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Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer

MGMMGM Studiosmgm.com
Goldwyn Pictures Corporation was an American motion picture production company that operated from 1916 to 1924 when it was merged with two other production companies to form the major studio, Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. Louis B. Mayer heard about the pending merger and contacted Loew about adding his Louis B. Mayer Productions into the post merger company, Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer.
MGM was founded in 1924 when the entertainment entrepreneur Marcus Loew gained control of Metro Pictures, Goldwyn Pictures, and Louis B. Mayer Pictures.

Leo the Lion (MGM)

Leo the LionMGM lionJackie
The studio proved moderately successful, but became most famous due to its iconic Leo the Lion trademark.
Leo the Lion is the mascot for the Hollywood film studio Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer and one of its predecessors, Goldwyn Pictures, featured in the studio's production logo, which was created by the Paramount Studios art director Lionel S. Reiss.

Archibald Selwyn

ArchieArchibald
Goldwyn Pictures Corporation was founded on November 19, 1916 by Samuel Goldfish partnering with Broadway producers Edgar and Archibald Selwyn using an amalgamation of both last names to create the name.
They were among the founders of Goldwyn Pictures, later to be merged into MGM.

Edgar Selwyn

EdgarSelwyn BrothersSelwyn
Goldwyn Pictures Corporation was founded on November 19, 1916 by Samuel Goldfish partnering with Broadway producers Edgar and Archibald Selwyn using an amalgamation of both last names to create the name.
Selwyn co-founded Goldwyn Pictures in 1916.

Samuel Goldwyn

Sam GoldwynGoldwynSamuel Goldfish
Goldwyn Pictures Corporation was founded on November 19, 1916 by Samuel Goldfish partnering with Broadway producers Edgar and Archibald Selwyn using an amalgamation of both last names to create the name.
In 1916, Goldfish partnered with Broadway producers Edgar and Archibald Selwyn, using a combination of both names to call their movie-making enterprise Goldwyn Pictures.

Polly of the Circus (1917 film)

Polly of the CircusPolly of the Circus'' (1917 film)
The company's first release was Polly of the Circus, an adaptation of Mayo's play, in September 1917 starting Mae Marsh.
Polly of the Circus is a 1917 American silent drama film notable as the first film produced by Samuel Goldwyn after founding his studio Goldwyn Pictures.

Fort Lee, New Jersey

Fort LeeFort Lee, NJFort Lee Borough
At the beginning, Goldwyn Pictures rented production facilities from Solax Studios when it and many other early film studios in America's first motion picture industry were based in Fort Lee, New Jersey.
In the 1910s and 1920s, film companies such as the Independent Moving Pictures Company, Peerless Studios, The Solax Company, Éclair Studios, Goldwyn Picture Corporation, American Méliès (Star Films), World Film Company, Biograph Studios, Fox Film Corporation, Pathé Frères, Metro Pictures Corporation, Victor Film Company, and Selznick Pictures Corporation were all making pictures in Fort Lee.

Amalgamation (names)

amalgamationamalgamamalgamated
Goldwyn Pictures Corporation was founded on November 19, 1916 by Samuel Goldfish partnering with Broadway producers Edgar and Archibald Selwyn using an amalgamation of both last names to create the name.
Goldwyn Pictures, a motion picture production company founded by Samuel Goldfish (later Goldwyn) in partnership with Edgar and Archibald Selwyn

Fighting Odds

The company was forced in October 1917 to switch out The Eternal Magalene for Fighting Odds, both starring Maxine Elliott, after the National Board of Review cleared the Magalene movie while censors in Pennsylvania state and Chicago city did not approve the film.
Fighting Odds is a 1917 American silent drama film produced and distributed by Goldwyn Pictures and starring stage beauty Maxine Elliott.

The Scrub Lady

The company also released other production companies films with Marie Dressler's Dressler Producing Corporation film, The Scrub Lady, in 1917.
The Scrub Lady, also known as Tillie the Scrub Lady, is a 1917 silent comedy short film produced by and starring Marie Dressler and distributed by Goldwyn Pictures.

Madge Kennedy

Madge Kennedy
Instead, he rely on comedies starring Madge Kennedy and Mabel Normand.
In 1917, Sam Goldwyn of Goldwyn Pictures signed Kennedy to a film contract.

Will Rogers

RogersWill Rogers, Sr.Rogers Airport
In August 1918, Goldwyn Pictures signed Will Rogers, at that time a Broadway Follies favorite, to star in a Rex Beach production, Laughing Bill Hyde, filmed at the Fort Lee studio for release in September.
Rogers branched into silent films too, for Samuel Goldwyn's company Goldwyn Pictures.

Loews Cineplex Entertainment

Loew's Inc.LoewLoews
Goldwyn began looking to follow other film companies, like Loews Theaters/Metro Pictures and First National, into vertical integration.
To provide quality films for his theaters, Loew founded Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Pictures (MGM) in 1924, by merging the earlier firms Metro Pictures, Goldwyn Pictures, and Louis B. Mayer Productions.

Solax Studios

SolaxSolax Film CompanySolax Studio
At the beginning, Goldwyn Pictures rented production facilities from Solax Studios when it and many other early film studios in America's first motion picture industry were based in Fort Lee, New Jersey.
In between their own productions, the Blachés leased the studios to other production companies such as Goldwyn Picture Corporation and Selznick International Pictures.

Louis B. Mayer

Louis MayerMayerLouis B. Mayer Pictures
Louis B. Mayer heard about the pending merger and contacted Loew about adding his Louis B. Mayer Productions into the post merger company, Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer.
Mayer's big breakthrough, however, was in April 1924 when Marcus Loew, owner of the Loew's chain, merged Metro Pictures, Samuel Goldwyn's Goldwyn Pictures Corporation, and Mayer Pictures into Metro-Goldwyn.

Metro Pictures

MetroMetro Pictures CorporationMetro Pictures Corp.
Goldwyn began looking to follow other film companies, like Loews Theaters/Metro Pictures and First National, into vertical integration.
A few years later in 1924, Loew merged it with his recently acquired Goldwyn Pictures and shortly Louis B. Mayer Productions then renamed the new entity Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer in 1925 with Mayer in charge.

Maxine Elliott

The company was forced in October 1917 to switch out The Eternal Magalene for Fighting Odds, both starring Maxine Elliott, after the National Board of Review cleared the Magalene movie while censors in Pennsylvania state and Chicago city did not approve the film.
In 1917, Elliott returned to the U.S. and signed with newly formed Goldwyn Pictures to make Fighting Odds and The Eternal Magdalene.

Samuel Goldwyn Productions

Samuel GoldwynSamuel Goldwyn Prod.Goldwyn
Samuel Goldwyn Productions, Samuel Goldwyn's next production company
After the sale of his previous firm Goldwyn Pictures, Samuel Goldwyn organized his productions beginning in February 1923, initially in a partnership with director George Fitzmaurice.

Thais (1917 American film)

ThaisThais'' (1917 American film)
Thais starring Mary Garden was released in late 1917 which was a costly loss.

1965 MGM vault fire

1965 firefire in 1965vault fire
A 1965 fire in an MGM storage facility destroyed many negatives and prints, including the best-quality copies of every Goldwyn picture produced prior to 1924; over half of MGM's feature films from before 1930 are completely lost.
Unlike most major studios, MGM sought to preserve its early productions, that of its predecessors Metro Pictures, Goldwyn Pictures, and Louis B. Mayer Productions, and prints of films purchased for remake value.

Samuel Goldwyn Studio

GoldwynGoldwyn StudiosGoldwyn Sound Stage 5
Samuel Goldwyn Studio, informal name for the Pickford-Fairbanks Studios lot in Hollywood.
Goldwyn Pictures

Culver City, California

Culver CityBlair HillsCulver City, CA
Although Metro was the nominal survivor, the merged studio inherited Goldwyn's old facility in Culver City, California where it would remain until 1986.

Lee Shubert

Lee
Lee Shubert of Shubert Theater was an investor in the company.

The Shubert Organization

ShubertsShubertShubert Organization
Lee Shubert of Shubert Theater was an investor in the company.

Broadway theatre

BroadwayBroadway musicalBroadway shows
Goldwyn Pictures Corporation was founded on November 19, 1916 by Samuel Goldfish partnering with Broadway producers Edgar and Archibald Selwyn using an amalgamation of both last names to create the name. In August 1918, Goldwyn Pictures signed Will Rogers, at that time a Broadway Follies favorite, to star in a Rex Beach production, Laughing Bill Hyde, filmed at the Fort Lee studio for release in September.