Gladstonian liberalism

Gladstonian liberalGladstonianGladstonian LiberalsBritish liberal traditionGladstone Liberals
Gladstonian liberalism is a political doctrine named after the British Victorian Prime Minister and leader of the Liberal Party, William Ewart Gladstone.wikipedia
91 Related Articles

William Ewart Gladstone

GladstoneWilliam GladstoneW. E. Gladstone
Gladstonian liberalism is a political doctrine named after the British Victorian Prime Minister and leader of the Liberal Party, William Ewart Gladstone.
Gladstone's own political doctrine—which emphasised equality of opportunity, free trade, and laissez-faire economic policies—came to be known as Gladstonian liberalism.

Philip Snowden, 1st Viscount Snowden

Philip SnowdenLord SnowdenSnowden
The first Labour Chancellor of the Exchequer, Philip Snowden, had Gladstonian economic views.
His father John Snowden had been a weaver and a supporter of Chartism, and later a Gladstonian liberal.

Liberal Party (UK)

LiberalLiberal PartyLiberals
Gladstonian liberalism is a political doctrine named after the British Victorian Prime Minister and leader of the Liberal Party, William Ewart Gladstone.
During the 19th century, the Liberal Party was broadly in favour of what would today be called classical liberalism, supporting laissez-faire economic policies such as free trade and minimal government interference in the economy (this doctrine was usually termed Gladstonian liberalism after the Victorian era Liberal prime minister William Ewart Gladstone).

Thatcherism

ThatcheriteThatcheritesThatcher
It is referred to as laissez-faire or classical liberalism in the United Kingdom and is often compared to Thatcherism.

Elementary Education Act 1870

Education Act 18701870 Education ActEducation Act
The Education Act of 1870 made universal schooling a major national policy.
The state (Gladstonian Liberalism) became increasingly involved and further acts in 1876 ("the Sandon Act", which gave parents a legal obligation to ensure that their children were educated) and 1880 ("the Mundella Act") made attendance compulsory for children until they were 10 years old, with various exemptions.

United Kingdom

BritishUKBritain
Gladstonian liberalism is a political doctrine named after the British Victorian Prime Minister and leader of the Liberal Party, William Ewart Gladstone.

Victorian era

VictorianVictorian-eraVictorian period
Gladstonian liberalism is a political doctrine named after the British Victorian Prime Minister and leader of the Liberal Party, William Ewart Gladstone.

Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

Prime MinisterBritish Prime MinisterPrime Minister of Great Britain
Gladstonian liberalism is a political doctrine named after the British Victorian Prime Minister and leader of the Liberal Party, William Ewart Gladstone.

Free trade

trade liberalizationfree-tradetrade liberalisation
Gladstonian liberalism also emphasised free trade, little government intervention in the economy and equality of opportunity through institutional reform.

Equal opportunity

equal opportunitiesequality of opportunityequality
Gladstonian liberalism also emphasised free trade, little government intervention in the economy and equality of opportunity through institutional reform.

Laissez-faire

laissez fairelaissez-faire capitalismlaissez-faire economics
It is referred to as laissez-faire or classical liberalism in the United Kingdom and is often compared to Thatcherism.

Classical liberalism

classical liberalliberalclassical liberals
It is referred to as laissez-faire or classical liberalism in the United Kingdom and is often compared to Thatcherism.

John Vincent (historian)

John VincentVincent, John Russell
Gladstonian financial rectitude had a partial lasting impact on British politics and the historian John Vincent contends that under Lord Salisbury's premiership he "left Britain's low tax, low cost, low growth economy, with its Gladstonian finance and its free trade dogmas, and no conscript army, exactly as he had found it...Salisbury reigned, but Gladstone ruled".

Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury

Lord SalisburyThe Marquess of SalisburyMarquess of Salisbury
Gladstonian financial rectitude had a partial lasting impact on British politics and the historian John Vincent contends that under Lord Salisbury's premiership he "left Britain's low tax, low cost, low growth economy, with its Gladstonian finance and its free trade dogmas, and no conscript army, exactly as he had found it...Salisbury reigned, but Gladstone ruled".

Social liberalism

social liberalsocial-liberalliberal
However, in the early 20th-century the Liberal Party began to move away from Gladstonian liberalism and instead developed new policies based on social liberalism (or what Gladstone called "constructionism").

Old-Age Pensions Act 1908

Old Age Pensions Act 1908Old Age PensionsOld-Age Pensions Act of 1908
The Liberal government of 1906–1914 is noted for its social reforms and these included old age pensions and National Insurance.

National Insurance Act 1911

National Insurance ActNational InsuranceNational Insurance Act of 1911
The Liberal government of 1906–1914 is noted for its social reforms and these included old age pensions and National Insurance.

David Lloyd George

Lloyd GeorgeRt Hon David Lloyd GeorgeDavid Lloyd George, 1st Earl Lloyd-George of Dwyfor
Taxation and public expenditure was also increased and New Liberal ideas led to David Lloyd George's People's Budget of 1909–1910.

People's Budget

People’s Budgetbudget1909 budget
Taxation and public expenditure was also increased and New Liberal ideas led to David Lloyd George's People's Budget of 1909–1910.

Labour Party (UK)

Labour PartyLabourBritish Labour Party
The first Labour Chancellor of the Exchequer, Philip Snowden, had Gladstonian economic views.

Chancellor of the Exchequer

ChancellorSecond Lord of the TreasuryChancellors of the Exchequer
The first Labour Chancellor of the Exchequer, Philip Snowden, had Gladstonian economic views.

Government budget

budgetstate budgetnational budget
This was demonstrated in his first Budget in 1924 as government expenditure was curtailed, taxes were lowered and duties on tea, coffee, cocoa and sugar were reduced.

Duty (economics)

dutiesdutycustoms duties
This was demonstrated in his first Budget in 1924 as government expenditure was curtailed, taxes were lowered and duties on tea, coffee, cocoa and sugar were reduced.

A. J. P. Taylor

A.J.P. TaylorAJP TaylorTaylor, A.J.P.
Historian A. J. P. Taylor remarked that this budget "would have delighted the heart of Gladstone".

Ernest Bevin

Bevin[Ernest] BevinBevin Avenue
Ernest Bevin remarked on becoming Minister of Labour in 1940: "They say that Gladstone was at the Treasury from 1860 to 1930".