Gordon Brown

BrownJames Gordon BrownMr. BrownPrime MinisterChancellor of the ExchequerGordonBrown, GordonGordon Brown MPGordon Brown took over as Prime MinisterPrime Minister Brown
James Gordon Brown (born 20 February 1951) is a British politician who was prime minister of the United Kingdom and leader of the Labour Party from 2007 to 2010.wikipedia
2,017 Related Articles

2010 United Kingdom general election

2010 general election20102010 election
James Gordon Brown (born 20 February 1951) is a British politician who was prime minister of the United Kingdom and leader of the Labour Party from 2007 to 2010. A year later, Labour lost 91 seats in the House of Commons at the 2010 general election, the party's biggest loss of seats in a single general election since 1931, making the Conservatives the largest party in a hung parliament.
To facilitate this, Gordon Brown announced on the evening of Monday 10 May that he would resign as Leader of the Labour Party.

Chancellor of the Exchequer

ChancellorSecond Lord of the TreasuryChancellors of the Exchequer
He served as chancellor of the Exchequer from 1997 to 2007. In the 1997 general election, Labour defeated the Conservatives by a landslide to end their 18-year exile from government, and when Tony Blair, the new Prime Minister, announced his ministerial team on 2 May 1997, he appointed Brown as Chancellor of the Exchequer.
Gordon Brown, who became chancellor when Labour came into Government in 1997, had a large personal power base in the party.

1997 United Kingdom general election

1997 general election19971997 election
He served as chancellor of the Exchequer from 1997 to 2007. In the 1997 general election, Labour defeated the Conservatives by a landslide to end their 18-year exile from government, and when Tony Blair, the new Prime Minister, announced his ministerial team on 2 May 1997, he appointed Brown as Chancellor of the Exchequer.
Labour also reversed its policy on unilateral nuclear disarmament and the events of Black Wednesday allowed Labour to promise greater economic management under the Chancellorship of Gordon Brown.

1983 United Kingdom general election

1983 general election19831983 election
Brown was a member of Parliament (MP) from 1983 to 2015, first for Dunfermline East and later for Kirkcaldy and Cowdenbeath.
Three future leaders of the Labour Party (Tony Blair, Gordon Brown and Jeremy Corbyn) were first elected at this election – two went on hold the office of Prime Minister, whilst Corbyn became Labour leader in 2015.

Tony Blair

BlairTonyPrime Minister Tony Blair
Tony Blair resigned as Prime Minister and Labour Leader in 2007, and Brown was chosen to replace him in an uncontested election. In the 1997 general election, Labour defeated the Conservatives by a landslide to end their 18-year exile from government, and when Tony Blair, the new Prime Minister, announced his ministerial team on 2 May 1997, he appointed Brown as Chancellor of the Exchequer.
Blair resigned as Prime Minister and Leader of the Labour Party in 2007 and was succeeded by Gordon Brown, who had been his Chancellor of the Exchequer since 1997.

2007 Labour Party leadership election (UK)

200724 June 20072007 Labour Party leadership election
James Gordon Brown (born 20 February 1951) is a British politician who was prime minister of the United Kingdom and leader of the Labour Party from 2007 to 2010. He served as chancellor of the Exchequer from 1997 to 2007. Tony Blair resigned as Prime Minister and Labour Leader in 2007, and Brown was chosen to replace him in an uncontested election.
Blair said he expected Gordon Brown to succeed him, and that Brown "would make an excellent Prime Minister".

Ed Miliband

EdEd MillibandEd '''Miliband
He was succeeded as Prime Minister by David Cameron, and as Leader of the Labour Party by Ed Miliband.
He also served in the Cabinet from 2007–10 under Prime Minister Gordon Brown.

Department for Business, Innovation and Skills

BISDepartment for Business Innovation and SkillsDepartment of Business, Innovation and Skills
He joined the shadow cabinet in 1989 as shadow secretary of State for Trade, and was later promoted to become shadow chancellor of the Exchequer in 1992.

2015 United Kingdom general election

2015 general election20152015 UK general election
Brown was a member of Parliament (MP) from 1983 to 2015, first for Dunfermline East and later for Kirkcaldy and Cowdenbeath.
The highest-profile members of parliament leaving were: Gordon Brown, a former Prime Minister, Leader of the Labour Party (both 2007–2010) and Chancellor of the Exchequer (1997–2007); and William Hague, the outgoing First Secretary of State and Leader of the House of Commons and former Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs (2010–2014), Leader of the Conservative Party and Leader of the Opposition (both 1997–2001).

Kirkcaldy High School

Burgh SchoolBurgh School of Kirkcaldy
Brown was educated first at Kirkcaldy West Primary School where he was selected for an experimental fast stream education programme, which took him two years early to Kirkcaldy High School for an academic hothouse education taught in separate classes.

New Labour

Labour1997–2010 Labour governmentLabour government
Whether this is true or not, the relationship between Blair and Brown was central to the fortunes of New Labour, and they mostly remained united in public, despite reported serious private rifts.
New Labour refers to a period in the history of the British Labour Party from the mid-1990s until 2010 under the leadership of Tony Blair and Gordon Brown.

2014 Scottish independence referendum

referendum on that issueScottish independence referendumreferendum on Scottish independence
Later, Brown played a prominent role in the campaign to maintain the union during the 2014 Scottish independence referendum.
On 8 September, former Prime Minister Gordon Brown suggested a timetable for the additional powers to be implemented in the event of a "no" vote.

1994 Labour Party leadership election

21 July 199419941994 Labour leadership election
It has long been rumoured a deal was struck between Blair and Brown at the former Granita restaurant in Islington, in which Blair promised to give Brown control of economic policy in return for Brown not standing against him in the leadership election.
It has been widely speculated that Shadow Chancellor Gordon Brown did not stand due to a pact agreed with Blair at the Granita Restaurant.

Rector of the University of Edinburgh

RectorLord Rector of Edinburgh UniversityRector of Edinburgh University
In 1972, while still a student, Brown was elected Rector of the University of Edinburgh, the convener of the University Court.
Gordon Brown was unusual in being elected at the age of 21 while still a student, several years before he became politically prominent.

Margareta of Romania

Crown Princess MargaretaCrown Princess Margareta of RomaniaMargareta
In his youth at the University of Edinburgh, Brown was involved in a romantic relationship with Margarita, Crown Princess of Romania.
While at the University during her twenties, Margareta was involved in a five-year romantic relationship with Gordon Brown, who would serve as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 2007 to 2010; In 2007 she was interviewed by an editor of The Daily Telegraph: "It was a very solid and romantic story; I never stopped loving him, but one day it didn't seem right any more, it was politics, politics, politics, and I needed nurturing," she said.

Conservative Party (UK)

ConservativeConservative PartyConservatives
A year later, Labour lost 91 seats in the House of Commons at the 2010 general election, the party's biggest loss of seats in a single general election since 1931, making the Conservatives the largest party in a hung parliament. In the 1979 general election, Brown stood for the Edinburgh South constituency, losing to the Conservative candidate, Michael Ancram.
Polls became more volatile in summer 2007 with the accession of Gordon Brown as Prime Minister, although polls gave the Conservatives a lead after October of that year and, by May 2008, with the UK's economy sliding into its first recession since 1992.

Bank of England

The Bank of EnglandBankAsset Purchase Facility
Brown's time as Chancellor was marked by major reform of Britain's monetary and fiscal policy architecture, transferring interest rate setting powers to the Bank of England, by a wide extension of the powers of the Treasury to cover much domestic policy and by transferring responsibility for banking supervision to the Financial Services Authority.
On 6 May 1997, following the 1997 general election that brought a Labour government to power for the first time since 1979, it was announced by the Chancellor of the Exchequer, Gordon Brown, that the Bank would be granted operational independence over monetary policy.

Michael Ancram

Michael Kerr, 13th Marquess of LothianMichael Andrew Foster Jude Kerr, 13th Marquess of LothianThe Marquess of Lothian
In the 1979 general election, Brown stood for the Edinburgh South constituency, losing to the Conservative candidate, Michael Ancram.
He re-entered Parliament at the 1979 election as the Member of Parliament for Edinburgh South, beating future Prime Minister Gordon Brown.

10p tax rate

10% "starting rate10p tax
Controversial moves included the abolition of advance corporation tax (ACT) relief in his first budget, and the removal in his final budget of the 10% "starting rate" of personal income tax which he had introduced in 1999.
The reduced tax rate for low incomes was introduced in Gordon Brown's third budget as Chancellor of the Exchequer.

Blair–Brown deal

Blair-Brown dealGranita pactGranita Restaurant
It has long been rumoured a deal was struck between Blair and Brown at the former Granita restaurant in Islington, in which Blair promised to give Brown control of economic policy in return for Brown not standing against him in the leadership election.
The Blair–Brown deal (or Granita Pact) was a gentlemen's agreement struck between the British Labour Party politicians Tony Blair and Gordon Brown in May 1994, while they were Shadow Home Secretary and Shadow Chancellor of the Exchequer respectively.

John Smith (Labour Party leader)

John SmithJohn Smith MPfuture Labour Party Leader John Smith
Labour leader John Smith died suddenly in May 1994.
This frustrated many modernisers like Tony Blair and Gordon Brown and after Smith's sudden death in May 1994, he was succeeded as Leader by Blair, who undertook the subsequent re-branding of Labour as New Labour, winning the 1997 general election in a landslide.

2005 United Kingdom general election

2005 general election20052005 election
Following a reorganisation of Westminster constituencies in Scotland in 2005, Brown became MP for Kirkcaldy and Cowdenbeath at the general election.
Blair resigned as both Prime Minister and Leader of the Labour Party in June 2007, and was replaced by then-Chancellor of the Exchequer Gordon Brown.

Andrew Brown (media strategist)

Andrew Brown
Brown was brought up there with his elder brother John and younger brother Andrew Brown in a manse; he is therefore often referred to as a "son of the manse", an idiomatic Scottish phrase.
He began working for BBC Scotland as a news reporter in 1977, before moving to London to work for his brother Gordon Brown, the future prime minister, as a research assistant in 1983.

Blair ministry

Blair governmentLabour governmentgovernment
In the 1997 general election, Labour defeated the Conservatives by a landslide to end their 18-year exile from government, and when Tony Blair, the new Prime Minister, announced his ministerial team on 2 May 1997, he appointed Brown as Chancellor of the Exchequer.

Alistair Darling

Alastair DarlingDarlingAlistair Darling, Baron Darling of Roulanish
He abolished this 10% tax band in his last budget in 2007 to reduce the basic rate from 22% to 20%, increasing tax for 5 million people and, according to the calculations of the Institute for Fiscal Studies, leaving those earning between £5,000 and £18,000 as the biggest losers.
He was one of only three people to have served in the Cabinet continuously from Labour's landslide victory at the 1997 general election until their defeat at the 2010 general election; the other two were Gordon Brown and Jack Straw.