Gobi Desert

GobiEastern Gobi desert steppeSouth Gobi DesertAlashanAlashan DesertAmtgaiBlack GobiDesertdesert of the Gobidesertification in Mongolia
The Gobi Desert is a large desert or brushland region in Asia.wikipedia
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Mongolia

MongolRepublic of MongoliaMongolian
It covers parts of Northern and Northeastern China and of Southern Mongolia.
The country contains very little arable land, as much of its area is covered by grassy steppe, with mountains to the north and west and the Gobi Desert to the south.

Altai Mountains

AltaiAltay MountainsAltay
The desert basins of the Gobi are bounded by the Altai Mountains and the grasslands and steppes of Mongolia on the north, by the Taklamakan Desert to the west, by the Hexi Corridor and Tibetan Plateau to the southwest and by the North China Plain to the southeast.
The massif merges with the Sayan Mountains in the northeast, and gradually becomes lower in the southeast, where it merges into the high plateau of the Gobi Desert.

Hexi Corridor

HexiGansu CorridorHexi region
The desert basins of the Gobi are bounded by the Altai Mountains and the grasslands and steppes of Mongolia on the north, by the Taklamakan Desert to the west, by the Hexi Corridor and Tibetan Plateau to the southwest and by the North China Plain to the southeast.
To the south is the high and desolate Tibetan Plateau and to the north, the Gobi Desert and the grasslands of Outer Mongolia.

Tibetan Plateau

Qinghai-Tibet PlateauQinghai-Tibetan PlateauQinghai–Tibet Plateau
The desert basins of the Gobi are bounded by the Altai Mountains and the grasslands and steppes of Mongolia on the north, by the Taklamakan Desert to the west, by the Hexi Corridor and Tibetan Plateau to the southwest and by the North China Plain to the southeast. The Gobi is a rain shadow desert, formed by the Tibetan Plateau blocking precipitation from the Indian Ocean reaching the Gobi territory. In its broadest definition, the Gobi includes the long stretch of desert extending from the foot of the Pamirs (77° east) to the Greater Khingan Mountains, 116°-118° east, on the border of Manchuria; and from the foothills of the Altay, Sayan, and Yablonoi mountain ranges on the north to the Kunlun, Altyn-Tagh, and Qilian mountain ranges, which form the northern edges of the Tibetan Plateau, on the south.
The plateau is bordered to the south by the inner Himalayan range, to the north by the Kunlun Mountains, which separate it from the Tarim Basin, and to the northeast by the Qilian Mountains, which separate the plateau from the Hexi Corridor and Gobi Desert.

Rain shadow

rainshadowrainshadow effectlow snowfall
The Gobi is a rain shadow desert, formed by the Tibetan Plateau blocking precipitation from the Indian Ocean reaching the Gobi territory.

Asia

AsianAsian continentAsian countries
The Gobi Desert is a large desert or brushland region in Asia.
The Caucasus and Himalaya mountains and the Karakum and Gobi deserts formed barriers that the steppe horsemen could cross only with difficulty.

Desert

desertsaridhigh desert
The Gobi Desert is a large desert or brushland region in Asia.

Nemegt Basin

Nemegt Depression
Archeologists and paleontologists have done excavations in the Nemegt Basin in the northwestern part of the Gobi Desert (in Mongolia), which is noted for its fossil treasures, including early mammals, dinosaur eggs, and prehistoric stone implements, some 100,000 years old.
The Nemegt Basin is a geographical area in the northwestern Gobi Desert, in Ömnögovi Province, southern Mongolia.

Xinjiang

Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous RegionXinjiang Uygur Autonomous RegionSinkiang
Some geographers and ecologists prefer to regard the western area of the Gobi region (as defined above): the basin of the Tarim in Xinjiang and the desert basin of Lop Nor and Hami (Kumul), as forming a separate and independent desert, called the Taklamakan Desert.
Qi refers to the Gobi Desert while Xi refers to the west.

Kunlun Mountains

KunlunK'un-LunKunlun Shan
In its broadest definition, the Gobi includes the long stretch of desert extending from the foot of the Pamirs (77° east) to the Greater Khingan Mountains, 116°-118° east, on the border of Manchuria; and from the foothills of the Altay, Sayan, and Yablonoi mountain ranges on the north to the Kunlun, Altyn-Tagh, and Qilian mountain ranges, which form the northern edges of the Tibetan Plateau, on the south.
It stretches along the southern edge of what is now called the Tarim Basin, the infamous Takla Makan or "sand-buried houses" desert, and the Gobi Desert.

Great Gobi B Strictly Protected Area

Great Gobi Reserve
Several large nature reserves have been established in the Gobi, including Gobi Gurvansaikhan National Park, Great Gobi A and Great Gobi B Strictly Protected Area.
Great Gobi B Strictly Protected Area is a nature reserve in Gobi desert, situated in the south-western part of Mongolia at the border with China.

Great Gobi A Strictly Protected Area

Great Gobi A
Several large nature reserves have been established in the Gobi, including Gobi Gurvansaikhan National Park, Great Gobi A and Great Gobi B Strictly Protected Area.
Great Gobi A Strictly Protected Area is a nature reserve in Gobi desert, situated in the south-western part of Mongolia at the border with China.

Manchuria

ManchurianThree Eastern ProvincesNortheast
In its broadest definition, the Gobi includes the long stretch of desert extending from the foot of the Pamirs (77° east) to the Greater Khingan Mountains, 116°-118° east, on the border of Manchuria; and from the foothills of the Altay, Sayan, and Yablonoi mountain ranges on the north to the Kunlun, Altyn-Tagh, and Qilian mountain ranges, which form the northern edges of the Tibetan Plateau, on the south.
No part of Manchuria was glaciated during the Quaternary, but the surface geology of most of the lower-lying and more fertile parts of Manchuria consists of very deep layers of loess, which have been formed by wind-borne movement of dust and till particles formed in glaciated parts of the Himalayas, Kunlun Shan and Tien Shan, as well as the Gobi and Taklamakan Deserts.

Mongolian wild ass

Equus hemionus hemionusKhulanKulan
Despite the harsh conditions, these deserts and the surrounding regions sustain many animals, including black-tailed gazelles, marbled polecats, wild Bactrian camels, Mongolian wild ass and sandplovers.
The Mongolian wild ass has become primarily confined to the desert-steppe, semi-desert and deserts habitats of Gobi Desert.

Gobi Gurvansaikhan National Park

Gobiin Gurvan Saykhan
Several large nature reserves have been established in the Gobi, including Gobi Gurvansaikhan National Park, Great Gobi A and Great Gobi B Strictly Protected Area.
The park lies on the northern edge of the Gobi desert.

Qilian Mountains

QilianQilian ShanLongshou Shan
In its broadest definition, the Gobi includes the long stretch of desert extending from the foot of the Pamirs (77° east) to the Greater Khingan Mountains, 116°-118° east, on the border of Manchuria; and from the foothills of the Altay, Sayan, and Yablonoi mountain ranges on the north to the Kunlun, Altyn-Tagh, and Qilian mountain ranges, which form the northern edges of the Tibetan Plateau, on the south.
The Qilian mountains are the source of numerous, mostly small, rivers and creeks that flow northeast, enabling irrigated agriculture in the Hexi Corridor (Gansu Corridor) communities, and eventually disappearing in the Alashan Desert.

Yin Mountains

YinshanDaqing MountainsDaqing Mountain
They form the southeastern border of the Gobi Desert and cross the Chinese provinces of Inner Mongolia and Hebei.

Desertification

expansion of desertsdesertdesert encroachment
The Gobi Desert is expanding at an alarming rate through desertification, most rapidly on the southern edge into China, which is seeing 3600 km2 of grassland overtaken every year.
Another major area that is being impacted by desertification is the Gobi Desert.

Khangai Mountains

KhangaiHangai rangeKhangai Mountain Range
Khangai has become a generally used term by Mongolians to describe the entire lush forest-steppe area to the north as opposed to the southern desert, which is called Govi (Gobi).

Afforestation

afforestedafforestatingcommercial forestation
The Three-North Shelter Forest Program (or "Green Great Wall") was a Chinese government tree-planting project begun in 1978, and set to continue through 2050.
China is trying to correct these problems by projects like the Green Wall of China, which aims to replant a great deal of forests and halt the expansion of the Gobi desert.

Taklamakan Desert

TaklamakanTaklimakan DesertTakla Makan
The desert basins of the Gobi are bounded by the Altai Mountains and the grasslands and steppes of Mongolia on the north, by the Taklamakan Desert to the west, by the Hexi Corridor and Tibetan Plateau to the southwest and by the North China Plain to the southeast. Some geographers and ecologists prefer to regard the western area of the Gobi region (as defined above): the basin of the Tarim in Xinjiang and the desert basin of Lop Nor and Hami (Kumul), as forming a separate and independent desert, called the Taklamakan Desert.
It is bounded by the Kunlun Mountains to the south, the Pamir Mountains and Tian Shan (ancient Mount Imeon) to the west and north and the Gobi Desert to the east.

Mongolian-Manchurian grassland

Mongolian steppeGrasslandsMongolian-Manchurian Steppe
This Palearctic temperate grasslands, savannas, and shrublands ecoregion of the Temperate grasslands, savannas, and shrublands Biome, forms a large crescent around the Gobi Desert, extending across central and eastern Mongolia into the eastern portion of Inner Mongolia and eastern and central Manchuria, and then southwest across the North China Plain.

Gansu

Gansu ProvinceKansuGansu, China
Among the most important are those from Kalgan (at the Great Wall) to Ulaanbaatar (960 km); from Jiuquan (in Gansu) to Hami 670 km; from Hami to Beijing (2000 km); from Hohhot to Hami and Barkul; and from Lanzhou (in Gansu) to Hami.
Part of Gansu's territory is located in the Gobi Desert.

Ulaanbaatar

Ulan BatorUrgaUlaanbaatar, Mongolia
Between Ulaanbaatar (48°N, 107°W) and the small lake of Iren-dubasu-nor (43.75°N, 111.83333°W), the surface is greatly eroded.
The route ran south to Urga, southeast across the Gobi Desert to Kalgan, and southeast over the mountains to Peking.

Wild Bactrian camel

Camelus ferusBactrian camel
Despite the harsh conditions, these deserts and the surrounding regions sustain many animals, including black-tailed gazelles, marbled polecats, wild Bactrian camels, Mongolian wild ass and sandplovers.
In the 1800s, due to hunting for its meat and hide, its presence was noted in remote areas of the Taklamakan, Kumtag and Gobi deserts in China and Mongolia.