Goths

GothicgothDeewan Lal ChandGothic tribesGutones GothicEast GothicGockiGoth-folkGothes
The Goths (Gut-þiuda; Gothi) were an East Germanic people, two of whose branches, the Visigoths and the Ostrogoths, played an important role in the fall of the Western Roman Empire through the long series of Gothic Wars and in the emergence of Medieval Europe.wikipedia
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Visigoths

VisigothicVisigothGothic
The Goths (Gut-þiuda; Gothi) were an East Germanic people, two of whose branches, the Visigoths and the Ostrogoths, played an important role in the fall of the Western Roman Empire through the long series of Gothic Wars and in the emergence of Medieval Europe.
The Visigoths (Visigothi, Wisigothi, Vesi, Visi, Wesi, Wisi; Westgoten Visigoti Visigots Visigodos Visigodos) were the western branches of the nomadic tribes of Germanic peoples referred to collectively as the Goths.

Gothic Wars

Goths
The Goths (Gut-þiuda; Gothi) were an East Germanic people, two of whose branches, the Visigoths and the Ostrogoths, played an important role in the fall of the Western Roman Empire through the long series of Gothic Wars and in the emergence of Medieval Europe.
The Gothic Wars were a long series of conflicts against the Roman Empire between the years 249 and 554.

Fall of the Western Roman Empire

decline of the Roman Empirefall of the Roman Empirefall of Rome
The Goths (Gut-þiuda; Gothi) were an East Germanic people, two of whose branches, the Visigoths and the Ostrogoths, played an important role in the fall of the Western Roman Empire through the long series of Gothic Wars and in the emergence of Medieval Europe.
Irreversible major territorial loss, however, began in 376 with a large-scale irruption of Goths and others.

Germanic peoples

GermanicGermanic tribeGermanic tribes
The Goths (Gut-þiuda; Gothi) were an East Germanic people, two of whose branches, the Visigoths and the Ostrogoths, played an important role in the fall of the Western Roman Empire through the long series of Gothic Wars and in the emergence of Medieval Europe.
Meanwhile, Germanic tribes expanded into Eastern Europe, where the Goths subdued the local Iranian nomads and came to dominate the Pontic Steppe, simultaneously launching sea expeditions into the Balkans and Anatolia as far as Cyprus.

Ermanaric

ErmenrichEormanricJörmunrekkr
The Goths dominated a vast area, which at its peak under the Germanic king Ermanaric and his sub-king Athanaric possibly extended all the way from the Danube to the Don, and from the Baltic Sea to the Black Sea.
Ermanaric (*Aírmanareiks; Ermanaricus; Eormanrīc ; ; died 376) was a Greuthungian Gothic King who before the Hunnic invasion evidently ruled a sizable portion of Oium, the part of Scythia inhabited by the Goths at the time.

Gothic language

GothicVisigothicGoth.
The Goths spoke the Gothic language, one of the extinct East Germanic languages.
Gothic is an extinct East Germanic language that was spoken by the Goths.

Athanaric

Athanaric IAthanaricusAþana-reiks
The Goths dominated a vast area, which at its peak under the Germanic king Ermanaric and his sub-king Athanaric possibly extended all the way from the Danube to the Don, and from the Baltic Sea to the Black Sea.
Athanaric or Atanaric (Athanaricus; died 381) was king of several branches of the Thervingian Goths for at least two decades in the 4th century.

Crimean Goths

Gothiaa few GothsCrimean Gothic
It was last spoken in Crimea in the 17th century by the Crimean Goths.
Crimean Goths were Greuthungi-Gothic tribes who remained in the lands around the Black Sea, especially in Crimea.

Getica

De origine actibusque GetarumThe Origin and Deeds of the GothsOrigins and Deeds of the Goths
The traditional account of the Goths' early history depends on the Ostrogoth Jordanes' Getica written c.
De origine actibusque Getarum ("The Origin and Deeds of the Getae/Goths"), or the Getica, written in Late Latin by Jordanes (or Iordanes/Jornandes) in or shortly after 551 AD, claims to be a summary of a voluminous account by Cassiodorus of the origin and history of the Gothic people, which is now lost.

Crimea

Crimean PeninsulaAutonomous Republic of CrimeaCrimean
It was last spoken in Crimea in the 17th century by the Crimean Goths.
Its southern fringe was colonised by the Greeks, the Persians, the Romans, the Byzantine Empire, the Crimean Goths, the Genoese and the Ottoman Empire, while at the same time its interior was occupied by a changing cast of invading steppe nomads and empires, such as the Cimmerians, Scythians, Sarmatians, Goths, Alans, Bulgars, Huns, Khazars, Kipchaks, Mongols and the Golden Horde.

Gothiscandza

Vistula forests
Sometime around the 1st century AD, Germanic peoples may have migrated from Scandinavia to Gothiscandza, in present-day Poland.
According to a tale related by Jordanes, Gothiscandza was arguably the first settlement of the Goths after their migration from Scandinavia (Scandza) during the first half of the 1st century C.E.

Gothic and Vandal warfare

Gothic warsravaged
As a result, in episodes of Gothic and Vandal warfare Germanic tribes (Rugii, Goths, Gepids, Vandals, Burgundians, and others) crossed either the lower Danube or the Black Sea, and led to the Marcomannic Wars, which resulted in widespread destruction and the first invasion of what is now Italy in the Roman Empire period.
The Goths, Gepids, Vandals, and Burgundians were East Germanic groups who appear in Roman records in Late Antiquity.

Gepids

GepidGepid KingdomGepidae
As a result, in episodes of Gothic and Vandal warfare Germanic tribes (Rugii, Goths, Gepids, Vandals, Burgundians, and others) crossed either the lower Danube or the Black Sea, and led to the Marcomannic Wars, which resulted in widespread destruction and the first invasion of what is now Italy in the Roman Empire period.
They were closely related to, or a subdivision of, the Goths.

Gainas

GainnasGaïnas
Goths also served in the Roman military and played a limited role, e.g. Gainas.
Gainas was a Gothic leader who served the Eastern Roman Empire as magister militum during the reigns of Theodosius I and Arcadius.

Jordanes

The traditional account of the Goths' early history depends on the Ostrogoth Jordanes' Getica written c.
It is the only extant ancient work dealing with the early history of the Goths.

Thervingi

ThervingianThervingTervingi
At the time, there were at least two groups of Goths: the Thervingi and the Greuthungs.
The Thervingi, Tervingi, or Teruingi (sometimes pluralised Tervings or Thervings) were a Gothic people of the Danubian plains west of the Dniester River in the 3rd and the 4th centuries.

Migration Period

barbarian invasionsGreat MigrationsGreat Migration
The Goths have been referred to by many names, perhaps at least in part because they comprised many separate ethnic groups, but also because in early accounts of Indo-European and later Germanic migrations in the Migration Period in general it was common practice to use various names to refer to the same group.
The first migrations of peoples were made by Germanic tribes such as the Goths (including the Visigoths and the Ostrogoths), the Vandals, the Anglo-Saxons, the Lombards, the Suebi, the Frisii, the Jutes, the Burgundians, the Alemanni, the Scirii and the Franks; they were later pushed westward by the Huns, the Avars, the Slavs and the Bulgars.

Cniva

Kniva
Several such raids followed in subsequent decades, in particular the Battle of Abrittus in 251, led by Cniva, in which the Roman Emperor Decius was killed.
Cniva ( mid-3rd century AD) was a Gothic chieftain who invaded the Roman Empire.

Battle of Abritus

Abrittusin battle
Several such raids followed in subsequent decades, in particular the Battle of Abrittus in 251, led by Cniva, in which the Roman Emperor Decius was killed.
The Battle of Abritus, also known as the Battle of Forum Terebronii, occurred near Abritus (modern Razgrad) in the Roman province of Moesia Inferior in the summer of 251 between the Roman Empire and a federation of Scythian tribesmen under the Goth king Cniva.

Chernyakhov culture

ChernyakhovCherniakhiv cultureChernyakhiv (Chernyakhov) culture
In Eastern Europe the Goths formed part of the Chernyakhov culture of the 2nd to 5th centuries AD.
The culture is probably the result of a multiethnic cultural mix of the Sarmatian, Slavic, Gothic, and Geto-Dacian (including Romanised Daco-Romans) populations of the area.

Thracian Goths

GothicizedMœso-Gothic
The Moesogoths settled in Thrace and Moesia.
The Thracian Goths, also known as Moesogoths or Moesian Goths, refers to the branches of Goths who settled in Thrace and Moesia, Roman provinces in the Balkans.

Wielbark culture

Wielbarkwho previously livedWielbark archaeological complex
If this is accurate, then they may have been the people responsible for the Wielbark archaeological complex.
Wielbark culture contained Venedi, Rugians, Goths, and Gepids located mainly in Pomerania and West Prussia later spreading down the east side into Podlasie and the southern Ukraine.

Marcomannic Wars

campaignsecond expedition against the GermansSecond Marcomannic War
As a result, in episodes of Gothic and Vandal warfare Germanic tribes (Rugii, Goths, Gepids, Vandals, Burgundians, and others) crossed either the lower Danube or the Black Sea, and led to the Marcomannic Wars, which resulted in widespread destruction and the first invasion of what is now Italy in the Roman Empire period.
At the same time, in Central Europe, the first movements of the Great Migrations were occurring, as the Goths began moving south-east from their ancestral lands at the mouth of River Vistula (see Wielbark culture), putting pressure on the Germanic tribes from the north and east.

Decius

DecianDecius TraianEmperor Decius
Several such raids followed in subsequent decades, in particular the Battle of Abrittus in 251, led by Cniva, in which the Roman Emperor Decius was killed.
In the last year of his reign, Decius co-ruled with his son Herennius Etruscus, until they were both killed by the Goths in the Battle of Abritus.

Claudius Gothicus

Claudius IIClaudiusClaudius II Gothicus
After Gallienus was assassinated outside Milan in the summer of 268 in a plot led by high officers in his army, Claudius Gothicus was proclaimed emperor and headed to Rome to establish his rule.
During his reign he fought successfully against the Alemanni and decisively defeated the Goths at the Battle of Naissus.