Glycogenesis

glycogen synthesisGlycogen biosynthesisglycogeneticglycogenic
Glycogenesis is the process of glycogen synthesis, in which glucose molecules are added to chains of glycogen for storage.wikipedia
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Cyclic adenosine monophosphate

cAMPcyclic AMP3',5'-cyclic AMP
The latter enzyme causes the formation of cyclic AMP from ATP; two molecules of cyclic AMP bind to the regulatory subunit of protein kinase A, which activates it allowing the catalytic subunit of protein kinase A to dissociate from the assembly and to phosphorylate other proteins.

Adenosine triphosphate

ATPadenosine triphosphate (ATP)adenosine 5'-triphosphate
The latter enzyme causes the formation of cyclic AMP from ATP; two molecules of cyclic AMP bind to the regulatory subunit of protein kinase A, which activates it allowing the catalytic subunit of protein kinase A to dissociate from the assembly and to phosphorylate other proteins.

Phosphofructokinase

PFKone of the enzymesphosphofructokinase-1
5'AMP acts as an allosteric activator, whereas ATP is an inhibitor, as already seen with phosphofructokinase control, helping to change the rate of flux in response to energy demand.

Inborn errors of carbohydrate metabolism

an inborn error of carbohydrate metabolismcarbohydratesinborn error of metabolism
Glycogen storage diseases are enzyme deficiencies which impair glycogen synthesis, glycogen degradation or glycolysis.

Blood sugar regulation

glucose homeostasisblood glucose regulationblood sugar control
This hormone, insulin, causes the liver to convert more glucose into glycogen (this process is called glycogenesis), and to force about 2/3 of body cells (primarily muscle and fat tissue cells) to take up glucose from the blood through the GLUT4 transporter, thus decreasing blood sugar.

Edgar von Gierke

Edgar Otto Conrad von Gierke (9 February 1877, Breslau – 21 October 1945, Karlsruhe) was a German doctor who specialised in glycogenesis.

Protein kinase A

PKAcAMP-dependent protein kinasecyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase

Polysaccharide

polysaccharidesheteropolysaccharidecomplex carbohydrates
Glycogen is made primarily by the liver and the muscles, but can also be made by glycogenesis within the brain and stomach.

Epiestriol

16β-Epiestriol16β-Epiestriol (epiestriol)
In addition to its estrogenic actions, epiestriol has been found to possess significant anti-inflammatory properties without glycogenic activity or immunosuppressive effects, an interesting finding that is in contrast to conventional anti-inflammatory steroids like hydrocortisone (a glucocorticoid).

Uridine diphosphate

UDPuridine diphosphate sugarsUridine diphosphate (UDP)
UDP is an important factor in glycogenesis.

Human digestive system

digestive systemdigestivedigestive tract
It regulates the storage of glycogen which it can form from glucose (glycogenesis).

Glucose transporter

glucose transportersglucose transportGLUT

Diabetic diet

diabetes-friendlydiabeticdiabetic food
Alcohol inhibits glycogenesis in the liver and some drugs inhibit hunger symptoms.

Neural top–down control of physiology

Neural top down control of physiologyhigher brainhigher level control

Gluconeogenesis

gluconeogenicgluconeogenic pathwayglucogenic
After a meal, the liver shifts to glycogen synthesis, whereas the kidney increases gluconeogenesis.

Phosphofructokinase 1

phosphofructokinase-1PFK-1PFK1
Before this enzyme's reaction, glucose-6-phosphate can potentially travel down the pentose phosphate pathway, or be converted to glucose-1-phosphate for glycogenesis.

History of biology

biologyhistorybasis of life
In the 1920s and 1930s, biochemists—led by Hans Krebs and Carl and Gerty Cori—began to work out many of the central metabolic pathways of life: the citric acid cycle, glycogenesis and glycolysis, and the synthesis of steroids and porphyrins.

Epinephrine (medication)

epinephrineadrenalinepinephrin
Binding to α-adrenergic receptors inhibits insulin secretion by the pancreas, stimulates glycogenolysis in the liver and muscle, and stimulates glycolysis and inhibits insulin-mediated glycogenesis in muscle.

Human gastrointestinal microbiota

gut floragut microbiotaintestinal flora
Additionally, the liver plays a dominant role in blood glucose homeostasis by maintaining a balance between the uptake and storage of glucose through the metabolic pathways of glycogenesis and gluconeogenesis.