Glucoside

glucosidesglucopyranosideglucosylatedC-glucosideaesculinbeta-D-glucosidediglucosideglucopyranosidesglucosidalglycosidic
A glucoside is a glycoside that is derived from glucose.wikipedia
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Glycoside

glycosidescyanogenic glycosidescyanogenic glycoside
A glucoside is a glycoside that is derived from glucose.
If the glycone group of a glycoside is glucose, then the molecule is a glucoside; if it is fructose, then the molecule is a fructoside; if it is glucuronic acid, then the molecule is a glucuronide; etc. In the body, toxic substances are often bonded to glucuronic acid to increase their water solubility; the resulting glucuronides are then excreted.

Sinigrin

myrosinallyl glucosinolate (sinigrin)
The name was originally given to plant products of this nature, in which the other part of the molecule was, in the greater number of cases, an aromatic aldehydic or phenolic compound (exceptions are sinigrin and jalapin or scammonin).
Sinigrin is a glucosinolate that belongs to the family of glucosides found in some plants of the family Brassicaceae such as Brussels sprouts, broccoli, and the seeds of black mustard (Brassica nigra).

Populin

Populin, which occurs in the leaves and bark of Populus tremula, is benzoyl salicin.
Populin is a glucoside occurring in the bark, buds and leaves of certain species of poplar.

Salicin

Pharmacologically it acts as a urinary antiseptic and diuretic; Salicin, also termed saligenin and glucose occurs in the willow.
Salicin is an alcoholic β-glucoside.

Polyphenol

polyphenolsphenolicphenolics
There are a number of glucosides found in natural phenols and polyphenols, as, for example, in the flavonoids chemical family.

Coniferin

C16H22O8
Coniferin, C 16 H 22 O 8, occurs in the cambium of conifer wood.
Coniferin is a glucoside of coniferyl alcohol.

Vanillin

artificial vanillavanillavanilla flavour
Emulsin converts it into glucose and coniferyl alcohol, while oxidation gives glycovanillin, which yields with emulsin, glucose and vanillin.
In 1874, the German scientists Ferdinand Tiemann and Wilhelm Haarmann deduced its chemical structure, at the same time finding a synthesis for vanillin from coniferin, a glucoside of isoeugenol found in pine bark.

Aesculin

esculin
Aesculin, also called æsculin or esculin, is a coumarin glucoside that naturally occurs in the trees horse chestnut (Aesculus hippocastanum), California buckeye (Aesculus californica), prickly box (Bursaria spinosa), and daphnin (the dark green resin of Daphne mezereum).

Benzoyl-beta-D-glucoside

Benzoyl-β- D -glucosideBenzoyl-''beta''- D -glucoside
Benzoyl-beta-D-glucoside is a compound found in Pteris ensiformis.
Benzoyl-beta--glucoside is a benzoyl glucoside, a natural substance that can be found in Pteris ensiformis.

Helicin

Oxidation gives the aldehyde helicin.
Helicin is the O-glucoside of salicylaldehyde.

Coniferyl alcohol

coniferol(C 10 H 12 O 3 ) ''n'' guaiacyl
Emulsin converts it into glucose and coniferyl alcohol, while oxidation gives glycovanillin, which yields with emulsin, glucose and vanillin.
Coniferin is a glucoside of coniferyl alcohol.

Phloroglucinol

phloroglucin1,3,5-trihydroxybenzenecyclohexane-1,3,5-trione
It is related to the pentosides naringin, C 27 H 32 O 14, which hydrolyses to rhamnose and naringenin, the phioroglucin ester of para-oxycinnamic acid, and hesperidin, which hydrolyses to rhamnose and hesperetin, the phloroglucin ester of meta-oxy-para-methoxycinnamic acid or isoferulic acid, C 10 H 10 O 4.
Additionally, the compound can be similarly prepared from glucosides, plant extracts and resins such as quercetin, catechin and phlobaphenes.

Arbutin

Arbutin, which occurs in bearberry along with methyl arbutin, hydrolyses to hydroquinone and glucose.
Arbutin is glucosylated hydroquinone, and may carry similar cancer risks, although there are also claims that arbutin reduces cancer risk.

Aesculus hippocastanum

horse chestnuthorse-chestnuthorse chestnuts
The seeds, especially those that are young and fresh, are slightly poisonous, containing alkaloid saponins and glucosides.

Fraxin

Fraxin is a glucoside of fraxetin.

Syringin

Eleutheroside B
Syringin, which occurs in the bark of Syringa vulgaris, is a methoxyconiferin.
Chemically, it is the glucoside of sinapyl alcohol.

Glucose

dextroseD-glucose D -glucose
A glucoside is a glycoside that is derived from glucose.

Hydrolysis

hydrolyzedhydrolysehydrolyze
Glucose is produced when a glucoside is hydrolysed by purely chemical means, or decomposed by fermentation or enzymes.

Fermentation

fermentedfermentfermenting
Glucose is produced when a glucoside is hydrolysed by purely chemical means, or decomposed by fermentation or enzymes.

Enzyme

enzymologyenzymesenzymatic
Glucose is produced when a glucoside is hydrolysed by purely chemical means, or decomposed by fermentation or enzymes.

Molecule

molecularmoleculesmolecular structure
The name was originally given to plant products of this nature, in which the other part of the molecule was, in the greater number of cases, an aromatic aldehydic or phenolic compound (exceptions are sinigrin and jalapin or scammonin).

Naturally occurring phenols

natural phenolphenolicphenol
The name was originally given to plant products of this nature, in which the other part of the molecule was, in the greater number of cases, an aromatic aldehydic or phenolic compound (exceptions are sinigrin and jalapin or scammonin). There are a number of glucosides found in natural phenols and polyphenols, as, for example, in the flavonoids chemical family.

Scammonin I

jalapinscammonin
The name was originally given to plant products of this nature, in which the other part of the molecule was, in the greater number of cases, an aromatic aldehydic or phenolic compound (exceptions are sinigrin and jalapin or scammonin).