Goraj, Lublin Voivodeship

Goraj
Goraj is a village in Biłgoraj County, Lublin Voivodeship, in eastern Poland.wikipedia
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Gmina Goraj

Goraj
It is the seat of the gmina (administrative district) called Gmina Goraj.
Its seat is the village of Goraj, which lies approximately 20 km north of Biłgoraj and 60 km south of the regional capital Lublin.

Biłgoraj County

BiłgorajBilgoraj County
Goraj is a village in Biłgoraj County, Lublin Voivodeship, in eastern Poland.

Lesser Poland

MałopolskaLesser PolishEast Małopolska
It lies in historic Lesser Poland, approximately 20 km north of Biłgoraj and 60 km south of the regional capital Lublin.

Menachem Mendel of Kotzk

Kotzker RebbeKotzkKotsk
Rabbi Menachem Mendel Morgensztern, famed as the Kotsker Rebbe, was born in Goraj.
Born to a non-Hasidic family in Goraj near Lublin, Poland, he became attracted to Hasidus in his youth.

Lublin Voivodeship

LublinLubelskieLublin Voivodship
Goraj is a village in Biłgoraj County, Lublin Voivodeship, in eastern Poland.

Gmina

communerural gminaadministrative district
It is the seat of the gmina (administrative district) called Gmina Goraj.

Biłgoraj

BilgorajBiłgoraj LandBelgorai
It lies in historic Lesser Poland, approximately 20 km north of Biłgoraj and 60 km south of the regional capital Lublin.

Lublin

Lublin, PolandLubelskieDistrikt Lublin
It lies in historic Lesser Poland, approximately 20 km north of Biłgoraj and 60 km south of the regional capital Lublin.

Roztocze

RoztochiaRoztochia UplandRoztochya region
The name of the village probably comes from a Polish language word “gora” (mountain), and is related to the location of Goraj, among the hills of the Roztocze.

Louis I of Hungary

Louis ILouis the GreatLouis I the Great
The document was issued by King Louis I, mentions that two members of local nobility, were granted "castrum nostrum Goray alio Lada... cum villis Lada, Radziecin...".

Szlachta

szlachcicnoblePolish nobility
The document was issued by King Louis I, mentions that two members of local nobility, were granted "castrum nostrum Goray alio Lada... cum villis Lada, Radziecin...".

Magdeburg rights

Magdeburg Lawcity rightsMagdeburg city rights
It is not known when the village was granted Magdeburg rights, it probably happened in the early 1370s, as in a 1373 document, a person named Demetrio de Goray is mentioned, which suggests that it already was a town in that year.

Władysław II Jagiełło

JogailaWładysław JagiełłoWladyslaw Jagiello
In 1389, King Wladyslaw Jagiello confirmed Goraj’s charter.

Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth

Polish-Lithuanian CommonwealthPolandPolish
Until 1508, the town belonged to the Gorajski family, and in the 16th century, it was property of several noble families – the Firlejs, the Sienienskis, the Trojanowskis, and in 1595, it pas purchased by one of the most powerful magnates in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, Jan Zamoyski, who in 1596 incorporated Goraj into his landed property, Ordynacja Zamojska (Zamosc Estate).

Jan Zamoyski

Krystyna RadziwiłłJan Zamojski
Until 1508, the town belonged to the Gorajski family, and in the 16th century, it was property of several noble families – the Firlejs, the Sienienskis, the Trojanowskis, and in 1595, it pas purchased by one of the most powerful magnates in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, Jan Zamoyski, who in 1596 incorporated Goraj into his landed property, Ordynacja Zamojska (Zamosc Estate).

Zamość

ZamosczamojskiZamojskie
Until 1508, the town belonged to the Gorajski family, and in the 16th century, it was property of several noble families – the Firlejs, the Sienienskis, the Trojanowskis, and in 1595, it pas purchased by one of the most powerful magnates in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, Jan Zamoyski, who in 1596 incorporated Goraj into his landed property, Ordynacja Zamojska (Zamosc Estate).

Calvinism

CalvinistReformedCalvinists
In 1540, a Calvinist prayer house was built at Goraj.

Khmelnytsky Uprising

Chmielnicki UprisingKhmelnytskyi UprisingChmielnicki massacres
In 1648, the town was ransacked and destroyed by Cossacks and Tatars in the Khmelnytsky Uprising, it also suffered during the Swedish invasion of Poland (1655–1660), when, among other buildings, a local parish church was destroyed.

Deluge (history)

The DelugeDelugeSwedish invasion of Poland
In 1648, the town was ransacked and destroyed by Cossacks and Tatars in the Khmelnytsky Uprising, it also suffered during the Swedish invasion of Poland (1655–1660), when, among other buildings, a local parish church was destroyed.

World War II

Second World WarwarWWII
By that time, Goraj already had a Jewish community, with a stone synagogue, built probably in the late 17th century, and destroyed by the Germans in World War II.

Partitions of Poland

partition of Polandpartitionsfirst partition of Poland
Following the Partitions of Poland, Goraj, which for centuries belonged to Lesser Poland’s Lublin Voivodeship, was annexed by the Habsburg Empire (1795), and in 1815 it became part of Russian-controlled Congress Poland.

Habsburg Monarchy

Habsburg EmpireHabsburgAustria
Following the Partitions of Poland, Goraj, which for centuries belonged to Lesser Poland’s Lublin Voivodeship, was annexed by the Habsburg Empire (1795), and in 1815 it became part of Russian-controlled Congress Poland.

Congress Poland

Kingdom of PolandPolandRussian Poland
Following the Partitions of Poland, Goraj, which for centuries belonged to Lesser Poland’s Lublin Voivodeship, was annexed by the Habsburg Empire (1795), and in 1815 it became part of Russian-controlled Congress Poland.

Cholera

Asiatic choleracholera epidemicA cholera epidemic breaks out
In 1855, the population was decimated by a cholera epidemic.

January Uprising

Uprising of 1863January 1863 Uprising1863 Uprising
During the January Uprising, Polish residents of the town supported the rebels, for which in 1869 Russian authorities stripped it of the town charter, and Goraj has remained a village ever since.