Glyphosate-based herbicides

glyphosate formulationglyphosate-based herbicide
Glyphosate-based herbicides are usually made of a glyphosate salt that is combined with other ingredients that are needed to stabilize the herbicide formula and allow penetration into plants.wikipedia
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Roundup (herbicide)

RoundupRoundup Ultraround-up
The glyphosate-based herbicide Roundup was first developed by Monsanto in the 1970s.
Roundup is the brand name of a systemic, broad-spectrum glyphosate-based herbicide originally produced by the U.S. company Monsanto, which was acquired by Bayer in 2018, and contains the active ingredient glyphosate.

Glyphosate

Roundupsuperweedsglyphosates
Glyphosate-based herbicides are usually made of a glyphosate salt that is combined with other ingredients that are needed to stabilize the herbicide formula and allow penetration into plants.
From the late 1970s to 2016, there was a 100-fold increase in the frequency and volume of application of glyphosate-based herbicides (GBHs) worldwide, with further increases expected in the future, partly in response to the global emergence and spread of glyphosate-resistant weeds.

Hawaii

State of HawaiiHIHawaiian Islands
In 2016, Maui residents convinced officials to switch to organic pesticides for highway applications after they found out that label requirements for glyphosate formulations were not being followed.

Maui

Maui, HawaiiIsland of MauiMaui, HI
In 2016, Maui residents convinced officials to switch to organic pesticides for highway applications after they found out that label requirements for glyphosate formulations were not being followed.

Salt (chemistry)

saltsaltspotassium salt
Glyphosate-based herbicides are usually made of a glyphosate salt that is combined with other ingredients that are needed to stabilize the herbicide formula and allow penetration into plants.

Stabilizer (chemistry)

stabilizerstabilizersstabilization
Glyphosate-based herbicides are usually made of a glyphosate salt that is combined with other ingredients that are needed to stabilize the herbicide formula and allow penetration into plants.

Herbicide

herbicidesherbicidalweed killer
Glyphosate-based herbicides are usually made of a glyphosate salt that is combined with other ingredients that are needed to stabilize the herbicide formula and allow penetration into plants.

Monsanto

Monsanto CompanyCalgeneMonsanto Industrial Chemicals Co.
The glyphosate-based herbicide Roundup was first developed by Monsanto in the 1970s.

Maize

corncorn (maize)Zea mays
It is used most heavily on corn, soy, and cotton crops that have been genetically modified to be resistant to the herbicide.

Soybean

soysoybeanssoya
It is used most heavily on corn, soy, and cotton crops that have been genetically modified to be resistant to the herbicide.

Cotton

cotton woolcotton industrycotton fiber
It is used most heavily on corn, soy, and cotton crops that have been genetically modified to be resistant to the herbicide.

Genetically modified organism

genetically modifiedgenetically modified organismsGMO
It is used most heavily on corn, soy, and cotton crops that have been genetically modified to be resistant to the herbicide.

Enlist Weed Control System

Some products include two active ingredients, such as Enlist Duo which includes 2,4-D as well as glyphosate.

2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid

2,4-D2, 4-Ddichlorprop-p dimethylamine salt
Some products include two active ingredients, such as Enlist Duo which includes 2,4-D as well as glyphosate.

Label

labelsstickerssticker
The names of inert ingredients used in glyphosate formulations are usually not listed on the product labels.

Acute toxicity

acuteacute oral toxicityacute poisoning
Glyphosate and glyphosate-based herbicides have low acute toxicity in mammals.

Mammal

mammalsmammalianmammalia
Glyphosate and glyphosate-based herbicides have low acute toxicity in mammals.

The dose makes the poison

sufficient quantitiesas with absolutely all other substancesOnly the dose makes a thing not a poison
They likewise have not been shown to pose a significant risk to human health during normal use, although human deaths have been reported from deliberate ingestion of concentrated RoundUp.

Surfactant

surfactantswetting agentbiosurfactant
It is difficult to determine how much surfactants contribute to the overall toxicity of each formulation.

Polyethoxylated tallow amine

POEAtallow aminePOEAs
Glyphosate formulations containing the surfactant polyethoxylated tallow amine (POEA) are sometimes used terrestrially, but are not approved for aquatic use in the US due to their toxicity to aquatic organisms.

Scientific consensus

consensusscholarly consensusacademic consensus
The consensus among national pesticide regulatory agencies and scientific organizations is that there is no evidence that the active ingredient glyphosate is carcinogenic for humans.

Pesticide

pesticidescrop sprayingchemical pesticides
The consensus among national pesticide regulatory agencies and scientific organizations is that there is no evidence that the active ingredient glyphosate is carcinogenic for humans.

Carcinogen

carcinogeniccarcinogenscarcinogenicity
The consensus among national pesticide regulatory agencies and scientific organizations is that there is no evidence that the active ingredient glyphosate is carcinogenic for humans.

United States Environmental Protection Agency

Environmental Protection AgencyEPAU.S. Environmental Protection Agency
The EPA has classified glyphosate as a Group E chemical, meaning the agency has determined there is "evidence of non-carcinogenicity in humans".

International Agency for Research on Cancer

IARCInternational Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC)Group 4
The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) is the only agency that has classified glyphosate as "probably carcinogenic".