Gluten-related disorders

gluten intolerancegluten-sensitive enteropathygluten sensitivitytriggered by eating glutengluten sensitive enteropathygluten-intolerantgluten-related gastrointestinal distressGSEintoleranceintolerants
Gluten-related disorders is the umbrella term for all diseases found to be triggered by gluten.wikipedia
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Gluten-sensitive enteropathy–associated conditions

Celiac disease epilepsy occipital calcificationsenteropathyGluten-sensitive enteropathy associated T-cell lymphoma
As of 2015 there were increasing reports of a wide spectrum of gluten-related disorders all around the world, including CD and NCGS, as well as gluten-sensitive enteropathy–associated conditions.
Gluten-sensitive enteropathy–associated conditions are comorbidities or complications of gluten-related gastrointestinal distress (that is, gluten-sensitive enteropathy or GSE).

Gluten

glutinouswheat glutenglutin
Gluten-related disorders is the umbrella term for all diseases found to be triggered by gluten. Coeliac disease (American English: celiac) (CD) is one of the most common chronic, immune-mediated disorders, triggered by the eating of gluten, a mixture of proteins found in wheat, barley, rye and derivatives.
In a small part of the general human population, gluten can trigger adverse autoimmune reactions responsible for a broad spectrum of gluten-related disorders, including coeliac disease, non-coeliac gluten sensitivity, gluten ataxia and dermatitis herpetiformis.

Mediterranean diet

MediterraneandietMediterranean staples
The increase may be explained by the progressive westernization of diet, the expanded reach of the Mediterranean diet (which includes a lot of foods that incorporate gluten), the growing replacement of rice by wheat in many countries, the development of new types of wheat with a higher amount of gluten peptides, and the higher content of gluten in bread and bakery products, due to the reduction of dough fermentation time.
As the Mediterranean diet usually includes products containing gluten like pasta and bread, increasing use of the diet may have contributed to the growing rate of gluten-related disorders.

Gluten-free diet

gluten-freegluten freegluten free diet
The main and more efficacious treatment for DH is following a lifelong gluten-free diet, which produces the improvement of skin and gut lesions.
Gluten causes health problems for those with gluten-related disorders, including coeliac disease (CD), non-coeliac gluten sensitivity (NCGS), gluten ataxia, dermatitis herpetiformis (DH), and wheat allergy.

Wheat allergy

Wheatallergic to wheatbaker's asthma
Gluten-related disorders include celiac disease (CD), non-celiac gluten sensitivity (NCGS), gluten ataxia, dermatitis herpetiformis (DH) and wheat allergy. Allergic: food allergy (IgE-mediated and non-IgE-mediated), wheat dependent exercise induced anaphylaxis (WDEIA), baker's asthma, contact dermatitis.
RA in GSE/CD may be secondary to tissue transglutaminase (tTG) autoimmunity.

Non-celiac gluten sensitivity

gluten sensitivitynon-coeliac gluten sensitivitygluten sensitive
Gluten-related disorders include celiac disease (CD), non-celiac gluten sensitivity (NCGS), gluten ataxia, dermatitis herpetiformis (DH) and wheat allergy.
NCGS is included in the spectrum of gluten-related disorders.

Constipation

constipatedobstipationchronic constipation
Gastrointestinal symptoms, which resemble those of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), may include any of the following: abdominal pain, bloating, bowel habit abnormalities (either diarrhea or constipation), nausea, aerophagia, gastroesophageal reflux disease, and aphthous stomatitis.

Food intolerance

intolerancefood sensitivityFood Intolerances
Furthermore, associated to gluten sensitivity, NCGS people may often present IgE-mediated allergies to one or more foods and it is estimated that around 35% of patients suffer some food intolerances, mainly lactose intolerance.
Gluten-sensitive enteropathy

Umbrella

parasolparasolsumbrellas
Gluten-related disorders is the umbrella term for all diseases found to be triggered by gluten.

Dermatitis herpetiformis

Duhring's diseaseskin condition
Gluten-related disorders include celiac disease (CD), non-celiac gluten sensitivity (NCGS), gluten ataxia, dermatitis herpetiformis (DH) and wheat allergy. Autoimmune disorders: celiac disease, dermatitis herpetiformis, gluten ataxia

Synonym

syn.synonymssynonymous
"Gluten intolerance" and "gluten sensitivity" are sometimes used as synonyms for gluten-related disorders, though a multi-disciplinary physician-led study, based in part on the 2011 International Coeliac Disease Symposium, concluded that the use of these terms should be avoided due to a lack of specificity.

Dough

Unleavened doughYeast doughaiysh
Gluten, named from the Latin gluten meaning glue, is a substance that gives elasticity to dough helping it to rise and to keep its shape.

Staple food

staplestaplesstaple crop
It is found in many staple foods in the Western diet.

Western pattern diet

Western dietstandard American dietWestern diets
The increase may be explained by the progressive westernization of diet, the expanded reach of the Mediterranean diet (which includes a lot of foods that incorporate gluten), the growing replacement of rice by wheat in many countries, the development of new types of wheat with a higher amount of gluten peptides, and the higher content of gluten in bread and bakery products, due to the reduction of dough fermentation time. It is found in many staple foods in the Western diet.

Fermentation

fermentedfermentfermenting
The increase may be explained by the progressive westernization of diet, the expanded reach of the Mediterranean diet (which includes a lot of foods that incorporate gluten), the growing replacement of rice by wheat in many countries, the development of new types of wheat with a higher amount of gluten peptides, and the higher content of gluten in bread and bakery products, due to the reduction of dough fermentation time.

Autoimmunity

autoimmuneautoantigenauto-immune
Autoimmune disorders: celiac disease, dermatitis herpetiformis, gluten ataxia

Allergy

allergiesallergicallergic reaction
Furthermore, associated to gluten sensitivity, NCGS people may often present IgE-mediated allergies to one or more foods and it is estimated that around 35% of patients suffer some food intolerances, mainly lactose intolerance. Allergic: food allergy (IgE-mediated and non-IgE-mediated), wheat dependent exercise induced anaphylaxis (WDEIA), baker's asthma, contact dermatitis.

Food allergy

food allergiesfood allergensallergy
Allergic: food allergy (IgE-mediated and non-IgE-mediated), wheat dependent exercise induced anaphylaxis (WDEIA), baker's asthma, contact dermatitis.

Contact dermatitis

contact allergycontact allergiesoccupational dermatitis
Allergic: food allergy (IgE-mediated and non-IgE-mediated), wheat dependent exercise induced anaphylaxis (WDEIA), baker's asthma, contact dermatitis.

HLA-DQ1

DQ1
The population of patients with gluten ataxia and other neurological conditions appears to have a different HLA distribution, in particular more HLA-DQ1, compared to the population of typical celiac disease patients who have HLA-DQ2 and HLA-DQ8.

HLA-DQ2

DQ2DQ2.5*0202
The population of patients with gluten ataxia and other neurological conditions appears to have a different HLA distribution, in particular more HLA-DQ1, compared to the population of typical celiac disease patients who have HLA-DQ2 and HLA-DQ8.

HLA-DQ8

DQ8*0302
The population of patients with gluten ataxia and other neurological conditions appears to have a different HLA distribution, in particular more HLA-DQ1, compared to the population of typical celiac disease patients who have HLA-DQ2 and HLA-DQ8.

Coeliac disease

celiac diseasecoeliacceliac
Gluten-related disorders include celiac disease (CD), non-celiac gluten sensitivity (NCGS), gluten ataxia, dermatitis herpetiformis (DH) and wheat allergy. Autoimmune disorders: celiac disease, dermatitis herpetiformis, gluten ataxia Coeliac disease (American English: celiac) (CD) is one of the most common chronic, immune-mediated disorders, triggered by the eating of gluten, a mixture of proteins found in wheat, barley, rye and derivatives.

American and British English spelling differences

spelling differencesorsee spelling differences
Coeliac disease (American English: celiac) (CD) is one of the most common chronic, immune-mediated disorders, triggered by the eating of gluten, a mixture of proteins found in wheat, barley, rye and derivatives.

Human leukocyte antigen

HLAhuman leukocyte antigenshuman leucocyte antigen
Evidence has shown that this condition not only has an environmental component but a genetic one as well, due to strong associations of CD with the presence of HLA (Human leukocyte antigen) type II, specifically DQ2 and DQ8 alleles.