Gordon Brown

BrownJames Gordon BrownMr. BrownPrime MinisterChancellor of the ExchequerGordonBrown, GordonGordon Brown MPGordon Brown took over as Prime MinisterPrime Minister Gordon Brown
James Gordon Brown (born 20 February 1951) is a British politician who was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and Leader of the Labour Party from 2007 to 2010.wikipedia
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2010 United Kingdom general election

2010 general election20102010 election
James Gordon Brown (born 20 February 1951) is a British politician who was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and Leader of the Labour Party from 2007 to 2010. A year later, Labour lost 91 seats in the House of Commons at the 2010 general election, the party's biggest loss of seats in a single general election since 1931, making the Conservatives the largest party in a hung parliament.
To facilitate this, Gordon Brown announced on the evening of Monday 10 May that he would resign as Leader of the Labour Party.

Chancellor of the Exchequer

ChancellorChancellors of the ExchequerSpokesperson for the Treasury
He served as Chancellor of the Exchequer in the Blair Government from 1997 to 2007.
Gordon Brown, who became chancellor when Labour came into Government in 1997, had a large personal power base in the party.

1983 United Kingdom general election

19831983 general election1983 election
Brown was a Member of Parliament (MP) from 1983 to 2015, first for Dunfermline East and later for Kirkcaldy and Cowdenbeath.
Three future Leaders of the Labour Party (Tony Blair, Gordon Brown and Jeremy Corbyn) were first elected as Members of Parliament at this election—two of them would later hold the office of Prime Minister, whilst Corbyn became Labour leader in 2015.

1997 United Kingdom general election

1997 general election19971997 election
He served as Chancellor of the Exchequer in the Blair Government from 1997 to 2007.
Labour also reversed its policy on unilateral nuclear disarmament and the events of Black Wednesday allowed Labour to promise greater economic management under the Chancellorship of Gordon Brown.

Blair ministry

Labour GovernmentBlair governmentBlair (I–III)
He served as Chancellor of the Exchequer in the Blair Government from 1997 to 2007.
Gordon Brown – Chancellor of the Exchequer and Second Lord of the Treasury

Tony Blair

BlairTonyPrime Minister Tony Blair
In 2007, Tony Blair resigned as Prime Minister and Labour Leader and Brown was chosen to replace him in an uncontested election.
Blair was succeeded as Leader of the Labour Party and as Prime Minister by Gordon Brown in June 2007.

2007 Labour Party (UK) leadership election

200724 June 20072007 Labour Party leadership election
James Gordon Brown (born 20 February 1951) is a British politician who was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and Leader of the Labour Party from 2007 to 2010. He served as Chancellor of the Exchequer in the Blair Government from 1997 to 2007. In 2007, Tony Blair resigned as Prime Minister and Labour Leader and Brown was chosen to replace him in an uncontested election.
Blair said he expected Gordon Brown to succeed him, and that Brown "would make an excellent Prime Minister".

Ed Miliband

EdEd MillibandEd '''Miliband
He was succeeded as Prime Minister by David Cameron, and as Leader of the Labour Party by Ed Miliband.
He became the Member of Parliament (MP) for Doncaster North in 2005, being re-elected in 2010, 2015, and 2017, and served in the Cabinet from 2007–10 under Prime Minister Gordon Brown.

Shadow Chancellor of the Exchequer

Shadow Chancelloreconomic spokesmanShadow Secretary of State for Deregulation
He joined the Shadow Cabinet in 1989 as Shadow Secretary of State for Trade, and was later promoted to become Shadow Chancellor of the Exchequer in 1992.
This was a source of humour for one time Chancellor of the Exchequer Gordon Brown, who in 2005 played the two off against one another in Parliament, saying, "I, too, have a great deal of time for the shadow Chancellor who resides in Twickenham [ ], rather than the shadow Chancellor for the Conservative Party."

Department for Business, Innovation and Skills

BISBusiness, Innovation and SkillsMinister of State for Universities and Science
He joined the Shadow Cabinet in 1989 as Shadow Secretary of State for Trade, and was later promoted to become Shadow Chancellor of the Exchequer in 1992.

2015 United Kingdom general election

2015 general election20152015 UK general election
Brown was a Member of Parliament (MP) from 1983 to 2015, first for Dunfermline East and later for Kirkcaldy and Cowdenbeath.
These comprised 38 Conservative, 37 Labour, 10 Liberal Democrat, 3 Independent, 1 Sinn Féin and 1 Plaid Cymru MP. The highest-profile members of parliament leaving were: Gordon Brown, a former Prime Minister, Leader of the Labour Party (both 2007–2010) and Chancellor of the Exchequer (1997–2007); and William Hague, the outgoing First Secretary of State and Leader of the House of Commons and former Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs (2010–2014), Leader of the Conservative Party and Leader of the Opposition (both 1997–2001).

House of Commons of the United Kingdom

House of CommonsCommonsparliamentary
A year later, Labour lost 91 seats in the House of Commons at the 2010 general election, the party's biggest loss of seats in a single general election since 1931, making the Conservatives the largest party in a hung parliament.
The latter four were Jim Callaghan, John Major, Gordon Brown and the current Prime Minister Theresa May; these four inherited the office from Harold Wilson, Margaret Thatcher, Tony Blair and David Cameron respectively.

Kirkcaldy High School

Burgh School
Brown was educated first at Kirkcaldy West Primary School where he was selected for an experimental fast stream education programme, which took him two years early to Kirkcaldy High School for an academic hothouse education taught in separate classes.
Gordon Brown, Former Prime Minister

Liberal Democrats (UK)

Liberal DemocratsLiberal DemocratLib Dem
Brown remained in office as Labour negotiated to form a coalition government with the Liberal Democrats.
This result was viewed as a particular blow for Gordon Brown, who lives in the constituency, represented the adjacent seat and featured in Labour's campaign.

New Labour

Labour "New LabourLabour government
Whether this is true or not, the relationship between Blair and Brown was central to the fortunes of New Labour, and they mostly remained united in public, despite reported serious private rifts.
New Labour refers to a period in the history of the British Labour Party from the mid-1990s until 2010 under the leadership of Tony Blair and Gordon Brown.

1994 Labour Party (UK) leadership election

21 July 199419941994 Labour leadership election
It has long been rumoured a deal was struck between Blair and Brown at the former Granita restaurant in Islington, in which Blair promised to give Brown control of economic policy in return for Brown not standing against him in the leadership election.
It has been widely speculated that Shadow Chancellor Gordon Brown did not stand due to a pact agreed with Blair at the Granita Restaurant.

2014 Scottish independence referendum

referendum on that issueScottish independence referendumreferendum on Scottish independence
Later, Brown played a prominent role in the campaign surrounding the Scottish independence referendum of 2014, galvanising support behind maintaining the union.
On 8 September, former Prime Minister Gordon Brown suggested a timetable for the additional powers to be implemented in the event of a "no" vote.

Margareta of Romania

Crown Princess MargaretaCrown Princess Margareta of RomaniaMargareta
In his youth at the University of Edinburgh, Brown was involved in a romantic relationship with Margarita, Crown Princess of Romania.
While at the University during her twenties, Margareta was involved in a five-year romantic relationship with Gordon Brown, who would serve as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 2007 to 2010; In 2007 she was interviewed by an editor of The Daily Telegraph: "It was a very solid and romantic story; I never stopped loving him, but one day it didn't seem right any more, it was politics, politics, politics, and I needed nurturing," she said.

Rector of the University of Edinburgh

RectorRector of the UniversityEdinburgh
In 1972, while still a student, Brown was elected Rector of the University of Edinburgh, the convener of the University Court.
Gordon Brown was unusual in being elected at the age of 21 while still a student, several years before he became politically prominent.

Conservative Party (UK)

ConservativeConservative PartyConservatives
A year later, Labour lost 91 seats in the House of Commons at the 2010 general election, the party's biggest loss of seats in a single general election since 1931, making the Conservatives the largest party in a hung parliament. In the 1979 general election, Brown stood for the Edinburgh South constituency, losing to the Conservative candidate, Michael Ancram.
Polls became more volatile in summer 2007 with the accession of Gordon Brown as Prime Minister, although polls gave the Conservatives a lead after October of that year and, by May 2008, with the UK's economy sliding into its first recession since 1992, and a week after local council elections, a YouGov poll commissioned by The Sun newspaper was published giving the Conservative Party a 26-point lead over Labour, its largest lead since 1968.

Bank of England

The Bank of EnglandBankBank of England’s
Brown's time as Chancellor was marked by major reform of Britain's monetary and fiscal policy architecture, transferring interest rate setting powers to the Bank of England, by a wide extension of the powers of the Treasury to cover much domestic policy and by transferring responsibility for banking supervision to the Financial Services Authority.
On 6 May 1997, following the 1997 general election that brought a Labour government to power for the first time since 1979, it was announced by the Chancellor of the Exchequer, Gordon Brown, that the Bank would be granted operational independence over monetary policy.

Michael Ancram

Michael Kerr, 13th Marquess of LothianThe Marquess of LothianMichael Andrew Foster Jude Kerr, 13th Marquess of Lothian
In the 1979 general election, Brown stood for the Edinburgh South constituency, losing to the Conservative candidate, Michael Ancram.
He re-entered Parliament at the 1979 election as the Member of Parliament for Edinburgh South, beating future Prime Minister Gordon Brown.

Blair–Brown deal

GranitaGranita restaurantGranita Pact
It has long been rumoured a deal was struck between Blair and Brown at the former Granita restaurant in Islington, in which Blair promised to give Brown control of economic policy in return for Brown not standing against him in the leadership election.
The Blair–Brown deal (or Granita Pact) was a gentlemen's agreement struck between the British Labour Party politicians Tony Blair and Gordon Brown in May 1994, while they were Shadow Home Secretary and Shadow Chancellor of the Exchequer respectively.

10p tax rate

10% "starting rate
Controversial moves included the abolition of advance corporation tax (ACT) relief in his first budget, and the removal in his final budget of the 10% "starting rate" of personal income tax which he had introduced in 1999.
The reduced tax rate for low incomes was introduced in Gordon Brown's third budget as Chancellor of the Exchequer.

John Smith (Labour Party leader)

John SmithJohn Smith MPfuture Labour Party Leader John Smith
Labour leader John Smith died suddenly in May 1994.
This frustrated many modernisers like Tony Blair and Gordon Brown and after Smith's sudden death in May 1994, he was succeeded as Leader by Blair, who undertook the subsequent re-branding of Labour as New Labour, winning the 1997 general election in a landslide.