Google MailGoogle GmailCriticism of GmailG-mailGmail Notifiergmail.comprivacy concernsweb-based email
Gmail is a free email service developed by Google.wikipedia
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Google Inc.Google, Inc.Google LLC
Gmail is a free email service developed by Google.
It offers services designed for work and productivity (Google Docs, Google Sheets, and Google Slides), email (Gmail), scheduling and time management (Google Calendar), cloud storage (Google Drive), instant messaging and video chat (Duo, Hangouts), language translation (Google Translate), mapping and navigation (Google Maps, Waze, Google Earth, Street View), video sharing (YouTube), note-taking (Google Keep), and photo organizing and editing (Google Photos).

Gmail interface

conversation viewthreaded conversations
Gmail has a search-oriented interface and a "conversation view" similar to an Internet forum.
The Gmail interface makes Gmail unique amongst webmail systems for several reasons.

Internet Message Access Protocol

Users can access Gmail on the web and using third-party programs that synchronize email content through POP or IMAP protocols.
Many webmail service providers such as Gmail, and Yahoo! Mail also provide support for both IMAP and POP3.

Google Drive

DriveGoogle DocsGoogle Docs, Sheets and Slides
In order to send larger files, users can insert files from Google Drive into the message. The search bar can also search contacts, files stored in Google Drive, events from Google Calendar, and Google Sites.
This cloud storage is also shared with Gmail and Google Photos.

Kevin Fox (designer)

Kevin Fox
Gmail's user interface designer, Kevin Fox, intended users to feel as if they were always on one page and just changing things on that page, rather than having to navigate to other places.
Kevin Fox is the user experience designer who created the interface for Gmail, Google Calendar, Google Reader, and Friendfeed.

Google One

Every Google Account starts with 15 gigabytes of free storage that is shared across Google Drive, Gmail, and Google Photos.


e-mailelectronic maile-mails
Gmail is a free email service developed by Google.
Many current email users do not run MTA, MDA or MUA programs themselves, but use a web-based email platform, such as Gmail or Yahoo! Mail, that performs the same tasks.

Web application

web-basedweb applicationsweb app
Users can access Gmail on the web and using third-party programs that synchronize email content through POP or IMAP protocols.
In 2005, the term Ajax was coined, and applications like Gmail started to make their client sides more and more interactive.

Software release life cycle

betabeta versionalpha
Gmail started as a limited beta release on April 1, 2004 and ended its testing phase on July 7, 2009.
It noted that Gmail and Google News, for example, had been in beta for a long time although widely used; Google News did leave beta in January 2006, followed by Google Apps, including Gmail, in July 2009.

Material Design

design language of the same nameGoogle Material Design
The new redesign follows Google's Material Design, and changes in user interface include the use of Google's Product Sans font.
, most of Google's mobile applications for Android had applied the new design language, including Gmail, YouTube, Google Drive, Google Docs, Sheets and Slides, Google Maps, all of the Google Play-branded applications, and to an extent the Chrome browser and Google Keep.

Ajax (programming)

AjaxAjax frameworkAJAX-based
The service is notable among website developers for its early adoption of Ajax.
Google made a wide deployment of standards-compliant, cross browser Ajax with Gmail (2004) and Google Maps (2005).

Google Calendar

CalendarGoogle Tasks
The search bar can also search contacts, files stored in Google Drive, events from Google Calendar, and Google Sites.
Over time, Google has added functionality that makes use of machine learning, including "Events from Gmail", where event information from a user's Gmail messages are automatically added to Google Calendar; "Reminders", where users add to-do activities that can be automatically updated with new information; "Smart Suggestions", where the app recommends titles, contacts, and locations when creating events; and "Goals", where users enter information on a specified personal goal, and the app automatically schedules the activity at optimal times.

Conversation threading

threadthreaded discussionthreads
The Gmail user interface initially differed from other web-mail systems with its focus on search and conversation threading of emails, grouping several messages between two or more people onto a single page, an approach that was later copied by its competitors.

Android (operating system)

AndroidAndroid operating systemList of Android devices
Gmail has native applications for iOS devices (including iPhone, iPad, and iPod Touch) and for Android devices.
This includes core apps such as Gmail, the digital distribution platform Google Play and associated Google Play Services development platform, and usually apps such as the Google Chrome web browser.

Google Chrome

ChromeChrome browserGoogle Chrome Extensions
The modern AJAX version is officially supported in the current and previous major releases of Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, Internet Explorer, Microsoft Edge and Safari web browsers on a rolling basis.
According to Google, existing implementations were designed "for small programs, where the performance and interactivity of the system weren't that important", but web applications such as Gmail "are using the web browser to the fullest when it comes to DOM manipulations and JavaScript", and therefore would significantly benefit from a JavaScript engine that could work faster.

Google Buzz

FTC v. Google IncBuzzCriticism of Google Buzz
On February 9, 2010, Google commenced its new social networking tool, Google Buzz, which integrated with Gmail, allowing users to share links and media, as well as status updates.
Google Buzz was a social networking, microblogging and messaging tool that was developed by Google which replaced Google Wave and integrated into their web-based email program, Gmail.

Paul Buchheit

Buchheit, Paul
The idea for Gmail was developed by Paul Buchheit several years before it was announced to the public.
Paul T. Buchheit is an American computer engineer and entrepreneur who created Gmail.

Yahoo! Mail

Yahoo MailYahoo!email
In November 2014, Google introduced functionality in the Gmail Android app that enabled sending and receiving email from non-Gmail addresses (such as Yahoo! Mail and through POP or IMAP.
On April 1, 2004, Google announced its Gmail service with 1 GB of storage, however Gmail's invitation-only accounts kept the other webmail services at the forefront.


Google PlusGoogle +Google+ Hangout
Google Buzz was discontinued in October 2011, replaced with new functionality in Google+, Google's then-new social networking platform.
In October 2013, approximately 540 million monthly active users used the social layer by interacting with Google+'s enhanced properties, such as Gmail, the +1 button, and YouTube comments.

HotmailWindows Live HotmailPeople
In November 2014, Google introduced functionality in the Gmail Android app that enabled sending and receiving email from non-Gmail addresses (such as Yahoo! Mail and through POP or IMAP.
In 2004, Google announced its own mail service, Gmail.

Google Hangouts

HangoutsGoogle HangoutGoogle+ Hangouts
In March 2014, Google Voice was discontinued, and replaced with functionality from Google Hangouts, another communication platform from Google.
The service can be accessed online through the Gmail or Google+ websites, or through mobile apps available for Android and iOS (which were distributed as a successor to their existing Google Talk apps).

Google Talk

GTalkGoogle ChatGoogleTalk
In August 2010, Google released a plugin that provides integrated telephone service within Gmail's Google Chat interface.
Google also provides a Voice and Video Chat browser plugin for Google Talk (not to be confused with the standalone Google Talk client) that supports voice and video chat between Gmail users.

G Suite

Google AppsGoogle Apps for WorkGoogle Enterprise
The company stated that this change was meant to clarify its practices and quell concerns among enterprise G Suite customers who felt an ambiguous distinction between the free consumer and paid professional variants, the latter being advertising-free.
G Suite comprises Gmail, Hangouts, Calendar, and Currents for communication; Drive for storage; Docs, Sheets, Slides, Keep, Forms, and Sites for productivity and collaboration; and, depending on the plan, an Admin panel and Vault for managing users and the services.


web-based emailweb mailWeb-based e-mail
In September 2006, Forbes declared Gmail to be the best webmail application for small businesses.
Examples of webmail providers are AOL Mail, Gmail,, Rackspace Email, Yahoo! Mail and IceWarp Mail Server.

Google Pay Send

Google WalletWalletGoogle
In May 2013, Google announced the integration between Google Wallet and Gmail, which would allow Gmail users to send money as email attachments.
On May 15, 2013, Google announced the integration of Google Wallet and Gmail, allowing users to send money through Gmail attachments.