Gothic War (376–382)

Gothic WarGothic War of 376–382Gothic Warslarge-scale irruptioncampaign against the Gothsconflict with the Gothsfirst warfought against the GothsGothic revolt in the BalkansGothic revolt of 376
Between about 376 and 382 the Gothic War against the Eastern Roman Empire, and in particular the Battle of Adrianople, is commonly seen as a major turning point in the history of the Roman Empire, the first of a series of events over the next century that would see the collapse of the Western Roman Empire, although its ultimate importance to the Empire's eventual fall is still debated.wikipedia
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Battle of Adrianople

Adrianople*Adrianople (378)
Between about 376 and 382 the Gothic War against the Eastern Roman Empire, and in particular the Battle of Adrianople, is commonly seen as a major turning point in the history of the Roman Empire, the first of a series of events over the next century that would see the collapse of the Western Roman Empire, although its ultimate importance to the Empire's eventual fall is still debated.
Part of the Gothic War (376–382), the battle is often considered the start of the process which led to the fall of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century.

Fritigern

Fritigernus
There were two groups: the Thervings led by Fritigern and Alavivus and the Greuthungi led by Alatheus and Saphrax.
Fritigern or Fritigernus (died ca. 380) was a Thervingian Gothic chieftain whose decisive victory at Adrianople during the Gothic War (376–382) led to favourable terms for the Goths when peace was made with Gratian and Theodosius I in 382.

Goths

GothicgothDeewan Lal Chand
In the summer of 376, a massive number of Goths arrived on the Danube River, the border of the Roman Empire, requesting asylum from the Huns.
Following a famine the Gothic War of 376–382 ensued, where the Goths and some of the local Thracians rebelled.

Battle of Marcianople

defeated
Lupicinus and his army pursued them 14 km from the city, fought the Battle of Marcianople and were annihilated.
It was the first notable battle of the Gothic War of 376–382.

Saturninus (consul 383)

SaturninusFlavius Saturninus
Valens meanwhile sent magister equitum Saturninus to Thrace to linkup with Traian.
He followed the military career, and in 377/378 he fought against the Goths.

Sebastianus (4th-century Roman general)

SebastianusSebastian
Blaming Traian for the bloody draw at The Willows, Valens demoted him and appointed Sebastianus, who had arrived from Italy, to command and organize the Eastern Roman army.
Sebastianus (d. 9 August 378) was a Roman general who died at the Battle of Adrianople alongside the Emperor Valens during the Gothic War.

Marcianopolis

MarcianopleDiocese of MarcianopolisMarcionopolis
This treatment caused the Therving Goths to grow rebellious and Lupicinus decided to move them south to Marcianople, his regional headquarters.
During Emperor Valens' conflict with the Goths (366–369), Marcianopolis was a temporary capital of the empire and the largest city of Thrace according to a source from the period.

Lupicinus (comes rei militaris)

LupicinusLupicinius
Roman logistics could not cope with the vast numbers, and officials under the command of Lupicinus simply sold off much of the food before it reached the hands of the Goths.
His reputed poor treatment of the Thervingi Goths under Fritigern led to the Gothic Wars, and the Battle of Adrianople.

Traianus (magister peditum)

TraianusTraian
Valens meanwhile sent magister equitum Saturninus to Thrace to linkup with Traian. While the main army mobilized, he sent ahead an advance force under Traian and Profuturus.
Later he was promoted to the rank of magister peditum and was sent in Thracia to fight the Gothic War.

Farnobius

Frigeridus destroyed and enslaved a band of marauding Goths under Farnobius and sent the survivors to Italy.
In 376, with the outbreak of the Gothic War, Farnobius led his people across the Danube from Muntenia, and poured into Moesia Secunda, together with two other Greuthungi tribes, led by Alatheus and Saphrax.

Alavivus

There were two groups: the Thervings led by Fritigern and Alavivus and the Greuthungi led by Alatheus and Saphrax.
Fritigern on the other hand managed to escape, inciting a revolt which culminated with a decisive Gothic victory at the Battle of Adrianople.

Theodosius I

TheodosiusTheodosius the GreatTheodosian
For the events of the Gothic War between 379 and 382, there are few sources and accounts become more confused, especially concerning the rise of Theodosius I as the new Eastern Roman Emperor.
By treaty, which followed his indecisive victory at the end of the Gothic War, they were established as foederati, autonomous allies of the Empire, south of the Danube, in Illyricum, within the Empire's borders.

Develtos

Colonia Flavia Pacis DeultensiumColonia Flavia Pancensis DeultumDebeltos
The Goths, joined by their new allies the Huns and Alans, travelled south in search of plunder and close to the city of Deultum won the Battle of Deultum destroying most of the Eastern Roman army and the city.
At the Battle of Deultum in the summer of 377 during the Gothic War of 376–382 an Eastern Roman army was defeated by a Gothic raiding party outside Deultum, and the city was sacked.

Victor (consul 369)

VictorFlavius Victor
Valens, now recognizing the seriousness of the situation from his base in Antioch, sent general Victor to negotiate an immediate peace with the Sassanids.
These discussions were abruptly called off when Victor was recalled as a result of the outbreak of the new Gothic War, and the Gothic incursions into Thrace.

Battle of the Willows

Ad Salicesbattle at ''Ad Saliceswere defeated
At a place called Ad Salices ("The Willows"), they fought the Battle of the Willows.
*Gothic War (376–382)

Fall of the Western Roman Empire

decline of the Roman Empirefall of the Roman Empirefall of Rome
Between about 376 and 382 the Gothic War against the Eastern Roman Empire, and in particular the Battle of Adrianople, is commonly seen as a major turning point in the history of the Roman Empire, the first of a series of events over the next century that would see the collapse of the Western Roman Empire, although its ultimate importance to the Empire's eventual fall is still debated.
Irreversible major territorial loss, however, began in 376 with a large-scale irruption of Goths and others.

Sack of Rome (410)

Sack of Romesacked Romesack Rome
This change in Rome's relationship with barbarians would lead to the sack of Rome in 410.
The Goths rebelled and began looting and pillaging throughout the eastern Balkans.

Battle of Dibaltum

Battle of DeultumDibaltum, Battle of
The Goths, joined by their new allies the Huns and Alans, travelled south in search of plunder and close to the city of Deultum won the Battle of Deultum destroying most of the Eastern Roman army and the city.

Visigoths

VisigothicVisigothGothic
The Therving Goths would now be able to negotiate their position with Rome, with force if necessary, as a unified people inside the borders of the Empire and would transform themselves into the Visigoths.
Roger Collins believes that the Visigothic identity emerged from the Gothic War of 376–382 when a collection of Tervingi, Greuthungi, and other "barbarian" contingents banded together in multiethnic foederati (Wolfram's "federate armies") under Alaric I in the eastern Balkans, since they had become a multi ethnic group and could no longer claim to be exclusively Tervingian.

Byzantine Empire

ByzantineByzantinesEastern Roman Empire
Between about 376 and 382 the Gothic War against the Eastern Roman Empire, and in particular the Battle of Adrianople, is commonly seen as a major turning point in the history of the Roman Empire, the first of a series of events over the next century that would see the collapse of the Western Roman Empire, although its ultimate importance to the Empire's eventual fall is still debated.

Roman Empire

RomanRomansEmpire
Between about 376 and 382 the Gothic War against the Eastern Roman Empire, and in particular the Battle of Adrianople, is commonly seen as a major turning point in the history of the Roman Empire, the first of a series of events over the next century that would see the collapse of the Western Roman Empire, although its ultimate importance to the Empire's eventual fall is still debated.

Danube

Danube RiverDanubianRiver Danube
In the summer of 376, a massive number of Goths arrived on the Danube River, the border of the Roman Empire, requesting asylum from the Huns.

Huns

HunnicHunHunnic Empire
In the summer of 376, a massive number of Goths arrived on the Danube River, the border of the Roman Empire, requesting asylum from the Huns.

Thervingi

ThervingianThervingTervingi
There were two groups: the Thervings led by Fritigern and Alavivus and the Greuthungi led by Alatheus and Saphrax.

Greuthungi

GreuthungGreutungsGryting
There were two groups: the Thervings led by Fritigern and Alavivus and the Greuthungi led by Alatheus and Saphrax.