The Joint Chiefs of Staff in December 2020.
Sen. Barry Goldwater (R—AZ) and Rep. William Flynt Nichols (D—AL-4), the co-sponsors of the Goldwater–Nichols Act of 1986.
The storming of Redoubt No. 10 in the Siege of Yorktown during the American Revolutionary War prompted Great Britain's government to begin negotiations, resulting in the Treaty of Paris and Great Britain's recognition of the United States as an independent state.
United States Secretary of Defense Harold Brown and United States Deputy Secretary of Defense Charles W. Duncan Jr with Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff General George S. Brown and the other members of the Joint Chiefs of Staff at the Pentagon in 1977
General Andrew Jackson standing on the parapet of his makeshift defenses as his troops repulse attacking Highlanders during the defense of New Orleans, the final major and most one-sided battle of the War of 1812
Joint Chiefs of Staff meeting (circa 1943). From left to right are: Gen. Henry H. Arnold, Chief of the Army Air Forces; Adm. William D. Leahy, Chief of Staff to the Commander in Chief of the Army and Navy; Adm. Ernest J. King, Commander in Chief, U.S. Fleet and Chief of Naval Operations; and Gen. George C. Marshall, Chief of Staff of the United States Army.
The Battle of Gettysburg, the turning point of the American Civil War
The Joint Chiefs of Staff in 1959.
Army soldiers in 1890
The Joint Chiefs of Staff in an annual meeting with the commanders of unified and specified command in the JCS meeting room, also known as "The Tank" on January 15, 1981.
U.S. Army troops assaulting a German bunker in France, c. 1918
The Joint Chiefs of Staff in 2002
U.S. soldiers hunting for Japanese infiltrators during the Bougainville Campaign
The Joint Staff Organization Chart as of March 2018
U.S. Army soldiers observing an atomic bomb test of Operation Buster-Jangle at the Nevada Test Site during the Korean War
Members of the Joint Chiefs of Staff during a press conference at The Pentagon with Secretary of Defense. From left to right are Army Vice Chief of Staff General Richard A. Cody, Chief of Naval Operations Admiral Vern Clark, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, U.S. Air Force General Richard B. Myers, U.S. Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld, Air Force Chief of Staff General John P. Jumper and Commandant of the Marine Corps General Michael Hagee. In the absence of the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff or the Service Chief, the Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and the Vice Service Chief will replace its presence at an important event.
US tanks and Soviet tanks at Checkpoint Charlie, 1961
Members of The Joint Chiefs of Staff with U.S. Secretary of Defense in 1973.
A U.S. Army infantry patrol moving up to assault the last North Vietnamese Army position at Dak To, South Vietnam during Operation Hawthorne
The Joint Chiefs of Staff (seated) and the directors of the Joint Staff directorates (standing), November 1989.
U.S. Army soldiers preparing to take La Comandancia in the El Chorrillo neighborhood of Panama City during Operation Just Cause
The Joint Chiefs of Staff during its early days in 1949.
M1 Abrams tanks moving out before the Battle of Al Busayyah during the Gulf War
Members of the Joint Chiefs of Staff at The Pentagon in 1958.
Iraqi tanks destroyed by Task Force 1-41 Infantry during the Gulf War, February 1991
The Joint Chiefs of Staff in 1961.
U.S. Army Rangers taking part in a raid during an operation in Nahr-e Saraj, Afghanistan
The Joint Chiefs of Staff in 1968.
U.S. Army soldiers with the 2nd Battalion, 327th Infantry Regiment, 101st Airborne Division returning fire during a firefight with Taliban forces in Barawala Kalay Valley in Kunar province, Afghanistan, March 2011
The Joint Chiefs of Staff in 1971.
Organization of the United States Army within the Department of Defense
The Joint Chiefs of Staff in 1977.
U.S. Army organization chart
Members of the Joint Chiefs of Staff with President-Elect Jimmy Carter and Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld on December 17, 1976.
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Members of the Joint Chiefs of Staff during a cabinet meeting in the White House in 1977
U.S. Army soldiers of the 1st Battalion, 175th Infantry Regiment, Maryland Army National Guard conducting an urban cordon and search exercise as part of the army readiness and training evaluation program in the mock city of Balad at Fort Dix, New Jersey
The Joint Chiefs of Staff in 1981.
U.S. soldiers from the 6th Infantry Regiment taking up positions on a street corner during a foot patrol in Ramadi, Iraq
Members of the Joint Chiefs of Staff during President Ronald Reagan Inaugural Parade in January 20, 1981.
The 1st Cavalry Division's combat aviation brigade performing a mock charge with the horse detachment
The Joint Chiefs of Staff in 1983.
U.S. Army Special Forces soldiers from the 3rd Special Forces Group patrolling a field in the Gulistan district of Farah, Afghanistan
The Joint Chiefs of Staff in 1986.
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The Joint Chiefs of Staff in 2001.
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Members of the Joint Chiefs of Staff render a salute for the late President Ronald Reagan at Andrews Air Force Base in 2004.
U.S. Army Rangers practicing fast roping techniques from an MH-47 during an exercise at Fort Bragg
Members of the Joint Chiefs of Staff at Andrews Air Force Base during a funeral service ceremony for the late President Gerald Ford on December 26, 2006.
A trainer with Company A, 1st Battalion 502nd Infantry Regiment, Task Force Strike, 101st Airborne Division assisting Iraqi army ranger students during a room clearing drill at Camp Taji, Iraq on 18 July 2016
The Joint Chiefs of Staff at the Senate Armed Services Committee testimony in The Capitol Hill 2010.
U.S. Army soldiers familiarizing with the latest INSAS 1B1 during exercise Yudh Abhyas 2015
The Joint Chiefs of Staff in 2017.
A Lockheed Martin Terminal High Altitude Area Defense (THAAD) system used for ballistic missile protection
A U.S. soldier on patrol in Iraq with the support of a Humvee vehicle
3rd Infantry Division soldiers manning an M1A1 Abrams in Iraq
The 2020 Army Greens uniform
An element of the 18th Infantry Regiment, wearing ASUs, representing the United States at the 2010 Victory Day commemoration in Moscow
The Ranger Honor Platoon marching in their tan berets and former service uniform

Following the Goldwater–Nichols Act in 1986, the Joint Chiefs of Staff do not have operational command authority, either individually or collectively, as the chain of command goes from the president to the secretary of defense, and from the secretary to the regional combatant commanders.

- Joint Chiefs of Staff

The U.S. Army is headed by a civilian senior appointed civil servant, the secretary of the Army (SECARMY) and by a chief military officer, the chief of staff of the Army (CSA) who is also a member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.

- United States Army

These service chiefs in turn made up the Joint Chiefs of Staff.

- Goldwater–Nichols Act

As the U.S. military grew in size following the American Civil War, joint military action between the Army and Navy became increasingly difficult.

- Joint Chiefs of Staff

The first successful test of Goldwater–Nichols was the 1989 United States invasion of Panama (code-named Operation Just Cause), where it functioned exactly as planned, allowing the U.S. commander, Army General Maxwell Reid Thurman, to exercise full control over Marine Corps, Army, Air Force and Navy assets without having to negotiate with the individual services.

- Goldwater–Nichols Act

The Goldwater-Nichols Act of 1986 created unified combatant commands bringing the army together with the other four military services under unified, geographically organized command structures.

- United States Army
The Joint Chiefs of Staff in December 2020.

2 related topics with Alpha

Overall

United States Department of Defense

1 links

Executive branch department of the federal government charged with coordinating and supervising all agencies and functions of the government directly related to national security and the United States Armed Forces.

Executive branch department of the federal government charged with coordinating and supervising all agencies and functions of the government directly related to national security and the United States Armed Forces.

President Truman signs the National Security Act Amendment of 1949
Department of Defense organizational chart (December 2013)
2008 OSD organizational chart
Joint Chiefs of Staff/Joint Staff organizational chart
Combatant command areas of responsibility
Defense Spending as a Percent of GDP (1792–2017)
Total United States Defense Outlays 1962–2024, $millions (2019-2024 estimated)
Defense Intelligence Agency
National Security Agency
National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency
National Reconnaissance Office
Department of the Army
Department of the Navy
Department of the Air Force
U.S. Army
U.S. Marine Corps
U.S. Navy
U.S. Air Force
U.S. Space Force

On 26 July 1947, Truman signed the National Security Act of 1947, which set up a unified military command known as the "National Military Establishment", as well as creating the Central Intelligence Agency, the National Security Council, National Security Resources Board, United States Air Force (formerly the Army Air Forces) and the Joint Chiefs of Staff.

Following the Goldwater–Nichols Act in 1986 the Joint Chiefs of Staff do not have operational command authority, neither individually nor collectively, as the chain of command goes from the president to the secretary of defense, and from the Secretary of Defense to the commanders of the Combatant Commands.

1) the Department of the Army, within which the United States Army is organized.

United States Secretary of Defense

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Head of the United States Department of Defense, the executive department of the U.S. Armed Forces, and is a high ranking member of the federal cabinet.

Head of the United States Department of Defense, the executive department of the U.S. Armed Forces, and is a high ranking member of the federal cabinet.

Seal of the National Military Establishment (1947–1949)
Donald Rumsfeld is sworn-in as Secretary of Defense by Associate Supreme Court Justice Potter Stewart as U.S. President Gerald R. Ford and Chairman of The Joint Chiefs of Staff General George S. Brown watch at The Pentagon on November 20, 1975.
Department of Defense organizational chart (December 2013)

Subject only to the orders of the president, the secretary of defense is in the chain of command and exercises command and control, for both operational and administrative purposes, over all service branches administered by the Department of Defense – the Army, Marine Corps, Navy, Air Force, and Space Force – as well as the Coast Guard when its command and control is transferred to the Department of Defense.

The last major revision of the statutory framework concerning the position was done in the Goldwater–Nichols Department of Defense Reorganization Act of 1986.

The Department of Defense is composed of the Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD), the Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS) and the Joint Staff (JS), Office of the Inspector General (DODIG), the Combatant Commands, the Military Departments (Department of the Army (DA), Department of the Navy (DON) & Department of the Air Force (DAF)), the Defense Agencies and DoD Field Activities, the National Guard Bureau (NGB), and such other offices, agencies, activities, organizations, and commands established or designated by law, or by the president or by the secretary of defense.