Gonorrhea

gonorrhoeathe clapgonorheaclapgonorrhea infectiongonococcal urethritisdisseminated gonococcal infectionElectrogonnorheagleetgonococcal
Gonorrhea, colloquially known as the clap, is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae.wikipedia
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Epididymitis

epididymo-orchitisinflammation of the epididymispain and swelling of one or both testicles
Complications in women include pelvic inflammatory disease and in men include inflammation of the epididymis.
In those who are young and sexually active gonorrhea and chlamydia are frequently the underlying cause.

Condom

condomscollection condomrubber
Gonorrhea can be prevented with the use of condoms, having sex with only one person who is uninfected, and by not having sex.
Their use greatly decreases the risk of gonorrhea, chlamydia, trichomoniasis, hepatitis B, and HIV/AIDS.

Pelvic inflammatory disease

pelvic inflammationPelvic inflammatory disease (PID)pelvic inflammatory diseases
Complications in women include pelvic inflammatory disease and in men include inflammation of the epididymis.
Without treatment, about 10 percent of those with a chlamydial infection and 40 percent of those with a gonorrhea infection will develop PID.

Ceftriaxone

RocephinCeftriaxone sodium
Treatment is usually with ceftriaxone by injection and azithromycin by mouth.
These include middle ear infections, endocarditis, meningitis, pneumonia, bone and joint infections, intra-abdominal infections, skin infections, urinary tract infections, gonorrhea, and pelvic inflammatory disease.

Azithromycin

ZithromaxSumamedZ-PAK
Treatment is usually with ceftriaxone by injection and azithromycin by mouth.
It can also be used for a number of sexually transmitted infections, including chlamydia and gonorrhea infections.

Prostate cancer

prostatehormone-refractory prostate cancermetastatic prostate cancer
Gonorrhea is also associated with increased risk of prostate cancer.
An association with gonorrhea has been found, but a reason for this relationship has not been identified.

Vertically transmitted infection

vertical transmissionmother-to-child transmissionvertically
It can also spread from a mother to a child during birth.

Testicular pain

orchialgiaother causespain of the testes
Infected men may experience pain or burning with urination, discharge from the penis, or testicular pain.
In those between the ages of 14 to 35 it is usually caused by either gonorrhea or chlamydia.

Urethritis

inflammation in the urethrainflammation of the penile urethrainflammation of the urethra
Most infected men with symptoms have inflammation of the penile urethra associated with a burning sensation during urination and discharge from the penis.
The disease is classified as either gonococcal urethritis, caused by Neisseria gonorrhoeae, or non-gonococcal urethritis (NGU), most commonly caused by Chlamydia trachomatis.

Septic arthritis

infectious arthritisjoint infectionjoint infections
If untreated, gonorrhea can spread to joints or heart valves. Other complications include inflammation of the tissue surrounding the liver, a rare complication associated with Fitz-Hugh–Curtis syndrome; septic arthritis in the fingers, wrists, toes, and ankles; septic abortion; chorioamnionitis during pregnancy; neonatal or adult blindness from conjunctivitis; and infertility.
* Neisseria gonorrhoeae – the most common cause of septic arthritis in young, sexually active adults.

Vaginal discharge

dischargevaginal fluidvaginal secretion
Infected women may experience burning with urination, vaginal discharge, vaginal bleeding between periods, or pelvic pain. Half of women with gonorrhea are asymptomatic but the other half experience vaginal discharge, lower abdominal pain, or pain with sexual intercourse associated with inflammation of the uterine cervix.
32% of patients were found to have sexually transmitted infections including Chlamydia, Gonorrhea, Trichomonas, or Genital Herpes.

Conjunctivitis

pink eyepinkeyeblepharoconjunctivitis
For newborns, erythromycin ointment is recommended as a preventative measure for gonococcal infant conjunctivitis. Other complications include inflammation of the tissue surrounding the liver, a rare complication associated with Fitz-Hugh–Curtis syndrome; septic arthritis in the fingers, wrists, toes, and ankles; septic abortion; chorioamnionitis during pregnancy; neonatal or adult blindness from conjunctivitis; and infertility.
People who wear contact lenses and those whose infection is caused by gonorrhea or chlamydia should be treated.

Cervix

cervicalcervical mucuscervix uteri
Diagnosis is by testing the urine, urethra in males, or cervix in females.
When associated with the endocervix, it is associated with a mucous vaginal discharge and sexually transmitted infections such as chlamydia and gonorrhoea.

Chlamydia

chlamydia infectionchlamydialChlamydial infection
An estimated 33 to 106 million new cases occur each year, out of the 498 million new cases of curable STI – which also includes syphilis, chlamydia, and trichomoniasis.
Gonorrhea, syphilis, and HIV should be tested for in those who have been infected.

Prenatal care in the United States

influenza vaccination of pregnant women in the United Statespre-natal careprenatal care
Screening for gonorrhea in women who are (or intend to become) pregnant, and who are found to be at high risk for sexually transmitted diseases, is recommended as part of prenatal care in the United States.

Cefixime

SupraxNIFIM
Resistance to cefixime has reached a level such that it is no longer recommended as a first-line agent in the United States, and if it is used a person should be tested again after a week to determine whether the infection still persists.
This includes otitis media, strep throat, pneumonia, urinary tract infections, gonorrhea, and Lyme disease.

Sexual intercourse

sexcopulationintercourse
The infection is usually spread from one person to another through vaginal, oral, or anal sex.
There are 19 million new cases of sexually transmitted infections every year in the U.S., and, in 2005, the World Health Organization (WHO) estimated that 448 million people aged 15–49 were infected per year with curable STIs (such as syphilis, gonorrhea and chlamydia).

Sexually transmitted infection

venereal diseasesexually transmitted diseasesexually transmitted diseases
Screening for gonorrhea in women who are (or intend to become) pregnant, and who are found to be at high risk for sexually transmitted diseases, is recommended as part of prenatal care in the United States. Gonorrhea, colloquially known as the clap, is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae.
Bacterial STIs include chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis.

Dyspareunia

pain during sexual intercoursepain with sexpainful intercourse
Half of women with gonorrhea are asymptomatic but the other half experience vaginal discharge, lower abdominal pain, or pain with sexual intercourse associated with inflammation of the uterine cervix.
Gonorrheal infections are sometimes associated with burning or sharp penile pains during ejaculation.

Patient-delivered therapy

patient-delivered partner therapy
One option for treating sexual partners of people infected is patient-delivered partner therapy (PDPT), which involves providing prescriptions or medications to the person to take to his/her partner without the health care provider's first examining him/her.
Patient-delivered (partner) therapy (PDT or PDPT), is the practice of treating the sex partners of people diagnosed with chlamydia or gonorrhea by providing prescriptions or medications to the person to take to their partner without the health care provider first examining the partner.

Anal sex

analanal intercourseanal penetration
The infection is usually spread from one person to another through vaginal, oral, or anal sex.
Other infections that can be transmitted by unprotected anal sex are human papillomavirus (HPV) (which can increase risk of anal cancer ); typhoid fever; amoebiasis; chlamydia; cryptosporidiosis; E. coli infections; giardiasis; gonorrhea; hepatitis A; hepatitis B; hepatitis C; herpes simplex; Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (HHV-8); lymphogranuloma venereum; Mycoplasma hominis; Mycoplasma genitalium; pubic lice; salmonellosis; shigella; syphilis; tuberculosis; and Ureaplasma urealyticum.

Cervicitis

inflammation of the cervixinflammation of the uterine cervixMucopurulent cervicitis
Half of women with gonorrhea are asymptomatic but the other half experience vaginal discharge, lower abdominal pain, or pain with sexual intercourse associated with inflammation of the uterine cervix.
Cervicitis can be caused by any of a number of infections, of which the most common are chlamydia and gonorrhea, with chlamydia accounting for approximately 40% of cases.

Oral sex

oraloral copulationfellatio
The infection is usually spread from one person to another through vaginal, oral, or anal sex.
Chlamydia, human papillomavirus (HPV), syphilis, gonorrhea, herpes, hepatitis (multiple strains), and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs), can be transmitted through oral sex.

Infertility

infertilesterilesterility
Other complications include inflammation of the tissue surrounding the liver, a rare complication associated with Fitz-Hugh–Curtis syndrome; septic arthritis in the fingers, wrists, toes, and ankles; septic abortion; chorioamnionitis during pregnancy; neonatal or adult blindness from conjunctivitis; and infertility.
Other diseases such as chlamydia, and gonorrhea can also cause infertility, due to internal scarring (fallopian tube obstruction).

Arthur Eichengrün

Arthur Eichengrün invented this type of colloidal silver, which was marketed by Bayer from 1897 onward.
He is known for developing the highly successful anti-gonorrhea drug Protargol, the standard treatment for 50 years until the adoption of antibiotics, and for his pioneering contributions in plastics: co-developing (with Theodore Becker) the first soluble cellulose acetate materials in 1903, called "Cellit", and creating processes for the manufacture of these materials which were influential in the development of injection moulding.