Gluten-related disorders

gluten intolerancegluten-sensitive enteropathytriggered by eating glutengluten sensitivityintolerancewheatgluten sensitive enteropathygluten-related gastrointestinal distressGSEWD-EIA
Gluten-related disorders is the umbrella term for all diseases triggered by gluten.wikipedia
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Gluten-sensitive enteropathy–associated conditions

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As of 2015 there were increasing reports of a wide spectrum of gluten-related disorders all around the world, including CD and NCGS, as well as gluten-sensitive enteropathy–associated conditions.
Gluten-sensitive enteropathy–associated conditions are comorbidities or complications of gluten-related gastrointestinal distress (that is, gluten-sensitive enteropathy or GSE).

Gluten

glutinouswheat glutenglutin
Gluten-related disorders is the umbrella term for all diseases triggered by gluten.
In a small part of the general human population, gluten can trigger adverse autoimmune reactions responsible for a broad spectrum of gluten-related disorders, including coeliac disease, non-coeliac gluten sensitivity, gluten ataxia and dermatitis herpetiformis.

Gluten-free diet

gluten-freegluten freegluten free diet
The main and more efficacious treatment for DH is following a lifelong gluten-free diet, which produces the improvement of skin and gut lesions.
Gluten causes health problems for those with gluten-related disorders, including coeliac disease (CD), non-coeliac gluten sensitivity (NCGS), gluten ataxia, dermatitis herpetiformis (DH), and wheat allergy.

Non-celiac gluten sensitivity

gluten sensitivitynon-coeliac gluten sensitivitygluten sensitive
Gluten-related disorders include celiac disease (CD), non-celiac gluten sensitivity (NCGS), gluten ataxia, dermatitis herpetiformis (DH) and wheat allergy.
NCGS is included in the spectrum of gluten-related disorders.

Mediterranean diet

MediterraneanMediterranean staplesdiet
The increase may be explained by the progressive westernization of diet, the expanded reach of the Mediterranean diet (which includes a lot of foods that incorporate gluten), the growing replacement of rice by wheat in many countries, the development of new types of wheat with a higher amount of gluten peptides, and the higher content of gluten in bread and bakery products, due to the reduction of dough fermentation time.
As the Mediterranean diet usually includes products containing gluten like pasta and bread, increasing use of the diet may have contributed to the growing rate of gluten-related disorders.

Wheat allergy

wheatwheat allergiesallergic to wheat
Gluten-related disorders include celiac disease (CD), non-celiac gluten sensitivity (NCGS), gluten ataxia, dermatitis herpetiformis (DH) and wheat allergy.
RA in GSE/CD may be secondary to tissue transglutaminase (tTG) autoimmunity.

Constipation

constipatedobstipationchronic constipation
Gastrointestinal symptoms, which resemble those of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), may include any of the following: abdominal pain, bloating, bowel habit abnormalities (either diarrhea or constipation), nausea, aerophagia, gastroesophageal reflux disease, and aphthous stomatitis.

Food intolerance

intolerancefood sensitivityfood sensitivities
Furthermore, associated to gluten sensitivity, NCGS people may often present IgE-mediated allergies to one or more foods and it is estimated that around 35% of patients suffer some food intolerances, mainly lactose intolerance.
Gluten-sensitive enteropathy

Gluten-free beer

gluten-freeGluten-free hemp beer
People who have gluten intolerance (including celiac disease and dermatitis herpetiformis sufferers) have a reaction to certain proteins in the grains commonly used to make beer, barley and wheat.

Oat sensitivity

Oats
A more complex condition affects individuals who have gluten-sensitive enteropathy in which there is also a response to avenin, the glutinous protein in oats similar to the gluten within wheat.

Gluten challenge test

rechallengegluten challenge
The test may be performed in people with suspected gluten-related disorders in very specific occasions and under medical supervision, for example in people who had started a gluten-free diet without performing duodenal biopsy.

Gift basket

fruit basketgift basketsbasket
Often these bouquets will be made to suit the recipients' needs, such as diabetic, vegan, vegetarian, gluten intolerance or wheat intolerance.

Michael Newton Marsh

In 2006, Marsh received a Distinguished Investigator Award for his work on gluten intolerance (coeliac disease), and his classification of intestinal responses, which are now internationally adopted.

Bread

breadsbreadmakingbread making
Gluten-free breads have been created for people affected by gluten-related disorders such as coeliac disease and non-coeliac gluten sensitivity, who may benefit from a gluten-free diet.

Sophie MacKenzie

MacKenzie is gluten-intolerant and for that reason, much of her food is made by herself rather than bought.

Pasta

pasta saucepastaspasta maker
To address needs of people affected by gluten-related disorders (such as coeliac disease, non-celiac gluten sensitivity and wheat allergy sufferers), some recipes use rice or maize for making pasta.

Buckwheat

buckwheat flourLargest buckwheat producerbuckwheat (''Fagopyrum esculentum'')
As buckwheat contains no gluten, it may be eaten by people with gluten-related disorders, such as celiac disease, non-celiac gluten sensitivity or dermatitis herpetiformis.

Flour

farinaceouswhite flourmeal
When gluten-free flours are free from contamination with gluten, they are suitable for people with gluten-related disorders, such as coeliac disease, non-celiac gluten sensitivity or wheat allergy sufferers, among others.

Gluten immunochemistry

innate response to gliadinImmunochemistry of glutenα2-gliadin
One study examined the effect of ω-5 gliadin, the primary cause of WD-EIA, and found increased permeability of intestinal cells.

List of diets

specialized dietsdietary restrictioncrash diet
Gluten-free diet: A diet which avoids the protein gluten, which is found in barley, rye and wheat. It is a medical treatment for gluten-related disorders, which include coeliac disease, non-celiac gluten sensitivity, gluten ataxia, dermatitis herpetiformis and wheat allergy.

Ice cream

ice-creamicecreamDairy Division
Technological innovations such as these have introduced various food additives into ice cream, the notable one being the stabilizing agent gluten, to which some people have an intolerance.

Enteropathy

enteropathiesE''nteropathy
Gluten-sensitive enteropathy (which can progress to coeliac disease)

Self-diagnosis

self-diagnosedself diagnosisself-diagnosing
One other condition that is commonly self-diagnosed is gluten intolerance.

Debora Green

Basing their conclusions on the likelihood that his illness was related to the Peru trip, doctors narrowed down the possible causes for Farrar's gastrointestinal issues to a handful, though none fitted his symptoms perfectly: typhoid fever, tropical sprue, or gluten-sensitive enteropathy.

Spelt

spelt crustT. speltaSpelt bread
Spelt contains gluten and is therefore suitable for baking, but this component also makes it unsuitable for people with gluten-related disorders, such as celiac disease, non-celiac gluten sensitivity, and wheat allergy.