Golden mole

ChrysochloridaeAmblysominaeChrysochlorinaeChrysochlorideagolden molesmole
Golden moles are small insectivorous burrowing mammals endemic to Southern Africa, where their Afrikaans names are gouemolle or kruipmolle (singular gouemol or kruipmol).wikipedia
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Marsupial mole

Notoryctesmarsupial molesitjaritjari
In particular, golden moles bear a remarkable resemblance to the marsupial moles of Australia, family Notoryctidae, which they resemble so suggestively that at one time, the marsupial/placental divide not withstanding, some argued that they were related.
Like chrysochlorids and epoicotheres, notoryctids use their forelimbs and enlarged central claws to dig in a parasagittal (i.e., up and down) plane, as opposed to the "lateral scratch" style of digging that characterizes talpid moles.

Placentalia

placentalplacental mammalplacental mammals
In particular, golden moles bear a remarkable resemblance to the marsupial moles of Australia, family Notoryctidae, which they resemble so suggestively that at one time, the marsupial/placental divide not withstanding, some argued that they were related.

Mole (animal)

molemolesMateless
They comprise the family Chrysochloridae and as such they are taxonomically distinct from the true moles, family Talpidae, and other mole-like families, all of which, to various degrees, they resemble as a result of evolutionary convergence.
These are the golden moles of southern Africa and the marsupial moles of Australia.

Mammal

mammalsMammaliamammalian
Golden moles are small insectivorous burrowing mammals endemic to Southern Africa, where their Afrikaans names are gouemolle or kruipmolle (singular gouemol or kruipmol).
However, the tenrecs, golden moles, and some shrews retain a cloaca as adults.

Cloaca

ventcloacalcloacae
Like the tenrecs, they possess a cloaca, and males lack a scrotum.
All amphibians, reptiles, and a few mammals (monotremes, tenrecs, golden moles, and marsupial moles) have this orifice, from which they excrete both urine and feces; this is in contrast to most placental mammals, which have two or three separate orifices for evacuation.

Afrosoricida

Tenrecoideaafrosoricid
Others group the golden moles with the tenrecs in a new order, which is sometimes known as Tenrecomorpha, while others call it Afrosoricida and reserve Tenrecomorpha for the family Tenrecidae.
The order Afrosoricida (a Latin-Greek compound name which means "looking like African shrews") contains the golden moles of southern Africa, the otter shrews of equatorial Africa and the tenrecs of Madagascar.

Chrysospalax

However, Chrysospalax species tend to forage above ground in leaf litter in forests or in meadows.

Arends's golden mole

CarpitalpaArends' golden moleCarpitalpa arendsi
golden mole (Carpitalpa arendsi) is a species of mammal in the family Chrysochloridae.

Duthie's golden mole

Chlorotalpa duthieae
Duthie's golden mole (Chlorotalpa duthieae) is a species of mammal in the family Chrysochloridae.

Tenrec

Tenrecidaetenrecs
Like the tenrecs, they possess a cloaca, and males lack a scrotum. Others group the golden moles with the tenrecs in a new order, which is sometimes known as Tenrecomorpha, while others call it Afrosoricida and reserve Tenrecomorpha for the family Tenrecidae.
Although they may resemble shrews, hedgehogs, or opposums, they are not closely related to any of these groups, their closest relatives being the otter shrews, and after that, other African insectivorous mammals, such as golden moles and elephant shrews.

Rhinarium

nose padrhinariatip of the nose
The rhinarium is a greatly enlarged, dry leathery pad that protects their nostrils while the animal digs.
Examples include the common wombat, marsupial mole, and members of the Chrysochloridae.

Sclater's golden mole

Chlorotalpa sclateri
Sclater's golden mole (Chlorotalpa sclateri) is a species of mammal in the family Chrysochloridae.

Talpidae

talpidmolemogura (moles)
They comprise the family Chrysochloridae and as such they are taxonomically distinct from the true moles, family Talpidae, and other mole-like families, all of which, to various degrees, they resemble as a result of evolutionary convergence.

Rough-haired golden mole

C. villosusChrysospalax villosus
The rough-haired golden mole is generally larger than most of the other species of golden mole, with a total length of 120–175 mm and a mass of 90-160 g. [5] In the Transvaal region which is associated with land north of modern-day Vaal river in South Africa, males had an average mass of 105 grams while females had a range of mass from 65 to 142 grams.

Insectivora

insectivoresinsectivorousinsectivore
They have traditionally been listed with the shrews, hedgehogs and a grab-bag of small, difficult-to-place creatures as part of the order Insectivora.
However, molecular evidence indicated that Chrysochloridae (golden moles) and Tenrecidae (tenrecs) should also be separated as a new order Afrosoricida.

Giant golden mole

C. trevelyaniChrysospalax trevelyani
The mole has dark, glossy brown fur; the name golden comes from the Greek word for green-gold, the family Chrysochloridae name.

Stuhlmann's golden mole

Chrysochloris stuhlmanni
Stuhlmann's golden mole (Chrysochloris stuhlmanni) is a species of mammal in the family Chrysochloridae.

Grant's golden mole

EremitalpaEremitalpa granti namibensisEremitalpa granti
Eremitalpa species such as Grant's golden mole live in the sandy Namib desert, where they cannot form tunnels because the sand collapses.
Grant's golden mole (Eremitalpa granti; colloquially also: dune shark) is a golden mole species.

Van Zyl's golden mole

Cryptochloris zyli
Van Zyl's golden mole (Cryptochloris zyli) is a golden mole endemic to the Western Cape Province, South Africa.

Amblysomus

Amblysomus (also narrow-headed golden mole or South African golden mole) is a genus of the golden mole family, Chrysochloridae, comprising five species of the small, insect-eating, burrowing mammals endemic to Southern Africa.

De Winton's golden mole

Cryptochloris wintoni
De Winton's golden mole (Cryptochloris wintoni) is a species of mammal in the family Chrysochloridae.

Tenrecomorpha

Others group the golden moles with the tenrecs in a new order, which is sometimes known as Tenrecomorpha, while others call it Afrosoricida and reserve Tenrecomorpha for the family Tenrecidae.
The suborder is also presumed to contain the extinct genus Plesiorycteropus, a group of possibly fossorial insectivores similar to aardvarks, which is known to be more closely related to tenrecs of subfamily Tenrecinae than to golden moles of suborder Chrysochloridea.

Fynbos golden mole

Amblysomus corriae
The fynbos golden mole (Amblysomus corriae) is a species of mammal in the golden mole family, Chrysochloridae.

Cryptochloris

Cryptochloris is a genus of golden moles, containing the two species De Winton's golden mole (Cryptochloris wintoni) and Van Zyl's golden mole (Cryptochloris zyli).