Golden mole

ChrysochloridaeAmblysominaeChrysochlorinaeChrysochlorideagolden molesmole
Golden moles are small insectivorous burrowing mammals endemic to Southern Africa, where their Afrikaans names are gouemolle or kruipmolle (singular gouemol or kruipmol).wikipedia
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Hottentot golden mole

Amblysomus hottentotus
The Hottentot golden mole (Amblysomus hottentotus) is a species of mammal in the golden mole family, Chrysochloridae.

Amphisbaenidae

worm lizardamphisbaenidAnchieta's spade-snouted worm lizard
In this respect there is some apparent convergent evolution to burrowing reptiles in the family Amphisbaenidae.
In this respect, apparently evolution exists convergent to the burrowing mammalian family Chrysochloridae, in which the malleus in the middle ear is greatly enlarged.

Marley's golden mole

Amblysomus marleyi
Marley's golden mole (Amblysomus marleyi) is a species of burrowing mammal in the golden mole family, Chrysochloridae.

Highveld golden mole

Amblysomus septentrionalis
The highveld golden mole (Amblysomus septentrionalis) is a species of mammal in the golden mole family, Chrysochloridae.

Robust golden mole

Amblysomus robustus
The robust golden mole (Amblysomus robustus) is a species of mammal in the golden mole family, Chrysochloridae.

Cape golden mole

Chrysochloris asiaticaChrysochloris elegans
The Cape golden mole (Chrysochloris asiatica) is a small, insectivorous mammal of the family Chrysochloridae, the golden moles.

Congo golden mole

Calcochloris leucorhinus
The Congo golden mole (Calcochloris leucorhinus) is a species of mammal in the family Chrysochloridae.

Yellow golden mole

Calcochloris obtusirostris
The yellow golden mole (Calcochloris obtusirostris) is a species of mammal in the family Chrysochloridae.

Juliana's golden mole

N. julianaeNeamblysomus julianae
Juliana's golden mole (Neamblysomus julianae) is a golden mole endemic to South Africa.

Somali golden mole

Calcochloris tytonis
The Somali golden mole (Calcochloris tytonis) is a golden mole endemic to Somalia.

Visagie's golden mole

Chrysochloris visagiei
Visagie's golden mole (Chrysochloris visagiei) is a small, insectivorous mammal of the family Chrysochloridae, the golden moles, endemic to South Africa.

Neamblysomus

Neamblysomus is a genus of golden moles containing two species:

Endemism

endemicendemic speciesendemics
Golden moles are small insectivorous burrowing mammals endemic to Southern Africa, where their Afrikaans names are gouemolle or kruipmolle (singular gouemol or kruipmol).

Southern Africa

SouthernSouthern AfricanSouth Africa
Golden moles are small insectivorous burrowing mammals endemic to Southern Africa, where their Afrikaans names are gouemolle or kruipmolle (singular gouemol or kruipmol).

Taxonomy (biology)

taxonomictaxonomytaxonomist
They comprise the family Chrysochloridae and as such they are taxonomically distinct from the true moles, family Talpidae, and other mole-like families, all of which, to various degrees, they resemble as a result of evolutionary convergence.

Convergent evolution

convergentconvergenceanalogous
They comprise the family Chrysochloridae and as such they are taxonomically distinct from the true moles, family Talpidae, and other mole-like families, all of which, to various degrees, they resemble as a result of evolutionary convergence.

Australia

AUSAustralianCommonwealth of Australia
In particular, golden moles bear a remarkable resemblance to the marsupial moles of Australia, family Notoryctidae, which they resemble so suggestively that at one time, the marsupial/placental divide not withstanding, some argued that they were related.

Notoryctidae

Notoryctemorphia
In particular, golden moles bear a remarkable resemblance to the marsupial moles of Australia, family Notoryctidae, which they resemble so suggestively that at one time, the marsupial/placental divide not withstanding, some argued that they were related.

Marsupial

marsupialsMarsupialiajoey
In particular, golden moles bear a remarkable resemblance to the marsupial moles of Australia, family Notoryctidae, which they resemble so suggestively that at one time, the marsupial/placental divide not withstanding, some argued that they were related.

Somatosensory system

touchtactilesomatosensory
Some authors claim their primary sense is of touch, and they are particularly sensitive to vibrations which may indicate approaching danger.

Malleus

hammermalleolarmalleus (hammer)
Note below however, the observations on the malleus in the middle ear.

Primitive (phylogenetics)

primitivebasaladvanced
At one time the Chrysochloridae were regarded as primitive.

Gondwana

GondwanalandGondwanansouthern continents
Supporting arguments included: that they were thought to have originated in Gondwana, that they had a low resting metabolic rate, and they could switch off thermoregulation when inactive.