A report on Google Chrome

Google Chrome running on Windows 11
Google Chrome running on Windows 11
Google Chrome running on Windows 11
An early version of Chromium for Linux, explaining the difference between Chrome and Chromium
The results of the Acid3 test on Google Chrome 4.0
Google Chrome Incognito mode message
Screenshot of a Chrome browser crash
Google Chrome Canary application icon
Google Chrome running on an Android phone
Usage share of web browsers according to StatCounter
Google Chrome running on an Android phone

Cross-platform web browser developed by Google.

- Google Chrome
Google Chrome running on Windows 11

91 related topics with Alpha

Overall

Firefox 100 on Windows 11

Firefox

21 links

Extensible free and open-source web browser developed by the Mozilla Foundation and its subsidiary, the Mozilla Corporation.

Extensible free and open-source web browser developed by the Mozilla Foundation and its subsidiary, the Mozilla Corporation.

Firefox 100 on Windows 11
Firefox 100 on Windows 11
Screenshot of Phoenix 0.1 on Windows XP
The result of the Acid3 test on Firefox 17
Firefox 57 on macOS High Sierra
Firefox 96 on Arch Linux
Logo used for Iceweasel
Firefox mascot at the FISL16 (2015), Brazil
Usage share of web browsers according to StatCounter.
Logo of "Phoenix" and "Firebird" before being renamed as Firefox
Firefox 0.8–0.10, from February 9, 2004 to November 8, 2004
Firefox 1.0–3.0, from November 9, 2004 to June 29, 2009
Firefox 3.5–22, from
Firefox 23–56, from August 6, 2013 to November 13, 2017<ref>{{cite web|last=Martell|first=Sean|title=(Re)building a simplified Firefox logo|url=http://blog.seanmartell.com/2013/06/27/rebuilding-a-simplified-firefox-logo/|work=Reticulating Splines|access-date=September 5, 2013|date=June 27, 2013|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20130702182008/http://blog.seanmartell.com/2013/06/27/rebuilding-a-simplified-firefox-logo/|archive-date=July 2, 2013|url-status=live}}</ref>
Firefox 57–69, from November 14, 2017 to October 21, 2019
The 2011 Nightly logo, used to represent nightly builds of pre-alpha versions
The 2013 Nightly logo
The 2017 Nightly logo
The 2019 Nightly logo
The 2011 Aurora logo, used to represent an alpha release
The 2013 Aurora logo
The 2015 Developer Edition logo
The 2017 Developer Edition logo
The 2019 Developer Edition logo
Blue globe artwork, distributed with the source code, and is explicitly not protected as a trademark<ref>Mozilla Trademark Policy FAQ {{Webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20130407213521/http://www.mozilla.org/foundation/trademarks/faq.html|date=April 7, 2013 }}: "What are the Mozilla Trademarks and Logos?". Retrieved November 2, 2006</ref>
The logo for the Firefox brand of products and services, as of July 2019. It appears as if the fox was removed, but this is not the logo for the browser itself.

Firefox usage share grew to a peak of 32.21% in November 2009, with Firefox 3.5 overtaking Internet Explorer 7, although not all versions of Internet Explorer as a whole; its usage then declined in competition with Google Chrome.

Safari 15 running on macOS Monterey

Safari (web browser)

17 links

Graphical web browser developed by Apple.

Graphical web browser developed by Apple.

Safari 15 running on macOS Monterey
Safari 15 running on macOS Monterey
Safari 15 on iPadOS 15
Safari 4 (pictured) was the first version that had entirely passed the Acid3 rendering test.
Safari 5 (pictured) was the final version for Windows
Safari 6 ceased support for Windows users, and it was subsequently removed from Microsoft's browser-choice menu (pictured).
Craig Federighi announcing Safari 7 (pictured in projection screen) in WWDC 2013.
Safari 10 (pictured) allowed extension to be saved directly to Pocket and Dic Go.
Safari 12 (pictured) in dark mode
Safari's Web Inspector in macOS Big Sur
License agreement seen in Safari 4
Market share data of Safari

The fourteenth version, released in November 2020, was 50% faster than Google Chrome, and consumed less battery than other standard competitors.

Internet Explorer 11 running on Windows 10

Internet Explorer

14 links

The series of graphical web browsers developed by Microsoft which was used in the Windows line of operating systems (in Windows 11, it is replaced by the Chromium version of Microsoft Edge).

The series of graphical web browsers developed by Microsoft which was used in the Windows line of operating systems (in Windows 11, it is replaced by the Chromium version of Microsoft Edge).

Internet Explorer 11 running on Windows 10
Internet Explorer 11 running on Windows 10
Internet Explorer 1
Logo for Internet Explorer 2
Logo for Internet Explorer 5
Page zoom as seen in IE9. The lowest allowed manual zoom level is 10%, and the highest 1000%.
The architecture of IE8. Previous versions had a similar architecture, except that both tabs and the UI were within the same process. Consequently, each browser window could have only one "tab process".
Internet Explorer compared to Firefox on the Acid3 HTML rendering test
Usage share of web browsers according to StatCounter
Historical market share of Internet Explorer

Its usage share has since declined with the launch of Firefox (2004) and Google Chrome (2008), and with the growing popularity of mobile operating systems such as Android and iOS that do not support Internet Explorer.

Traditional browser arrangement: UI features above page content

Web browser

12 links

Application software for accessing the World Wide Web or a local website.

Application software for accessing the World Wide Web or a local website.

Traditional browser arrangement: UI features above page content
Nicola Pellow and Tim Berners-Lee in 1992
Marc Andreessen, lead developer of Mosaic and Navigator, in 2007

The most used browser is Google Chrome, with a 63% global market share on all devices, followed by Safari with 20%.

Chromium 103.0.5020.0 in 2022

Chromium (web browser)

11 links

Free and open-source web browser project, mainly developed and maintained by Google.

Free and open-source web browser project, mainly developed and maintained by Google.

Chromium 103.0.5020.0 in 2022
Chromium 103.0.5020.0 in 2022
Chromium 103.0.5020.0 in 2022
An alpha build of Chromium 3 for Linux
Chromium logo introduced in 2011
The Chromium Material Icon used until 2022

This codebase provides the vast majority of code for the Google Chrome browser, which is proprietary software and has some additional features.

Google

10 links

American multinational technology company that focuses on search engine technology, online advertising, cloud computing, computer software, quantum computing, e-commerce, artificial intelligence, and consumer electronics.

American multinational technology company that focuses on search engine technology, online advertising, cloud computing, computer software, quantum computing, e-commerce, artificial intelligence, and consumer electronics.

Then-CEO, and former Chairman of Google Eric Schmidt with cofounders Sergey Brin and Larry Page (left to right) in 2008
Larry Page and Sergey Brin in 2003
Google's original homepage had a simple design because the company founders had little experience in HTML, the markup language used for designing web pages.
Google's first production server
Eric Schmidt, CEO of Google from 2001 to 2011
Entrance of building where Google and its subsidiary Deep Mind are located at 6 Pancras Square, London
Current Google CEO, Sundar Pichai, with Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi
Google on ad-tech London, 2010
Google's logo from 2013 to 2015
Google employees marching in the Pride in London parade in 2016
Google's New York City office building houses its largest advertising sales team.
Google's Toronto office
Google's Dublin Ireland office, headquarters of Google Ads for Europe
San Francisco activists protest privately owned shuttle buses that transport workers for tech companies such as Google from their homes in San Francisco and Oakland to corporate campuses in Silicon Valley.
The European Commission, which imposed three fines on Google in 2017, 2018, and 2019

These products address a wide range of use cases, including email (Gmail), navigation (Maps), cloud computing (Cloud), web browsing (Chrome), video sharing (YouTube), productivity (Workspace), operating systems (Android), cloud storage (Drive), language translation (Translate), photo storage (Photo), video calling (Meet), smart home (Nest), smartphones (Pixel), wearable technology (Fitbit), gaming (Stadia), music streaming (YouTube Music), video on demand (TV), artificial intelligence (Assistant), machine learning APIs (TensorFlow), AI chips (TPU), and more.

WebKit

8 links

Browser engine developed by Apple and primarily used in its Safari web browser, as well as all iOS web browsers.

Browser engine developed by Apple and primarily used in its Safari web browser, as well as all iOS web browsers.

Usage share of web browsers according to StatCounter
GNOME Web is a major web browser on Linux that uses WebKitGTK

On April 3, 2013, Google announced that it had forked WebCore, a component of WebKit, to be used in future versions of Google Chrome and the Opera web browser, under the name Blink.

ChromeOS 87 Desktop

ChromeOS

6 links

Linux-based operating system designed by Google.

Linux-based operating system designed by Google.

ChromeOS 87 Desktop
ChromeOS 87 Desktop
Samsung Chromebook
Chromebook Pixel (Wi-Fi) open
A Chromebook

It is derived from the open-source Chromium OS and uses the Google Chrome web browser as its principal user interface.

Android 12 home screen with Pixel Launcher

Android (operating system)

7 links

Mobile operating system based on a modified version of the Linux kernel and other open source software, designed primarily for touchscreen mobile devices such as smartphones and tablets.

Mobile operating system based on a modified version of the Linux kernel and other open source software, designed primarily for touchscreen mobile devices such as smartphones and tablets.

Android 12 home screen with Pixel Launcher
Android 12 home screen with Pixel Launcher
HTC Dream or T-Mobile G1, the first commercially released device running Android (2008)
Eric Schmidt, Andy Rubin and Hugo Barra at a 2012 press conference announcing Google's Nexus 7 tablet
Frontal buttons (home, menu/options, go back, search) and optical track pad of an HTC Desire, a 2010 smartphone with Android OS.
The stack of Android Open Source Project
Android's architecture diagram
The first-generation Nexus 7 tablet, running Android 4.1 Jelly Bean
Barnes & Noble Nook running Android
Ouya, a video game console which runs Android
Android-x86 running on an ASUS Eee PC netbook

Most Android devices ship with additional proprietary software pre-installed, most notably Google Mobile Services (GMS) which includes core apps such as Google Chrome, the digital distribution platform Google Play, and associated Google Play Services development platform.

A timeline of web browsers

Browser wars

5 links

Competition for dominance in the usage share of web browsers.

Competition for dominance in the usage share of web browsers.

A timeline of web browsers
Usage share as of Q2 2009 by percent of layout engines/web browsers
Market share for several browsers between 1995 and 2010. Firefox was originally named "Phoenix", a name which implied that it would rise like a phoenix after Netscape Navigator was killed off by Microsoft.
Firefox 2.0, shown here, was released in October 2006
Share of usage for top 7 used browsers between 2009 and 2021 according to StatCounter
Usage share of web browsers according to StatCounter
Google Chrome, initially released in 2008, had a rapidly increasing trend in usage share since its creation, dominating the browser wars by 2017.

Browser wars continued with the decline of Internet Explorer's market share and the popularity of other browsers including Firefox, Google Chrome (and other Chromium-based browsers), Safari, Microsoft Edge and Opera.