but received little support from members of Florentine elites who had fallen under the influence of the fanatical Dominican priest Girolamo Savonarola; even his cousins defected to Charles's side.

Pasquale Villari

P. Villari
This somewhat anachronistic image, fortified by much new scholarship, informed the major new biography by Pasquale Villari, who regarded Savonarola's preaching against Medici despotism as the model for the Italian struggle for liberty and national unification.
There he devoted himself to teaching and historical research in the public libraries with the object of collecting new materials on Girolamo Savonarola.


same name
Girolamo Savonarola preaches to Florentines about ridding the Church and the city of scourge and corruption, and drums up support for the new republican government.

Psalm 51

MisererePsalm 5051
In his prison cell in the tower of the government palace he composed meditations on Psalms 51 and 31.
The extended polyphonic setting by Josquin des Prez, probably written in 1503/1504 in Ferrara, was likely inspired by the prison meditation Infelix ego by Girolamo Savonarola, who had been burned at the stake just five years before.

Fiorenza (play)

FiorenzaFiorenza'' (play)
It features the eloquent preacher Girolamo Savonarola.

Niccolò Machiavelli

MachiavelliMachiavellianNiccolo Machiavelli
Discussed in Chapter VI of Niccolò Machiavelli's book The Prince ("Concerning New Principalities Which Are Acquired by One's Own Arms and Ability"), Fra Girolamo Savonarola was seen by Machiavelli as an incompetent, ill-prepared and "unarmed" prophet, unlike "Moses, Cyrus, Theseus, and Romulus".
The historical novel The City of Man (2009) by author Michael Harrington fully portrays the complex personalities of the two main characters—Girolamo Savonarola and a formative Niccolò Machiavelli—in opposition during the turbulent last decade of 15th century Florence.

Vincenzo Bandello

Vincenzo BandelliVincenzo Bandelli, or Bandello
One explanation is that he had alienated certain of his superiors, particularly fra Vincenzo Bandelli, or Bandello, a professor at the studium and future master general of the Dominicans, who resented the young friar's opposition to modifying the Order's rules against the ownership of property.
He discouraged the cult of Girolamo Savonarola (a former pupil), though he did not suppress the Congregation of San Marco founded by Savonarola.

Lent (novel)

Lent is a 2019 fantasy novel by Jo Walton, about Girolamo Savonarola.

The Rule of Four

But a fanatical priest, one Girolamo Savonarola, sees the exact opposite; in his mind Florence was gradually turning into a free-thinking city, with its people starting to forget God and worshipping knowledge.

Fra Bartolomeo

Fra BartolommeoBartolomeo della PortaBaccio della Porta
He trained with Cosimo Roselli and in the 1490s fell under the influence of Savonarola, which led him to become a Dominican friar in 1500, renouncing painting for several years.

The Borgias (2011 TV series)

The BorgiasThe Borgias'' (2011 TV series)Showtime series
The show also addressed Lucrezia's first and second marriage, her illegitimate child, the affair between Alexander VI and Giulia "La Bella" Farnese, the rise of Girolamo Savonarola in Florence, his Bonfire of the Vanities and eventual burning for heresy.


FlorentineFlorence, ItalyFirenze
During this period, the Dominican friar Girolamo Savonarola had become prior of the San Marco monastery in 1490.

The Birth of Venus (novel)

The Birth of VenusThe Birth of Venus'' (novel)
The painter is brought to her home by her father, a rich textile merchant whose business would be negatively affected by the rise of Girolamo Savonarola in Florence over the next few years.

George Eliot

Mary Ann EvansEliotMary Anne Evans
Romola, an historical novel set in late fifteenth century Florence, was based on the life of the Italian priest Girolamo Savonarola.