Goguryeo–Sui War

Goguryeo-Sui WarsGoguryeo–Sui Warsattempts to conquercampaigns against GoguryeoGoguryeo-Sui WarSiege of Yodong Fortress (612)598–614 invasion of KoreaBattle of Yodong regioncostly and disastrous military campaignsdisastrous campaigns
The Goguryeo–Sui War were a series of invasions launched by the Sui dynasty of China against Goguryeo, one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea, between AD 598 and AD 614.wikipedia
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China

People's Republic of ChinaChineseCHN
The Goguryeo–Sui War were a series of invasions launched by the Sui dynasty of China against Goguryeo, one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea, between AD 598 and AD 614. The Sui dynasty united China in AD 589, defeating the Chen dynasty and ending the division of the country that spanned almost 300 years.
However, they fell quickly when their conscription for public works and a failed war in northern Korea provoked widespread unrest.

Battle of Linyuguan

invasion
After receiving this message, Yeongyang launched a joint preemptive invasion with the Malgal against the Chinese along the border in present-day Hebei province; It was the following year, 597.
The Battle of Linyuguan (Yohwa) was fought in 598 as part of the Goguryeo-Sui Wars.

Yeongyang of Goguryeo

YeongyangKing YeongyangYeong-yang
After receiving this message, Yeongyang launched a joint preemptive invasion with the Malgal against the Chinese along the border in present-day Hebei province; It was the following year, 597. However, in Goguryeo, one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea, Pyeongwon and his successor Yeongyang insisted on maintaining an equal relationship with the Sui dynasty.
He is noted for repelling a series of invasions by the Chinese Sui Dynasty between 598 to 614, known as the Goguryeo-Sui Wars.

Yuwen Shu

The army contingent, led by generals Yu Zhongwen and Yuwen Shu, had their own problems.
He was a confidant of Emperor Yang (Yang Guang) and was instrumental in Yang Guang's displacement of his brother Yang Yong as crown prince; therefore, after Yang Guang became emperor, Yuwen Shu became exceedingly powerful and was one of two generals who spearheaded Yangdi's efforts in the Goguryeo-Sui Wars.

Grand Canal (China)

Grand CanalGrand Canal of ChinaBeijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal
Yangdi, when he won the throne in 604, built the Grand Canal connecting the north and south of China.
This portion of the canal was used to transport troops to what is now the North Korean border region during the Goguryeo-Sui Wars (598–614).

Battle of Salsu

SalsuBattle of Salsu (Ch'ongch'on) RiverBattle of Salsu River
When Sui army had reached Salsu (thought to be present-day Chongchon River), Goguryeo charged the remaining Sui army.
The Battle of Salsu was a major battle that occurred in the year 612 during the second campaign of the Goguryeo–Sui War between Goguryeo of Korea and Sui of China.

Tang dynasty

TangTang ChinaTang Empire
It resulted in the defeat of the Sui and was one of the pivotal factors in the collapse of the dynasty, which led to its overthrow by the Tang dynasty in AD 618.
Li Yuan was Duke of Tang and governor of Taiyuan, modern Shanxi, during the Sui dynasty's collapse, which was caused in part by the Sui failure to conquer the northern part of the Korean peninsula during the Goguryeo–Sui War.

Yang Liang

Sui war of succession
Wendi ordered his fifth and youngest son, Yang Liang (assisted by the co-prime minister Gao Jiong), and Admiral Zhou Luohou, to invade and conquer Goguryeo with an army and navy totaling 300,000, mostly composed of horse archers.
*Goguryeo–Sui Wars

Emperor Yang of Sui

Emperor YangYang GuangYángdi
Yangdi, when he won the throne in 604, built the Grand Canal connecting the north and south of China.
These expeditions, along with a series of disastrous campaigns against Goguryeo (one of the three kingdoms of Korea), left the empire bankrupt and a populace in revolt.

History of China

Chineseimperial Chinaancient China
However, the massive invasions of the Korean Peninsula during the Goguryeo–Sui War failed disastrously, triggering widespread revolts that led to the fall of the dynasty.

Sui dynasty

SuiSui ChinaSui Empire
The Goguryeo–Sui War were a series of invasions launched by the Sui dynasty of China against Goguryeo, one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea, between AD 598 and AD 614. The Sui dynasty united China in AD 589, defeating the Chen dynasty and ending the division of the country that spanned almost 300 years.
After a series of costly and disastrous military campaigns against Goguryeo, one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea, ended in defeat by 614, the dynasty disintegrated under a series of popular revolts culminating in the assassination of Emperor Yang by his ministers in 618.

History of Korea

Korean historyKoreaancient Korea
Goguryeo was a highly militaristic state; in addition to contesting for control of the Korean Peninsula, Goguryeo had many military conflicts with various Chinese dynasties, most notably the Goguryeo–Sui War, in which Goguryeo defeated a huge force traditionally said to number over a million men, and contributed to the Sui dynasty's fall.

Yeongnyu of Goguryeo

King YeongnyuYeongnyuGo Geon-mu
Goguryeo was recovering from the Goguryeo–Sui War, and the new Tang emperor was still completing its internal unification.

Chongchon River

Ch'ongch'on RiverCh'ŏngch'ŏn RiverCh'ŏngch'ŏn
When Sui army had reached Salsu (thought to be present-day Chongchon River), Goguryeo charged the remaining Sui army.

Goguryeo

KoguryoKoguryŏGoguryeo Kingdom
The Goguryeo–Sui War were a series of invasions launched by the Sui dynasty of China against Goguryeo, one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea, between AD 598 and AD 614. However, in Goguryeo, one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea, Pyeongwon and his successor Yeongyang insisted on maintaining an equal relationship with the Sui dynasty.

Three Kingdoms of Korea

Three KingdomsThree Kingdoms periodKorea
The Goguryeo–Sui War were a series of invasions launched by the Sui dynasty of China against Goguryeo, one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea, between AD 598 and AD 614. However, in Goguryeo, one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea, Pyeongwon and his successor Yeongyang insisted on maintaining an equal relationship with the Sui dynasty.

Chen dynasty

ChenSouthern Chen DynastyChen China
The Sui dynasty united China in AD 589, defeating the Chen dynasty and ending the division of the country that spanned almost 300 years.

Pyeongwon of Goguryeo

PyeongwonKing PyeongwonGo Yang-seong
However, in Goguryeo, one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea, Pyeongwon and his successor Yeongyang insisted on maintaining an equal relationship with the Sui dynasty.

Emperor Wen of Sui

Emperor WenYang JianWéndi
Wendi of Sui was displeased with the challenge from Goguryeo, which continued small scale raiding into Sui's northern border.

Yurt

geryurtsgers
Wendi sent diplomatic papers in 596 after Sui envoys spotted Goguryeo diplomats in the yurt of the Eastern Turk Khanate, demanding Goguryeo cancel any military alliance with the Turks, stop the annual raiding of Sui border regions, and acknowledge Sui as their overlord.

Khanate

KhaganatekhanatesGreat Khan
Wendi sent diplomatic papers in 596 after Sui envoys spotted Goguryeo diplomats in the yurt of the Eastern Turk Khanate, demanding Goguryeo cancel any military alliance with the Turks, stop the annual raiding of Sui border regions, and acknowledge Sui as their overlord.

Mohe people

MoheMalgalBaishan Mohe
After receiving this message, Yeongyang launched a joint preemptive invasion with the Malgal against the Chinese along the border in present-day Hebei province; It was the following year, 597.

Hebei

Hebei ProvinceHopeiHopeh
After receiving this message, Yeongyang launched a joint preemptive invasion with the Malgal against the Chinese along the border in present-day Hebei province; It was the following year, 597.

Gao Jiong

Wendi ordered his fifth and youngest son, Yang Liang (assisted by the co-prime minister Gao Jiong), and Admiral Zhou Luohou, to invade and conquer Goguryeo with an army and navy totaling 300,000, mostly composed of horse archers.